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Vasili III of Russia
Grand Prince of Moscow
Vasili III Ivanovich, an engraving by a contemporary European artist.
Reign 1505–1533
Predecessor Ivan III
Successor Ivan IV
Spouse Solomonia Saburova
Elena Glinskaya
Issue
Ivan Vasilevich
Yuri Vasilevich
House Rurik
Father Ivan III
Mother Sophia Paleologue
Born 25 March 1479(1479-03-25)
Died 3 December 1533 (aged 54)
Moscow

Vasili III Ivanovich (Russian: Василий III Иванович , also Basil) (25 March 1479 – 3 December 1533, Moscow) was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533. He was the son of Ivan III Vasiliyevich and Sophia Paleologue and was christened with the name Gavriil (Гавриил). He had three brothers; Yuri, born in 1480, Simeon, born in 1487 and Andrei, born in 1490, as well as five sisters: Elena (born and died in 1474), Feodosiya (born and died in 1475), another Elena (born 1476), another Feodosiya (born 1485) and Eudoxia (born 1492)..[1]

Contents

Foreign affairs

Vasili III continued the policies of his father Ivan III and spent most of his reign consolidating Ivan's gains. Vasili annexed the last surviving autonomous provinces: Pskov in 1510, appanage of Volokolamsk in 1513, principalities of Ryazan in 1521 and Novgorod-Seversky in 1522.

Vasili also took advantage of the difficult position of Sigismund of Poland to capture Smolensk, the great eastern fortress of Lithuania (siege started 1512, ended in 1514), chiefly through the aid of the rebel Lithuanian, Prince Mikhail Hlinski, who provided him with artillery and engineers. The loss of Smolensk was an important injury inflicted by Russia on Lithuania in the course of the Russo-Lithuanian Wars and only the exigencies of Sigismund compelled him to acquiesce in its surrender (1522).

Equally successful were Vasili's actions against the Crimean Khanate. Although in 1519 he was obliged to buy off the khan of the Crimea, Mehmed I Giray, under the very walls of Moscow, towards the end of his reign he established Russian influence on the Volga. In 1531-32 he placed the pretender Cangali khan on the throne of Kazan.

Domestic affairs

The Church of Ascension was built by Basil III to commemorate the birth of his heir.

In his internal policy, Vasili III enjoyed the support of the Church in his struggle with the feudal opposition. In 1521, metropolitan Varlaam was banished for refusing to participate in Vasili's fight against an appanage prince Vasili Ivanovich Shemyachich. Rurikid princes Vasili Shuisky and Ivan Vorotynsky were also sent into exile. The diplomat and statesman, Ivan Bersen-Beklemishev, was executed in 1525 for criticizing Vasili's policies. Maximus the Greek (publicist), Vassian Patrikeyev (statesman) and others were sentenced for the same reason in 1525 and 1531. During the reign of Vasili III, the gentry's landownership increased; authorities were actively trying to limit immunities and privileges of boyars and nobility.

Family life

By 1526 when he was 47 years old, Vasili had been married to Solomonia Saburova for over 20 years with no heir to his throne being produced. Conscious of her husband's disappointment, Solomonia tried to remedy this by consulting sorcerers and going on pilgrimages. When this proved unsuccessful, Vasili consulted the boyars, announcing that he did not trust his two brothers to handle Russia's affairs. The boyars suggested that he take a new wife, and despite much opposition from the clergy, he divorced his barren wife and married Princess Elena Glinskaya, the daughter of a Serbian princess and niece of his friend Michael Glinski. Not many of the boyars approved of his choice, as Elena was of Catholic upringing. Vasili was so smitten that he defied Russian social norms and trimmed his beard to appear younger. After three days of matrimonial festivity, the couple consummated their marriage, only to discover that Elena appeared to be just as sterile as Solomonia. The Russian populace began suspect this to be a sign of God's disapproval of the marriage. However, to the great joy of Vasili and the populace, the new tsaritsa gave birth to a son, who succeeded him as Ivan IV. Three years later, a second son, Yuri was born.[1] According to a story, Solomonia Saburova also bore a son in the convent where she had been confined, just several months after the controversial divorce.

Death

Whilst out hunting on horseback near Volokolamsk, Vasili felt a great pain in his right hip, the result of an abscess. He was transported to the village of Kolp, where he was visited by two German doctors who were unable to stop the infection with conventional remedies. Believing that his time was short, Vasili requested to be returned to Moscow, where he was kept in the Saint Joseph Cathedral along the way. By 25 November 1533, Vasili reached Moscow and asked to be made a monk before dying. Taking on the name Varlaam, Vasili died at midnight, 4 December 1533.[1]

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Dmitriy Ivanovich Donskoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Vasiliy I Dmitriyevich of Moscow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Eudoxia Dmitriyevna of Suzdal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Vasily II Vasiliyevich of Moscow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Vytautas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Sophia of Lithuania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Anna of Smolensk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Ivan III Vasilevich of Moscow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Vladimir Andreievich, Prince of Sierpukhov and Borovsk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Yaroslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Serpukhov, Borovsk and Maloyaroslavets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Elena of Lithuania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Maria Yaroslavna of Borovsk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Feodor Feodorovich "Goltiay" Koshkin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Maria Feodorovna Goltiayeva Koshkina
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Vasili III of Russia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. John V Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Manuel II Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Helena Kantakouzene
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Thomas Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Constantine Dragaš
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Helena Dragaš
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Zoe Palaiologina
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Andronico Asano Zaccaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Centurione II Zaccaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Mavros of Arcadia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Catherine Zaccaria of Achaea
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Leonardo II Tocco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Creusa Tocco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c (French)Troyat, Henri (1993). Ivan le terrible. ISBN 2080644734. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ivan III
Grand Prince of Moscow
1505–1533
Succeeded by
Ivan IV
Russian royalty
Preceded by
Dmitry Ivanovich
Heir to the Russian Throne
1502–1505
Succeeded by
Yury
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