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A replica of a cabin in which soldiers would have lived at Valley Forge

Valley Forge in Pennsylvania was the site of the camp of the American Continental Army over the winter of 1777–1778 in the American Revolutionary War.

Contents

History

Revolutionary War cannon overlooking the site of the Valley Forge encampment
Washington at Valley Forge
National Memorial Arch inscription:

Naked and starving as they are
We cannot enough admire
The incomparable Patience and Fidelity
of the Soldiery
            –George Washington
General Washington at prayer, Valley Forge, Winter 1777-78, US Postage, 1928 Issue

With winter almost completely setting in, and the prospects for campaigning greatly diminishing, General George Washington sought quarters for his men. Washington and his troops had just fought what was to be the last major engagement of 1777 at the Battle of White Marsh (or Edge Hill). He devised to pull his troops from their present encampment in the White Marsh area (now Fort Washington State Park) and move to a more secure location for the coming winter. Though several locations were proposed, he selected Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Philadelphia. It proved to be an excellent choice. Named for an iron forge on Valley Creek, the area was close enough to the British to keep their raiding and foraging parties out of the interior of Pennsylvania, yet far enough away to halt the threat of British surprise attacks. The high ground of Mount Joy and the adjoining elevated ground of Mount Misery combined with the Schuylkill River to the north, made the area easily defensible.

On December 19, 1777, when Washington's poorly fed, ill-equipped army, weary from long marches, struggled into Valley Forge, winds blew as the 12,000 Continentals prepared for winter's fury. Grounds for brigade encampments were selected, and defense lines were planned and begun. Though construction of more than a thousand huts provided shelter, it did little to offset the critical shortages that continually plagued the army.

The men were under cover within six weeks, and three days. The first properly constructed hut appeared in three days. One other hut, which required 80 logs, and whose timber had to be collected from miles away, went up in one week with the use of only one axe. The men described their lodgings as "cozy and comfortable quarters" and they were proud of the structures they had built. These huts provided sufficient protection from the moderately cold, but mainly wet and damp conditions of the mild, but typical Pennsylvania winter of 1777-78. Snow was limited, and small in amounts. Alternating freezing and melting of snow and ice made it impossible to keep dry and allowed for disease to fester.

Soldiers received irregular supplies of meat and bread, some getting their only nourishment from "fire cake," a tasteless mixture of flour and water. However, due to the talents of Baker General Christopher Ludwig, the men at Valley Forge more often than not received fresh baked soft bread, about one pound daily. So severe were conditions at times that Washington despaired "that unless some great and capital change suddenly takes place ... this Army must inevitably ... Starve, dissolve, or disperse, in order to obtain subsistence in the best manner they can." Animals fared no better. General Henry Knox, Washington's Chief of Artillery wrote that hundreds of horses either starved to death or died of exhaustion.

Clothing, too, was wholly inadequate. Long marches had destroyed shoes. Blankets were scarce. Tattered garments were seldom replaced. At one point these shortages caused nearly 4,000 men to be listed as unfit for duty.

Undernourished and poorly clothed, living in crowded, damp quarters, the army was ravaged by sickness and disease. Typhoid, jaundice, dysentery, and pneumonia were among the killers that felled as many as 2,000 men that winter. Although Washington repeatedly petitioned for relief, the Congress was unable to provide it, and the soldiers continued to suffer. Women, relatives of enlisted men, alleviated some of the suffering by providing valuable services such as laundry and nursing that the army desperately needed.

