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City of Vaughan
Vaughan as viewed from Canada's Wonderland

Seal

Logo
Motto: The City above Toronto
Vaughan's location in York Region
Coordinates: 43°50′N 79°30′W / 43.833°N 79.5°W / 43.833; -79.5
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Regional Municipality York
Communities
Settled 1792
Incorporated 1850 (Township)
Incorporated 1991 (City)
Government
 - Type Municipal (City)
 - Mayor Linda Jackson
 - Regional Councillor Joyce Frustaglio
Mario Ferri
Gino Rosati
 - City Manager Clayton D. Harris
 - Councillors
 - MPs, and MPPs
Area (From Statistics Canada)
 - Land 273.58 km2 (105.6 sq mi)
Population (2006)From Statistics Canada
 - Total 238,866
 - Density 873.1/km2 (2,261.3/sq mi)
 - Total Private Dwellings 71,265
  Population ranked 18th nationally
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 905 and 289
Website www.vaughan.ca

Vaughan (pronounced /ˈvɑːn/ Von) (2006 population 238,866)[1] is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Vaughan is one of the fastest growing municipalities in Canada,[2] having nearly doubled in population since 1991. Vaughan is located in Southern Ontario and is part of the Greater Toronto Area. Its slogan is "The city above Toronto".

Contents

History

The first European to pass through Vaughan was the French explorer Étienne Brûlé, who traversed the Humber Trail in 1615. However, it was not until the townships were created in 1792 that Vaughan began to see any settlements, as it was considered to be extremely remote and the lack of roads through the region made travel difficult. The township was named after Benjamin Vaughan, a British commissioner who signed a peace treaty with the United States in 1783.

Despite the hardships of pioneer life, settlers came to Vaughan in considerable numbers. The population grew from 19 men, 5 women, and 30 children in 1800 to 4300 in 1840. The first people to arrive were mainly Pennsylvania Germans, with a smaller number of families of English descent and a group of French Royalists being represented. This migration from the United States was by 1814 superseded by an influx of immigrants from Britain. While many of their predecessors had been agriculturalists, the newer immigrants proved to be highly skilled tradespeople, which would prove useful for a growing community.

Around the facilities established by this group arose a number of hamlets, the oldest of which was Thornhill, which witnessed the construction of a saw-mill in 1801, a grist mill in 1815, and boasted a population of 300 by 1836. Other such enclaves included Kleinburg, Coleraine, Maple, Richmond Hill, Teston, Claireville, Pine Grove, Carrville, Patterson, Burlington, Concord, Edgeley, Fisherville, Elder's Mills, Elgin Mills, Jefferson, Nashville, Purpleville, Richvale, Sherwood, Langstaff, Vellore, and Burwick (Woodbridge).

Vaughan changed relatively little in its early history, from the 1840s when the number of inhabitants stood at 4300 to 1935 when it had 4873 residents. However, World War II sparked an influx of immigration, and by 1960 the population stood at 15,957. As well, the ethno-cultural composition of the area began to change with the arrival of different groups such as Italians, Jews and Eastern Europeans.

Incorporated in 1850 as Vaughan Township, a municipal government was established. Vaughan Road was a rural road constructed in 1850 that linked Vaughan Township with Toronto, though this street's current alignment is much shorter and serves only much of the eastern half of the former city of York.[3] In 1971, the new regional government of York Region was established, acquiring policing and welfare services from the communities it served; simultaneously, the township merged with the Village of Woodbridge to form the Town of Vaughan. In 1991, it officially changed its legal status to City of Vaughan.[4]

A tornado went through the city of Vaughan during the Central Ontario and GTA Tornado Outbreak, August 20 2009. Premier Dalton McGuinty and Vaughan mayor Linda Jackson toured the destruction the next day and reported 200 homes in critical shape and as many as 600 additional homes likely to be demolished. Many people were, and as of January 2010, are still displaced. This list includes the Giovannettis and the Mancinis.[5] It also ripped up trees, flipped cars, and left thousands of people without power. Vaughan declared a state of emergency because of the widespread damage.[6][7] One man injured in the storm suffered a heart attack the following morning.[5]

Law and government

Even though Vaughan is a city, it is not in the phone book. Instead, its constituent communities are still listed separately in the Yellow Pages directory and White Pages.

