Urban Region of Barcelona: Wikis

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Catalan regional plan 1995.

   Àmbit metropolità

   Alt Pirineu i Aran

   Camp de Tarragona

   Comarques Centrals

   Comarques Gironines

   Ponent

   Terres de l'Ebre

Part of Àmbit metropolità

Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona[1] is one of the seven territories define by the Regional Plan of Catalonia (in Catalan, Pla territorial general de Catalunya). It is located in the central coast of Catalonia (Spain), in Barcelona (capital city of Catalonia) and its influence area. It is formed for seven comarques: Alt Penedès, Baix Llobregat, Barcelonès, Garraf, Maresme, Vallès Occidental and Vallès Oriental. However Alt Penedès and Garraf want to form another veguerie called veguerie of Penedès (Penedès is an historical territory and veguerie) with two comarques more: Baix Penedès (veguerie of Camp de Tarragona) and Anoia (Comarques Centrals).

Veguerie of Àmbit metropolità is the veguerie with more population (4,992,193 inhabitants in 2009). With a density of 1,484.7 inhabitants/km2.

Contents

Veguerie

The Veguerie (Vegueria in Catalan) was an important feudal land division in the Principality of Catalonia, Kingdom of Sardinia, and Duchy of Athens during the Middle Ages and into the Modern Era until the Nueva Planta decrees of 1716. It was the primary division of a county in Catalonia and the basic territorial unit of government in Sardinia and Athens after those countries became part of the Crown of Aragon. The office of a veguer was called a vigeriate (Latin: vigeriatus).

In 1936, Catalonia was reconstituted into comarques. Although these were quickly abolished in 1939 they were reconstituted again in 1987. Each comarca was grouped with two to four others into a veguerie, of which there were nine, with their capitals at Barcelona, Girona, Tremp, Vic, Manresa, Lleida, Reus, Tarragona, and Tortosa.

Since the 1987 reconstitution it has been decided that Vegueries be formally re-established in 2011. Under the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, the four provinces which make up Catalonia are due to be replaced by seven vegueries, which will also take over many of the functions of the comarques. As of October 2008, whereas the final boundaries of the new vegueries have yet to be formally approved, they are expected to incorporate largely historical boundaries: Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona, Alt Pirineu i Aran, Camp de Tarragona, Comarques Centrals, Comarques Gironines, Ponent or Lleida, Terres de l'Ebre.

Urban Region of Barcelona

Urban Region
Situation in Catalonia

The Urban Region of Barcelona is an area with a high population density in Catalonia, Spain. According to the official definition of the Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona, the population is 4.856.579.[2] According to the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità[citation needed] the Urban Region of Barcelona is 5.217.864 (Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, 2006),covers an area of 4.268 km2 and it is divided in several concentric zones, to everyone the public transport fixes its tariff.

The Zones

Population Area(km2) Density
Barcelona 1.595.110 101 15.793
First Zone 1.555.270 532 2.923
Second Zone 1.456.937 1.362 1.070
Third Zone 747.810 2.273 329
5.355.127 4.268 1.255

Transport in the Urban Region

The Integrated Railway Network (Red Ferroviaria Integrada) covers the service for the region. It is composed by:


The land use mosaic

  • Built areas: cities, residential housing, industrial areas and infrastructures.
  • Woody vegetation: in the main Nature Reserves and protected zones as: Parc del Garraf, Parc Natural de Sant Llorenç de Munt i L'Obac, Serra de Collserola, Parc del Montnegre i el Corredor and others.
  • Open land: especially vineyards and irrigation, though mostly it is an area capable of urbanizing.


RUBI.PNG

Polynuclear Urban Region

Population Area(km2) Density
Barcelona UR 5.355.127 4.268 1.255
Tarragona Area 411.876 656 628
Girona Area 336.218 1.081 311
6.103.221 6.005 1.016

According to the EURBANET project it speaks about polynuclear urban region when there exists a series of important urban centers that relate intensely among them and to the exterior. This one is the case of bordering zones to the urban region that they extend around the cities of Tarragona and Girona.[citation needed] They are areas with a great economic dependence and services to the capital.[citation needed] They are narrow corridors well communicated to Barcelona, both by highway and railroad, which there fuse the metropolitan areas of these cities with the urban region.[citation needed] The PUR of Barcelona would rely on so 6.103.221 people in an area of 6.005 km 2.[citation needed]

P.U.R. of Barcelona

U.R. Municipalities. Population and area

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First zone

       

Second zone

       

Third zone

       

P.U.R. Municipalities. Population and area

Tarragona area

  • Albinyana 2.200 hab. / 19 km2
  • Alcover 4.731 hab. / 46 km2
  • Altafulla 4.415 hab. / 7 km2
  • Bonastre 584 hab. / 25 km2
  • Cambrils 29.112 hab. / 35 km2
  • El Catllar 3.751 hab. / 26 km2
  • Constantí 6.183 hab. / 31 km2
  • Creixell 2.952 hab. / 11 km2
  • Els Garidells 198 hab. / 3 km2
  • La Masó 287 hab. / 4 km2
  • El Milà 177 hab. / 4 km2
   
  • El Morell 2.855 hab. / 6 km2
  • La Nou de Gaià 461 hab. / 4 km2
  • Els Pallaresos 3.538 hab. / 5 km2
  • Perafort 996 hab. / 10 km2
  • La Pobla de Mafumet 1.734 hab. / 12 km2
  • Pobla de Montornès 2.568 hab. / 12 km2
  • Reus 104.835 hab. / 53 km2
  • La Riera de Gaià 1.453 hab. / 9 km2
  • Riudoms 6.149 hab. / 32 km2
  • Roda de Barà 5.586 hab. / 16 km2
  • El Rourell 362 hab. / 2 km2
  • Salomó 445 hab. / 12 km2
   
  • Salou 23.398 hab. / 15 km2
  • La Secuita 1.363 hab. / 18 km2
  • La Selva del Camp 5.097 hab. / 35 km2
  • Tarragona 134.163 hab. / 63 km2
  • Torredembarra 14.524 hab. / 9 km2
  • Vallmoll 1.529 hab. / 17 km2
  • Valls 23.948 hab. / 55 km2
  • Vespella de Gaià 379 hab. / 18 km2
  • Vilallonga del Camp 1.631 hab. / 9 km2
  • Vila-seca 18.678 hab. / 22 km2
  • Vinyols i els Arcs 1.594 hab. / 11 km2

Girona area

  • Aiguaviva 614 hab. / 14 km2
  • Begur 4.086 hab. / 20 km2
  • Bescanó 4.121 hab. / 36 km2
  • Brunyola 365 hab. / 37 km2
  • Caldes de Malavella 6.067 hab. / 57 km2
  • Calonge 10.009 hab. / 34 km2
  • Campllong 400 hab. / 9 km2
  • Cassà de la Selva 8.994 hab. / 46 km2
  • Castell-Platja d'Aro 9.766 hab. / 22 km2
  • Celrà 3.947 hab. / 19 km2
  • Fornells de la Selva 1.971 hab. / 12 km2
       

See also

References

  1. ^ Vegueries (Catalan) (Spanish) (English) (French)
  2. ^ Àmbit Metropolità. Sèrie temporal (catalan)

External links

Coordinates: 41°29′53″N 2°07′23″E / 41.498°N 2.123°E / 41.498; 2.123


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