Upgrading military efficiency, morale, and discipline were as vital to the army's well-being as was its source of supply. The army had been handicapped in battle because unit training was administered from a variety of field manuals, making coordinated battle movements awkward and difficult. The soldiers were trained, but not uniformly. The task of developing and carrying out an effective training program fell to Baron Friedrich von Steuben. This skilled Prussian drill master, recently arrived from Europe, tirelessly drilled the soldiers. [1]

A group of people called Regimental Camp Followers also helped increase the morale of the soldiers and provided necessary support to the men. Camp Followers at Valley Forge consisted of the families, wives, children, mothers, and sisters of the soldiers. These camp followers often served as laundresses, cleaning and mending the uniforms of the soldiers. Washington understood a soldier would die quickly from disease if his uniform was dirty and threadbare. These women and children also provided the emotional support to a soldier, allowing them to remain at camp and continue on training and soldiering during the winter months. These women gained half the rations of soldiers, half the wages of a soldier as well as a half pension after the war—if they had done enough work. Children would receive quarter rations if enough work was done. Women were relegated to the back of the column when marching and were forbidden to ride on wagons. Camp followers faced the issues of disease along with the soldiers. While excellent scavengers, some women lost their lives on the battlefield trying to obtain goods from wounded or dead soldiers. At Valley Forge women averaged 1 to every 44 men, adding up to around 500 women.

Soon word of the British departure from Philadelphia brought a frenzied activity to the ranks of the Continental Army. On June 19, 1778, six months after its arrival, the army marched away from Valley Forge in pursuit of the British, who were moving toward New York. The ordeal had ended. The war would last for another five years, but for Washington, his men, and the nation to which they sought to give birth, a decisive victory had been won — a victory not of weapons but of will.[2] No war took place here.

Baron (Freiherr) Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

General Von Steuben, 1930 Issue

Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben was a onetime member of the elite General Staff of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. No longer in the Prussian Army, indeed without employment of any kind, von Steuben offered his military skills to the patriot cause. When he arrived at Valley Forge from France on February 23, 1778, he was armed with a letter of introduction from Benjamin Franklin. General Washington saw great promise in the Prussian and almost immediately assigned him the duties of Acting Inspector General with the task of developing and carrying out an effective training program. He was a drill instructor, he was full of energy, and he taught the soldiers how to fire their guns faster.

Numerous obstacles threatened success. No standard American training manuals existed, and von Steuben himself spoke little English. Undaunted, he drafted his own manual in French. His aides often worked late into the night, translating his work into English. The translations were in turn copied and passed to the individual regiments and companies that carried out the prescribed drill the following day.

Von Steuben shocked many American officers by breaking tradition to work directly with the men. One officer wrote of von Steuben's "peculiar grace" as he took "under his direction a squad of men in the capacity of drill sergeant." From dawn to dusk his familiar voice was heard in camp above the sounds of marching men and shouted commands. Soon companies, regiments, and then brigades moved smartly from line to column, column to line; loaded muskets with precision; and drove imaginary redcoats from the field by skillful charges with the bayonet. When the Continental Army paraded on May 6, 1778, to celebrate the French alliance with America, von Steuben received the honor of organizing the day's activities. On that day the Grand Parade became a showplace for the united American army. Cannons boomed in salute. Thousands of muskets fired the ceremonial "feu de joie," a running fire that passed up and down the double ranks of infantrymen. Cheers echoed across the fields. The good drilling order and imposing appearance that the troops presented during the Alliance Day ceremonies demonstrated their remarkable progress in improving their abilities as a unified, fighting force capable of standing up to the British Army. Washington, with von Steuben's aid, had made an army of the Continental troops. With their French allies, the Americans could now proceed with the war, which would rage on for many years.[3]

Valley Forge Park

The site of the encampment became a Pennsylvania State Park in 1893 and, on the 4th of July, 1976, it became Valley Forge National Historical Park. The modern park features historical and recreated buildings and structures; memorials; and a newly renovated visitor center, which shows a short film and has several exhibits. A chapel was built in 1903 as a memorial to George Washington. An adjoining carillon of 58 bells represents all U.S. states and territories. It resides in a tower built by the Daughters of the American Revolution. Other park amenities include walking and bicycle trails. The park supports around 1000 deer which can be seen grazing in the wide open fields.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bodle, Wayne The Valley Forge Winter, Penn State Press, 2002 ISBN 0-271-02526-3
  2. ^ text incorporated from www.nps.gov/vafo which is in the public domain
  3. ^ Lockhart, Paul Douglas. The drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the making of the American Army. HarperCollins, New York 2008. ISBN 0 06 145163 0

External links

Coordinates: 40°05′49″N 75°26′21″W / 40.096944°N 75.439167°W / 40.096944; -75.439167


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents
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Valley Forge is a town in southeastern Pennsylvania in the United States. It is home to Valley Forge National Historical Park.

