Variations of magenta: Wikis

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Magenta (#FF00FF)

This article is about notable tints and shades of the color magenta. These various colors are shown below.

Contents

Definition of magenta

Magenta is a color made up of equal parts of red and blue light. This would be the precise definition of the color as defined for computer display (the color #FF00FF shown in the color swatch above). It is a pure chroma on the color wheel midway between violet and rose. In HSV colour space, magenta has a hue of 300°.

Magenta is not a spectral but an extraspectral color: it cannot be generated by light of a single wavelength. Humans, being trichromats, can only see as far as 380 nanometers into the spectrum, i.e., as far as violet.

The hue magenta, is the complement of green: magenta pigments absorb green light; thus magenta and green are opposite colors.

The three major historical variations of magenta

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Magenta dye (original variation) (1860)

Magenta dye
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #CA1F7B
RGBB (r, g, b) (202, 31, 123)
HSV (h, s, v) (326°, 90%, 79[1]%)
Source Internet
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Before printer's magenta was invented in the 1890s for CMYK printing, and electric magenta was invented in the 1980s for computer displays, these two artificially engineered colors were preceded by the color displayed at right, which is the color originally called magenta made from coal tar dyes in the year 1859.[2] Besides being called original magenta, magenta dye color is also called rich magenta to distinguish it from the colors printer's magenta and electric magenta, shown below.

Magenta was one of the first aniline dyes, discovered shortly after the Battle of Magenta (1859), which occurred near the town of Magenta in northern Italy. The color was originally called fuchsine or roseine, but for marketing purposes in 1860 the color name was changed to magenta after the battle. Hence, the color is named indirectly after the town.


Process magenta (pigment magenta) (printer's magenta) (1890s)

Magenta (subtractive primary)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF0090
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 0, 144)
HSV (h, s, v) (326°, 100%, 100[3]%)
Source [1] CMYK
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In color printing, the color called process magenta or pigment magenta is one of the three primary pigment colors which, along with yellow and cyan, constitute the three subtractive primary colors of pigment. (The secondary colors of pigment are blue, green, and red.) As such, the CMYK printing process was invented in the 1890s, when newspapers began to publish color comic strips.

Process magenta is not an RGB color, and there is no fixed conversion from CMYK primaries to RGB. Different formulations are used for printer's ink, so there can be variations in the printed color that is pure magenta ink. A typical formulation of process magenta is shown in the color box at right. The source of the color shown at right is the color magenta that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [2].


Electric magenta (additive secondary magenta) (web color fuchsia) (1990s)

Magenta (additive secondary)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF00FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100[4]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Electric magenta, shown at the right, is one of the three secondary colors in the RGB color model. For computer color rendition, that specific hue of magenta composed of equal parts of red and blue light was termed the web color fuchsia and was assigned as an alias for the RGB code of magenta on a list of standardized web colors. "Electric" magenta and fuchsia are exactly the same color. Sometimes electric magenta is called electronic magenta.


Additional variations of magenta

Pale magenta (light fuchsia pink)

Pale Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #F984EF
RGBB (r, g, b) (249, 132, 229)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 27%, 94%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color pale magenta.

This color is also called light fuchsia pink.

Light magenta (fuchsia pink)

Light Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF77FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 119, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 47%, 84%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color light magenta.

This color is also called fuchsia pink.

Ultra pink

Ultra Pink
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF6FFF
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 111, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 48%, 83%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color ultra pink.

This is a Crayola crayon color invented in 1972. In 1990 the name was changed in error to shocking pink; however, properly speaking, the name shocking pink should be reserved for only the original shocking pink invented by Elsa Schiaparelli in 1936 (shown below).

Shocking pink

Shocking Pink
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FC0FC0
RGBB (r, g, b) (252, 15, 192)
HSV (h, s, v) (315°, 94%, 99[5]%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Shocking Pink, (also sometimes called neon pink) is bold and intense. Fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli formulated this color in 1936, naming it shocking pink; it was the color of the box her perfume called Shocking Pink came in (the box was shaped like the torso of film star Mae West). [6]

Hot magenta

Hot Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF1DCE
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 29, 206)
HSV (h, s, v) (313°, 89%, 100[7]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color hot magenta. This color was created by Crayola in 1972.

In 1990, Crayola began producing a crayon called purple pizzaz which is exactly the same color. Why Crayola wants to have two different crayons in its box that are differently named but the same color is unclear. Still a third name for this color, adopted for hot magenta by Crayola in 2008, is famous. See the List of Crayola crayon colors.

Sky magenta

Sky Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #CF71AF
RGBB (r, g, b) (207, 113, 175)
HSV (h, s, v) (304°, 87%, 54%)
Source eBay
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color sky magenta. The color sky magenta is a representation of the color of the sky near the sun during the brief period when the pink of sunset transitions into the blue of early evening. This color was one of the colors in the set of Venus Paradise colored pencils, a popular brand of colored pencils in the 1950s. This color was sampled directly from the image of the actual colored pencil in a picture of a set of Venus colored pencils for sale on eBay.

This color is also called medium lavender pink.

A photograph of the sky displaying the color sky magenta in its natural context by photographer Dave Horne [3] is displayed here: [4]

Deep magenta

Deep Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #CC00CC
RGBB (r, g, b) (204, 0, 204)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 80[8]%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color deep magenta.


Dark magenta

Dark Magenta
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #8B008B
RGBB (r, g, b) (139, 0, 139)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 55[9]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color dark magenta.

References

  1. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #CA1F7B (Magenta dye) :
  2. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 126 Plate 52 Color Sample K12--Magenta (Color shown is color shown above as rich magenta)
  3. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF0090 (Process Magenta) :
  4. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF00FF (Electric Magenta) :
  5. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #FC0FC0 (Shocking Pink):
  6. ^ [http://thisisthelastday.blogspot.com/2008/02/shocking-elsa.html Picture of Elsa Schiaparelli's Shocking Pink Perfume Container and information about it (go about 2/3 of the way down the web page):]
  7. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #FF1DCE (Hot Magenta):
  8. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CC00CC(Deep Magenta):
  9. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #8B008B(Dark Magenta):

See also

External links


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