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Cadherin 5, type 2, VE-cadherin (vascular epithelium)
Identifiers
Symbols CDH5; 7B4; CD144
External IDs OMIM601120 MGI105057 HomoloGene1359 GeneCards: CDH5 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CDH5 204677 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 1003 12562
Ensembl ENSG00000179776 ENSMUSG00000031871
UniProt P33151 Q3TJ23
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001795 NM_009868
RefSeq (protein) NP_001786 NP_033998
Location (UCSC) Chr 16:
64.96 - 65 Mb
Chr 8:
106.99 - 107.03 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Cadherin 5, type 2 or VE-cadherin (vascular endothelial) also known as CD144 (Cluster of Differentiation 144), is a type of cadherin. It is encoded by the human gene CDH5.[1]

Contents

Function

VE-cadherin is a classical cadherin from the cadherin superfamily and the gene is located in a six-cadherin cluster in a region on the long arm of chromosome 16 that is involved in loss of heterozygosity events in breast and prostate cancer. The encoded protein is a calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein composed of five extracellular cadherin repeats, a transmembrane region and a highly conserved cytoplasmic tail. Functioning as a classic cadherin by imparting to cells the ability to adhere in a homophilic manner, the protein may play an important role in endothelial cell biology through control of the cohesion and organization of the intercellular junctions.[2]

Integrity of intercellular junctions is a major determinant of permeability of the endothelium, and the VE-cadherin-based adherens junction is thought to be particularly important. VE-cadherin is known to be required for maintaining a restrictive endothelial barrier - early studies using blocking antibodies to VE-cadherin increased monolayer permeability in cultured cells[3] and resulted in interstitial edema and hemorrhage in vivo.[4]

VE-cadherin is indispensable for proper vascular development - there have been two transgenic mouse models of VE-cadherin deficiency, both embryonic lethal due to vascular defects.[5][6] Further studies using one of these models revealed that although vasculogenesis occurred, nascent vessels collapsed or disassembled in the absence of VE-cadherin.[7] Therefore it was concluded that VE-cadherin serves the purpose of maintaining newly formed vessels.

Interactions

VE-cadherin has been shown to interact with Beta-catenin,[8][9] Plakoglobin,[8][9] PTPRB,[10] Catenin (cadherin-associated protein), alpha 1[8][9] and CTNND1.[11][12]