Get in

By car, Valley Forge is easily accessible from I-76 via exit 328.

Nearest airport is Philadelphia International Airport.

  • Valley Forge National Historical Park [1] Site of famous American Revolutionary War encampment, includes recreated log cabins and George Washington's headquarters.
  • Valley Forge National Historic Park offers hiking, running, and bicycling throughout the large park. Bicycles are available for rent, depending on season.
  • Theatre Horizon, 243 Crest Way, King of Prussia, 610.283.2230, [2].  edit
  • Valley Forge Scanticon Hotel & Conference Center, 1210 First Ave, King of Prussia, 610.265.1500, [3]. More than just a hotel, Scanticon Valley Forge is also a top choice for meetings. Multi-purpose general sessions for 15-90 and breakouts from 5-15. 160 guest rooms. IACC member.   edit
  • Valley Forge Convention Center, 1160 First Ave, King of Prussia, 610.337.2000, [4]. 108,000 square feet of flexible exhibit space, meeting rooms, boardrooms, ballrooms and banquet space. Full banquet facilities, conference set-ups, free parking for 2,300, indoor access to Radisson Hotel. Conveniently located near I-76 and Rte 202, King of Prussia.  edit
  • John James Audubon Center at Mill Grove, 1201 Pawlings Road, Audubon, 610.666.5593, [5]. The first American home of John James Audubon celebrates Audubon's artistic and scientific legacy. Small museum houses all of his major works on paper and several original oil paintings.
    Gift shop.
     edit
  • The Golf Club at Shannondell, 2750 Egypt Road, Audubon, 610.666.7600, [6]. The 18-hole golf course is a perfect choice for your corporate or golf outing. It also features banquet and meeting facility seating for up to 150.  edit
  • Colonial Theatre, 227 Bridge St - PO Box 712, Phoenixville, 610.917.1228, [7]. Non-profit, single screen historic theatre which presents art & independent film, children's programs and classic film.  edit

Buy

Just a short distance from the King of Prussia Mall, [8] which claims to be the largest mall in the United States based solely on dedicated retail space.

