Utrecht (province): Wikis

  
  
  

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Provincie Utrecht
Province of Utrecht
Utrecht (province)-Flag.svg Coat of arms of Utrecht
Flag Coat of arms
Map: Province of Utrecht in the Netherlands South Holland North Holland Friesland Groningen Drenthe Flevoland Overijssel Gelderland Utrecht Limburg North Brabant Zeeland
About this image
Capital Utrecht
Queen's Commissioner Mr. B. (Boele) Staal
Religion (1999) Protestant 27%
Catholic 20%
Area
 • Land
 • Water
 
1,386 km² (12th)
63 km²
Population (2006)
 • Total
 • Density

1,180,039 (5th)
851/km² (3rd)
Anthem Langs de Vecht en d'oude Rijnstroom
ISO NL-UT
Official website www.provincie-utrecht.nl

Utrecht (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʏtrɛxt]  ( listen)) is the smallest province of the Netherlands, and is located in the center of the country. It is bordered by the Eemmeer in the north, Gelderland in the east, the river Rhine in the south, South Holland in the west, and North Holland in the northwest. Utrecht makes up one region of the International Organization for Standardization world region code system, having the code ISO 3166-2:NL-UT. Important cities in the province are its capital (also called Utrecht), Amersfoort and Zeist.

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, most of the area of the current province was ruled by the Bishopric of Utrecht. The bishopric was founded in 722 by Willibrord. Many wars were fought between Utrecht and the neighbouring counties and duchies, Holland, Guelders and Brabant. In 1527, the bishop of Utrecht sold his worldly power over his territories to Emperor Charles V, who already owned the other Dutch provinces. However, the Habsburg rule did not last long, as Utrecht joined the revolt of the United Provinces against Charles's son Philip II of Spain in 1579. In World War II, Utrecht was held by German forces until the general capitulation of the Germans in the Netherlands on May 5, 1945. It was occupied by Canadian Allied forces on May 7, 1945. The towns of Oudewater, Woerden and Vianen were transferred from the province of South Holland to Utrecht in 1970, 1989 and 2002 respectively.

Geography

Utrecht

In the east of Utrecht lies the Utrecht Hill Ridge (Dutch: Utrechtse Heuvelrug), a chain of hills left as lateral moraine by tongues of glacial ice after the Saline glaciation that preceded the last ice age. Because of the scarcity of nutrients in the fast-draining sandy soil, the greatest part of a landscape that was formerly heath has been planted with pine plantations. The south of the province is a river landscape. The west consists mostly of meadows. In the north are big lakes formed by the digging of peat from bogs formed after the last ice age.


Municipalities

Amsterdam Almelo Almere Amersfoort Arnhem Assen Breda Den Haag Delft Delfzijl Den Bosch Den Helder Dordrecht Enchede Haarlem Hilversum Maastricht Middelburg Zwolle Lelystad Leiden Katwijk Nijmegen Eindhoven Vlissingen Rotterdam Leeuwarden Heerenveen Groningen (city) Emmen Almelo Apeldoorn Alkmaar Zaanstad Tilburg Venlo Heerlen Drenthe Flevoland Friesland Gelderland Groningen Limburg North Brabant North Holland Overijssel South Holland Utrecht Zeeland
Map of the Netherlands, linking to the province articles; red dots mark provincial capitals and black dots other notable cities or towns.
For a complete list, including former municipalities, see List of municipalities in Utrecht

External links

Coordinates: 52°06′12″N 5°10′45″E / 52.10333°N 5.17917°E / 52.10333; 5.17917


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Utrecht [1] is a central province of the Netherlands. With its 1359 square kilometers it's the smallest province in the country. It is, however, densely populated.

Regions

Utrecht province can be divided into 6 geographic and historical regions:

Utrecht
Crooked Rhine
Eemland
Hollandic IJssel
Utrecht Hill Ridge
Vecht and Lakes

Understand

Utrecht was originally a bishopric that was often at war with its neighbors Gelderland, Holland (now the provinces of North-Holland and South-Holland) and Brabant (now North-Brabant and Flemish Brabant). It was one of the provinces in the Union of Utrecht that declared themselves independent of Spain in 1579, thus starting what would eventually become the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Get in

Since Utrecht is located in the center of the country, it is relatively easy to reach from anywhere in the Netherlands. There is no major airport, but there is a regular direct train between the city of Utrecht, which is the central railway hub of the country, and Schiphol Airport near Amsterdam.

Get Around

Check individual pages to see how to get there.

Route planner

NS train route planner

See

The most interesting part of the province Utrecht is the city with the same name. There are many things to see there, all listed on the city's Wiki page. See that page for more information. Check UtrechtYourWay for all touristic information about the province of Utrecht. Hotels, B&B's, Museums, Attractions: You can find them all at UtrechtYourWay.

Do

The most interesting part of the province Utrecht is the city with the same name. There are many things to do there, all listed on the city's Wiki page. See that page for more information

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Simple English

Utrecht is a province in the Netherlands. It is found near the centre of the country. Utrecht is the smallest province by size in the Netherlands. Over 1 million people live in the Utrecht province.

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