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Vani
ვანი
Ancient gold objects of Colchis from Vani.
Vani ვანი is located in Georgia (country)
Vani
ვანი
Location of vani in Georgia
Coordinates: 42°05′02.18″N 42°30′43.01″E / 42.0839389°N 42.5119472°E / 42.0839389; 42.5119472
Country  Georgia
Mkhare Imereti
Population (2002)
 - Total 4, 600
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)

Vani is a town in Imereti region of western Georgia, at the Sulori river (a tributary of the Rioni river), 41 km southwest from the regional capital Kutaisi. The town with the population of 4,600 (2002 est.) is an administrative center of the Vani raioni (district) comprising also 43 neighbouring villages (total area – 557 km²; population – 34,000, 2002 est.).

Systematic archaeological studies (N.Khoshtaria, O.Lordkipanidze) carried out in the Vani environs since 1947 revealed the remnants of a rich city of the ancient power of Colchis. The name of this ancient settlement is still unknown but four distinct stages of uninterrupted occupation have been identified. The first phase is dated to the 8th-7th centuries B.C. In this period Vani is presumed to have been a major cultic centre. The second phase - end of the 7th and beginning of the 6th to the first half of the 4th century B.C. - is represented by cultural layers, remains of wooden structures, sacrificial altars cut in the rocky ground, and rich burials. It is assumed that on this stage Vani was the centre of a political-administrative unit of the kingdom of Colchis. The third phase covers the second half of the 4th - first half of the 3rd century B.C. It is represented largely by rich burials, remains of stone structures. To the fourth phase (the 3rd-mid-1st cent. B.C.) belong defensive walls, the so-called small gate, sanctuaries and cultic buildings (temples, altars sacrificial platforms), and the remains of a foundry for casting bronze statues. It is assumed that in the 3rd-1st centuries B.C. Vani was a templar city. According to the archaeological data, the city was destroyed in the mid-1st century B.C. Subsequently, Vani declined to a village and was officially granted a status of a town only in 1981.

In town Vani there is an interesting museum (founded in 1985), where some unique pieces of the ancient Colchis are exhibited.

Contents

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Bibliography

Lordkipanidze O., "Vani, An Ancient City of Colchis." Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies. 32(2): 151-195, 16 plates. Durham, USA, 1991.

External links

Coordinates: 42°05′N 42°30′E / 42.083°N 42.5°E / 42.083; 42.5


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