|— City —|
|Incorporated||February 20, 1604|
|- Type||Mayor-council government|
|- Municipal President||Carlos Guzmán Camarena|
|- City||115.2 km2 (60.0 sq mi)|
|- Land||43.2 km2 (60.0 sq mi)|
|- Water||1.1 km2 (0.5 sq mi) 1.0%|
|Elevation||1,800 m (6,000 ft)|
|- City||53,077 (INEGI 2,005)|
|- Gentilic noun||Uriangatense|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|- Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||Area code 445, Area code 445|
The Uriangato city and Moroleón city conform a metropolitan area of 88,491 citizens, it being 94th bigger city of Mexico and 7th bigger in Guanajuato, in addition it is the smallest of the 56 metropolitan areas in Mexico. It's important to mention that this city belongs of two municipalities that are almost totally built-up, reason why the rural population of both counties represents less than 10% of its county population. The total population of both municipalities (urban and rural) is 99,821 citizens.
At this times there work to integrate South of Guanajuato's metropolitan area which would include three counties: Yuriria, Uriangato and Moroleón, due to their close geographical proximity, lifestyle, culture and customs, which are too similar between the citizens of these three municipalities, with this integration it would be conform a metropolitan area of 117,000 citizens, which would represent to be the fifth biggest city of Guanajuato. The urban and rural population of these three counties is 163,267 citizens
Uriangato is the Spanish adjustment of a Tarasco word means "The place where the sunset occurs on top" or anapu-nani-hima-huriata-hari-jatzhicuni-anandini in Tarasco
According to United Nations/PNUD, in 2005 Uriangato was a municipality of High Human Development, with an index of 0.8147 (scale 0 to 1). This puts to Uriangato at 432th place in all country (2,454 municipalities of México) and 8th in all Guanajuato state (46 municipalities of Guanajuato), in the classification of best quality of life.
Average people in Uriangato earned $8,607 US dollars ($110,200 pesos) for a year (on 2005), that puts to Uriangato in 365th place in the country (2,454 municipalities of Mexico) and 12th place in all Guanajuato state (46 municipalities of Guanajuato) with best economic entrance.
Uriangato as same as all Guanajuato state is considered by CONAPO as a High Migration Municipality, because more than 10% of the families receive money from their parents in the United States, that situation has improved the quality of Uriangato people's life, most of Uriangato's immigrants live in California, Texas, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Pensilvania and New York.
The land where Uriangato is located was the establishment of several native groups of Tarascos since ending of 14th century. Uriangato reach its legal Spanish foundation on February 20, 1604, by mandate of King of Spain Felipe III as a Congregation, the official name of San Miguel de Uriangato was gave it for himself. On November 19, 1845, the Congressmen of Guanajuato gave it the category of Town and finally in 1951, the local Congress granted the title City of Uriangato.
Uriangato was inhabited in pre-Hispanic age by natives purhépechas (tarascos). At the beginning of the 15th century Uriangato and its environs were a territory considered opposite between the Chichimecas and Purépechas (Tarascos) whose three kingdoms (señoríos) were based in which today it is the State of Michoacán. The territory of the municipality of Uriangato comprised the North border of the three Señoríos Tarascos, since "Great Chichimeca" named thus by the Spanish conquerors, it began to the north of the Lerma River. The Spanish conquest of the New World also left its indelible mark in this one area with the establishment of a congregation of native that lived in the region.
The native congregation of San Miguel Uriangato was founded on 1549 with the aim of improving the quality of life of the natives by Fray Diego de Chávez.
In the year of 1597 Juan Ignacio Córcoles begins the proceedings of management for the Real Certificate, finally Uriangato reaches his Spanish legal foundation on February 20, 1604 by mandate of King of Spain Felipe III in Congregation character, granting it the name of San Miguel de Uriangato.
