Urban legend: Wikis

  
  
  

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.An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or, more accurately, a contemporary legend, is a form of modern folklore consisting of apocryphal stories that those who tell them believe to be true.^ Urban Dictionary: An urban legend is a modern myth.
  • Urban Legends Challenge - Full Size Poster now available! 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC forum.spore.com [Source type: General]

^ Folklore or urban legend?
  • CNN - 'Too Good to Be True: The Colossal Book of Urban Legends' - September 21, 1999 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.Like all folklore, contemporary legends are not necessarily false, but they are often distorted, exaggerated, or sensationalized over time.^ I think they are all false.
  • Scribbit | A Blog About Motherhood in Alaska: Best Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC scribbit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is often made by hoity-toity English Majors and by a wide swathe of the British and French (the only time they seem to agree) populace.
  • Urban Legends: An Article in Search for Love and a Title in all the Wrong Places 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC homepages.paradise.net.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ They read very much like biological virus legends -- AIDS Mary, pinprick attacks, etc.
  • M Bickers: Urban Legends and the Internet 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.mbickers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Despite its name, a typical urban legend does not usually originate in an urban area.^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ But equally likely, she was combining the image of South Africa in the UK media with the classic crime urban legend of the Biker Gang Initiations - which originated in the United States.

^ Other entries discuss the relationship of urban legends to literature, film, comic books, music, and many other areas of popular culture.

.Rather, the term is used to differentiate modern legend from traditional folklore in preindustrial times.^ The "leaky brain" motif occurred in several old, traditional folktales, one of which may have mutated into the modern legend.
  • CNN - 'Too Good to Be True: The Colossal Book of Urban Legends' - September 21, 1999 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Brunvand took the same techniques used to study traditional folklore and applied them to stories that were circulating in the modern world.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Thanksgiving History, Customs and Folklore Thanksgiving - History, origin, and traditions of an American holiday Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized - Urban Legends and Folklore Archives Thanksgiving, De-Mythologized - They never, ever called themselves "Pilgrims."

.For this reason, sociologists and folklorists prefer the term contemporary legend.^ Some scholars prefer the term "contemporary legend" to highlight those tales that originated relatively recently.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, the very term "urban legend" was coined by the columnist and folklorist Jan Brunvand in his popular column on legends.
  • M Bickers: Urban Legends and the Internet 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.mbickers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Urban legends are sometimes repeated in news stories and, in recent years, distributed by e-mail.^ Urban legends are sometimes repeated in news stories and, in recent years, distributed by e-mail .
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Below are several stories that are Urban Legends!
  • Fact or Fiction Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A new Urban Legend is born.
  • "Klingon Language Interpreter" Urban Legend || kuro5hin.org 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.kuro5hin.org [Source type: General]

.People frequently allege that such tales happened to a "friend of a friend"; so often, in fact, that "friend of a friend," ("FOAF") has become a commonly used term when recounting this type of story.^ People frequently allege that such tales happened to a "friend of a friend"—so often, in fact, that " friend of a friend ", or "FOAF", has become a commonly used term when recounting this type of story.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term is often used to mean something akin to an "apocryphal story".
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [WARNING: This list contains adult material] Urban legends are often told as true accounts that happened to a 'friend of a friend,' and serve as mere cautionary tales told around a camp fire, or on a stormy night.
  • Urban legend movie - surchur 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some urban legends have passed through the years with only minor changes to suit regional variations.^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Some urban legends have passed through the years, with only minor changes to suit regional variations.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Urban Legends are stories that have been told over and over through out the years.

