Vairamuthu: Wikis


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Born July 13, 1953(1953-07-13)
Vadugapatti, Theni District,Tamil Nadu, India
Occupation Poet
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Ponmani Vairamuthu
Children Madhan Karkki Vairamuthu
Kabilan Vairamuthu

Vairamuthu (Tamil: வைரமுத்து) (born: 13 July 1953) is an award-winning Tamil poet and lyricist.

Debuting in the film Nizhalgal (1980) with the lyrics for 'Ponmalai Pozhudhu', he has now about 5800 songs to his credit as of January 2009.[1]. His partnership with the composers Ilaiyaraaja, and later A. R. Rahman, have resulted in critical praise, awards, and box office hits.

He has been awarded the National Film Award five times in the Best Lyrics category. His literary contributions are well-respected. He is a recipient of Kalaimamani Award and Tamil Nadu State Government award thrice for his contribution to Tamil literature.


Early life and Education

Vairamuthu was born to Ramaswamy Thevar and Angammal of Mettur in a middle class kallar family. When he was four, the village gave way to Vaigai Dam and the family moved to Vadugapatti village, a farming community in Theni near Periyakulam.

The ambience of the village is said to have inspired him to write poems. Tamil and Rationalist movements of the sixties is said to have stimulated the poetic zeal in him. The speeches of Periyar & Anna, the writings of Karunanidhi and the works of eminent poets like Bharathi, Bharathidasan and Kannadasan and the life in the countryside shaped the young poet's thinking. At the age of fourteen, he was inspired by Thiruvalluvar's Thirukkural to write a venba compilation of poetry, strictly adhering to the yappu grammar rules of Tamil poetry. In his school final exam in Tamil, Vairamuthu stood first in the entire Madurai District and won a silver cup.

He joined Pachaiyappa's college in Chennai where he was acclaimed as the best speaker and poet. While in his second year of B. A. and barely nineteen years of age, Vairamuthu published his maiden anthology Vaigarai Megangal. It was prescribed for study in Women's Christian College. Thus, he achieved the distinction of a student poet whose work was taken into curriculum while he was still a student.

His second work, Thiruththi Yezhudhiya Theerppugal, in pudhu kavidhai (free verse) form was published in 1979. He made his film debut in the succeeding year when he set lyrics for Bharathiraja's Nizhalgal.

Literary Influences

He is strongly influenced by Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, Khalil Gibran, Firdausi and Nizami have had a greater impact on him.

Vairamuthu is among those who take pride in the Tamil heritage and swear by the traditional form's capacity to convey with ease modern and even complicated ideas. He is not, however, averse to change or modernism and he uses with equal felicity free verse (puthu kavithai in Tamil), wherever it suits him. For him, content is more important than the form.

With 5,600 songs to his credit, he has published nine collections of poems for the discerning readers. His writings have also extended to genres such as novel, essay, biography and travelogue. In fact, 20 of the 32 books he has published in the last 30 years are in prose.

Notable Works

On the literature front, his notable works include Innoru Desiya Geetham, Indha Pookkal Virppanai-kkalla, Sigarangalai nOkki, Villodu Vaa Nilave and many others numbering to 30.

He has also introduced some foreign poets and their works to Tamil in his Ella Nadhiyilum En Odum. Some of his works are translated into Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. The trend continues into hundreds of his film lyrics are translated into Hindi. His Chinna Chinna Aasai fascinated a Japanese troupe touring India so much, that they broke language barriers by singing the song during their shows.

Thanner Thesam

This aRiviyal kaaviyam is about the 'sea odyssey'. Kalaivannan is the hero; Tamilrojaa is the heroine. A lot of scientific facts about the sea, water, and the universe are sown in this modern poetry(pudhukk kavidhai). The work depicts the adventure of fishermen's life at sea. "read".  

Kallikattu Idhikasam

Kallikkattu Edhikasam (the epic of Kallikkadu, in literal translation) is one of his novels. It tells the agonising tale of a marginal farmer of a riverbed region of the Theni belt in southern Tamil Nadu. Kallikattu Ithikasam" - a confluence of various emotions like sadness, sufferings and depression—crammed his mind for more than four decades. Finally, when it exploded, the natives of `Kallikadugal' found their biographies in the book. But with a silver lining. The novel won him the Sahitya Akademi award for Best Literary Work in 2003.

Karuvachi Kaaviyam

This depicts powerfully the facets of rural life in a remote corner of our State, was serialized in a popular regional weekly,Ananda Vikatan and won accolades. Owing to its huge popularity, the series was released as a novel

Sirpiye Unnai Sedhukukiraen A powerful book says about the good mannerism of life and personality development, celf control,aim of life, and each and every part that makes a complete man. It can be said as a Rs.25 Bagavat Gita

Iduvarai Naan

This is his biography written at the age of 28

Awards and Recognition

He received the President's award for the Best Lyricist for his compositions in Mudhal Mariyathai (1985), directed by Bharathiraja. He received this award a second time in 1993 for Roja, directed by Mani Ratnam. He was bestowed the honor of receiving this award for the third time, for his lyrics in the film, Karuththamma, another film directed by Bharathiraja, followed by Sangamam and Kannathil Muthamittal, directed by Mani Ratnam. He and Javed Akhtar are the only lyricists to receive the Best Lyricist award five times at the National Film Awards.

Among regional awards from the Tamil Nadu Government, he received one in 1981 from the then Chief Minister, M. G. Ramachandran, a Best Architect of Films award in 1989 alongside the prestigious Kalaimaamani award in 1990. The Tamil Development Society of Madras conferred on him the title of Kaviyarasu in 1986.His Kaviraajan Kavidhai narrating Bharathi's life in Pudhu Kavidhai, was a commendable effort. It earned him the Bharathi Literature Prize.

In 2003, Vairamuthu was awarded the Padma Shri.

He is the Tamil Nadu President of Indo-Russian Friendship Society. At the invitation of the Russian Government, Vairamuthu has visited Russia to participate in an Indian cultural event in 1987. In response to invitations of various Tamil groups, he visited the U.S.A, United Kingdom, Canada, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Malayasia, Thailand and Sri Lanka.

His works have the underlying themes of humanism transcending barriers of space and race. He opened Tamil schools in [[Bangkok] ], Canada and Hong Kong promoting Tamil children living there to develop an interest in learning the language.

Partial Filmography

Award-winning songs

Another great feat by Vairamuthu is that he has bagged National Award 5 times in his career so far.

5.Kannathil Muthamittal(2002)

Out of this 5 films, 4 has music scored by Academy Award Winner Dr.A.R.Rahman


External links



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