On June 3, 1701 the Virrey protects to the Mayor and natural settlers of Congregation "San Miguel Uriangato" against earth despoliation. In 1790 the construction of the Church “the two Towers” begins where today is the Sanctuary of Lady of Guadalupe. In the year of 1804 the Mayor Jose Dionisio Vallejo as well as Juan Vallejo Bautista ask to Government for 600 varas (503 meters; at the virreinal time a vara was equivalent to 33 inches) by each cardinal point same that is granted from the land of Yuririahpúndaro (today Municipality of Yuriria). Nevertheless later they went away adding new lands because the owners of that place observed the advantages and proximity in belonging to San Miguel Uriangato instead Yuririahpúndaro, same case that happened with foundation of Moroleon, whose first inhabitants took the territory from Uriangato to form this new municipality.
On 1810 the insurgent army commanded by the priest Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla arrives at Uriangato, on the road to Valladolid (Morelia), comprising of the called today Route of Independence (Today route 2010). On November 19, 1845 the Departmental Meeting of Guanajuato state granted it the category of Town.
On December 10, 1908 the town of Uriangato acquires the category of Villa, by decree no. 6 of XXIII the Congress of the State, 43 years later, on November 9, 1951, the XLI Legislature of Guanajuato state's Congressmen grants to Uriangato the Category of CITY replacing the Category of VILLA whose stopped being used at that time. For the end of 1908 the Kiosco of the Main Garden is constructed and a year later initiates the service of Street car between the Towns of Uriangato and Moroleón (At that time both towns weren't united). To that time Uriangato included the perimeter between streets: 16 of September, Insurgente Olivares, Salvador Urrutia and Lerdo.
On June 24, 1918 the Heroic Defense of Uriangato against regional thief J Inés Chávez García was carried out. (at that particular time existed several thieves on Post-Revolutionary Mexico, that's the reason why most of the people of the towns had to resist the assaults of that thieves. On 1919 was placed the clock on the tower of San Miguel church, whose construction was finished on November 10, 1923, four years later there was settle the first cinema of Uriangato on Urrutia st, on 1928 begins the tradition of "globos de Cantoya" there was sent to the sky the first "globo" on San Miguel Arcángel holidays.
The production of rebozo detonated the textile industry by middle of the 20th century in Uriangato and Moroleón with the creation of multiple relative looms in the municipality. Little by little the people incorporate to the production artesanal clothes made with the hands like sweaters, blouses and shirts woven with hook needle. By the decade of 1960 there settled the first factories of clothes, the great majority of the textile production took it to sell it in other cities of the country, nevertheless due to the great demand of Uriangato-made clothes, there was installed the first street market (tianguis) by the decade of 1980. This tianguis characterizes Uriangato in all around México and other countries, because it's the first and biggest only clothes stores tianguis in México, at the beginning it was in Guadalupe Victoria's St and September 16 St, now it has about 4 km of extension from the entrance of the city in Blvd. Leovino Zavala, (including all Obregón St, Guadalupe Victoria St, and September 16 St) to the end of Uriangato in the entrance of Moroleón city. This has detonate the progress and improvement the Uriangatenses' quality of life, nowadays it's the most important economic activity in Uriangato. Almost 60% people work in this industry and its textile commerce.
On 2003 the Congress of the State emitted Decree 204, that document order to Moroleón return to Uriangato 160 hectares (400 acres) of land located from the present borderline to the community of "El Salto", this decree was vetoed on August 7, 2003 by the Governor of Guanajuato Juan Carlos Romero Hicks with the argument of preserve social peace.
Like protest the city council changed the name to the prolongation of the Blvd. Morelos by Boulevard Uriangato, to the South highway by San Miguel Arcángel highway and to the Blvd Woods by Boulevard Decree 204, also the Government of the State delimited a zone of state defense between the bus station and friendship public square.
On 2004 there was concluded the construction of Aldama vestibule and the remodeling of Uriangato's historical downtown, to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Uriangato's legal foundation, with the presentation of a light and sound show, and the Amalia Hernandez's folkloric ballet show.