.One example is the story of a woman killed by spiders nesting in her elaborate hairdo.^ One example as such is the story of a woman killed by spiders nesting in her elaborate hairdo.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One example of this type of story is the man who has a one night stand with a strange woman, and wakes up to find a note welcoming him to the world of AIDS. The obvious moral is "don't have unprotected sex with strangers".
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ And no woman has died from spiders nesting in her hair.
  • Scribbit | A Blog About Motherhood in Alaska: Best Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC scribbit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

More recent legends tend to reflect modern circumstances, like the story of people ambushed, anesthetized, and waking up minus one kidney, which was surgically removed for transplantation (a story which folklorists refer to as "The Kidney Heist".)

Origins

.The term “urban legend,” as used by folklorists, has appeared in print since at least 1968.[1] Jan Harold Brunvand, professor of English at the University of Utah, introduced the term to the general public in a series of popular books published beginning in 1981. Brunvand used his collection of legends, The Vanishing Hitchhiker: American Urban Legends & Their Meanings (1981) to make two points: first, that legends and folklore do not occur exclusively in so-called primitive or traditional societies, and second, that one could learn much about urban and modern culture by studying such tales.^ Urban legends are so much fun.
  • Scribbit | A Blog About Motherhood in Alaska: Best Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC scribbit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first person to take the study of urban legends seriously was Jan Harold Brunvand , a professor at the University of Utah.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Urban Dictionary: An urban legend is a modern myth.
  • Urban Legends Challenge - Full Size Poster now available! 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC forum.spore.com [Source type: General]

.Brunvand has since published a series of similar books, and is credited as the first to use the term vector (inspired by the concept of biological vectors) to describe a person or entity passing on an urban legend.^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ About.com describes an “ urban legend ” as an apocryphal (of questionable authenticity), secondhand story, told as true and just plausible enough to be believed, about some horrific…series of events….it’s likely to be framed as a cautionary tale.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Expensive Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first person to take the study of urban legends seriously was Jan Harold Brunvand , a professor at the University of Utah.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

Structure

.Many urban legends are framed as complete stories with plot and characters.^ Below are several stories that are Urban Legends!
  • Fact or Fiction Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ As the fraternities prepare to celebrate the macabre anniversary, Natalie discovers that she is the focus of the crazed killer's intentions in the ultimate urban legend-- the story of her own horrific murder.
  • Urban Legend [Blu-ray] [1998]: Amazon.co.uk: Jared Leto, Alicia Witt, Michael Rosenbaum, Joshua Jackson, Rebecca Gayheart, Robert Englund, Tara Reid, Jamie Blanks: DVD 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.amazon.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ For those who don’t know, urban legends are stories that get passed along by word of mouth or, more recently, the Internet.
  • Movers.com – Halloween Guides – Spooky Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.movers.com [Source type: General]

.The compelling appeal of a typical urban legend is its elements of mystery, horror, fear or humor.^ The Wiktionary defines the term urban legend as: "A widely circulated story that is untrue or apocryphal, often having elements of humor or horror."
  • Urban Legend News - Topix 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Tall tales turn into chilling reality in this sequel to the 1998 horror hit Urban Legend .
  • Urban Legends: The Final Cut, Jenny Morrison, DVD - Barnes & Noble 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC video.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

^ These types of urban legends use an element of horror in them that “often ‘punishes’ someone who flouts society's conventions.” (AFU & Urban Legends Archive) As a whole, however, the model of the urban legend takes from at least two of the aforementioned types.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.Many urban legends are presented as warnings or cautionary tales, while others might be more aptly called "widely dispersed misinformation," such as the erroneous belief that a college student will automatically pass all courses in a semester if her or his roommate commits suicide.^ Urban Legend ( 1998 ) More at IMDbPro » .
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mother of all Urban Legends .

^ Search for more urban legends on AOL Search.
  • Ever Heard of this Urban Legend? - AOL Hot Searches 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC hot.aol.com [Source type: General]

[2] .While such "facts" may not have the narrative elements of traditional urban legend, they are nevertheless conveyed from person to person with the typical elements of horror, humor or caution.^ They are urban legends.

^ The compelling appeal of a typical urban legend is its elements of mystery, horror, fear or humor.