  • King of Prussia Mall, 160 N. Gulph Rd - Plaza Management Office, King of Prussia, 610.265.3353, [9]. Eight major department stores and 365 shops, including Neiman Marcus, Bloomingdale's, Louis Vuitton and Tiffany's; and 40 restaurants from Cheesecake Factory to Morton's make this the East Coast's largest retail shopping mall.  edit
  • Smith and Hawken, 449 Mall Boulevard - The Court at King of Prussia, King of Prussia, 610.337.9301, [10]. Smith and Hawken is the premier authority on outdoor garden living, dedicated to providing products distinguished by authenticity, style and, above all, fine craftsmanship.  edit
  • Encampment Store The Valley Forge National Historical Park, 1400 North Outer Line Drive, King of Prussia, 610.783.1074, [11]. Take the Valley Forge experience home with you. Shop a wide selection of Revolutionary War books, unique gifts, reproductions, and toys. Contact us to learn about programs and specials.   edit
  • Coppermill Harvest, 480 N. Gulph Rd. - (in the Sheraton Park Ridge Hotel), King of Prussia, 610.337.1800, [12]. Refined contemporary, yet casual, American specialty restaurant serving breakfast, lunch and dinner from an a la carte menu and a buffet breakfast and lunch. Saturday seafood buffet.  edit
  • Stirling's Restaurant at the Crowne Plaza Valley Forge, 260 Mall Boulevard - Crowne Plaza Hotel, King of Prussia, 610.265.7500. Experience the culinary talents of award-winning chef Mark Spaulding at Stirling's, located in The Crowne Plaza Valley Forge, directly across from King of Prussia Mall.   edit
  • Chumley's Steak House, 1160 First Ave - Radisson Valley Forge Hotel, King of Prussia, 610.337.2000, [13]. Chumley's sports bar, with 10 high-definition televisions, features traditional favorites like burgers and wings, as well as frosty cold beers. Juicy steaks and delicious seafood served in the dining room.  edit
  • Blue Grotto Italian Bistro & Bar, 1210 First Ave - Scanticon Hotel & Conference Center, King of Prussia, 610.265.1500, [14]. Romantic candlelit dining room. Perfect for an escape to the Mediterranean. Ask about The Cove, our most popular and romantic table.  edit
  • The Melting Pot, 150 Allendale Road - Suite 2100, King of Prussia, 610.265.7195, [15]. This unique dining experience with its assortment of fondue, cooked at the table by the guests, is the perfect location for a romantic evening, corporate party or friendly gathering.  edit
  • Rock Bottom Restaurant & Brewery, 160 N. Gulph Rd - The Plaza at King of Prussia, King of Prussia, 610.230.2739, [16]. Lively and casual dining experience, featuring fresh, handcrafted beers brewed on premise with an innovative menu, and service that?s friendly and upbeat. Located in the King of Prussia Plaza mall between Sears and Nordstroms.  edit
  • Blue Pacific Chinese Bistro and Sushi, 160 N. Gulph Rd - The Plaza at King of Prussia, King of Prussia, 610.337.3078, [17]. Sushi and pan-Asian menu including noodles, tempura, seafood, satay, and sake in a casual dining environment. Affordable prices.  edit
  • Bear Rock Cafe, 192 West DeKalb Pike - Valley Forge Shopping Center, King of Prussia, 610.265.6505, [18]. A unique quick-casual restaurant featuring hand-crafted sandwiches, hot and savory soups, fresh salads, loaded baked potatoes, oven fresh breads and desserts. Take-out and catering services. Free WIFI site.  edit
  • Peppers Italian Restaurant & Bar, 239 Town Center Road - Valley Forge Shopping Center, King of Prussia, 610.265.2416, [19]. Excellent food made to order. We are known for large food and drink portions with good prices. Voted best Italian Restaurant Readers Choice five years in a row. Locally owned and operated.  edit
  • Michael's Deli - Restaurant, 130 Town Center Rd - VF Shopping Center - Rt 202, King of Prussia, 610.265.3265, [20]. Best of Philly award; Jewish-style deli/restaurant featuring jumbo deli sandwiches and 500 different brands of cold beer.  edit
  • Fox & Hound Pub & Grille, 211 Mall Boulevard, King of Prussia, 610.962.0922, [21]. Cable & Satellite system with 40+ televisions, 24 draft beers, 50+ bottled beers, premium wine & spirits, upscale billiards-games of skill. "We throw a cocktail party 7 days a week."  edit