On July 16, 2008 the first mall of the region was opened: Uriangato Metropolitan galleries, there's a Supermarket (Soriana), 7 rooms' movie theater (Cinepolis), white line's store (Coppel), fast food area, bank, and several stores with diverse merchandise and services, and a big parking lot, this project have plans of extension in several stages, the following stage includes the construction of a hotel, a gas station and another store of white line (Famsa). The construction of the commercial center reactivated the bordering conflict with the municipality of Moroleón, because this commercial center is located right in the limit between both municipalities, which cause many confrontations between some people of both municipalities, for the land possession.
Uriangato is located in the southern area of Guanajuato state, in the south of the well-known region called "El Bajío", it has an elevation of 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) above sea level, its coordinates are: north 20°12' N, south 20°02' N, East 101°05' W, west 101°13' W. The main elevations are: The Cerro del comal (2,340 m, 7,677 ft above mean sea level), the Cerro del Capulín (2,140 m, 7,021 ft) and the Cerro Prieto (2,235 m, 7,333 ft). Its area is 115.8 km2 (44.7 sq mi) which represents the 0.41% of area of Guanajuato state.
Uriangato has 19 localities; these are classified as 1 city, Uriangato, and 18 towns: The Derramadero, The Aguacate, the Rodriguez, the Zavala, the Lagunilla del rico, the Peonía, the Cinta, Portalitos, Buenavista, San Jóse Cuaracurío, Lagunilla del Encinal, the Comal, the Charco, Rancho del Cerro, Charándaro, the Presa, Cupuato and Huahuemba.
Uriangato city has several neighborhoods, the most important are: Downtown, Plan de Ayala, Lázaro Cárdenas, Las Aguilillas, La Joyita, Cuitzillo, Juárez, La deseada de Arriba, La deseada de abajo, the Missions, Emiliano Zapata, Deportiva, Lindavista, 24 de Junio, Loma Bonita, San Miguel, Loma Linda, Las Peñitas, Agrícola, Magisterial, Rvolution, Loma Linda, Independencia, Francisco Villa, Rome, La Yacata, the Mesa, Los Laurels, Pedregal, La Manga del Pirul, La Venadita, La Mora, Los Pinos, Textil Bedolla, among many others in urbanization process.
Uriangato limits on the east and the north with Yuriria, the west with Moroleón, and the south with the municipalities of Cuitzeo and Santa Ana Maya in Michoacán state. Uriangato is located in the midpoint between Cuitzeo's lake (located 12 km to the south) and Yuriria's lake (located 10 km to the north).
Uriangato and Moroleón have a common metropolitan area of 88.491 inhabitants, because both cities are united completely; the municipal division begins at North in the colonies 24 de Junio and Lindavista (Uriangato) behind the Sanctuary of Guadalupe (Moroleón), there the intermunicipal limit descends by the Aquiles Serdán st (Uriangato) from the Sanctuary of Guadalupe (Moroleón) to Jaime Nunó st(Moroleón) or Miguel Martinez st(Uriangato); in this area both municipalities are separate by a single street with different names in each sidewalk: Pípila (Uriangato) or Alvaro Obregón (Moroleón) in the central area that street are named 5 de Febrero (Uriangato) or Nezahualcóyotl (Moroleón), there continues the famous borderline between the streets 16 de Septiembre (Uriangato) or Colón (Moroleón), and continued with 16 de Septiembre st. (Uriangato) or 12 de Octubre st (Moroleón), the limit continue in the south with Prolongación Madero st (Uriangato) or Dr. García de Alba st (Moroleón). The rest of the limits are in dispute, mainly in the well-known zone friendship turnaround: Blvd Morelos (Uriangato) or Blvd Agustín Leon (Moroleón).
The Municipality of Uriangato is within Hydrologic region Lerma-Chapala-Santiago that it includes the East land of Mexico state, North of Michoacán, the South of Guanajuato, South of Nayarit as well as the North and East of Jalisco, the hydrologic river basin to which belongs Uriangato is Cuenca Lagos de Pátzcuaro-Cuitzeo-Yuriria, pertaining to this hydrologic region. The main current is Huahuemba's river (it initiates at Boulevard Juarez and finishes in the Presa de Huahuemba), this River forms by the confluence of two streams: Uriangato river which comes from Cuitzeo's lake and Moroleón river which comes from downtown of Moroleón and cross in a flank of the Aurrerá's mall on 12 de Octubre St, both rivers are united in the North part of Municipal Auditorium land around the relationship with the Blvd. Juárez.