^ Urban legend or fact?
  • Is Snopes pushing Adware? Urban legend or fact? | Zero Day | ZDNet.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC blogs.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

.Much like some folktales of old, there are urban legends dealing with unexplained phenomena such as phantom apparitions.^ Urban legends are so much fun.
  • Scribbit | A Blog About Motherhood in Alaska: Best Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC scribbit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I love urban legends and the like!
  • Eight Elaborate Parables and Illustrious Urban Legends | Socyberty 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: General]

^ There is also another aspect to this urban legend.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Few urban legends can be traced to their actual origins.^ But equally likely, she was combining the image of South Africa in the UK media with the classic crime urban legend of the Biker Gang Initiations - which originated in the United States.

^ I hope they have the time to expand on this story and possibly make a link to this page so that they can have a more complete documentation of the origin and spread of this urban legend.
  • Yarmouth, Nova Scotia: Urban Legend based on This Years Shark Scramble Catch. 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC yarmouth.org [Source type: General]

^ One of the most enduring, and little-recognized, urban legends about cinema is the “snuff film,” in which actresses are supposedly actually killed onscreen.
  • CSI | The Snuff Film: The Making of an Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.csicop.org [Source type: General]

Exceptions include the Steam tunnel incident and the Hungarian suicide song "Gloomy Sunday."[citation needed]

Propagation and belief

.The teller of an urban legend may claim it happened to a friend, which serves to personalize and enhance the power of the narrative.^ If so, it may be an urban legend.
  • Urban Legends and Virus Hoaxes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.uni.edu [Source type: General]

^ The teller of an urban legend may claim it happened to a friend, which serves to personalize and enhance the power of the narrative.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This urban legend has happened to many friends of friends, it is a wonder anyone… .
  • Urban Legends | Day Tips 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC daytips.com [Source type: General]

.Since people, unconsciously or otherwise, often exaggerate, conflate or edit stories when telling them, urban legends can evolve over time.^ Why do people believe urban legends?

^ Love story, or urban legend?
  • Marin History: Urban Legends Archives 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC blogs.marinij.com [Source type: General]

^ Since people, unconsciously or otherwise, often exaggerate, conflate or edit stories when telling them, urban legends can evolve over time.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many urban legends depict horrific crimes, contaminated foods or other situations which would affect many people.^ Urban legends are also believable for other reasons.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ It would have been a real Urban Legend of Zelda .
  • Urban Legend Of Zelda - Television Tropes & Idioms 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: General]

^ But equally likely, she was combining the image of South Africa in the UK media with the classic crime urban legend of the Biker Gang Initiations - which originated in the United States.

.Anyone believing such stories might feel compelled to warn loved ones.^ Anyone believing such stories might feel compelled to warn loved ones.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you hear such a story, and you believe it, you feel compelled to warn your friends and family.

^ It's human nature to want to spread this feeling to others, and be the one who's got everyone waiting to hear how the story turns out.

.Many urban legends are essentially extended jokes, told as if they were true events.^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ I was suprised at how many urban legends are documented and told.
  • Amazon.com: Encyclopedia of Urban Legends (9780393323580): Jan Harold Brunvand: Books 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ So what was the first urban legend that someone told to you as if it were a true story?

.Others, like tall tales in general, contain a grain of truth.^ Vmyths Separate truths from tall tales.
  • The Journalist's Toolbox: Urban Legends, Hoaxes And Scams Archives 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.journaliststoolbox.org [Source type: News]

