|Type||Broadcast television network|
|Availability||Quebec (available in parts of New Brunswick and eastern & northern Ontario via cable or antenna and nationally via satellite)|
|Slogan||Le divertissement à la puissance V|
|Launch date||September 7, 1986|
|Former names||TQS (1986-2009)|
V is a Canadian privately-owned French-language television network. The network can be seen on owned-and-operated and affiliated stations existing throughout Quebec, although it can be seen over-the-air throughout bordering provinces. It can also be received in some other parts of Canada by satellite, cable and IPTV. The network launched in 1986 as TQS, and was known by that name until current owner Remstar rebranded it as V on August 31, 2009.
The history of V goes back to 1968, when the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) first expressed interest in the establishment of a third French-language commercial television service in the province of Quebec along with the existing Télévision de Radio-Canada and the loose association of independent stations that eventually became TVA. However, at that time, the CRTC did not call on applications for licences.
In 1972, the CRTC said it was prepared to receive licence applications in order to authorize a third commercial television service in Quebec, although it was not until 1974 when the CRTC granted licences to Télé Inter-Cité Québec Ltée. to operate TV stations in Montreal and in Quebec City. However nothing came of this project.
On November 15, 1984, the CRTC launched another call for applications, and in 1985 it held public hearings in Montreal to examine competing applications from partners Cogeco Inc. (60.3%) and Moffat Communications (39.7%), and another application by the Pouliot family, owners of Montreal's CTV affiliate, CFCF-TV and radio stations CFCF-AM (later CINW, now defunct) and CFQR-FM. Both applications applied to launch television stations in both Montreal and Quebec City. On September 6 of that year, the CRTC approved the application of the Pouliot family and its company, Réseau de Télévision Quatre-Saisons Inc. TQS was authorized to operate a French-language TV station in Montreal with an effective radiated power of 566,000 watts on channel 35. While it was denied an application for a station in Quebec City, it was allowed to set up a repeater there.
The network was launched in 1986 as Télévision Quatre-Saisons ("Four Seasons Television"). The network spent most of its earlier years in severe financial trouble; at one point, the revenues from CFCF-TV were all that were keeping the network afloat. It was, however, able to upgrade its Quebec City repeater to a full-fledged station in 1989. In its early years, it was known for advertising in English on its then-sister radio stations.
In 1995, the Pouliots sold TQS to Quebec cable company Vidéotron, who already owned TVA, Quebec's other private commercial network. Due to monopoly ownership concerns, Vidéotron immediately turned around and sold TQS to Quebecor, a newspaper publisher.
Quebecor acquired Vidéotron itself in 2001, and put TQS back on the market. Later in 2001, TQS was bought by a joint venture of CTVglobemedia (then known as Bell Globemedia) and Cogeco, another cable company. Cogeco owned 60% of the venture and handled most of the operations, while CTVglobemedia owned 40%. The acquisition, in a sense, reunited it with CFCF, which had been bought by CTV a year earlier.
On December 18, 2007, TQS filed for protection from its creditors in a bankruptcy-court filing. At this point the network was given 30 days in which to reorganize and revamp itself, with the goal of finding a viable solution to pay off its creditors. On January 16, 2008, a judge extended the grace period for an additional 45 days.
Montreal's newspaper La Presse reported on January 15 that Rogers Communications and RNC Media were each interested in acquiring some individual stations within the network, although RNC Media later denied the report and Rogers declined to comment. On February 25, 2008, the network confirmed that it had received four purchase bids, although it did not disclose the identities of the bidders.
On March 10, 2008, the Quebec Supreme Court approved the sale of TQS to Remstar Corporation, a Montreal-based television and film producer and distributor. Creditors, who were owed more than $33 million, voted to accept the Remstar proposal in May.. The CRTC approved the application on June 26, 2008. 
Remstar announced on April 23, 2008 that 270 jobs would be cut at TQS, while the information services division would be abolished entirely — thus eliminating all newscasts from the network starting in September 2008.  While the CRTC ultimately ordered Remstar to retain local news programming on the network, it did take the network's precarious financial situation into account by allowing a reduced amount of local news programming until the network's license renewal hearing in 2011.
At the network's fall upfronts presentation for 2009, the network announced a repositioning plan, including a shedding of the TQS moniker and its black sheep logo in favour of the name "V", complete with a black-and-gold circle logo with a stylized letter V. The V name reflects the channel's new mission of "vedettes" (stars), "vitesse" (speed), "voyages" (trips), and "vice ou vérité" (vices or truths).
The new program lineup includes the daily news and discussion programs Le show du matin, hosted by Gildor Roy, and Dumont 360, hosted by Mario Dumont. V's rebranding took effect on August 31, 2009 at 6am ET after the infomercial block.
