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Valparaíso
Housing on the cliffs facing the port.

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Valpo, Pancho
Valparaíso is located in Chile
Valparaíso
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 33°03′S 71°37′W / 33.05°S 71.617°W / -33.05; -71.617
Country  Chile
Region Valparaíso Region
Government
 - Mayor Jorge Castro
Area
 - Total 155.2 sq mi (402 km2)
Population (2006)
 - Total 276.474
 - Density 1,783/sq mi (688.43/km2)
Area code(s) 32

Valparaíso (literally in Spanish: Valle Paraíso (Paradise Valley) and also called "Valpo" locally) (Mapudungun: Aliamapu or "burned land"') is a city in central Chile and one of that country's most important seaports and an increasingly vital cultural center in the hemisphere's Pacific Southwest. The city is the capital of the Region of Valparaíso. Although Santiago is Chile's official capital, Valparaiso houses the National Congress.

Valparaíso played an important geopolitical role in the second half of the 19th century, when the city served as a major stopover for ships traveling between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by crossing the Straits of Magellan. Always a magnet for European immigrants, Valparaíso mushroomed during its golden age, when the city was known by international sailors as “Little San Francisco” or “The Jewel of the Pacific.”

Examples of Valparaíso’s former glory include Latin America’s oldest stock exchange, the continent’s first volunteer fire department, Chile’s first public library, and the oldest Spanish language newspaper in continuous publication in the world. The opening of the Panama Canal and reduction in ship traffic dealt a staggering blow to Valparaíso, though the city has staged an impressive renaissance in recent years.

Though San Antonio, Chile has taken the reins as the country’s most commercially important seaport (greater tonnage moved), the City of Valparaíso remains a vibrant center of Chilean culture, and the Greater Valparaíso metropolitan area (which includes Valparaíso, Viña del Mar, Quilpué and Villa Alemana) has the third largest concentration of population in the country after Greater Santiago and Greater Concepción.

Contents

History

View of Valparaíso Bay in 1830

Valparaíso's bay was first populated by Changos, an ethnic group dedicated to fishing and gathering. Spanish explorers arrived in 1536, on the Santiaguillo, a supply ship sent by Diego de Almagro, who is considered the first European explorer, or discoverer, of Chile. The Santiaguillo carried men and supplies for Almagro’s expedition, under the command of Juan de Saavedra, who named the town after his native village of Valparaíso de Arriba in Cuenca, Spain.

During Spanish colonial times, Valparaíso remained a small village, with only a few houses and a church. After Chile’s independence from Spain, Valparaíso became the main harbour for the nascent Chilean navy, and opened to international trade, which had been limited to commerce with Spain and its other colonies. Valparaíso soon became a required stopover for ships crossing between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, via the Strait of Magellan and Cape Horn, and gained particular importance supporting and supplying the California Gold Rush (1848-1858). In its role as a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy. German, French, Italian and English were commonly spoken among its citizens, who also had newspapers in these same languages.

International immigration transformed the local culture from its Spanish origins. Football was introduced to Chile by English immigrants, and the first private catholic school in Chile was founded by French immigrants in Valparaíso: Le Collège des Sacrés Cœurs (The Sacred Hearts School) which has been operating for about 170 years. Immigrants from England and Germany founded the first private, secular schools, (the MacKay School, and Die Deutsche Schule respectively). Immigrants also formed the first volunteer fire-fighting units (still a volunteer activity in Chile), while their architecture reflected various European styles, not just Spanish traditions.

The golden age of Valparaíso’s commerce ended after the opening of the Panama Canal (1914), as most ships sought to avoid the Strait of Magellan, and the port’s importance and use was reduced substantially. Traffic has increased in the last few decades with fruit exports, increasing opening of the Chilean economy to world commerce, and Post-Panamax ships that do not fit the Panama Canal.

Geography

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Valparaíso is located in central Chile, 120 km (74 miles) to the northwest of the capital Santiago. Valparaiso, like most of Chile, is vulnerable to earthquakes. The last catastrophic earthquake to strike Valparaiso devastated the city in 1906, killing nearly 3,000 people[1] though significant earthquakes occurred in 1985 and the 2008 Papudo earthquake.

