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Maya funerary urn
Lustration urn from Pergamon. This is one of two huge urns now in the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. They date from Hellenistic times.

An urn is a vase, ordinarily covered and without handles, that usually has a narrowed neck above a footed pedestal. "Knife urns" placed on pedestals flanking a dining-room sideboard were an English innovation for high-style dining rooms of the late 1760s. They went out of fashion in the following decade, in favour of knife boxes that were placed on the sideboard.

In Classical terms, an urn is a large decorative covered container of wood, metal, pottery, etc. In furniture, it was a large wooden vase-like container which was usually set on a pedestal on either side of a side table. This was the characteristic of Adam designs and also of Hepplewhite's work. Urns were also used as decorative turnings at the cross points of stretchers in 16th and 17th century furniture designs. The urn and the vase were often set on the central pedestal in a "broken" or "swan's" neck pediment.[1]

Contents

Cremation urns

Funerary urns (also called cinerary urns) were used by many civilisations. After a person died, survivors cremated the body and collected the ashes in an urn (see also lekythos, a type of pottery in ancient Greece used for holding oil in funerary ritual). In the Bavarian tradition, a king's heart would be placed in the urn upon his death (as happened with King Otto of Bavaria in 1916).

Romans placed the urns in a niche in a collective tomb called a columbarium (literally, dovecote. The interior of a dovecote usually has niches to house doves.

The discovery of a Bronze Age urn burial in Norfolk, England prompted Sir Thomas Browne to carefully describe the antiquities found. He expanded his study to survey burial and funerary customs, ancient and current, and published it as Hydriotaphia or Urn Burial (1658).

Other urns

The Ashes, the prize in the biennial Test cricket competition between England and Australia, are contained in a miniature urn.

Urns are a common form of architectural detail and garden ornament. Well-known ornamental urns include the Waterloo Vase.

In mathematics, an urn problem is a thought experiment in probability theory.

A tea urn is a heated metal container (Electric water boiler) traditionally used to brew tea or boil water in large quantities in factories, canteens or churches, that is, it is not usually found in domestic use. Like a samovar it has a small tap near the base for extracting either tea or hot water.

Notes

  1. ^ Martin Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design

See also

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

URN (Lat. urna, either from root of urere, to burn, being made of burnt clay, or connected with urceus, Gr. vpxa, jar), a vessel or vase, particularly one with an oviform body and a foot. The Roman term urna was used primarily of a jar for carrying or drawing water, but was also specifically applied to the vessel in which the voting-tablets (tabellae) and lots (sortes) were cast, whence its figurative use for the urn of fate from which are drawn the varying lots of man's destiny. The ashes of the cremated dead were deposited in cinerary urns, a custom perpetuated by the marble or other urns placed upon funeral monuments. The Roman urna was also a liquid measure containing half an amphora, or about 31 gallons. Modern usage has given the name to large silver or copper vessels containing tea or coffee with a tap for drawing off the liquids and heated either by a spirit lamp or, as in the older forms, by the insertion of a hot iron in a special receptacle placed in the body of the vessel.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to urn article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

From Latin urna (vessel).

Pronunciation

Homophones

Noun

Singular
urn

Plural
urns

urn (plural urns)

  1. a vase with a footed base
  2. a metal vessel for serving tea or coffee
  3. a vessel for ashes or cremains of a deceased person

Translations

Anagrams

External links


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