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Location of Vaniyambadi
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 12°41′N 78°37′E / 12.68°N 78.62°E / 12.68; 78.62
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Vellore
Population 85,459 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

363 m (1,191 ft)
Website [http://

footnotes = footnotes =]

Vaniyambadi is a town and a municipality, part of the Vellore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The major population comprises people following Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Jainism population. Christianity is a growing community while other are reducing in their respective growth rate.Tamil is largely spoken by the town's population, along with Urdu language spoken by Muslims, Telugu and Kannada is also prevalent due to the close proximity of the neighboring states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Leather tanning is a major industry of the town. Agriculture, especially coconut plantations, is the other major source of livelihood. The tanning industry was recently under pressure because of a governmental crackdown on tanneries which did not have effluent treatment facilities and hence caused water pollution; this forced many tanneries to shut down. The town is also famous for delicious food items like biriyani, kebabs, tandoori items and various types of sweets. The major festivals includes Pongal, Diwali, Christmas, Ramadhan and Eid. The town is known for its Hindu Muslim integrity. Both the community people share and greet one another in their special occasions like marriage, festivals etc.,



There is a belief among some that the name Vaniyambadi derives from 'Vani', the name of the Hindu goddess Saraswati, and 'Padi', "to sing"; folklore suggests that Vani sang on the banks of the river Palar at the request of the Hindu Gods Vishnu and Shiva. Temples for Sundara Varadaraja Perumal (Vishnu) and Athitheeswarar (Shiva) with Prahannaayagee lie on the either side of the river. This temple established in twelfth century. However, this etymology needs to be verified; 'Padi' may also mean "group of people living together".


Vaniyambadi is located at 12°41′N 78°37′E / 12.68°N 78.62°E / 12.68; 78.62[1]. It has an average elevation of 363 metres (1190 feet) and lies on the banks of the Palar river. Yelagiri and Javadi Hills are to the south of the town.


As of 2001 India census[2], Vaniyambadi had a population of 85,459. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Vaniyambadi has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73% and female literacy is 63%. In Vaniyambadi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Majority of the Hindus speak Tamil. Muslims here speak a colloquial form of Urdu. Besides a minor communities speaking Kannada and Telugu language, due to the town's proximity to the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.


Vaniyambadi is well connected by road and rail to major cities of India. The town is separated by a distance with Chennai [199 km], Bangalore [144 km], Vellore [64 km] and Salem [139 km]. The town lies on the highway (NH 46) of the Bangalore-Chennai section which is part of the Golden Quadrilateral Highways Project. A State Highway connects the town to Tirupattur on the Vaniyambai-Salem section. The town also has a railway station in the Chennai-Bangalore and Chennai-Salem sections but only a few trains stop at this station due to its close proximity to the Jolarpet Railway Junction, where most of the long haul trains stop.

Places of Interest

The famous Hill station Yelagiri is about 25 km from the town. Javadi Hills is another small hill station nearby. Asia's second largest telescope, Vainu Bappu Observatory of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics which is situated at Kavalur Village near Vaniyambadi, is also a major attraction. Several centuries-old temples like Sundara Varadaraja (Azhagu) Perumal and Athitheeswarar are prominent places of worship in the town. The town also has a large number of mosques built of medieval as well as modern Islamic architecture. Vaniyambadi is famous for Biriyani.

Educational Institutions

  • Adarsh Matriculation School
  • Al-Hilal Nursery and Primary School
  • Al-Huda Matriculation School
  • Arafath School
  • Ar-Rahman Nursery and Primary School
  • As-Sabeel Primary and Nursery School
  • Concordia Higher Secondary School
  • Devi Venkatachalam B.Ed. College
  • Fathima Matriculation School
  • Hindu Higher Secondary School
  • Islamiah College
  • Islamiah Boys' Higher Secondary School
  • Islamiah Girls' Higher Secondary School
  • Islamiah Industrial Training Institute
  • Islamiah Women's College
  • Khaderia Higher Secondary School
  • Madarsa e Azam
  • Madarsa e Niswan
  • Madarsa e Nooria
  • Madarsa-E-Mufeed-E-Aam
  • Naya Madarsa, Rahmathnagar
  • Noorul Huda Primary School
  • Priyadarshini Engineering College
  • Priyadarshini Industrial Training Institute
  • Priyadarshini Polytechnic Institute
  • St. Francis de Sales Matriculation School
  • Sigaram Matriculation School
  • SRM B.Ed. College
  • Sri Rama Krishna Vidyalaya Matriculation School
  • St. Paul's Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • T.V.K.V Secondary School
  • Vaani Matriculation School
  • [Marudhar Kesari Jain College For Women][1]

Service Organizations / NGOs

  • Jamaat-e-Islami Hind
  • Fort Welfare Association
  • Vaniyambadi Muslim Educational Society (VMES)
  • Markaz-e-Niswan Trust
  • Al-Huda Garden Welfare Association, Fort
  • Anjuman-e-Indadul Muslimeen, Periapet
  • Anjuman-e-Khuddamul Islam, Neelfield
  • Anjuman-e-Khyr Khah-e-Aam, Muslimpur
  • Anjuman-e-Rifah-e-Millath, Khaderpet
  • Girls Islamic Organisation (GIO)
  • H B Foundation, Oosi Street, Khaderpet
  • Ideal Welfare Association, Chennampet
  • Idara-E-Islahul Muslimeen, Periapet
  • Neelfield Welfare Association
  • Noble Welfare Association
  • Perumalpet Narpani Mandram
  • Shakirabad Welfare Association
  • Students Islamic Organisation of India
  • The Peace Federation (TPF), Periapet
  • Vaniyambadi Intetellectuals for Eminence and Welfare of Society (VIEWS)
  • Vaniyambadi Netizen's Brigade
  • Vaniyambadi R.S.HOSPITALS - Piles Laser Surgery Centre run by renowned Laser Surgeon Dr.Riaz [2]
  • Vaniyambadi Railway Users Association
  • Yatheem Khana-e-Ahle Islam (Muslim Orphanage)
  • Youth Educational Society (YES), Muslimpur
  • tabligh

Prominent Citizens

  • Dr. V. Abdul Raheem, M.A., P.Hd., Director, King Fahad Quran Publications, Madina Al Munawwara
  • Dr. Qalid Fareed, P.Hd., Professor, University of Louisiana, USA
  • Syed Saifullah, M.C.A., Chief Executive Officer, Ellar InfoTek, Chennai
  • Madekar Mohammed Basheer, Founder Member Islami BaitulMal & Social Worker for more than FIVE Decades
  • Kaka Mohammed Zubair, former general secretary islamiah college
 Professor M. Ananthakrishnan, former Vice-Chancellor, Anna University.
  • C Abdul Malick, member MEASI Chennai
  • K Siraj Ahmed, Member Islamic Center, Vellore.
  • Malayalam Anwar Sahib, Member VME society, Vaniyambadi.
  • Miyan Rasheed Ahmed, Member VME society, Vaniyambadi.


  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Vaniyambadi
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  


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