There's some streams or only visible drainings in season of rains, besides some bordos that have been created for the pluvial water pick up for consumption of the cattle, a draining of special importance is the one that comes from the Prolongación Hidalgo st. and ends at the Huahuemba River around the Bullring, it cross through the low zone but of the city (Central of buses and Bullring) and causes floods frequently.
The Uriangato's underground water-bearing mantles are one of the biggest in Guanajuato state, the underground hydraulic resources belong to Sub-region Middle Lerma, it includes more of 80% of the municipality surface in Uriangato. (Source: National commission of the Water; physical and half geographic of Guanajuato state).
Uriangato is located in the Southern land of the well-known region the Bajío, that are a level region/slightly injured, interrupted by some little, isolated hills, emphasizing the "Cerro Prieto", the "Cerro de la Cruz de Huahuemba", the "Cerro del Capulín", the "Cerro del Comal" and the "Cerro", known thus by the inhabitants of the community "Rancho El Cerro". The land of transit of the municipality have between 1,800 m (5,906 ft) (city of Uriangato) and 1,860 m (6,102 ft) (locality of El Aguacate). The main elevations are: The "Cerro del Comal" (2,240 m, 7,349 ft), the "Cerro del Capulín" (2,140 m, 7,021 ft) and the "Cerro Prieto" (2,085 m, 6,841 ft). The soil is chernozem type of black color and chesnut type, with predominance of first one.
The annual precipitation average is 800 mm (31.5 in), and its ground is considered one of the richest land for agricultural activities in Mexico.
The weather is temperate (semiwarm and subhumid) during almost all the year, with moderate rains in summer and a winter with temperatures that oscillate between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F). On 2008 there was registered a minimum temperature of 33 °F (1 °C) (January 4) and a maximum temperature of 96.8 °F (36.0 °C) (May 4), nevertheless the 80% of the year the temperature oscillates between 64 and 73 °C (147 and 163 °F), with an average of 20.4 °C (68.7 °F).
Rainfall average is 810.6 millimeters (31.91 in) per year. The wind is light in the region fluctuating between the 0 and 5 km/h (3 mph), the maximum sustained winds registered in 2008 was of 14.5 km/h (9 mph) (February, 5) and maximum gusts of wind were 14.4 km/h (9 mph) (February 4-6). It isn't an area with important affectation of meteorological phenomena (cold, hurricanes and fronts) because Uriangato, like the region of El Bajío is between two mountain ranges that restrain hurricanes (Mountain range Western Mother and Mountain range Eastern Mother), reason why even though exceptionally it were in the trajectory of a Hurricane the winds of this would arrive only with speed of Tropical Depression. About the cold fronts, the few altitude above sea level of the region "el bajío", prevents temperature from descending below freezing. Source: Meteorological service Nacional/CNA.
Vegetation in Uriangato is characterized for its abundant typical from tempered bioma of transition between the humid forests of Michoacán and the steppe of the North of Guanajuato, the species most abundant is the Mezquite, followed of other species like encino, cazahuate, huizache, nopal, palobebo, palodulce, guamuchil, apulinillo, papelillo, penknife, zacatón, tresbarbas, flechilla of amor, buffalo, diente de león. In this days some species introduced of other regions are abundant mainly in the urban zone most abundant is the laurel de la India, followed of species like the eucalyptus, laurel, ash, willow, camelina, hueledenoche, rubber tree, jacaranda, pine, palm, date palm, organ and some fruit trees between but the frequent are the lemon, naranjo, avocado, handle, guayabo and the grenade. Around the urban area, is an ample zone of agricultural use, mainly of cultures of irrigation and to a lesser extent of weather. Also scrubs and pastures, nopaleras and cardonales in the countryside can be. The main agricultural crops are corn, followed by chick-peas, alfalfa, wheat, beans and a few other vegetables.