Cityscape

Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Houses in Valparaiso
State Party  Chile
Type Cultural
Criteria iii
Reference 959
Region** Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2003  (27th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
Sotomayor Square

Nicknamed “The Jewel of the Pacific”, Valparaíso was declared a world heritage site based upon its improvised urban design and unique architecture. In 1996, the World Monuments Fund declared Valparaíso’s unusual system of funicular elevators (highly-inclined cable cars) one of the world’s 100 most endangered historical treasures. In 1998, grassroots activists convinced the Chilean government and local authorities to apply for UNESCO world heritage status for Valparaíso. Valparaíso was declared a World Heritage Site in 2003, thanks to its historical importance, natural beauty (large number of hills surrounding a picturesque harbour), and unique architecture (particularly, a mix of 19th century styles of housing). Built upon dozens of steep hillsides overlooking the Pacific Ocean, Valparaíso boasts a labyrinth of streets and cobblestone alleyways, embodying a rich architectural and cultural legacy. Valparaíso is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Landmarks include:

  • Iglesia de la Matriz
  • Sotomayor Square
  • Courthouse
  • The "4 season women", bought by Francisco Echaurren in 1877, in Plaza de la victoria
  • The late "Cafè Riquet" which was a classic amongst "Porteños" or locals, along with the otherevents that often take place at the Anibal Pinto Square
  • The 16 remaining "Funiculars", 15 public(national monuments)/ 1 private (that belongs to "Hospital Carlos Van Buren"), of which at one point there were up to 29 of them.
  • The Concepcion & Alegre Historical District
  • The Bellavista hill, which has the "Museo a Cielo Abierto" or "open sky museum".
  • Monument to Admiral Lord Thomas Alexander Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald.
  • Monument to Manuel Blanco Encalada, first Chilean President, Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Economy and transport

Major industries include tourism, culture, and transport.

Approximately 50 international cruise ships call on Valparaíso during the 4-month Chilean summer. The port of Valparaíso is also an important hub for shipping of container freight, and exports of many products, including wine, copper, and fresh fruit.

Funicular in Valparaiso

A new regional Metro system, opened to the public on 24 November 2005, updated parts of the railroad that joined Santiago to Valparaíso and cities in between (originally built in 1863). The new metro constitutes the so-called “fourth stage” (“Cuarta Etapa” in Spanish) of Metropolitan improvements. The metro railway extends along most of Gran Valparaíso and is the second metro system in operation in Chile (after Santiago’s), and includes an underground section that crosses Viña del Mar’s downtown.

Valparaíso’s road infrastructure has been undergoing substantial improvement, particularly with the completion of the “Curauma — Placilla — La Pólvora” freeway bypass, which will allow trucks to go directly to the port facility over a modern highway and through tunnels, without driving through the historic and already congested downtown streets. In addition, roads to link Valparaíso to San Antonio, Chile’s second largest port, and the coastal towns in between (Laguna Verde, Quintay, Algarrobo, and Isla Negra, for example), are also under various degrees of completion. Travel between Valparaíso and Santiago currently takes about 80 minutes via a modern toll highway.

Demographics

Although technically only Chile’s 6th largest city, with an urban area population of 263,499 (275,982 in municipality[2]), the Greater Valparaíso metropolitan area, including the neighboring cities of Viña del Mar, Concón, Quilpué and Villa Alemana, is the second largest in the country (803,683 inhabitants).

Culture

Cerro Artillería
Biblioteca Sereverín
Cerro Concepción
Paseo Atkinson
British Arch

During Valparaíso’s golden age (1848-1914), the city received large numbers of immigrants, primarily from Europe. The immigrant communities left a unique imprint on the city’s architecture. Each community built its own churches and schools, while many also founded other noteworthy cultural and economic institutions. The largest immigrant communities came from England, Germany, and Italy, each developing their own hillside neighborhood, preserved today as National Historic Districts or “Zonas Típicas.”

During the second half of the twentieth century, Valparaíso experienced a great decline, as wealthy families de-gentrified the historic quarter, moving to bustling Santiago or nearby Viña del Mar. By the early 1990s, much of the city’s unique heritage had been lost and many Chileans had given up on the city. But in the mid 1990s, a grass roots preservation movement blossomed in Valparaíso.