  • Cafe Soleil at Radisson Hotel Valley Forge, 1160 First Avenue, King of Prussia, 610.337.2000. Bright and cheery café serving made-to-order eggs and omelets by Chef for breakfast and burgers, sandwiches and wraps for lunch. Enjoy pasta to your liking at popular Pasta Bar.  edit
  • Creed's Seafood & Steaks, 499 N. Gulph Rd, King of Prussia, 610.265.2550, [22]. Chef John Talbot offers a diverse selection of fresh fish, seafood and steaks along with a raw bar menu. Live entertainment Friday and Saturday nights in the bar. Reservations suggested.  edit
  • Morton's The Steakhouse, 500 Mall Blvd, King of Prussia, 610.491.1900, [23]. USDA Prime aged steaks, fresh seafood, hand picked vegetables and home-made desserts served in an elegant, club-like setting. Open for dinner nightly, private Boardroom dining available.  edit
  • Ruth's Chris Steak House, 220 N. Gulph Rd, King of Prussia, 610.992.1818, [24]. Oversized USDA-prime steaks, live lobsters and fresh seafood are accompanied by 10 varieties of potatoes, fresh vegetables and salads with homemade dressings. Reservations encouraged. Private rooms available for groups. Valet parking available.  edit
  • Maggiano's Little Italy, 205 Mall Blvd, King of Prussia, 610.992.3333, [25]. Often said to be reminiscent of pre-World War II Little Italy, Maggiano's blends the tradition of family, good times with friends, and authentic Italian cuisine.  edit
  • Bahama Breeze, 320 Goddard Boulevard, King of Prussia, 610.491.9822, [26]. Bahama Breeze lets you Feed Your Island Spirit® and experience a Caribbean escape without leaving town. We offer the food, drink and atmosphere you would find in the islands.  edit
  • Red Lobster, 425 W. DeKalb Pike, King of Prussia, 610.337.9430, [27]. Every community?s favorite seafood restaurant dedicated to delighting each guest and making the flavors and feelings of the seaside available to everyone. Fresh and delicious, every time.  edit
  • The Club at Shannondell, 2750 Egypt Road, Audubon, 610.666.7600, [28]. An elegant full service banquet and meeting faculty accommodating up to 150 people for memorable and successful events. Perfect for your corporate or golf outing, weddings, holiday parties & special occasions.  edit
  • Chadwick's Restaurant & Bar, 2750 Egypt Road, Audubon, 610.666.7910, [29]. Offering a perfect blend of casual American cuisine, relaxing family atmosphere and friendly service for a dining experience unmatched in the area. Open daily.  edit
  • G-Lodge Restaurant, 1371 Valley Forge Rd, Phoenixville, 610.933.1646. Homemade soups, daily specials, and incredible breakfast at fair prices. 100% non-smoking. 2 miles West of Valley Forge. Take-out available.  edit
  • Mad Anthony's Tavern, 480 N. Gulph Rd - Sheraton Park Ridge Hotel, King of Prussia, 610.337.1800, [30]. Snacks and sandwiches. Comfortable bar serving a full line of spirits, wine by the glass, domestic and imported beers.  edit
  • Maxwell's Pub, 301 DeKalb Pk - The Inn at Valley Forge, King of Prussia, 610.337.1200, [31]. Sports bar atmosphere and casual dining with 44 beers (8 on tap).  edit
  • Kildare's Irish Pub, 826 West DeKalb Pike, King of Prussia, 610.337.4772, [32]. The true flavor of Ireland permeates every aspect of our establishment, from every stone, mural and tile placed, to our distinctive recipes and music.  edit
  • Inn at Chester Springs, 815 North Pottstown Pike, [33]. The Inn at Chester Springs Hotel in Exton, PA offers non-smoking lodging accommodations, and a wedding, meeting and conference venue, near Valley Forge National Historical Park in Pennsylvania.  edit
  • Residence Inn by Marriott Philadelphia Valley Forge, 600 West Swedesford Road , Berwyn, Pennsylvania 19312, 610-640-9494, [34]. The Residence Inn by Marriott Philadelphia Valley Forge is the perfect extended stay hotel for project teams, training, relocations, temporary housing, and corporate housing in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. This suburban Philadelphia hotel is in the upscale "Main Line" of Pennsylvania, minutes to the Valley Forge Convention Center and the King of Prussia Mall.   edit
  • Klein Corporate Services, 131 Mill Grove Dr, Norristown, PA, 610.666.5414, [35]. Wide selection of one, two and three bedroom apartments and rental townhouses in King of Prussia, Valley Forge, Royersford, Blue Bell, Exton, Doylestown. Options include swimming pools, tennis courts, health clubs, golf and cable TV. Minimum stay of 60 days.  edit