See also

References

  1. ^ Suzuki S, Sano K, Tanihara H (April 1991). "Diversity of the cadherin family: evidence for eight new cadherins in nervous tissue". Cell Regul. 2 (4): 261–70. PMID 2059658.  
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: CDH5 cadherin 5, type 2, VE-cadherin (vascular epithelium)". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=1003.  
  3. ^ Corada M, Liao F, Lindgren M, Lampugnani MG, Breviario F, Frank R, Muller WA, Hicklin DJ, Bohlen P, Dejana E (March 2001). "Monoclonal antibodies directed to different regions of vascular endothelial cadherin extracellular domain affect adhesion and clustering of the protein and modulate endothelial permeability". Blood 97 (6): 1679–84. doi:10.1182/blood.V97.6.1679. PMID 11238107.  
  4. ^ Corada M, Zanetta L, Orsenigo F, Breviario F, Lampugnani MG, Bernasconi S, Liao F, Hicklin DJ, Bohlen P, Dejana E (August 2002). "A monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial-cadherin inhibits tumor angiogenesis without side effects on endothelial permeability". Blood 100 (3): 905–11. doi:10.1182/blood.V100.3.905. PMID 12130501.  
  5. ^ Carmeliet P, Lampugnani MG, Moons L, Breviario F, Compernolle V, Bono F, Balconi G, Spagnuolo R, Oosthuyse B, Dewerchin M, Zanetti A, Angellilo A, Mattot V, Nuyens D, Lutgens E, Clotman F, de Ruiter MC, Gittenberger-de Groot A, Poelmann R, Lupu F, Herbert JM, Collen D, Dejana E (July 1999). "Targeted deficiency or cytosolic truncation of the VE-cadherin gene in mice impairs VEGF-mediated endothelial survival and angiogenesis". Cell 98 (2): 147–57. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81010-7. PMID 10428027.  
  6. ^ Gory-Fauré S, Prandini MH, Pointu H, Roullot V, Pignot-Paintrand I, Vernet M, Huber P (May 1999). "Role of vascular endothelial-cadherin in vascular morphogenesis". Development 126 (10): 2093–102. PMID 10207135. http://dev.biologists.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=10207135.  
  7. ^ Crosby CV, Fleming PA, Argraves WS, Corada M, Zanetta L, Dejana E, Drake CJ (April 2005). "VE-cadherin is not required for the formation of nascent blood vessels but acts to prevent their disassembly". Blood 105 (7): 2771–6. doi:10.1182/blood-2004-06-2244. PMID 15604224.  
  8. ^ a b c Lewalle, J M; Bajou K, Desreux J, Mareel M, Dejana E, Noël A, Foidart J M (Dec. 1997). "Alteration of interendothelial adherens junctions following tumor cell-endothelial cell interaction in vitro". Exp. Cell Res. (UNITED STATES) 237 (2): 347–56. doi:10.1006/excr.1997.3799. ISSN 0014-4827. PMID 9434630.  
  9. ^ a b c Shasby, D Michael; Ries Dana R, Shasby Sandra S, Winter Michael C (Jun. 2002). "Histamine stimulates phosphorylation of adherens junction proteins and alters their link to vimentin". Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (United States) 282 (6): L1330-8. doi:10.1152/ajplung.00329.2001. ISSN 1040-0605. PMID 12003790.  
  10. ^ Nawroth, Roman; Poell Gregor, Ranft Alexander, Kloep Stephan, Samulowitz Ulrike, Fachinger Gregor, Golding Matthew, Shima David T, Deutsch Urban, Vestweber Dietmar (Sep. 2002). "VE-PTP and VE-cadherin ectodomains interact to facilitate regulation of phosphorylation and cell contacts". EMBO J. (England) 21 (18): 4885–95. ISSN 0261-4189. PMID 12234928.  
  11. ^ Ferber, Andres; Yaen Christopher, Sarmiento Edna, Martinez Jose (Mar. 2002). "An octapeptide in the juxtamembrane domain of VE-cadherin is important for p120ctn binding and cell proliferation". Exp. Cell Res. (United States) 274 (1): 35–44. doi:10.1006/excr.2001.5436. ISSN 0014-4827. PMID 11855855.  
  12. ^ Lampugnani, M G; Corada M, Andriopoulou P, Esser S, Risau W, Dejana E (Sep. 1997). "Cell confluence regulates tyrosine phosphorylation of adherens junction components in endothelial cells". J. Cell. Sci. (ENGLAND) 110 ( Pt 17): 2065–77. ISSN 0021-9533. PMID 9378757.  

