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Vasai-Virar (वसई-विरार)
Vasai-Virar (वसई-विरार)
Location of Vasai-Virar (वसई-विरार)
in Maharashtra and India
Coordinates 19°28′N 72°48′E / 19.47°N 72.8°E / 19.47; 72.8
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Thane
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

11 m (36 ft)

Vasai-Virar (Marathi: वसई विरार) is a city in Maharashtra state in western India. It is located in Thane District, 50 km north of Mumbai. The city is located on the north bank of Vasai Creek, part of the estuary of the Ulhas River. The newly formed Vasai Virar Municipal Corporation (VVMC) is the civic body that governs the city. Vasai-Virar is an agglomeration of several formerly separate towns, which includes Vasai, Virar, Navghar-Manikpur and Nala Sopara. The area covered by the city roughly corresponds to the ancient city of Sopara.

Contents

History

The remains of the old Bassein Fort

Sopara was known as Shurparaka in ancient time. Sopara was a big trading center and the harbour was in today's Gass village. It was known as Ophir and some of the trading which took place in the 3rd century with middle east (now Israel) the wood ( specially Teak Wood ) supplied in middle east was used in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. It is still there in that Church. Vasai-Virar has four stations Naigaon, Vasai Road, Nala Sopara, and Virar on the Mumbai suburban railway's Western Railway railway line.

The town of Sopara (Ophir) (the present-day Gass) was a center of the Indian Ocean trade going in Roman times, but later when its harbour was since silted up, trade shifted to Vasai, which traded in horses, fish, salt, timber, and quarried basalt and granite, and was a shipbuilding center. Vasai came under the control of the Gujarat Sultanate in the 15th century. The Portuguese attacked the city in 1528, and captured it in 1532. The city, known to the Portuguese as Baçaim, became the center of Portuguese India's Northern Province, which included a string of Portuguese settlements extending almost 100 km along the coast and in some places 30–50 km inland. Other settlements in the Northern Province included Daman, Mahim, Thane, Kalyan, Salsette, Bombaim (Bombay), and Chaul.

In the second half of 16th century the Portuguese enclosed the town in a new fortress wall with 10 bastions. The city reached the height of its prosperity at the end of the 17th century. During the 18th century, the city was eclipsed by nearby Bombay, which had been ceded to the British in 1661, and shortly thereafter became the headquarters of the British East India Company in India. The Marathas captured Kalyan in 1720, and in 1737 they captured Thane and Salsette Island from the Portuguese. The other Portuguese settlements in the northern province were captured in 1738-39, and in February 1739, the Maratha General Chimnaji Appa laid siege to Baçaim, which capitulated on 16 May 1739.

CAPTURE OF BASSEIN FORT

earlier in 1737, maratha's under baji bhimrao had an unsuccessful attempt in capturing bassein fort because maratha's were engaged in a conflict on the northen front at same time.due to the cruel forcibly made conversions of the local population to cristianity, the vasai campaign was undertaken again in 1739 under the leadership of chimaji-appa.a vasai local, naik had approached the peshwa in pune narrating the inhuman religion conversion policies of the portugese.

             chimaji-appa first laid a seige to the fort .then he captured the places from where the potugese had their supplies comming like manor , asherigad,chaul,dahanu etc.at the same time goa was attacked .heavy bombardment by cannons was made on the bassein fort. at last in may 1739,the portugese surrendered. 

The British captured Salsette and Baçaim, which they called Bassein, from the Marathas in 1774, at the start of the First Anglo-Maratha War. The Treaty of Bassein was concluded between the Marathas and the British East India Company on December 31, 1802, which left the British in possession of Bassein.

The region has seen a building boom since the 1980s, including the expansion of branch plants and offices from Mumbai. The land development boom has resulted in the loss of much of the region's wetlands and forest cover. Communicable diseases are widespread here due to the open sewers and stagnated water everywhere.

Civic administration

The Vasai Virar Municipal Corporation was formed on 3 July, 2009 by amalgamating four Municipal Corporations: Vasai, Virar, Nala Sopara and Navghar-Manikpur along with another 53 adjoining village panchayats.[1] It presently comprises 89 wards.

Transport

The Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIP) (present-day Central Railway) and the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI) (present-day Western Railway) tracks were built through Vasai-Virar in 1860, and regular rail service started in 1869. The first electric locomotives of BB&CI started operating on two tracks between Borivali and Virar stations in 1936.[2] The quadruple tracks between Borivali and Virar stations were inaugurated on July 7, 2007. The Four stations on the Mumbai Suburban Railway serve the city: Naigaon, Vasai Road, Nala Sopara and Virar.

Notes

  1. ^ Ganesh, N (July 21, 2009). "Vasai-Virar civic body not a good idea, say villagers". Mumbai: Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/vasaivirar-civic-body-not-a-good-idea-say/491940/. Retrieved 2009-10-16.  
  2. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.150-1

External links

A portal on Vasai-Virar








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