  • Korman Communities, 1560 Wick Lane, Blue Bell, PA, 610.275.5265, [36]. Minimum stay 30 days. One, two, three-bedroom townhouses with fireplaces, fully equipped kitchens, linen package, washer/dryer, cable TV. Club facilities with fitness center, sauna, swimming pool, massage therapy, on-site spa, dry cleaning service, lighted tennis court.  edit
  • Morgan Suites, 600 Lewis Rd, Suite 118, King of Prussia, PA. Whether you need a furnished apartment, housekeeping services, or a fully equipped kitchen, Morgan Suites will be happy to take care of your needs. Numerous locations throughout Pennsylvania, South Jersey and Silver Springs. Also located in New Castle, Delaware.  edit
  • Korman Residential Meadowbrook, 167 Meadowbrook Dr, Huntingdon Valley, PA, 215.947.0101. Minimum stay 30 days. Outdoor pool, lighted tennis court, universal weight equipment, golf course, furnished and unfurnished apartments available. Washer/Dryer. Fireplace available. Small pets welcome. Monthly rates available. Easy access to I-95, PA Tpk and New Jersey.  edit
  • Valley Forge Towers North, 3000 Valley Forge Circle, King of Prussia, PA, 610.783.7700, [37]. Valley Forge?s premier high-rise, featuring spacious apartments with clubhouse amenities, overlooking breathtaking Valley Forge National Historical Park. Minutes from four major highways and King of Prussia shopping and dining. M-F, 9AM-6PM; Sa-Su, 10AM-4PM.  edit
  • A B&B Connection of Philadelphia, 610.644.8790, [38]. Representing 100 B&B's in Valley Forge. Each Bed and Breakfast is visited regularly to ensure it meets our high standards. Choose from our carefully selected accommodations with amenities that match your needs and rates that fit your budget. Call toll-free M-F, 9AM-5PM.  edit
  • Twin Turrets Inn, 11 E. Philadelphia Ave, Boyertown, 610.367.4513, [39]. 1860 Victorian has all the amenities, antiques throughout. Thick robes and thirsty towels compliment your private bath. Breakfast at your convenience in your suite, dining room, patio or gardens. Golf, baseball, antiques and Reading Outlets nearby. Mobil and AAA recommended.  edit
  • Shearer Elegance Bed & Breakfast, 1154 Main Street, Linfield, 610.495.7429, [40]. Beautiful Victorian mansion with spectacular landscaping. Seven rooms, including three suites, feature private baths and amenities. Meetings, parties, weddings, luncheons. Great business rates. Two miles from Philadelphia Premium Outlets. AAA approved. Call for reservations.  edit
  • DoubleTree Guest Suites Philadelphia West, 640 W. Germantown Pk, Plymouth Meeting, 610.834.8300, [41]. 252 Spacious, well appointed suites feature a living room and a separate master bedroom, wet bar, iron and ironing board, coffee maker and refrigerator. Relax at the indoor pool, sun deck, whirlpool, sauna and exercise room. Brandywine Hunt Club & Grille.  edit
  • Holiday Inn Fort Washington, 432 Pennsylvania Ave, Fort Washington, 215.643.3000, [42]. Conveniently located at PA Tpk exit 339, this 216-room hotel and conference center features 10,000 sq. ft. of meeting space, Harvey's Restaurant, Holly's Lounge, business center, outdoor pool, and fitness center.  edit
  • Park Ridge Hotel and Conference Center at Valley Forge, 480 N. Gulph Rd, King of Prussia, 610.337.1800, [43]. Dedicated conference center for up to 600 people, with one mile of the King of Prussia Mall and Valley Forge National Historical Park. 265 elegant guest rooms, outdoor pool, tennis, fitness center, adjacent golf course. 24-hour room service, restaurant, sports tavern. IACC approved.   edit
  • Dolce Valley Forge, 301 West DeKalb Pike, King of Prussia, 610.337.1200, [44]. North of the King of Prussia Mall on US 202, Dolce Valley Forge has 327 rooms, a health club, outdoor pool and gift shop.  edit
  • Normandy Farm Hotel and Conference Center, 1431 Morris Road, Rt 202 & Morris Road, Blue Bell, 215.616.8500, [45]. Historic property features over 141 luxurious hotel rooms and suites, 19 state-of-the-art meeting rooms, two ballrooms, casual restaurant, championship golf and other recreational facilities. Celebrity Chef, Jim Coleman, presides over the facility's renowned culinary team.  edit
