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Coordinates: 47°39′21″N 2°45′37″W / 47.6559°N 2.7603°W / 47.6559; -2.7603

Commune of Vannes

Gwened
Vannes Remparts.jpg
Old town walls
Location
Vannes is located in France
Vannes
Administration
Country France
Region Bretagne
Department Morbihan
Arrondissement Vannes
Intercommunality Pays de Vannes
Mayor François Goulard
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 0–56 m (0–180 ft)
(avg. 22 m/72 ft)
Land area1 32.3 km2 (12.5 sq mi)
Population2 51,759  (1999)
 - Density 1,602 /km2 (4,150 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 56260/ 56000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a commune in the Morbihan department in Bretagne in north-western France. It was founded over 2000 years ago.[1]

Contents

Geography

Vannes is located on the Gulf of Morbihan at the mouth of the river Vannes. It is around 100 km northwest of Nantes and 300 km west of Paris. Vannes is a market town and often linked to the sea.

History

Darioritum (the Roman name of Vannes) was founded by the Romans in the 1st century BC.

The diocese of Vannes was erected in the 5th century. The Council of Vannes was held there in 461.

The first historical ruler of Vannes was Waroch.

In 1759 Vannes was used as the staging point for a Planned French Invasion of Britain. A large army was assembled there, but it was never able to sail following the French naval defeat at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in November 1759.

Demographics

Inhabitants of Vannes are called Vannetais.

Breton language

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on October 12, 2007.

In 2007, 7.5% of the children attended the bilingual schools in primary education.[2]

Architecture

  • Cathedral of St Peter
  • Church of St Patern
  • Château Gaillard (archaeological museum)
  • Musée de la Cohue (cultural museum)
  • Hôtel de Ville
  • Tour du Connétable (part of the old city walls)

In fiction

In the novels of Alexandre Dumas, the musketeer Aramis appears at one point as bishop of Vannes.

Notable people

Vannes was the birthplace of:

Panorama of the old town

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Vannes is twinned with:

Vannes also has partnerships (‘partenariats’) with:

See also

Gallery

External links

References

Notes
  1. ^ [1], history of Vannes by Official web site of the city
  2. ^ (French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Vannes is the 5th city of Brittany in France.

Get in

By train: The high-speed TGV from Paris goes to Rennes. Switch to the regular-speed SNCF train to Vannes. NOTE: the main train direction is not marked Vannes.

See

The Medieval Village

The medieval village has several pedestrian and vehicle entrances. The port-side entrance to the rempart surrounded old town is just next to the port. Follow signs on the roads to le port, there is ample parking. Outside the walls of the village, there are several cafes on the port-side. Just inside the walls, you will find many boutiques and Creperies.

The Eglise in the old village at the top of the hill. The square nearby is often graced by musicians in the summer, while the cobblestone streets are used for costumed parades calling back centuries ago. Bastille Day in Vannes is a spectacle with horse-drawn carriages, costumes for men, women and children of all distinctions, and a small zoo of live animals...

The Port

The Castle

The Parks

Buy

The Fayencerie in Vannes (located in the medieval town, near the eglise) has beautiful pottery for sale. Though not exactly local to Vannes-proper, the pottery is very popular with locals and tourists alike.

The boutiques of the medieval town are best for prime-time shopping: find clothing, nautical-themed gifts, lingerie, home and bath goods, jewelry, and many other gifts.

The larger stores like Carrefour and Leroy Merlin are off the main highway, all centralized. There are many good independent stores mixed into the mass development.

Eat

Galettes are a must in Vannes: there are so many varieties, everyone is safe (carnivors, pescetarians, and vegetarians alike). Seafood is fresh and oysters are readily available. Les pizzas are also found. For dessert, similar to the galette (made with buckwheat), crepes (made with plain wheat) are a must.

If you visit the Golfe de Morbihan, there are many local restaurant gems: serving les menus gastronomique. The spa hotels of the Morbihan or les Thalassotherapies generally serve decadent meals. Every village in the Vannes area has a local favorite, not to be missed.