The Fundación Valparaíso” (Valparaíso Foundation), founded by the North American poet Todd Temkin, has executed major neighborhood redevelopment projects; has improved the city’s tourist infrastructure; and administers the city’s jazz, ethnic music, and opera festivals; among other projects. Some noteworthy foundation projects include the World Heritage Trail,[3] Opera by the Sea,[4] and Chile’s "Cultural Capital".[5]. During recent years, Mr. Temkin has used his influential Sunday column in El Mercurio de Valparaíso to advocate for many major policy issues, such as the creation of a "Ley Valparaíso" (Valparaiso Law) in the Chilean Congress, and the possibility that the Chilean government must guarrantee funding for the preservation of Valparaíso's beloved funicular elevators.

Valparaíso’s newspaper, El Mercurio de Valparaíso is the oldest Spanish-language newspaper in circulation in the world.

“Fundación Renzo Pecchenino, LUKAS” maintains the drawings and paintings of the artist/cartoonist who came to symbolize Valparaíso in popular culture, in a newly restored building on Cerro Concepción, overlooking the bay.

Valparaíso is also home to the so called “School of Valparaíso”, which is in fact the Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso. The “School of Valparaiso” was in the 60s and 70s one of the most experimental, avant garde and controversial Architectural schools in the country.

In 2003, the Chilean Congress declared Valparaíso to be “Chile’s Cultural Capital” and home for the nation’s new cultural ministry.

Valparaíso stages a major festival attended by hundreds of thousands of participants on the last three days of every year. The festival culminates with a “New Year’s by the Sea” fireworks show, the biggest in all of Latin America, attended by a million tourists who fill the coastline and hillsides with a view of the bay.

The Chilean Congress meets in a modern building in the Almendral section of Valparaíso, after relocation from Santiago during the last years of the government of General Augusto Pinochet. Although congressional activities were to be legally moved by a ruling in 1987, the newly built site only began to function as the seat of Congress during the government of Patricio Aylwin in 1990.

Nightlife activities in Valparaíso are claimed to be among the best in the country. Sailors and students alike favour the harbour sector due to the various traditional bars and nightclubs, among them “Bar La Playa”, “La Piedra Feliz,” and “El Bar Inglés”, which can be found near Plaza Sotomayor. University students now meet at a number of local nightclubs, bars, and discothèques. A vivid guide to Valparaíso can be found in the novels of Cayetano Brule, the private detective who lives in a Victorian house, in the picturesque Paseo Gervasoni, on Cerro Concepción.

Health and education

The public healthcare system mainly relies on the Hospital Carlos Van Buren located at the plan and Hospital Valparaíso (officially Hospital Eduardo Pereira) located at St. Roque Hill. There are also several clinics like Universidad de Chile's Clinica Barón, Hospital Aleman (due to close), and the former Naval Hospital on Playa Acha Hill.

The city is an important educational centre with nine universities. The city has the third largest concentration of universities in Chile, and is home to four major universities:

Sports

“Valparaiso Downhill” [1] is a new mountain bike race that takes place in February, and that has bicycle racers compete down stairs and alleys, going from the surrounding hills down to the "plan" (Valparaiso's "lowlands").

The local football team is Santiago Wanderers, which is the oldest professional football team in Chile, Dating back to 1892.

II Half Marathon Puerto Valparaíso 2007 was the continuation of Valparaíso Maratón Bicentenario 2006, an international event that mixes athletics and tourism through the streets of Valparaíso. On September 30, 2007, was the second race, over two distances: 10 km and 21 km, in 12 categories, for male and female runners. The race started at Muelle Barón, and the course passed by the sea side, crossing diverse architectural and geographical landmarks.

Notable residents

La Sebastiana, Pablo Neruda's house in Valparaíso, Chile

Valparaíso is the birthplace of many historically significant figures, including:

International relations

Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Chile

Twin towns — Sister cities

Valparaíso is twinned with:

Partnerships

References

  1. ^ Martland, Samuel. 2007. "Reconstructing the City, Constructing the State: Government in Valparaíso after the Earthquake of 1906." Hispanic American Historical Review 87, no. 2: 221-254. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed September 13, 2008)
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas, Censos 2002, accessed March 28 2009
  3. ^ http://www.senderobicentenario.cl/
  4. ^ http://www.operaenelmar.cl/
  5. ^ http://www.capitalcultural.cl/
  6. ^ "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Catalan). © 2006-2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. http://w3.bcn.es/XMLServeis/XMLHomeLinkPl/0,4022,229724149_257215678_1,00.html. Retrieved 2009-07-13.  