  • Crowne Plaza Valley Forge, 260 Mall Blvd, (Across from the King of Prussia Mall), King of Prussia, 610.265.7500, [46]. This hotel has features unique in the King of Prussia area. Offering 225 guest accommodations, restaurant with lounge, two elegant ballrooms and state-of-the-art amphitheater. IACC approved.  edit
  • Hyatt Summerfield Suites Plymouth Meeting, 501 E. Germantown Pk, East Norriton, 610.313.9990, [47]. An all-suite hotel featuring 131 units. One bedroom/one bath and two bedroom/two bath suites with full kitchens and separate living rooms. The hotel offers amenities ideal for the business or leisure traveler.  edit
  • MainStay Suites - King of Prussia, 440 American Ave, King of Prussia, 484.690.3000, [48]. One of the area's newest all suite hotels with 69 rooms. Complimentary continental breakfast buffet daily. Fully equipped kitchens with spacious dining, living and bedroom areas. Free high speed internet access. Indoor pool, exercise rooms. Pets welcome.  edit
  • Homewood Suites by Hilton - Lansdale, 1200 Pennbrooke Pkwy, Lansdale, 215.362.6400, [49]. Brand new 170-suite hotel in the Lansdale area. Complimentary breakfast and Mon-Thu Managers? reception. Meeting space, business center, outdoor pool, fitness room. 100% satisfaction guarantee. Hilton Honors Reward Program.  edit
  • Comfort Inn Valley Forge, 550 W. DeKalb Pk, King of Prussia, 610.962.0700, [50]. Complimentary Continental breakfast, newspaper, HBO, free high-speed wireless internet, fitness center, data ports, iron and board, coffeemaker, hairdryer. Refridgerators available. Adjacent to the King of Prussia Mall. AAA/AARP discounts. Silver Award winner.  edit
  • Hampton Inn - King of Prussia, 530 W. DeKalb Pk, King of Prussia, 610.962.8111, [51]. 147 rooms. Multi-purpose rooms for meetings and functions. Free business and fitness centers. Group rates. Free deluxe breakfast bar. King deluxe rooms with microwave and refrigerator available. Free local calls.  edit
  • Best Western Inn at King of Prussia, 127 S. Gulph Rd, King of Prussia, 610.265.4500, [52]. 167 rooms. Deluxe Complimentary Continental breakfast, heated outdoor pool, spa and fitness center. Two miles from Valley Forge National Historical Park, 15 miles from Historic Philadelphia, across from King of Prussia Mall.  edit
  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 260 N. Gulph Rd, King of Prussia, 610.768.9500, [53]. Three Diamond AAA rating. Complimentary Express Start Breakfast, USA Today newspaper, HBO,CNN,ESPN, High Speed Internet access, and fitness room with whirlpool. New two-room suites. Discounts at local restaurants  edit
  • The Fairfield Inn Philadelphia-Valley Forge, 258 Mall Blvd, King of Prussia, 610.337.0700, [54]. 80 rooms. Across from King of Prussia Mall, near Valley Forge Park, convenient to PA TPK and I-76.  edit
  • Motel 6 King of Prussia, 815 W. DeKalb Pk, King of Prussia, 610.265.7200, [55]. 170 rooms. Free local calls. Accepts small pets. All children under 17 stay free, morning coffee, pool and guest laundry.  edit
  • Radisson Hotel Valley Forge, 1160 First Ave, King of Prussia, 610.337.2000, [56]. Experience $10 million in renovations; 328 over-sized guest rooms, business club level, three restaurants, over 3,000 sq. ft. fitness center, redesigned fantasy suites, three fabulous ballrooms, ICE Nightclub, on-site Budget Rent-a-Car.  edit
  • Sleep Inn Hotel, 440 American Ave, King of Prussia, 484.690.2000, [57]. 78 rooms. A freshly new choice brand hotel featuring complimentary breakfast buffet daily, in-room coffee maker, iron and board, two line phone, and free high speed internet access. Indoor pool and exercise room.  edit
  • Courtyard by Marriott - Montgomeryville, 544 DeKalb Pike, North Wales, 215.699.7247, [58]. 102 rooms. Directly across the street from the Montgomery Mall, adjacent to Chili's Restaurant. All the amenities a business person needs, including high speed internet access, Queen or King beds, voice mail, meeting rooms and much more.  edit
  • French Creek Inn, Rts 23 & 724, Phoenixville, 610.935.3838. Family-run establishment. Western gateway to Valley Forge and eastern gateway to Amish country. Beautifully decorated spacious rooms, all with private baths, cable TV, opening from central hall, all one floor. Very reasonable rates. Good value.  edit
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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

