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Vaikuntha (Sanskrit वैकुण्ठ, vaikuntha), Param Padam (‘supreme abode’), or Paramapadam is the abode of Lord Narayana. It is believed, in the tradition of Vaishnavites, to be the place of eternal bliss, exclusive to the Lord, His eternal consort which is the Goddess Lakshmi, and the three-folded Serpent Sesha Naga, upon whom the Lord and His wife are believed to rest.[1]

Rig Veda (1.22.20) states, Oṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramam padam sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ: "All the suras (i.e., the devas) look always toward the feet of Lord Vishnu", referring to Vaikuntam and the Supreme Abode.

Vaikunta is considered by Vaishnavites to be the ultimate destination of souls who attain moksha.

A description of Vaikunta is said to be given in the eleventh chapter of Shrimadhvavijaya MahakAvya, a biography of Madhvacharya, written by Sri Narayana Panditacharya. [2]


  • Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
  • On the Symbolism of Three- and Four-Faced Vishnu Images: A Reconsideration of Evidence. by Adalbert J. Gail, In: Artibus Asiae, Vol. 44, No. 4. (1983), pp. 297-307. p. 298-99


See also

Goloka Vrindavana



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