External links

Coordinates: 33°03′S 71°37′W / 33.05°S 71.617°W / -33.05; -71.617


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Valparaíso article)

From Wikitravel

South America : Chile : Central : Valparaíso
For other places with the same name, see Valparaíso (disambiguation).

Valparaíso is a city of around 300,000 on the Pacific coast of the central region of Chile. Frequently referred to as simply Valpo, it is located approximately 120km west of the capital, Santiago de Chile. The city is widely known for its bohemian culture, brightly colored houses, and beautiful seaside views.

View from downtown Valparaiso (Chile) to one of the hills.
View from downtown Valparaiso (Chile) to one of the hills.
Valparaiso (Chile), focusing on one of the escalators (Ascensores) connecting the harbour area to the hills.
Valparaiso (Chile), focusing on one of the escalators (Ascensores) connecting the harbour area to the hills.
  • The city's principle economic activities are shipping, petroleum refining and tourism.
  • Valparaiso was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.
  • Visiting Valparaiso has less to do with touring specific sites than it is about roaming the chaotic, hilly streets, and taking in the views and ambiance. There is also an active nightlife and a constantly changing variety of artistic events.

Get in

During the last week in the year, Valparaiso holds an annual carnival that everyone should experience at least once in their lives. Each year the festival centers around a different country, from which performers and artists are invited to come and represent their culture and their work in theater, music, and the performance arts. Most activities are free and are held outdoors. The celebration culminates with a New Year firework display that within five of the most beautiful planet. Oops, but get ready in time because the city's population triples on those dates. I recommend visiting the Mirador del Cerro Artillery, panoramic view of the city of Vina del Mar, Reñaca, Con Con and more ... It reaches through the "lift" Artillery, in operation since 1893 (ask for Customs plaza area), its current value is 250 Chilean pesos, on the first floor is the Mirador "Walk May 21," (delivered to the community in the year 1911) in which impossible not to enjoy the restaurant "Calaufquen", typical dishes of fresh seafood, with a fair value. We are here with a Craft Fair in which they can buy from winter clothing (ponchos, Ruan, scarves, socks, gloves, wool hats), souvenir of the most varied models and prices, up figures and jewelry from lapis lazuli (blue stone semi-precious which is only in Chile and Afghanistan), by price and quality of the stone, I recommend the last local . We may also visit the Naval Museum "(500 Chilean pesos) whose income is in the midst of the Paseo.

By plane

Valparaiso does not have its own airport. The closest airport with commercial service is Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport (SCL) in Santiago, some 2 hours away, which offers extensive domestic and international service.

To to get to Valparaíso from Santiago's airport, you will catch a bus heading to Pajaritos outside of the airport terminal. This will drop you off at the North side of "Pajaritos" a bus/subway station on the outskirts of Santiago, cross to the South side of the Subway station to get to the Bus Platform. From here, buses leave frequently for Valparaiso and other destinations; you may also take the subway into downtown Santiago. It is generally not necessary to have a bus ticket before arriving at Pajaritos.

By train

The Metro Valparaíso or Merval [1] runs between Valparaiso and Viña del Mar, as well as other surrounding communities. It is new, clean, fast, and relatively inexpensive.

By car

While Valparaiso itself can be a bit of a difficult city in which to drive, the area's highway system is generally of good quality. Note that there are often tolls on highways.

By bus

Buses from a wide variety of destinations within Chile have scheduled service to Valparaiso, in addition to service to the Argentine city of Mendoza. The bus terminal is located close to the National Congress building.

Approximate bus travel times to/from Valparaiso:

  • 1,5 hours: Santiago de Chile (Many times every hour)
  • 7 hours: La Serena (Every other hour)
  • 12 hours: Mendoza, Argentina (the road may close in winter)

By boat

Some cruise ships dock in Valparaiso, mostly as a part of some long South American itinerary.

Get around

The city "micros" are run by Transporte Metropolitano Valparaíso [2] (routes and fares can be found under "Empresas" on the website).

