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Urban Outfitters, Inc.
Type Public (NASDAQURBN)
Founded 1970
Headquarters Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Key people Chairman: Richard Hayne Founders: Richard Hayne
Scott Belair
Industry Retail (Apparel)
Products Clothing, footwear, housewares
Revenue US$1.83 Billion (FY 2009)[1]
Operating income US$311 Million (FY 2009)[1]
Net income US$199 Million (FY 2009)[1]
Total assets US$1.33 Billion (FY 2009) [2]
Total equity US$1.05 Billion (FY 2009)[2]
Employees 5,100 (2007)
Website www.urbanoutfitters.com
Urban Outfitters store in Pasadena, California

Urban Outfitters, Inc. (NASDAQURBN) is a publicly traded American company that owns and operates five retail brands: Urban Outfitters, Anthropologie, Free People, Terrain and Leifsdottir, a luxury brand for Anthropologie.[3]

Urban Outfitters originated as "The Free People's Store" in 1970 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, focusing on "funky" fashion and household products. Shortly thereafter the owner and now Chairman, Richard Hayne, changed the name to Urban Outfitters. The product line has evolved from vintage, bohemian, retro, hipster, ironically humorous, kitschy apparel and furniture to include luxury brands and several designer collaborations.

Headquartered at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Urban Outfitters operates more than 140 locations in the United States, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, and the United Kingdom.

On November 27, 2009, the firm drew the attention of the Swedish press for denying collective bargaining rights to employees at their Stockholm store by making all 48 workers redundant and re-hiring them through employment agency Academic Work.[4][5] In response to the move, ombudsman Jimmy Ekman called for tougher laws to prevent other firms denying collective bargaining rights in this way.[6]

Contents

Customer base and merchandise

Urban Outfitters store in San Francisco, California

Urban Outfitters has been described as selling hip, kitschy, and ironic merchandise, for example, T-shirts emblazoned with the words "Jive Turkey" or "Atari".[7] According to their website, Urban Outfitters' "established ability to understand our customers and connect with them on an emotional level is the reason for our success." The site says that "the reason for this success is that our brands... are both compelling and distinct. Each brand chooses a particular customer segment, and once chosen, sets out to create sustainable points of distinction with that segment" and that "the emphasis is on creativity. Our goal is to offer a product assortment and an environment so compelling and distinctive that the customer feels an empathetic connection to the brand and is persuaded to buy." [8]

Urban outfitters seek to create "a differential shopping experience, which creates an emotional bond with the 18 to 30 year old target customer we serve."[9] in 2009, it agreed to sell limited editions of Polaroid ONE600 instant cameras and Type 779 instant film in partnership with the Austrian entrepreneur Florian Kaps, who acquired the rights to manufacture 700 copies of the defunct product.[10]

Awards

In 2007 Urban Outfitters received the National Preservation Honor Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation for the Urban Outfitters Corporate Office Campus located on the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard.[11] For the same campus, Urban Outfitters received the 2007 Global Award for Excellence from the Urban Land Institute.[12] In March 2008, to introduce its new Terrain brand, the company entered the Philadelphia Flower Show and won the Alfred M. Campbell Award, the Conservation Award, People’s Choice Award and Best in Show.[13]

Product controversies

Urban Outfitters' products have been the subject of multiple controversies, particulary concerning religious and ethnic issues.

  • In 2003 the company released a Monopoly parody called Ghettopoly. The game was criticized as racist by a local chapter of the NAACP[14] and black clergy, among others.[15] The creator of the game, David Chang, maintained the games are "a medium to bring together in laughter," adding, "If we can't laugh at ourselves... we'll continue to live in blame and bitterness."[15]
  • Also in 2003, a T-shirt released with the phrase "Everyone Loves a Jewish Girl" surrounded by dollar signs was condemned,[16] though the Anti-Defamation League welcomed the decision to discontinue the shirts, saying that it hoped "that this experience, combined with another recent controversy surrounding an Urban Outfitters product that reinforced stereotypes, has served to sensitize the company to the sensibilities of its customer base and all ethnic groups."[17] The ADL later expressed "outrage and disgust" at other incidents of insensitivity.[18]
  • The following year, in 2004 Jesus Dress Up, a game created by artist Normal Bob Smith, drew additional critical response.[19][20] The company allegedly feedback from an estimated 250,000 emails.[21] Urban Outfitters noted that the magnets, which had been their sixth most popular Christmas toy,[22] were not intended to offend, but rather appeal to their customers' diversity. Urban Outfitters no longer markets the game.[23]
  • In 2006, the retailer was criticized [24] for offering sparkly handgun-shaped Christmas ornaments in its hometown of Philadelphia, a city that had seen over 1,700 shootings and over 300 gun-related murders for the year.[25] After the murder of officer Charles Cassidy, the company announced on November 15, 2007 that it would no longer sell the gun-shaped ornament.[26]
  • In 2007, complaints by Jewish groups over the company sales of keffiyehs (which had been marketed as "antiwar" scarves)[27] led Urban Outfitters to stop carrying that item.[28] Urban Outfitters issued a statement, "Due to the sensitive nature of this item, we will no longer offer it for sale. We apologize if we offended anyone, this was by no means our intention."[27]
  • In May 2008, after concern in the Jewish community, Urban Outfitters discontinued a T-shirt that featured a Palestinian child holding an AK-47 over the word "Victimized". According to a company representative, "[W]e do not buy items to provoke controversy or to intentionally offend. We have pulled this item in all of our locations and will no longer be selling it online either."[29]
  • Urban Outfitters and its founder Richard Hayne were criticized for pulling a pro-same sex marriage T-shirt. The company maintains the product was discontinued solely for poor sales performance.[30]