^ (Urban Legends Research Centre: Frequently Asked Questions) These “hoaxes,” as well as the other legends, generally have some sort of truth in them.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Like other urban legends, it is based upon an element of truth.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Expensive Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.The urban legend that Coca-Cola developed the drink Fanta to sell in Nazi Germany without public backlash originated as the actual tale of German Max Keith, who invented the drink and ran Coca-Cola's operations in Germany during World War II.^ Comment 08/07/08 Mark Halverson Sacramento News & Review As in the original, the essential effectiveness of urban legends is subverted by the usual slasher movie conventions.
  • Urban Legends: Final Cut Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tall tales turn into chilling reality in this sequel to the 1998 horror hit Urban Legend .
  • Urban Legends: The Final Cut, Jenny Morrison, DVD - Barnes & Noble 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC video.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

^ When Amy decides that the subject of her thesis film will be those contemporary tall tales known as urban legends, one-by-one her crew members fall prey to fatal 'accidents' during the filming.
  • 2000 Urban Legends: Final Cut - Movie reviews, trailers, clips and movie stills 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.celebritywonder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.Some urban legends are morality tales that depict someone, usually a child, acting in a disagreeable manner, only to wind up in trouble, hurt, or dead.^ Urban legends are usually passed on as true.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Comment 08/07/08 Mark Halverson Sacramento News & Review As in the original, the essential effectiveness of urban legends is subverted by the usual slasher movie conventions.
  • Urban Legends: Final Cut Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About.com describes an “ urban legend ” as an apocryphal (of questionable authenticity), secondhand story, told as true and just plausible enough to be believed, about some horrific…series of events….it’s likely to be framed as a cautionary tale.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Expensive Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.Regardless of origins, urban legends typically include one or more common elements: the legend is retold on behalf of the original witness or participant; dire warnings are often given for those who might not heed the advice or lesson contained therein (this is a typical element of many e-mail phishing scams); and it is often touted as "something a friend told me," while the friend is identified by first name only or not identified at all.^ Concerning the origin of urban legends and their purpose.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ The virus warning is one of the more persistent internet legends.
  • M Bickers: Urban Legends and the Internet 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.mbickers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We all know about those Urban Legends, but do we really believe them?
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .One of the classic hallmarks of false urban legends is a lack of specific information regarding the incident, such as names, dates, locations, or similar information.^ All urban legends 3 movie information.
  • Urban legend movie - surchur 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All urban legends movie information.
  • Urban legend movie - surchur 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Truth: This is one of the classic urban legends.

.Persistent urban legends, however unlikely, often maintain at least a degree of plausibility - for instance a serial killer deliberately hiding in the back seat of a car.^ Unbeknownst to her, a killer has slipped into the back seat of her car and is hiding there.

^ Still, the urban legends persist.
  • Christians and Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.crivoice.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Wiktionary defines the term urban legend as: "A widely circulated story that is untrue or apocryphal, often having elements of humor or horror."
  • Urban Legend News - Topix 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

.One such example since the seventies has been the recurring rumor that the Procter and Gamble Company was associated with Satan worshipers because of details within its nineteenth-century trademark.^ Procter & Gamble has Satanic association .
  • LDS World LDS Internet Hoaxes and Mormon Urban Legends - SHIELDS 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.shields-research.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alphabetically arranged, the entries cover individual legends ("Hairy-Armed Hitchhiker," "Procter and Gamble Trademark," etc.
  • Amazon.com: Encyclopedia of Urban Legends (9780393323580): Jan Harold Brunvand: Books 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ For more details see Procter and Gamble Symbol and Does Procter & Gamble have Satanic ties?
  • Christian Faith & Urban Legends- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: General]

The legend interrupted the company's business to the point it stopped using its nineteenth-century trademark.