The wild animals of the municipality, still can be considered abundant, since although some species have migrated by the urban growth, the majority still can be found, as it is the case of the sparrow, the dove huilota, the cardinal, the calandria, petirrojo, the quail, zenzontle, the crow, the correcaminos and aguililla. Some mammals like the rabbit, the squirrel, tejón, tlacuache, the awkward person, the rate of field, coyote, zorrillo and tuza. As well as reptiles like the viper of bell, coralillo, the chameleon, the small lizard, the snout of pig and the salamander. Within the corral mammals are mainly the hen, guajolote, the ostrich, torcaza, the rooster, the pig, the horse, the ass, the goats and lamb.
During the 20th century, Uriangato grew at a similar rate that all country. The city's population grew from slightly under 3,000 to over 50,000 by 2000.
As of the 2005 census, there were 53,007 people, 13,096 households, almost 15,000 families whose live in Uriangato. 90% of the people from Uriangato municipality live in Uriangato city. The population density of the city itself was 457.3 people per square km, making it one of the state's most densely populated cities.
The next list shows the distribution of municipal population in Uriangato, according to Mexican census of 2005:
MUNICIPALITY OF URIANGATO: 53,077 people.
Uriangato city 46,586 people.
El Derramadero: 874 people.
San José Cuaracurío: 680 people.
Fracc. Las Misiones: 653 people.
El Charco: 559 people.
Colonia Juárez: 518 people.
La Presa: 446 people.
Rancho El Cerro: 445 people.
Lagunilla del rico: 324 people.
Rancho Nuevo Cupuato : 317 people.
El Aguacate: 286 people.
Los Portalitos: 284 people.
Huahuemba: 198 people.
Lagunilla del Encinal: 176 people.
Los Rodriguez: 145 people.
Buenavista: 119 people.
La Cinta: 97 people.
Fracc. La Mesa 92 people.
El Comal: 90 people.
Los Zavala: 39 people.
La Peonía Residencial 34 people.
Fracc. Campestre 30 people.
La Peonía: 20 people.
El Mirador 12 people.
Parque 9 people.
Predio La Lomita 8 people.
Rancho Alegre 7 people.
Casa Hipona 6 people.
Villa Paraíso del Sur 6 people.
Potrero de Los Andrade 4 people.
Charándaro: 3 people.
On 2005, the people in Uriangato lived in 13.096 houses, of which 10.162 (78%) were in charge of a man, and 2.934 (22%) were in charge of a woman, because a lot of man go out to United States to work.
The situation of housing in Uriangato improves the conditions of Guanajuato's house average, 9.643 houses have 4 rooms and 3.453 have 5 or more rooms. We found in 4.826 houses (36.8%) live less than with 5 people, the rest of the houses (63.2%) have 5 or more occupants, nevertheless the size of the houses in Uriangato is bigger than Guanajuato´s house size average. 96% of the houses have firm floor, while only 4% have earth floor. 97.5% of the houses have drainage, 99.6% have electricity and 98.9% have tubed water. (Source: Demographic basic indicators CONAPO 2005)
Tourism in Uriangato has a commercial character, because the city isn't visited by its monuments or their colonial beauty, nevertheless is visited for many people of several States like: Guanajuato, Michoacán, Jalisco, Querétaro, Aguascalientes, Durango, Zacatecas, Potosí San Luis, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Sonora, Baja California and the Federal District whose want to buy clothes, they travel to Moroleón and Uriangato to supply themselves articles to dress produced in this region, there has settled several textile places in the municipality. In addition Uriangato have a 4 km uninterrupted via with a lot of clothes stores and boutiques with all kind of clothes at special cheap prices. Besides the commercial tourism, multiple own activities of the local culture are being fomented as touristic attractives for native visitors of the region, such the "candiles" and the "tapetes".
See the Mexican version of this page es:Uriangato