VALLEY FORGE, a small village in Chester (disambiguation)|Chester county, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., on the S. bank of the Schuylkill river, about 20 m. N.W. of Philadelphia. It is served by the Philadelphia & Reading railway. The village lies in part of the tract occupied in the winter of1777-1778by the American army (under General Washington), whose sufferings from cold, starvation and sickness made the place historic. On the 19th of December (after the battles of Brandywine and Germantown and the occupation of Philadelphia by the British) the army, numbering about 10,000, went into camp here, the site having been selected by Washington partly because the hilly ground was favourable for defence, and partly because the army was thus placed between the British forces and York, Pennsylvania (about 65 m. W. of Valley Forge), where Congress was in session. The camp was almost unapproachable from the west by reason of the precipitous hillsides and Valley Creek, a small stream flowing northward at their base into the Schuylkill river which afforded a barrier on the north; on the east a series of intrenchments and rifle-pits were built. In this vicinity the army remained encamped until the middle of June. As a result of the mismanagement and general incapacity of the Commissary Department, the army received little food or clothing during the winter months; in the latter part of December nearly 2900 men were unfit for duty on account of sickness or the lack of clothing, and by the 1 st of February this number had increased by nearly 1000, a state of affairs which Washington said was due to "an eternal round of the most stupid mismanagement [by which] the public treasure is expended to no kind of purpose, while the men have been left to perish by inches with cold and nakedness." There were many desertions and occasional symptoms of mutiny, but for the most part the soldiers bore their suffering with heroic fortitude. On the 27th of February Baron Steuben (q.v.) reached the camp, where he drilled and reorganized the army. In 1893 the state of Pennsylvania created a commission of ten members, which (with $365,000 appropriated up to 1911) bought about 475 acres (in Chester and Montgomery counties) of the original camp ground, now known as the Valley Forge Park, preserved Washington's headquarters (built in about the year 1758) and other historic buildings, and reproduced several bake-ovens and huts of the kind used by the army. The state has also erected (1908) a fine equestrian statue by Henry K. Bush-Brown to General Anthony Wayne, and a number of granite markers which indicate the situation of the camps of the different brigades. The state of Maine erected in 1907 a granite memorial to the soldiers from Maine who camped here, and in 1910 Massachusetts appropriated $5000 for a memorial to her troops. Valley Forge took its name from an iron forge (also called "Mountjoy forge") built on the east side of Valley Creek, near its mouth, in about 1750, and destroyed by the British in 1777.


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