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Utsira kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Rogaland within
Norway
Utsira within Rogaland
Coordinates (city): 59°18′26″N 4°53′10″E / 59.30722°N 4.88611°E / 59.30722; 4.88611Coordinates: 59°18′26″N 4°53′10″E / 59.30722°N 4.88611°E / 59.30722; 4.88611
Country Norway
County Rogaland
Municipality ID NO-1151
Administrative centre Utsira
Government
 - Mayor (2005) Geir Helge Rasmussen (Bygdalista for Utsira)
Area (Nr. 433 in Norway)
 - Total 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi)
 - Land 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 212
 - Density 34/km2 (88.1/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) -0.9 %
 - Rank in Norway 430
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Neutral
Norwegian demonym Sirabu[1]
Website www.utsira.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Utsira is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. Utsira was separated from Torvastad on 1 July 1924.

The municipality consists of an island located in the North Sea, 18 km west of Haugesund. Utsira is the smallest municipality of Norway in population and the second smallest in area (after Kvitsøy).

Contents

General information

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Name

The Old Norse forms of the name was just Síri (nominative) and Síra (genitive). The first element ut (meaning "out" or "external") was added in the 16th Century. (Sira is also the name of the border river between Rogaland and Vest-Agder.) The inhabitants still call the island just Sira and an inhabitant is called a sirabu. The meaning of the name Sira is unknown (maybe "strong stream").

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 23 July 1982. The arms show the light beams emerging from the local lighthouse. The lighthouse was founded in 1844 and is one of the main landmarks on the municipality.[2]

History

The Utsira church is from 1785. There is also a finding from the Stone Age on the island.

Utsira Lighthouse
Utsira fyr78 2m.JPG

The highest Lighthouse light in Norway, at 78.2 metres (257 ft) AMSL, resides at Utsira.

In 2004, Norsk Hydro installed a combined wind-Hydrogen utility on Utsira. It is a full scale pilot project for energy self-sufficiency for a remote community. In periods when there is surplus wind energy, the excess power will be used for generating hydrogen by electrolysis. The hydrogen is stored, and is available for power generation in periods where there is little wind. Additional to this an energy storing flywheel exists to help out when for a short time more power is needed.

Birding

Utsira is known as the best birding site in Norway. There have been 317 different species recorded on Utsira, of which 23 are new to Norway.

Shipping Forecast

Utsira (under the spelling Utsire) gives its name to two of the sea areas of the British Shipping Forecast.

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Norwegian

Proper noun

Utsira

  1. A municipality in Rogaland, Norway

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