Belief and relation to mythology

.The earliest term by which these narratives were known, “urban belief tales,” highlights what was then thought to be a key property: they were held, by their tellers, to be true accounts, and the device of the FOAF was a spurious but significant effort at authentication.^ [WARNING: This list contains adult material] Urban legends are often told as true accounts that happened to a 'friend of a friend,' and serve as mere cautionary tales told around a camp fire, or on a stormy night.
  • Urban legend movie - surchur 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [WARNING: This list contains adult material] Urban legends are often told as true accounts that happened to a ‘friend of a friend,’ and serve as mere cautionary tales told around a camp fire, or on a stormy night.
  • 10 Urban Legends that Caused a Moral Panic - Listverse 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ About.com describes an “ urban legend ” as an apocryphal (of questionable authenticity), secondhand story, told as true and just plausible enough to be believed, about some horrific…series of events….it’s likely to be framed as a cautionary tale.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Expensive Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .The coinage leads in turn to the terms "FOAFlore" and "FOAFtale". While at least one classic legend, the “Death Car”, has been shown to have some basis in fact,[6] folklorists as such are interested in debunking these narratives only to the degree that establishing non-factuality warrants the assumption that there must be some other reason why the tales are told and believed.^ The Truth: This is one of the classic urban legends.

^ Paul (Jared Leto), an aggressive journalist at the school paper, is only interested in a story based on facts that will hopefully win him the student Pulitzer Prize.
  • Urban Legend Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC uk.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com.edgesuite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.rottentomatoes.com.edgesuite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About.com describes an “ urban legend ” as an apocryphal (of questionable authenticity), secondhand story, told as true and just plausible enough to be believed, about some horrific…series of events….it’s likely to be framed as a cautionary tale.
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Expensive Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .As in the case of myth, these narratives are believed because they construct and reinforce the worldview of the group within which they are told, or “because they provide us with coherent and convincing explanations of complex events”.^ Myths are "sacred narrative[s] explaining how the world and mankind came to be," folktales are "fictional narratives," and "the third category, legend, consists of narratives, believed and or told as true set in the post-creation time period" (Bennett IX).
  • A Look at Urban Legends: the Gothic Outweighs the Enlightened 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.davidson.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But this can't be the case, because when the main character told the back story to the Jared Leto character, she says that they explained the prank to the police immediately after the accident, which is how they got off so lightly.
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They used to live down the street from us and he used to tell me how it was the fastest car on the streets (I was a little kid and told my dad what he said).
  • The Lift Off Hood Playground - Urban legend A12s 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC a12mopar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Recently social scientists have started to draw on urban legends in order to help explain complex socio-psychological beliefs, such as attitudes to crime, childcare, fast food, SUVs and other 'family' choices.^ Justice, and other urban legends snopes .
  • Urban Legends - snopes.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC message.snopes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Urban legends are also believable for other reasons.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ QUICK TAKE: Horror: A college student can't get anyone to accept her belief that a serial killer is using ghastly urban legends as a source for murder.

[9] .Here the authors make an explicit connection between urban legends and popular folklore, such as Grimm's Fairy Tales where similar themes and motifs arise.^ Folklore or urban legend?
  • CNN - 'Too Good to Be True: The Colossal Book of Urban Legends' - September 21, 1999 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ I hope they have the time to expand on this story and possibly make a link to this page so that they can have a more complete documentation of the origin and spread of this urban legend.
  • Yarmouth, Nova Scotia: Urban Legend based on This Years Shark Scramble Catch. 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC yarmouth.org [Source type: General]

^ Number of similar titles: 6 Similar Title: Urban legends: final cut Variant title: Urban legend 2: final cut Notes: Form of supplement no.
  • Urban legend 2: final cut - Copyright Info 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

.For this reason, it is characteristic of groups within which a given narrative circulates to react very negatively to claims or demonstrations of non-factuality; an example would be the expressions of outrage by police officers who are told that adulteration of Halloween treats by strangers (the subject of periodic moral panics) is extremely rare, if it has occurred at all.^ One example of this type of story is the man who has a one night stand with a strange woman, and wakes up to find a note welcoming him to the world of AIDS. The obvious moral is "don't have unprotected sex with strangers".
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Also Jedi is recognised as a religion in the UK with police officers forming a Jedi support group.
  • Top 10 Urban Legends Debunked - Listverse 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ The mother found  a police officer who told her to go to the gate and wait.
  • Fastbytes Internet Services Hoaxes - Urban Legends and Myths 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.fastbytes.com [Source type: Original source]