Further reading

  • Lampugnani MG, Resnati M, Raiteri M, et al. (1992). "A novel endothelial-specific membrane protein is a marker of cell-cell contacts.". J. Cell Biol. 118 (6): 1511–22. doi:10.1083/jcb.118.6.1511. PMID 1522121.  
  • Suzuki S, Sano K, Tanihara H (1991). "Diversity of the cadherin family: evidence for eight new cadherins in nervous tissue.". Cell Regul. 2 (4): 261–70. PMID 2059658.  
  • Breviario F, Caveda L, Corada M, et al. (1995). "Functional properties of human vascular endothelial cadherin (7B4/cadherin-5), an endothelium-specific cadherin.". Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 15 (8): 1229–39. PMID 7627717.  
  • Ali J, Liao F, Martens E, Muller WA (1997). "Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin): cloning and role in endothelial cell-cell adhesion.". Microcirculation (New York, N.Y. : 1994) 4 (2): 267–77. PMID 9219219.  
  • Lampugnani MG, Corada M, Andriopoulou P, et al. (1997). "Cell confluence regulates tyrosine phosphorylation of adherens junction components in endothelial cells.". J. Cell. Sci. 110 ( Pt 17): 2065–77. PMID 9378757.  
  • Lewalle JM, Bajou K, Desreux J, et al. (1998). "Alteration of interendothelial adherens junctions following tumor cell-endothelial cell interaction in vitro.". Exp. Cell Res. 237 (2): 347–56. doi:10.1006/excr.1997.3799. PMID 9434630.  
  • Kremmidiotis G, Baker E, Crawford J, et al. (1998). "Localization of human cadherin genes to chromosome regions exhibiting cancer-related loss of heterozygosity.". Genomics 49 (3): 467–71. doi:10.1006/geno.1998.5281. PMID 9615235.  
  • Kowalczyk AP, Navarro P, Dejana E, et al. (1998). "VE-cadherin and desmoplakin are assembled into dermal microvascular endothelial intercellular junctions: a pivotal role for plakoglobin in the recruitment of desmoplakin to intercellular junctions.". J. Cell. Sci. 111 ( Pt 20): 3045–57. PMID 9739078.  
  • Kawashima M, Kitagawa M (1999). "An immunohistochemical study of cadherin 5 (VE-cadherin) in vascular endothelial cells in placentas with gestosis.". J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. 24 (6): 375–84. PMID 10063232.  
  • Carmeliet P, Lampugnani MG, Moons L, et al. (1999). "Targeted deficiency or cytosolic truncation of the VE-cadherin gene in mice impairs VEGF-mediated endothelial survival and angiogenesis.". Cell 98 (2): 147–57. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81010-7. PMID 10428027.  
  • Ukropec JA, Hollinger MK, Salva SM, Woolkalis MJ (2000). "SHP2 association with VE-cadherin complexes in human endothelial cells is regulated by thrombin.". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (8): 5983–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.8.5983. PMID 10681592.  
  • Shimoyama Y, Tsujimoto G, Kitajima M, Natori M (2001). "Identification of three human type-II classic cadherins and frequent heterophilic interactions between different subclasses of type-II classic cadherins.". Biochem. J. 349 (Pt 1): 159–67. doi:10.1042/0264-6021:3490159. PMID 10861224.  
  • Shaw SK, Bamba PS, Perkins BN, Luscinskas FW (2001). "Real-time imaging of vascular endothelial-cadherin during leukocyte transmigration across endothelium.". J. Immunol. 167 (4): 2323–30. PMID 11490021.  
  • van Buul JD, Voermans C, van den Berg V, et al. (2002). "Migration of human hematopoietic progenitor cells across bone marrow endothelium is regulated by vascular endothelial cadherin.". J. Immunol. 168 (2): 588–96. PMID 11777950.  
  • Ferber A, Yaen C, Sarmiento E, Martinez J (2002). "An octapeptide in the juxtamembrane domain of VE-cadherin is important for p120ctn binding and cell proliferation.". Exp. Cell Res. 274 (1): 35–44. doi:10.1006/excr.2001.5436. PMID 11855855.  
  • Gorlatov S, Medved L (2002). "Interaction of fibrin(ogen) with the endothelial cell receptor VE-cadherin: mapping of the receptor-binding site in the NH2-terminal portions of the fibrin beta chains.". Biochemistry 41 (12): 4107–16. doi:10.1021/bi0160314. PMID 11900554.  
  • Di Simone N, Castellani R, Caliandro D, Caruso A (2003). "Antiphospholid antibodies regulate the expression of trophoblast cell adhesion molecules.". Fertil. Steril. 77 (4): 805–11. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(01)03258-7. PMID 11937138.  
  • Zanetti A, Lampugnani MG, Balconi G, et al. (2002). "Vascular endothelial growth factor induces SHC association with vascular endothelial cadherin: a potential feedback mechanism to control vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 signaling.". Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 22 (4): 617–22. doi:10.1161/01.ATV.0000012268.84961.AD. PMID 11950700.  
  • Lampugnani MG, Zanetti A, Breviario F, et al. (2002). "VE-cadherin regulates endothelial actin activating Rac and increasing membrane association of Tiam.". Mol. Biol. Cell 13 (4): 1175–89. doi:10.1091/mbc.01-07-0368. PMID 11950930.  
  • Shasby DM, Ries DR, Shasby SS, Winter MC (2002). "Histamine stimulates phosphorylation of adherens junction proteins and alters their link to vimentin.". Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 282 (6): L1330–8. doi:10.1152/ajplung.00329.2001 (inactive 2009-01-14). PMID 12003790.  
  • Vincent PA, Xiao K, Buckley KM, Kowalczyk AP (2004). "VE-cadherin: adhesion at arm's length.". Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 286 (5): C987–97. doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00522.2003. PMID 15075197.  

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.

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