Drink

Cidre

Wines of the Loire

Sleep

Known as a vacation spot to the french people, the Golfe de Morbihan is prevalent with rental properties and spa hotels.

Also, with Vannes as the closest train station for the Presqu'Ile, many people rent cars in Vannes and stay near the beaches. Camping cars are popular too.

For hotels in the area, search in Vannes or the Golfe de Morbihan.

Visit around

Carnac

Golfe de Morbihan

Rochefort-en-Terre

Quiberon

Belle-Ile

Ile-aux-Moines

The Presqu'ile

The Suscinio Castle

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

VANNES, a town of western France, capital of the department of Morbihan, 84 m. N.W. of Nantes on the railway to Brest. Pop. (1906), town, 16,728; commune, 23,561.23,561. It is situated ro m. from the open sea, at the confluence of two streams forming the Vannes river, which debouches into the land-locked Gulf of Morbihan about a mile below the town. The narrow, steep and crooked streets of the old town, which lie on a hill facing the south, are surrounded by fortifications of the 14th, 15th and 17th centuries, pierced by four gates and flanked by nine towers and five bastions, connected by battlements. In the Constable's Tower Olivier de Clisson was confined in 1387. The modern suburbs, with the port, the public buildings, barracks, convents, squares and promenades, notably the Garenne and the park of the Prefecture, surround the old town. The archaeological museum, the contents of which are mainly the fruit of excavations at Carnac and elsewhere in the vicinity, includes one of the richest collections of prehistoric remains in Europe. There are also a museum of natural history and a library. The cathedral of St Peter overlooks the old town; burnt by the Normans in the 10th century, it was rebuilt in the 13th, 15th and ,8th centuries. It has remains of a cloister and contains the relics and tomb of the Spanish Dominican preacher St Vincent Ferrier, who died at Vannes in 1419. The curious round Chapelle du Pardon to the left of the nave was built in 1537 in the Italian style. Some interesting old houses, including that of the presidents of the parlement of Brittany, the rich private collections of M. de Limur, and the church of St Paterne (18th century) are also worthy of mention. There is a monument to Le Sage, born near Vannes. Vannes is the seat of a prefect, a bishop and a court of assizes, and has tribunals of first instance and of commerce and a branch of the Bank of France. A communal college is among the educational institutions. Among the industries are building, tanning and cottonweaving. The port of Vannes, to the south of the town, is formed by the Vannes river and is accessible only to small vessels. Vessels of Boo tons can make the harbour of Conleau about 2a m. from the town.

Vannes (Dariorigum), the capital of the Veneti (whence Gwened, the Breton name of the town), was at the head of the Armorican league against Julius Caesar, who in 56 B.C. overcame their fleet and opened up their country by six roads. St Paternus, the first bishop, was consecrated in 465. In the 5th century Vannes was ruled for a time by independent counts, but soon came under the yoke of the Franks. Nomenoe, the lieutenant of Louis I., thePious, in Brittany, assumed the title of king in 843, and one of his brothers was the founder of a line of counts who distinguished themselves against the Normans in the 9th and 10th centuries. Vannes became part of the duchy of Brittany at the end of the 10th century. The estates of Brittany met there for the first time in 1203 to urge Philip Augustus to avenge the death of Arthur of Brittany. In the course of the War of Succession the town was besieged four times in 1342. Duke John IV. built here the castle of L'Hermine and made it his habitual residence. In 1487 the town was for a year in the hands of Charles VIII. of France. In 1532 Brittany was definitively united to France. The estates met at Vannes several times in the 17th and 18th centuries. During the Revolution this town was the scene of the execution in 1795 of some of the prisoners after the royalist disaster at Quiberon.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Vannes

  1. A town in the Morbihan département of Brittany, in France

Translations


French

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Vannes

  1. Vannes

Related terms

  • vannais
  • Vannais/Vannaise

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