References

  1. ^ a b c Urban Outfitters (URBN) annual SEC income statement filing via Wikinvest
  2. ^ a b Urban Outfitters (URBN) annual SEC balance sheet filing via Wikinvest
  3. ^ "Urban Outfitters launches 'Leifsdottir' concept". Yahoo.com, By Mae Anderson, AP Business Writer, June 18, 2008. http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/080618/urban_outfitters_conference.html?.v=1. 
  4. ^ "Sparkas efter krav på kollektivavtal". Aftonbladet, By Catarina Håkansson, November 27th, 2009. http://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/article6196828.ab. 
  5. ^ "”Sparkas efter krav på kollektivavtal”". Dagenshandel.se, By Jesper Stärn, November 27th, 2009. http://www.dagenshandel.se/dh/DagensH.nsf/0/2B94C91443B64263C125767B0029F360?open. 
  6. ^ "”Antingen skriver man på eller blir uppsagd”". Svenska Dagbladet, By Negra Efendić, November 27th, 2009. http://www.svd.se/naringsliv/nyheter/artikel_3857527.svd. 
  7. ^ Philadelphia Weekly
  8. ^ Corporate website
  9. ^ Corporate website
  10. ^ Karen von Hahn, "Mama, don't take my Polaroid away", Globe and Mail, page L3, September 5, 2009
  11. ^ "NTHP Presents Honor Award To Urban Outfitters Corporate Office Campus". National Trust. http://press.nationaltrust.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=183&Itemid=162. 
  12. ^ "ULI Announces Five Winners of the 2007 Global Awards for Excellence Competition". The Urban Land Institute. http://www.uli.org/News/MediaCenter/PressReleases/2007%20archives/Content/Best%20of%20the%20Best%20%20ULI%20Announces%20Five%20Winners%20of%20the%202007%20Global%20Awards%20for%20Excellence%20Competition.aspx. 
  13. ^ "Urban Outfitters’ Terrain". Design Philadelphia, March 2008. http://designphiladelphia.wordpress.com/2008/03/03/urban-outfitters-terrain/. 
  14. ^ "Game's street theme upsets NAACP"St. Petersburg Times
  15. ^ a b "Black leaders outraged at 'Ghettopoly' game at Urban Outfitters". USAtoday, 10/9/2003. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2003-10-09-ghettopoly_x.htm. 
  16. ^ Paynter, Susan. "Fashion statement sends a hurtful message", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 28, 2004
  17. ^ "ADL Welcomes Urban Outfitters' Decision to Discontinue Production of Offensive T-Shirt", Anti-Defamation League, January 9, 2004.
  18. ^ "Urban Outfitters At It Again", Anti-Defamation League, March 15, 2006.
  19. ^ Washington Times March 22, 2004 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2004/mar/22/20040322-092410-2758r/
  20. ^ "‘Dress-Up Jesus’ Creator Reacts to NBC 10 Story", NBC 10 Philadelphia
  21. ^ "Urban Outfitters dumps 'Jesus Dress Up". AFA. http://74.125.113.132/search?q=cache:_r1_bKGKqMsJ:www.afa.net/press_releases/pr032304.asp+site:www.afa.net+%22urban+outfitters%22&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us. 
  22. ^ "Magnet “Toy” nearly Destroys all Mankind". NormalBOBsmith.com. http://www.normalbobsmith.com/godatemyballs/god6.html. 
  23. ^ Site quotes Washington Times
  24. ^ Retailer under fire
  25. ^ The Philadelphia Inquirer
  26. ^ Urban Outfitters: Blog
  27. ^ a b Kim, Kibum. "Where Some See Fashion, Others See Politics", The New York Times, February 11, 2007.
  28. ^ "Iconic Palestinian headdress brings colourful clash to Beirut", Agence France-Presse, December 7, 2008.
  29. ^ Ramer, Alison Avigayil. "Fashion wars / U.S. store pulls 'pro-violence' Palestinian T-shirt", Haaretz, May 22, 2008.
  30. ^ "Urban Outfitters Yanks Same-Sex Marriage T-shirt From Shelves". NY Mag. http://nymag.com/daily/fashion/2008/12/urban_outfitters_yanks_same-se.html. 

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