[7][10]

Other terminology

The term urban myth is also used. .Brunvand feels that urban legend is less stigmatizing because myth is commonly used to describe things that are widely accepted as untrue.^ What is this Urban Legends thing all about?
  • Fact or Fiction Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The first person to take the study of urban legends seriously was Jan Harold Brunvand , a professor at the University of Utah.
  • Urban Legends | Cracked.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ The Wiktionary defines the term urban legend as: "A widely circulated story that is untrue or apocryphal, often having elements of humor or horror."
  • Urban Legend News - Topix 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

.The more academic definitions of myth usually refer to a supernatural tale involving gods, spirits, the origin of the world, and other symbols that are usually capable of multiple meanings (cf.^ (Although, admittedly, the wording in these references is usually more cautious than the youth-as-generals, using such phrases as “it is said that .
  • More Mormon Urban Legends? | Times & Seasons 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC timesandseasons.org [Source type: General]

^ With the rise of technology and other “wonders,” the fantastic fairy tale world has all but disappeared.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Of the latter variety, one of the more popular myths involves the film The Texas Chain Saw [sic] Massacre (1974).
  • CSI | The Snuff Film: The Making of an Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.csicop.org [Source type: General]

the works of Claude Lévi-Strauss, Ernst Cassirer, Mircea Eliade, Joseph Campbell, Carl Jung, and Northrop Frye for various interpretations). However, the usage may simply reflect the idiom.
The term urban myth is preferred in some languages such as Mexican Spanish, where conventional coinage is "mito urbano" rather than "leyenda urbana." In French, urban legends are usually called légendes urbaines; the terms légendes contemporaines are still preferable because "légendes urbaines" is an improper and meaningless verbatim translation, though used by some French sociologists or journalists. .But neither expression is commonly used: for ordinary French people, the more genuine terms rumeur or canular, not to mention more colloquial and expressive words, describe this phenomenon of "viral spread tall story" properly enough.^ I hope they have the time to expand on this story and possibly make a link to this page so that they can have a more complete documentation of the origin and spread of this urban legend.
  • Yarmouth, Nova Scotia: Urban Legend based on This Years Shark Scramble Catch. 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC yarmouth.org [Source type: General]

^ I have had people that sit in our rehearsals and tell me that certain scenes have so much more meaning because of the way the line is delivered or the way the underscore is used to support the text.
  • Urban Legends :: Arts :: Philadelphia City Paper :: Philadelphia Events, Arts, Restaurants, Music, Movies, Jobs, Classifieds, Blogs 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC citypaper.net [Source type: General]

^ If you have megabucks and want more, what better way than to use your MSM to convince the people to redistribute wealth while you cut a slice off it?
  • Spencer: AGW has most of the characteristics of an “urban legend” « Watts Up With That? 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The term hoax (in "Frenglish"), sometimes pronounced o-a-ks, is known in the Web community.
.Some scholars prefer the term contemporary legend to highlight those tales with relatively recent or modern origins.^ They're urban legends, contemporary tall tales and bits of macabre mythology that emerge from the underground and take on colorful lives of their own.

^ Urban Legend: A Modern Fairy Tale In today’s society almost everyone has come into contact with an urban legend, myth, or general folklore.
  • Urban Legends: A Modern Fairy Tale 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Most Recent Customer Reviews 2.0 out of 5 stars More of a reference This was more citing origins of urban legends then telling the urban legend story.
  • Amazon.com: Encyclopedia of Urban Legends (9780393323580): Jan Harold Brunvand: Books 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Of course, an eighteenth-century pamphlet alleging that a woman was tricked into eating the ashes of her lover's heart could be described as a contemporary legend with respect to the eighteenth century.^ The legend gained some respectability from its inclusion in Carson McCullerss 1940 book The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
  • CNN - 'Too Good to Be True: The Colossal Book of Urban Legends' - September 21, 1999 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

Documenting urban legends

.The advent of the Internet has facilitated the proliferation of urban legends.^ Recent Internet hoaxes and urban legends .
  • Urban Legends and Virus Hoaxes 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.uni.edu [Source type: General]

^ The advent of the Internet has facilitated the proliferation of urban legends.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internet urban legend, cont.

