The Full Wiki

Västervik: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Västervik
A panorama of Västervik from the roof of St. Gertruds Church.
Västervik is located in Sweden
Västervik
Coordinates: 57°45′N 16°38′E / 57.75°N 16.633°E / 57.75; 16.633Coordinates: 57°45′N 16°38′E / 57.75°N 16.633°E / 57.75; 16.633
Country Sweden
Province Småland
County Kalmar County
Municipality Västervik Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 12.87 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 20,694
 - Density 1,608/km2 (4,164.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Västervik around 1900

Västervik is a city and the seat of Västervik Municipality, Kalmar County, Sweden with 20,694 inhabitants in 2005.[1]

Contents

History

Västervik was first mentioned in 1275. The town was then located at the current location of Gamleby. In 1433 Eric of Pomerania decided to give it a charter and move it to its current strategically important location, close to the castle of Stegeholm. In the ensuing centuries Västervik suffered attacks from hostile armies. It was more or less completely destroyed five times between 1450 and 1677. Despite this, king Gustav Vasa established a ship industry here in the 16th century, from which ships sailed to Germany and the Baltic countries, and from the 17th century they sailed to Portugal too. In the 18th century a long period of peace allowed the ship industry to expand, increasing the ship routes down to the Mediterranean Sea.

Today

Every year since 1966 there is a ballad festival in Västervik, at the ruins of the Stegeholm castle. The city still bases much of its industry on its harbour, and on the industries that were established as a result of it in the late 19th century. Recently, however, Västervik has suffered the closure of certain factories, notably Electrolux, with associated job losses. Being a summer town popular with yachtspeople, campers, daytrippers, and returning former residents, Västervik experiences an annual revival in July. Just outside Västervik, there is the static inverter of HVDC Gotland and Fårhultsmasten, a 335 m tall guyed mast used for FM/TV-transmission, which shares with three other masts the title of Sweden's tallest structure.

Other uses

Västervik is also the name of a small village 8 km north of Vaasa, Finland. The name just means "western bay", so there could be more minor localities by that name.

Notable natives

See also

References

Murkrona.svg Västervik is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Västervik is a city in the traditional province of Småland, Sweden, and the seat of Västervik Municipality in Kalmar County. It has a population of 20,694 (2005).

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message