Vaduz: Wikis

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Vaduz
Vaduz

Flag

Coat of arms
Vaduz and its exclaves in Liechtenstein
Coordinates: 47°08′N 9°31′E / 47.133°N 9.517°E / 47.133; 9.517Coordinates: 47°08′N 9°31′E / 47.133°N 9.517°E / 47.133; 9.517
Country Liechtenstein
Government
 - Type Monarchy
Area
 - Total 17.3 km2 (6.7 sq mi)
Elevation 445 m (1,460 ft)
Population (31.12.2005)
 - Total 5,109
 - Density 295/km2 (764/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9490
Area code(s) 7001
Website www.vaduz.li

Vaduz (German pronunciation: [faˈduːts] or [faˈdʊts]) is the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein and the seat of the national parliament. The town, located along the Rhine, has about 5,100 inhabitants (as of 2009),[1] most of whom are Roman Catholic. Its cathedral is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop.

While Vaduz is better known internationally, it is actually not the largest town in the principality: neighbouring Schaan has a greater population.

Contents

History

Government Building of Liechtenstein

Vaduz is said to be mentioned in historic 12th century manuscripts as Farduzes. It is however commonly believed to have been founded in the thirteenth century by the Counts of Werdenberg. In 1322 a mention of the castle is made, which was sacked by the Swiss in 1499.

In the 17th century the Liechtenstein family was seeking a seat in the Imperial diet, the Reichstag. However, since they did not hold any territory that was directly under the Imperial throne, they were unable to meet the primary requirement to qualify.

The family yearned for the added power a seat in the Imperial government would bring, and therefore sought to acquire lands that would be Reichsunmittelbar, or held without any feudal personage other than the Holy Roman Emperor himself having rights on the land. After some time, the family was able to arrange the purchase of the minuscule Herrschaft ("Lordship") of Schellenberg and countship of Vaduz (in 1699 and 1712 respectively) from the Hohenems. Tiny Schellenberg and Vaduz possessed exactly the political status required; no feudal lord other than their comital sovereign and the suzerain Emperor.

Thereby, on January 23, 1719, after purchase had been duly made, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, decreed Vaduz and Schellenberg were united, and raised to the dignity of Fürstentum (principality) with the name "Liechtenstein" in honour of "[his] true servant, Anton Florian of Liechtenstein". It is on this date that Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire. As a testament to the pure political expediency of the purchases, the Princes of Liechtenstein did not set foot in their new principality for over 120 years.

Landmarks

Vaduz Castle overlooking the city

The most prominent landmark of Vaduz is the Vaduz Castle, the home of the reigning prince of Liechtenstein and the Liechtenstein princely family. The castle is visible from almost any location in Vaduz, being perched atop a steep hill in the middle of the city. The Cathedral of St. Florin, Government House and City Hall are also well-known landmarks, displaying the various styles and periods of architecture that the city is known for.

Economy and transport

Vaduz has a lively tourist industry, despite being one of the very few capital cities in the world without an airport or railway station.

The closest railway station is Schaan–Vaduz located around 2 km from the city centre in the town of Schaan. However, very few trains stop here except for a local service between Buchs in Switzerland and Feldkirch in Austria. There are extremely frequent bus connections between nearby mainline railway stations including Buchs, Sargans, and Feldkirch, operated by Liechtenstein Bus.

Culture and sports

City centre (here with Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein)

The National Art Gallery as well as the National Museum are located in Vaduz. The art gallery (Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein) is a museum of modern and contemporary art. The building is an architectural landmark built by the Swiss architects Morger, Degelo and Kerez. It was completed in November 2000 and forms a “black box” of tinted concrete and black basalt stone. The museum collection is also the national art collection of Liechtenstein. The Liechtenstein National Museum is showing a permanent exhibition on the cultural and natural history of Liechtenstein as well as special exhibitions. There are also the Postage Stamp Museum and a Ski Museum.

Vaduz also has a local professional football (soccer) club, FC Vaduz which, as the other clubs in Liechtenstein, plays in the Swiss Football League. Starting in the 2008-2009 season, FC Vaduz became the first Liechtenstein club to play in the Swiss Super League, Switzerland's top flight.

Climate

Weather data for Vaduz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.6
(38)
5.6
(42)
10.1
(50)
13.8
(57)
18.4
(65)
20.9
(70)
23
(73)
22.3
(72)
19.5
(67)
14.7
(58)
8.5
(47)
4.4
(40)
13.7
(57)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0
(32)
1.6
(35)
5.3
(42)
8.9
(48)
13.2
(56)
15.9
(61)
17.8
(64)
17.2
(63)
14.6
(58)
10.2
(50)
4.9
(41)
1
(34)
9.2
(49)
Average low °C (°F) -3.5
(26)
-2
(28)
1.2
(34)
4
(39)
8
(46)
10.9
(52)
12.7
(55)
12.6
(55)
10
(50)
5.7
(42)
1
(34)
-2.6
(27)
4.8
(41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
46
(1.81)
58
(2.28)
84
(3.31)
112
(4.41)
124
(4.88)
127
(5)
87
(3.43)
55
(2.17)
58
(2.28)
51
(2.01)
891
(35.08)
Avg. precipitation days 8.4 7.5 9.2 10.9 12.7 13.4 13.2 13.4 9.4 7.3 8.6 8.5 122.5
Source: MeteoSchweiz [2] 8 May 2009