Vaughan is the first municipality in Ontario to have a Youth City Councillor. The youth city councillor is appointed as a non-voting member of Council every six months to represent the youth of Vaughan. Vaughan council originally rejected the proposal of a youth councillor but after the Vaughan Youth Cabinet amended their proposal, Council accepted the recommendation.[8]

The City of Vaughan's Council is made up of nine members; a mayor, three regional councillors and five local councillors. The mayor, elected at large by electorate, is the head of Vaughan council and a representative on York Region Council. The three regional councillors are elected to represent Vaughan at both local and regional levels of government. Five local councillors are elected, one from each of Vaughan's five wards, to represent those wards on Vaughan Council. City councillors meet at the Civic Centre, located in the community of Maple. Construction recently began on a new city hall, to be called the Lorna D. Jackson Civic Centre in memory of the late Mayor. The new Civic Centre will be one of the first in Canada to conform to a LEED Gold Standard, the second highest environmental classification available.[9] The Toronto Star newspaper has made claims that the naming was part of a preliminary deal that would wrap up an outstanding lawsuit between the Jackson estate and the city.

Reports are Vaughan will have a credit card backed by the city that rewards purchases with lower property taxes.[10]

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Mayor

Following the death of mayor Lorna Jackson in 2002, Michael Di Biase was appointed mayor by Vaughan council by virtue of his position as one of two regional councillors representing Vaughan, Joyce Frustaglio was the other regional councillor. Gino Rosati, a Vaughan local councillor, was subsequently appointed by Vaughan Council to fill Di Biase’s position as regional councillor and a by-election was held to fill Rosati’s local councillor’s position which was won by Linda Jackson (the daughter of former mayor Lorna Jackson). Di Biase became involved in the city's politics when he was elected local councillor in 1985. In the 2003 Municipal Election, Di Biase won his first official term since Jackson's passing.

In the municipal election on November 13, 2006, Di Biase was narrowly defeated by Linda Jackson, who was sworn in as mayor on December 4, 2006.

On June 18, 2008, an audit of Jackson's 2006 campaign finances found that the politician exceeded her legal spending limit of $120,419 by at least $12,356, or 10 per cent. The auditors, LECG Canada Ltd., say that amount could almost double if what they believed to be unreported contributions in kind at various election events – but couldn't prove – are later verified.[11]

They also found found other apparent contraventions of the elections act, including at least five instances where associated companies made donations that exceeded the normal $750 donation limit per company.

On 24 June 2008, Vaughan Council voted unanimously to hire a special prosecutor to consider laying charges against Jackson under the Municipal Elections Act in reaction to the auditors' report. Council hired Timothy Wilkin, "an expert in municipal law" to decide what (if any) charges are to be laid.[12] If Jackson is charged and found guilty, she would face punishments ranging from fines to removal from office.

Subsequently an audit was conducted on former Mayor DiBiase;s 2006 election campaign funds. This exposed 27 contraventions under the elections act, along with a $155,000 anonymous cash payment made to his lawyer to cover his legal fees. Mr. DiBiase has refused to disclose who made this payment.[13] His court case will be heard in November 2009.

Geography

Vaughan is bounded by Caledon, Ontario and Brampton, Ontario to the west, King, Ontario and Richmond Hill, Ontario to the north, Markham, Ontario and Richmond Hill, Ontario to the east, and Toronto, Ontario to the south. It is located at 43°50′N 79°30′W / 43.833°N 79.5°W / 43.833; -79.5.

Health care

Vaughan is the largest city in Canada without a hospital within its city boundaries. The nearest full-service hospital facilities are Humber River Regional Hospital, to the south in Toronto, and York Central Hospital to the east in Richmond Hill.

There is a new hospital proposed along Major Mackenzie Street which would serve Vaughan.

Community boundaries

There are five communities that make up the city of Vaughan.

Transportation

Demographics

Pie chart showing Vaughan's visible minority composition (data from Canada Census 2006).
Ethnic Origin[1] Population Percent
Italian 79,835 43.96%
Jewish 33,705 16.90%
Canadian 18,950 10.43%
English 9,345 5.14%
East Indian 8,930 4.91%
Chinese 7,435 4.09%
Russian 6,490 3.36%
Polish 5,855 3.22%
Irish 5,635 3.10%
Black 3,580 1.97%

Vaughan is one of southern Ontario's fastest growing cities. According to Statistics Canada, the population grew 37.3[2] percent in a mere four year period (more than 9.3% annually), and also has a young age profile than the Canadian average as 22.3 percent is under the age of 14, while those over 65 constitute 8.15%, one of the lowest in Ontario resulting in an average age of 34.1.

Vaughan is reputably known as having some of the highest concentrations of southern Europeans (notably Italians), Eastern Europeans (chiefly Russians and Poles) and Jewish people in Ontario, while those who are of British and/or Irish origin form a smaller proportion than in many other southern Ontario cities.