"Colectivos" are taxis (painted in black with yellow rooftops) that run on fixed routes, and are a very common mode of transport between (and inside of) Valparaiso, Viña del Mar, and other surrounding areas. The cost of the trip, while more expensive than the bus or metro, depends upon the distance being traveled following a system of zones. There are also regular taxis that do custom rides, but they are less common and more expensive. These type of taxis often congregate in the area around the Plaza Anibal Pinto.

The recently-completed subway/train system called Metro Valparaíso or Merval runs along the coast, starting at Valparaiso's port and heading to Viña del Mar and other, more rural locales. It provides fast access to major places of interest, and is only slightly more expensive than taking public buses. You need a special card ($1000 at any station) to travel by metro.

A unique method of transportation in Valparaiso is the "ascensores [3]", cable cars that go up and down the steep hills leading away from the ocean (similar to the inclines in Pittsburgh). (See photo near the top of this page.) They are for the most part old and creaky, but generally reliable. The fare is slightly higher going up than down, and they offer gorgeous views of the cityscape, port, and Pacific Ocean.

  • Cerros Alegre and Concepción
  • Plaza Echaurren – Serrano Street
  • Cerro Cordillera
  • Banking area - Prat Street
  • Paseo 21 de Mayo (Cerro Artilleria)
  • La Matriz Church and surroundings
  • Ascensores (inclines)
  • La Sebastiana, one of three homes of poet Pablo Neruda
  • Ex Cárcel, a former jail turned cultural center and concert venue

Do

Going to Valparaiso and not going on the ascensores (inclines) is like going to Venice and not taking a ride on a Gondola, only that the ascensores cost as little as 300 Chilean Pesos (around 60 US cents). They are also of practical use as they help many local people get to the higher parts of town, saving them from having to walk otherwise long and steep pedestrian routes.

  • The German Pirate (myvalparaiso.cl), [4]. Amazing tour by a German man who's lived in Valparaiso for years. He seems to know everything and everyone about the place. He speaks Spanish, English and German. Discounts for groups. You're unlikely to find a more immersive tour of Valparaiso.  edit

Learn

The universities of Valparaiso are:

  • 'University Federico Santamaria' [5]
  • 'University of Valparaiso' [6]
  • 'University of Playa Ancha' [7]
  • 'Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso'[8]

Many international students study at the Catholic University and the University of Valparaiso.

Buy

Valparaiso, to its charm, is not a city of malls and department stores. While several large grocery stores are present, most other shopping is done in smaller, non-chain stores tucked in along crowded city streets, or with street vendors; larger chain stores (and more upscale goods) are more commonly found in nearby Viña del Mar. A large shopping center, however, is found on the eastern end of Avenida Brasil.

Eat

The most traditional food in Valparaiso is the Chorrillana, a heaping mound of french fries topped with steak, onion, and eggs. You can eat this in the traditional restaurant J Cruz. Fresh seafood is readily available in many small restaurants around the city, especially around the muelle (wharf) areas, and is considered a must for any seafood lover. Neighboring Viña del Mar features a much larger (and more expensive) variety of international cuisines, including Thai, Mexican, and Argentine.

Bakeries are located on nearly every block, and produce quite delicious breads that can be had warm and right out of the oven at almost any time throughout the day. They are best enjoyed smothered with palta, which are grown en masse in Chile (palta is the Chilean word for avocado, known in most other Spanish-speaking countries as aguacate). In addition to the many types of bread, another widely available snack to keep you settled as you walk the streets are empanadas, a flaky pastry, almost like a croissant, filled with meat or cheese.

Budget

On the second floor of the Mercado Cardonal (cnr Ave Brasil and Uruguay) there are a few excellent, cheap and midrange restaurants serving lunch.