References

  1. ^ Estimate from World Gazetteer accessed 18 May 2009
  2. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961–90" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss. http://www.meteoswiss.admin.ch/web/de/klima/klima_schweiz/tabellen.html. Retrieved 8 May 2009.  

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Vaduz is the capital city of Liechtenstein and has a population of 5,005.

Understand

Vaduz is the capital of Liechtenstein, but not its largest city: Schaan is slightly larger. Still, it's home to the Prince's castle and his museums, and thus the main point of interest for visitors to this small country which is a shame because it is a rather disappointing hodge-podge of unattractive modern buildings, cranes and farmland. It may technically be a European capital but it is unlikely to interest a tourist for any length of time.

Get in

The fastest way to get into the town of Vaduz is to get a train from Zurich to Sargans, then catch a bus to Vaduz. An alternative way is to catch a train from Buchs to Schaan, then catch a bus to Vaduz. You can also drive a car into the town - which is well marked beforehand.

Get Around

Vaduz is very small and walking around the city and the areas around it will not take very long.

The best way to move around Liechtenstein is by car. It takes little more than half an hour to drive from one end to the other.

See

The Art Museum 'KunstMuseum' has an interesting collection on the ground floor and in the style of Tate Modern has a changing modern exhibition on the first floor.

The Prince's Wine Collection is available to view by a vineyard on the Northern edge of Vaduz. This is a 5 minute walk from the central square.

Excellent views of the surrounding area can be gained by taking the short walk up to the Castle which hangs above Vaduz. The walk is gentle and goes up the sdie of the hill and through the woods and emerges at the side entrance to the Castle. It is not posible to enter the grounds of the castle, but walking around the perimiter is fine. In winter it can be very slippery, so if visiting at this time it is best to wear suitable footware to avoid accidents.

A short walk towards the river will offer visitors the chance to experience some great views of the mountains surrounding the city. The old covered bridge which spans the Rhine river provides an interesting way to cross the border between Liechtenstein and Switzerland. The unpainted, weathered wooden bridge is rustic in appearance. It accommodates foot or bicycle traffic only, cars are prevented from approaching. Drives may find it tricky to pull-off. Cars on this road are headed to the Swiss Autobahn, a few hundred meters across the river directly west of the bridge. Please use care, these motorists may not tolerate the casual traveller on a busy road. There is no means to access the bridge from the west by car. The road that would appear to lead to the western end of the bridge is the aforementioned Swiss Autobahn.

From the centre of Vaduz follow Zollstrasse (towards the football stadium) until you reach the River. There are no border checks.

Do

FC Vaduz is the soccer club in Vaduz.

Buy

The main shops in Vaduz sell tourist trinkets all branded in Liechtensteinian and Swiss colours. There are plenty of flags, t-shirts and cuckoo clocks available. People who enjoy collecting passport stamps are able to get an official Liechtenstein Tourist Office stamp at the Tourist Information office. The cost was 2 Swiss Franc (CHF) or €3 in September 2009. This is especially unique as there are no border crossings at either of Liechtensteins frontiers. Postal Stamps and postcards can be bought at the post office opposite the tourist office as well as most other shops.

There is also a small retail village between Vaduz and Balzers. This is home to a McDonalds, and a sports clothes shop among other things.

Eat

The main square is behind the bus station in the midle of Vaduz. There are a number of cafes and restaurants offering hearty Liechtensteinian / Swiss / Austrian fare at reasonable prices.

  • Old Castle Inn, Aeulestrasse 22, +423 232 10 65. In the centre of Vaduz. It is impossible to miss and offers authentic food at a reasonable price and with a pleasant atmosphere.  edit

Drink

go to the prince's vineyard...

Sleep

Frankly, you'd be mad to spend the night in Vaduz when you could ascend into the mountains and enjoy the breath-taking views from places such as Treisenberg or Malbun.

Get out

Links to the A13 motorway in Switzerland (which runs alongside the border) are clearly signposted.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Vaduz

Plural
-

Vaduz

  1. A community of Liechtenstein.
  2. The capital of Liechtenstein.

Translations


Estonian

Proper noun

Vaduz

  1. Vaduz

French

Proper noun

Vaduz

  1. Vaduz

German

Etymology

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.

Proper noun

Vaduz

  1. Vaduz

Simple English

Vaduz (pronounced /Fah-doots/) is the capital city of the country of Liechtenstein. It has a population of about 5,000 people.


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