.At the same time, however, it has allowed more efficient investigation of this social phenomenon.^ At the same time, however, it has allowed more efficient investigation of this social phenomenon.
  • Urban legend - Psychology Wiki 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Around the same time" is NOT vague enough to allow for a difference of TWO YEARS. .
  • Comic Book Legends Revealed History | Comics Should Be Good! @ Comic Book Resources 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC goodcomics.comicbookresources.com [Source type: General]

^ However, we are certain that any inconveniences will be more than made up for by the increased speed and efficiency of the Internet, once it has been cleared of electronic flotsam and jetsam.
  • Fastbytes Internet Services Hoaxes - Urban Legends and Myths 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.fastbytes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • 2009 Top Urban Legends in IT Security | NetworkWorld.com Community 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.networkworld.com [Source type: General]

.Discussing, tracking, and analyzing urban legends has become a popular pursuit.^ Somehow, Brenda manages to survive two long falls (not to mention a hail of bullets) and transfer to another school, where what had happened at Pendleton becomes an urban legend to them.
  • Urban Legend B-Movie Review 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.badmovies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After investigating and discovering that a sinister hand is at work, Amy must unmask the killer before she, too, becomes an urban legend.
  • 2000 Urban Legends: Final Cut - Movie reviews, trailers, clips and movie stills 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.celebritywonder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think it would be a fun urban legend to discuss is all.
  • Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #63 | Comics Should Be Good! @ Comic Book Resources 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC goodcomics.comicbookresources.com [Source type: General]

.It is the topic of the Usenet newsgroup, alt.folklore.urban, and several web sites, most notably snopes.com.^ From Snopes , a web site that debunks hoaxes and urban legends: .
  • Christians and Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.crivoice.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I got most of my information from the Urban Legends reference site http://www.snopes.com/autos/autos.asp and from the great books by Jan Harold Brunvand.
  • Urban Legends - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Snopes.com is a great website dedicated to the proving (or debunking) of urban legends.
  • Top 10 Urban Legends Debunked - Listverse 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.Fortean Times, the British magazine investigating and reporting strange phenomena, regularly features Urban Legend updates and has even produced books dedicated to single legends, such as the vanishing hitchhiker.^ They often play on the urban legends of "The Vanishing Hitchhiker" or "The Two Hitchhikers".

^ I hope they have the time to expand on this story and possibly make a link to this page so that they can have a more complete documentation of the origin and spread of this urban legend.
  • Yarmouth, Nova Scotia: Urban Legend based on This Years Shark Scramble Catch. 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC yarmouth.org [Source type: General]

^ Literature professors like to teach the same students the same lessons about urban legends every single year - and even use props to illustrate them.
  • Urban Legend B-Movie Review 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.badmovies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States Department of Energy had a service called Hoaxbusters that dealt with all sorts of computer-distributed hoaxes and legends.^ If the U.S. Postal Service is allowed to tinker with e-mail, it will mark the end of the 'free' Internet in the United States.
  • Fastbytes Internet Services Hoaxes - Urban Legends and Myths 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.fastbytes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ R ejecting the notion that the United States was planning to attack Iran and Syria, White House Spokesman Tony Snow called it a myth or an "urban legend."
  • Expanding the War to Iran: Another 'Urban Legend'? - by Leon Hadar 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC antiwar.com [Source type: News]

