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Valparaíso Region
Región de Valparaíso (V)
—  Region of Chile  —
Flag of Valparaíso Region
Flag
Coat of Arms of Valparaíso Region
Coat of arms
Map of Valparaíso Region
Country Chile
Capital Valparaíso
Provinces Petorca, Los Andes, San Felipe de Aconcagua, Quillota, Valparaíso, San Antonio, Isla de Pascua
Area [1]
 - Total 16,396.1 km2 (6,330.6 sq mi)
Area rank 13
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2002)[1]
 - Total 1,539,852
 Density 93.9/km2 (243.2/sq mi)
Population rank 3
ISO 3166 code CL-VS

The V Valparaíso Region (Spanish: V Región de Valparaíso) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.[FN 1] With the country's third highest population of 1,539,852 million in 2002 and third smallest area of 16,396.1 km2 (6,331 sq mi), the region is Chile's second most densely populated after the Santiago Metropolitan Region to the southeast.[1]

Its capital is the port city of Valparaíso, other important cities include Viña del Mar, Quilpué and Villa Alemana.

Contents

Geography and natural features

The region is on the same latitude as the Santiago Metropolitan Region. Its capital is Valparaíso, which is the site for the National Congress of Chile and an important commercial port. Also in this region is the top resort city of Viña del Mar. Additionally, the Pacific Islands of Easter Island (Isla de Pascua), Isla Salas y Gómez, the Juan Fernandez Islands and the Desventuradas Islands fall under the Valparaíso Region's administration.

The Valparaíso Region is part of the very restricted range of the endangered Chilean Wine Palm, Jubaea chilensis; in prehistoric times this endemic Chilean tree had a significantly larger range.[FN 2]

Economics and industry

The Valparaíso region is host of agricultural lands, wine producers, and industrial activity such as copper mining and cement. Chile's largest oil refinery is located in Con-Con (on the mouth of the Aconcagua River and about 20 km north of Valparaíso) and there are two important copper ore refineries: the state owned Ventanas (on the coast and north of Con Con) and the private works in Chagres, about 55 miles (90 km) inland.

The region also is a hub for chemicals and gas storage near the port of Quinteros. In the interior valleys there is a booming export industry mainly around the avocado (palta), chirimoyas and flowers as the most important products. The most striking recent development has been the cultivation of hill sides using high tech drip feed irrigation. This has allowed otherwise dry and unproductive land to bear high yields.

History

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27 February 2010 tsunami

A tsunami caused by the 27 February 2010 8.8 magnitude earthquake off Maule, struck the Juan Fernández Islands, causing atleast 8 deaths. This was the first report of a tsunami relayed to the central government in Santiago.[2]

References

Line notes

  1. ^ Valparaiso Region, 2006
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan, 2008

Citations

  1. ^ a b c "Valparaíso Region". Government of Chile Foreign Investment Committee. http://www.cinver.cl/english/chile/valparaiso.asp. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Time Magazine, "Chile's President: Why Did Tsunami Warnings Fail?", Eben Harrell, 2 March 2010 (accessed 4 March 2010)

External links

Coordinates: 33°3′47″S 71°38′22″W / 33.06306°S 71.63944°W / -33.06306; -71.63944


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