  • Chile - Suecia, Calle Bellavista (Just off the square). Open even on Sundays. Good sandwiches, hot dogs and set menus at $2500.  edit
  • Le Filou Montpellier Almte Montt 382. Great French-run restaurant in Cerro Concepciòn.
  • Epif Calle Dr. Grossi 268, Cerro Alegre. Tastey vegetarian food and drinks at reasonable prices. Cozy cafe environment with great music and service.
  • Delicatessen Emporio, Urriola 383, C. Concepcion (Head north (and up) from the Armada main buiding - two blocks), +56-32-2339373, [9]. Beautiful food in a small, romantic setting. Carpaccio with oysters was exquisite, Garbanzo soup was flavorful (read: spicey), fresh and probably the best I've ever had. 7,500 for a full lunch.  edit

Splurge

Cafe Turri Paseo Gervasoni (by the ascensor conception) great views and good food

Drink

On weekends, the time to go out for a drink (Chilean people call it "salir de carrete") starts no earlier than midnight, though somewhat earlier during the week. The pubs and clubs close at 5 AM on weekends, and 4 AM on weekdays.

Drinking alcohol in the streets is not allowed and 18 years is the minimum age for drinking alcohol, though enforcement of these rules is somewhat lax. If you are under 18, you may not be allowed entry into some pubs.

Chile is a major wine-producing country, and bottles of fairly tasty wines can be had for slightly more than US$1.

  • La Torre - offers inexpensive drinks, and is frequented by university students
  • Balmaceda
  • Barcelona
  • La Piedra Feliz - a more expensive and touristy club that often features salsa dancing, mosty for the older crowds
  • Club El Cielo
  • Club Stockolmo
  • Club El Huevo - one of the largest dance clubs in Valparaiso
  • Bar El Playa
  • Mascara - caters to an artsy and gay/lesbian crowd

Many clubs and bars are also found in Viña del Mar. Public transportation and taxis continue to run throughout the night, making it entirely feasible to have accommodations in one city while going out for the night in the other.

  • Puro Cafe, Calle Edwards, 301, Valparaiso, (0)32 254 1264.  editOne of the very few places in Chile to have real espresso, not instant coffee. The cafe has beautiful and comfortable furniture, making probably the best place in Valparaiso for coffee.
  • Hostal Pilcomayo, Pilcomayo #491 (Cerro Concepción), 032-2251075 (hostalpilcomayo@yahoo.es). Basic rooms, very friendly atmosphere. The large living rooms makes it a good meeting place. Free internet.Dorm room 6000 per person.www.hostalpilcomayo.cl
  • Angel Hostal [10] Cumming 160 Cerro Carcel, (56)(32) 2126940. Dorm room 7000 per person. Double room 8000 per person, matrimonial and single beds. Good breakfast, decent rooms, friendly helpful staff, good place to meet people, free internet and some tickets to nightlife bohemian experience.
  • The Mirador Bed and Breakfast, 251 Levarte, [11]. A very comfortable hospedaje in the Playa Ancha sector of the city, with several rooms, small apartments, and a balcony with a great view of the city and port. Internet and Wi-Fi. A nice kitchen to use. Parking. Marisol, the owner, is wonderful and very helpful.  edit
  • The Yellow House, Capitán Muñoz Gamero 91, Cerro Artillería, Valparaíso, Chile (The Yellow House is easily reached by using the Ascensor Artilleria, on foot, by public transport or by car.), (56) 32 2339435, [12]. The Yellow House has 7 comfortable guest rooms. Most rooms as well as the homes two galleries, living and dining areas offer wonderful views of the port and harbour and on a clear day extend as far as the AndesMountains separating Chile and Argentina. The Yellow House also has a book exchange, WiFi, cable TV and a selection of board games. The house was built in the late 1800s and has been fully restored. The "Ocean View" room, as the name indicates, has the best view and is really worth it.  edit

Stay safe

In the context of Chile being a relatively safe country, Valparaiso is amongst its more dangerous locales, like many harbour cities around the world. Mainly, watch out for pickpockets, for instance avoid hanging your purse or bag in the back of your chair when seated, because it may get stolen. Violent crime is not common, but normal precautionary measures should be taken; while in the street, do not display expensive jewelry. The port area (called "Puerto") is generally considered to be dangerous at night.

  • There is a laundry in the mall of Hotel Prat. 5kg $3700.
  • Viña del Mar - The beachtown Viña del Mar is only ten minutes by train from Valparaíso, and slightly longer by bus. If you take bus 612 from Plaza Echaurren you will get a full tour of the Valpo hills, and you can jump off at La Sebastiana.
  • The idyllic village Quintay is 45 minutes to the south by car. Take a colectivo from Calle 12 de Feberero, behind the bus terminal, 'they leave as soon as they fill up. $1400.
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