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Växjö
Växjö is located in Sweden
Växjö
Coordinates: 56°53′N 14°47′E / 56.883°N 14.783°E / 56.883; 14.783Coordinates: 56°53′N 14°47′E / 56.883°N 14.783°E / 56.883; 14.783
Country Sweden
Province Småland
County Kronoberg County
Municipality Växjö Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 29.29 km2 (11.3 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 55,600
 - Density 1,899/km2 (4,918.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Växjö (Swedish pronunciation: [vɛkːɧøː]) is a city and the seat of Växjö Municipality, Kronoberg County, Sweden with 55,600 inhabitants in 2005.[1] It is the administrative, cultural and industrial centre of Kronoberg County. Furthermore it is the episcopal see of the Diocese of Växjö. It has a population of about 56,000, out of a municipal total of 80,000 inhabitants. The town is home to Linnaeus University.

Contents

History

Växjö Cathedral

The city's name is believed to be constructed by the words "väg" (road) and "sjö" (lake), meaning the road over the frozen Växjö Lake that farmers took in the winter to get to the marketplace that later became the city.

Växjö received its city charter in 1342, but was an important market and commercial centre already at the pass of the first millennium. In the twelfth century the construction of Växjö Cathedral was begun and hence Växjö grew to become an important religious centre in the Diocese of Växjö. The city arms displays Saint Sigfrid, a national saint, wearing the traditional Catholic bishop outfit, and in his left hand holding a miniature of the Cathedral. Sigfrid allegedly lived and died in Växjö, and was buried in the cathedral at his death.

The religious significance led to the creation of other institutions such as Växjö Old Lyceum, one of Sweden's oldest educational institutions with Carolus Linnaeus, the father the biological classification, as one of its students.

Notable locations

Växjö University has 15,000 students (2008).

Industries include Alstom and Aerotech Telub. Växjö houses Sweden's National Glass Museum [1] and claims to be the capital of the "Kingdom of Crystal" [2] as well as of the "Kingdom of Furniture" [3].

The Swedish Emigrant Institute [4] was established in 1965 and resides in the House of Emigrants near the Växjö lake in the heart of the city. It contains archives, library, museum, and a research center relating to the emigration period between 1846 and 1930, when 1.3 million (or 20%) of the Swedish population emigrated, mainly to the USA. Archives, dating to the 17th century, of birth and death records as well as household records are available on microfiche.

Immediately north of Växjö is Kronoberg Castle, a ruined fortress constructed in the 15th century. This castle was used as base by rebel Nils Dacke during the Dacke War. The fortress has thick walls and an interesting array of artillery portals that face out onto the lake Helgasjön to the north. The city also holds another castle, Teleborg Castle built in 1900 and situated near the University.

Climate

Weather data for Växjö
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
2
(36)
5
(41)
11
(52)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
17
(63)
10
(50)
4
(39)
1
(34)
10.6
(51)
Average low °C (°F) -3
(27)
-4
(25)
-3
(27)
2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
1
(34)
-2
(28)
3.6
(38)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.81)
38
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.57)
55
(2.17)
76
(2.99)
109
(4.29)
57
(2.24)
49
(1.93)
73
(2.87)
57
(2.24)
53
(2.09)
686
(27.01)
Source: World Weather Information Service[2] 2009-01-01

Notable natives

Sports Teams

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Växjö is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Växjö [1] is the largest city in Kronobergs län in the region Småland in Sweden. The municipality has a population of about 78,000 (2006).

Get in

There are direct trains from Copenhagen Airport (Kastrup) in Denmark. Furthermore, there are trains from Malmö, Gothenburg and Stockholm (change in Alvesta). There is also an airport in the vicinity with flights from Stockholm, Kalmar, Duesseldorf, Berlin and Kaunas in Lithuania.

Get around

Växjö is a small town, so your feet will be sufficient for the center of town. The rest of the city can be reached by bicycle or bus. City buses as well as buses to the country side can be found at the railway station. Buses are operated by Länstrafiken.

  • The house of Emigrants (Utvandrarnas hus) [2] - A museum about the 1.2 million Swedish who moved to America in the 19th and 20th century.
  • Växjö Cathedral (Växjö domkyrka) [3] was built in the 12th century. It has two large spires and an interior filled with glass from Kosta Boda and other Swedish glass makers that are located near the town.
  • The Swedish Glass Museum (Smålands Museum) [4].
  • Teleborg castle is located in the university area. It looks old but was in fact built in 1900.
  • The Echo Temple is a water tower with acoustics making sounds echo several times. Located near the university area in Teleborg.

Do

Walk around the lakes, if the weather is nice.

Visit the relaxing Teaterparken park.

Buy

There is a Swedish army surplus store not too far from the city center.

There are lots of shopping opportunities in the main street Storgatan. Nothing that you can't buy everywhere else in Sweden though.

  • PM & Vänner at Storgatan 24. One of Sweden's best restaurants and the best wine list according to The White Guide.
  • Fru T on Bäckaslövsvägen 2 south of the city centre. Small restaurant with good Swedish food.
  • Koh-thai [5] at Västra Esplanaden 6. Thai restaurant with excellent food. Serves lunch for 65 SEK even on Saturdays.
  • Royal Thai Restaurant at Norra Järnvägsgatan 10. Thai, chinese and japanese food. Somewhat nonchalant service.
  • Golden Farao at Norra Esplanaden 32 A. Egyptian restaurant with excellent cheap food and generous opening hours every day of the week. Vegetarian menu available.
  • Akropolis at Norra Järnvägsgatan (next to the train station). A Greek restaurant with the best lunch buffét in town.
  • Kronoberg castle ruin is located a bit north of the city. It is a place with beautiful Swedish nature, tourists and a cozy but relatively expensive café. A local bus goes to the castle in the summertime. The castle dates back to 14th century, and figured in both the Danish-Swedish wars and as base of operations for the Geatish [6] freedomfighter, Nils Dacke [7], who fought against the Swedish crown in the 16th century.
  • Bergkvara castle ruin
  • Åsnen runt [8] is a 4 day bicycle route that goes through Växjö and round the lake Åsnen some 20 km south of town.
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