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House of Vasa
Armoiries rois Vasa de Suède.svg
Country Sweden, Poland, Lithuania
Titles
Founder Gustav Eriksson (Vasa)
Final ruler
Sweden:
Christina (1632-1654)
Poland and Lithuania:
John II Casimir (1648-1668)
Current head None
Founding year 1523
Deposition
Sweden:
1654 (abdicated the throne, line extinct in 1689)
Poland and Lithuania:
1668 (abdicated the throne, line extinct in 1672)
Ethnicity Swedish, Polish, Lithuanian

The House of Vasa (Swedish: Vasaätten, Polish: Waza) was the Royal House of Sweden 1523-1654 and of Poland 1587-1668. It origined from a noble family in Uppland of which several members had high offices during the 15th century. The name continues to be associated with the Swedish royalty.

Kings and Queens of Sweden

In 1654 Christina, the daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, the Protestant Champion of the Thirty Years' War, abdicated, converted to Catholicism and left the country. The throne passed to her cousin Charles X of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a cadet branch of the Wittelsbachs.

The kings of the house of Holstein-Gottorp, which produced the kings of Sweden from 1751 to 1818, emphasized their Vasa descent through a female line. The currently ruling house of Bernadotte similarly claims a Vasa mantle, as Charles XIV was an adopted son of Charles XIII, and his son Oscar I married a Vasa descendant.

Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Coat of arms of the Polish branch of the House of Vasa as elected kings of Poland (Lithuania and Ruthenia) and rightful hereditary kings of Sweden (Finland and Estonia).
Royal banner of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the reign of the House of Vasa (1587-1668).

John III of Sweden married Catherine Jagellonica, the sister of Sigismund II Augustus of Poland, and when Sigismund died without a male heir, their son was elected king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania as Sigismund III in 1587. On John's death Sigismund also gained the Swedish throne.

The House of Vasa and its connection to successor dynasties in Sweden.

Sigismund was Catholic however, which ultimately led to his losing the throne in Sweden. His uncle Charles IX succeeded him. We thus have two Houses of Vasa from this point onwards: the senior, Catholic branch ruling in Poland, and the cadet, Protestant branch ruling in Sweden. This arrangement led to numerous wars between the two states. After John, the Polish Vasa died out. See also Rulers of Poland.

See also

House of Vasa
Preceded by
House of Oldenburg
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Sweden
1523-1654
Succeeded by
House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Preceded by
Jagiellon dynasty
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Poland
1587-1668
Succeeded by
Wiśniowiecki
Ruling House of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1587-1668
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