^ Police departments in several states were quickly to reassure concerned callers, and issued statements declaring the rumors as “not credible,” “hoaxes,” and as “urban legends.” .
  • 10 Urban Legends that Caused a Moral Panic - Listverse 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

This service has since been discontinued.
.Television shows such as Urban Legends, Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction, and later Mostly True Stories: Urban Legends Revealed feature re-enactments of urban legends detailing the accounts of the tales and (typically) later in the show, these programs reveal any factual basis they may have.^ Below are several stories that are Urban Legends!
  • Fact or Fiction Urban Legends 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Urban legend or fact?
  • Is Snopes pushing Adware? Urban legend or fact? | Zero Day | ZDNet.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC blogs.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

^ These are urban legends.
  • World of Darkness: Urban Legends - White Wolf | DriveThruRPG.com 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC rpg.drivethrustuff.com [Source type: General]

.Since 2004 the Discovery Channel TV show MythBusters has tried to prove or disprove urban legends by attempting to test them or reproduce them using the scientific method.^ "What got Jamie Hyneman in to disproving urban legends?"

^ 'Mythbusters' success no urban legend .
  • Urban Legend News - Topix 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Former special-effects artists Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman are the co-hosts of "Mythbusters," Discovery Channel's popular science program that tests whether everyday assumptions, conspiracy theories and urban legends can hold up through rigorous experimentation.
  • Urban Legend News - Topix 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

See also

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed. 1989, entry for “urban legend,” citing R. M. Dorson in T. P. Coffin, Our Living Traditions, xiv. 166 (1968). See also William B. Edgerton, The Ghost in Search of Help for a Dying Man, Journal of the Folklore Institute, Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 31, 38, 41 (1968).
  2. ^ Mikkelson, Barbara; David P. Mikkelson. "Grade Expectations". Urban Legends Reference Pages. http://www.snopes.com/college/admin/suicide.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  3. ^ Mikkelson, Barbara. "The Reich Stuff?". Urban Legends Reference Pages. http://www.snopes.com/cokelore/fanta.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/6090918.stm
  5. ^ Jan Harold Brunvand, “Encyclopedia of Urban Legends,” (Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2001. p. 459.
  6. ^ Richard Dorson. “American Folklore” University of Chicago Press, 1959, pp. 250-52.
  7. ^ a b Adam Brooke Davis. “Devil’s Night and Hallowe’en: The Linked Fates of Two Folk Festivals.” Missouri Folklore Society Journal XXIV (2002) pp. 69-82.
  8. ^ John Mosier “WAR MYTHS” Historically Speaking: The Bulletin of the Historical Society:VI:4 March/April 2005.
  9. ^ Robin Croft (2006), Folklore, families and fear: understanding consumption decisions through the oral tradition, Journal of Marketing Management, 22:9/10, pp. 1053-1076, ISSN 0267-257X.
  10. ^ Joel Best and Gerald T. Horiuchi. "The Razor Blade in the Apple: The Social Construction of Urban Legends." Social Problems 32:5 (June 1985) pp. 488-97.

Further reading

  • Enders, Jody (2002). .Death by Drama and Other Medieval Urban Legends.^ Discuss this movie with other users on IMDb message board for Urban Legend (1998) .
    • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Urban Legend (1998) 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And since two major themes underlying urban legends are sex and death, it seems only natural that the genre of the horror film is rife with lore.
    • CSI | The Snuff Film: The Making of an Urban Legend 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.csicop.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Urban legend 2:final cut & 1 other title .
    • Urban legend 2: final cut - Copyright Info 30 January 2010 3:47 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226207889.
     

External links

.

Simple English

An urban legend is an often circulated story that is not necessarily based on truth, but merely conjecture and rumor.[1] However, there may or may not be a grain of truth from which the story originated.

Movies associated with Urban Legends are: "When a Stranger calls", "Urban Legend", and "Black Christmas".

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 27, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Urban legend, which are similar to those in the above article.








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