V has long been a distant third in the ratings to TVA and Télévision de Radio-Canada. Most of its affiliates are on UHF, and operate at moderate-to-low power compared to their TVA and Radio-Canada counterparts. However, it has produced a number of major hit series in Quebec.
From the network's launch to its 2008 restructing, the nightly Le Grand Journal formed the core of V's news programming. Jean-Luc Mongrain anchored the program from 1999 until its final edition aired on August 29, 2008.
News programming continues in a reduced form on V, now produced by independent producer ADN5. News summaries of approximately three minutes are inserted into the network's morning and noontime programming, along with a 30-minute newscast weekend evenings.
V has long aired a nighttime sports show, beginning with Sports Plus (1986–1998), then 110% (1998–2009), followed by L'attaque à 5 (2009–present).
Its carriage of live sporting events began with Super Bowl XXI in 1987. It has carried games of the National Hockey League, including the Quebec Nordiques from 1988 to 1994 and the Montreal Canadiens from 1994 to 2002. It also aired games of the Montreal Expos from 1994 to 1998.
In February 2005, V (and then sister-broadcaster RDS) was part of the consortium that won the Canadian broadcast rights to the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2012 Summer Olympics. V will share morning coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics with RDS, followed by its own unique afternoon and evening programming. Due to V not being carried on many cable systems outside of the province unlike previous rights holder Télévision de Radio-Canada, the non-profit public affairs network CPAC gained special authorization from the CRTC to allow its French coverage of the 2010 games to be simulcast on the network which enjoys mandatory cable coverage across Canada.
The network is known to many English Canadian viewers for Bleu Nuit, a showcase of softcore pornography broadcast late Saturday nights, similar to the old Baby Blue Movies that once aired on Toronto's Citytv. In fact, V was once considered the French counterpart of Citytv.
|7:00 p.m.||7:30 p.m.||8:00 p.m.||8:30 p.m.||9:00 p.m.||9:30 p.m.||10:00 p.m.||10:30 p.m.|
|Monday||La maison de Jacques Villeneuve||Rire et délire||CSI : New York||Le mentaliste||Wipeout Québec||L'Attaque à 5|
|Tuesday||Bienvenue aux dames||Vérité-choc||Pratique privée|
|Wednesday||450, Chemin du Golf||Distraction||Lie To Me : crimes et mensonges|
|Thursday||Taxi payant||Fringe||Bob Gratton : Ma Vie, My Life||South Park||Le mur|
|Saturday||Vérité-choc||Top Gear||Californication||Entourage||UFC : Les Guerriers|
|Sunday||Everest : au-delà du rêve||Movie||Movie (to 12:00 a.m.)|
Dramas and téléromans are in blue; news programs are in cyan; comedies are in red; game shows and reality shows are in yellow; variety, interview, and music programs are in orange; sports programming are in green; movies are in purple; and magazines are in brown.
Unlike TVA, V does not have mandatory cable carriage rights outside of Quebec, but may be offered at a cable company's discretion if there is a sufficient local market for French language television programming. Consequently the network is not widely available outside of Quebec, although some communities in Ontario and in New Brunswick receive V affiliates on cable.
The network's affiliate in Gatineau is part of the Ottawa television market, and is carried in both analog and digital on cable systems in nearly all of Eastern Ontario. Rogers Cable systems in Central Ontario, Southwestern Ontario and the Greater Toronto Area offer the channel on their digital cable tier, but not in analog, while those in New Brunswick carry V in both analog and digital. EastLink systems in Northeastern Ontario also carry V in both analog and digital.
To ensure that the network's coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics reaches the vast majority of Canada's francophones, the network will be simulcast on CPAC, which has mandatory carriage on the basic service of all Canadian cable and satellite providers, from February 12 to 28, 2010.
These stations are owned and operated by V:
On June 4, 2007, TQS launched an HD simulcast of its Montreal station CFJP for cable subscribers. In December 2007, TQS officially launched a transmitter in Montreal making the HD simulcast of CFJP available over-the-air.
V HD is available nationally via satellite and on digital cable as well as for free via DTT using a regular TV antenna and a digital tuner (included in most new TVs) on the following channels:
Beginning in 1997, TQS branded itself as le mouton noir de la télé (English: the black sheep of television), a slogan that could have served as the network's acknowledgment (or perhaps a badge of pride) that its history of financial difficulties, edgy programming, and limited availability outside Quebec had not always given it a prestigious place in the TV industry or in the eyes of the viewing public. The black sheep slogan was discontinued with the network's rebranding from TQS to V at the end of August 2009.