Visible minorities make up 26.6% of the population.[14] Vaughan has a large South Asian population, with Indian and Pakistani Canadians holding a large portion of the non-white population. Vaughan also has a small but growing Hispanic, Jamaican, Vietnamese and Chinese population. Residents of Vaughan are very religious; the city has the lowest number of non-affiliates in Ontario. Some 67.42% of the population adheres to Christianity, mostly Roman Catholicism (55.80%). Those who practice non-Christian religions adhere to, in order of size, Judaism (18.20%), Hinduism (2.47%), Islam (2.43%), and Buddhism (0.56%).

Attractions

Education

York University in North York, Ontario lies on the Toronto side of the Toronto-Vaughan border. It is a major comprehensive university, with more than 43,000 students enrolled through ten different faculties. There are also a number of Elementary and High Schools in Vaughan which operate under the York Region District School Board and the York Catholic District School Board.

Twin cities

Sports

Media

References

  1. ^ "Community highlights for Vaughan". 2006 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3519028&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=vaughan&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  
  2. ^ "Changes in population at the community level". A profile of the Canadian population: where we live. Statistics Canada. 2003-01-20. http://geodepot.statcan.ca/Diss/Highlights/Page12/Page12_e.cfm. Retrieved 2006-10-29.  
  3. ^ "History of Vaughan Road". The Tollkeepers Cottage and Early Roads such as Vaughan Road. http://www.lostrivers.ca/points/vaughanrd.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  
  4. ^ Bulletin #4: Settlement, Education, Social and Political History. City of Vaughan Archives, Cultural Services Division. 1992.  
  5. ^ a b Roberts, Rob (2009-08-21). "Vaughan man suffers heart attack after tornado injuries; McGuinty visits damaged neighbourhood". National Post. http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/toronto/archive/2009/08/21/vaughan-man-suffers-heart-attack-after-tornado-injuries-mcguinty-visits-damaged-neighbourhood.aspx. Retrieved 2009-08-21.  
  6. ^ "'Miracle no one killed' by Vaughan tornado, mayor says". Vaughan Citizen. 2009-08-20. http://www.yorkregion.com/article/95771. Retrieved 2009-08-21.  
  7. ^ Relief and disbelief in Vaughan
  8. ^ Youth in Politics Article
  9. ^ "Vaughan Highlights Eenvironmental Partnerships at 2006 Smog Summit". 2006-06-07. http://www.city.vaughan.on.ca/newscentre/2006/news06-079.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  
  10. ^ Liu, Karon (2007-09-12). "Vaughan credit card greeted with skepticism". National Post. http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/news/toronto/story.html?id=1a0c200d-bf65-4210-b519-ca25df778b91. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  
  11. ^ Vaughan mayor to face election-financing charges CBC News 25 June 2008
  12. ^ Vaughan mayor faces charges over election Phinjo Gombu, Toronto Star 25 June 2008.
  13. ^ Former Vaughan mayor Di Biase faces 27 election-related charges Caroline Grech, Yorkregion.com 17 Sept 2009
  14. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/highlights/ethnic/pages/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=CSD&Code=35&Table=1&Data=Count&StartRec=1&Sort=2&Display=Page&CSDFilter=5000

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Vaughan (disambiguation).

Vaughan is a city in York, in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario.

Get in

Vaughan has convenient superhighways from all around the region. Public transit links are available by TTC, YRT, GO and a dedicated high-speed rail link to Pearson Airport is being built. As well, TTC subways are coming to Vaughan. There are two GO train stations.

Get around

Public transit is provided to the rest of the region.

old house in Kleinburg
old house in Kleinburg
  • McMichael Canadian Art Gallery, 10365 Islington Avenue, Kleinburg, [1]. daily 10 am to 4 pm, closed December 25.. Excellent collection dominated by the famous Canadian Group of Seven and their comtemporaties CAD 15, discount to families and seniors.  edit
  • Woodbridge Fairgrounds
  • Visit Canada's Wonderland
  • Kleinburg Conservation Centre
  • Other conseration centres
  • Woodlots
  • Kleinburg
  • Old Thornhill (nearby)

Buy

Vaughan has been called Canada's best shopping city numerous times.

East:

  • Promenade
  • Thornhill Historic Village
  • Thornhill Town Centre (fully open mid-2008?)

Central:

  • Vaughan Mills, 1 Bass Pro Mills Drive (Rutherford-Highway 400), 905-879-2110, [2]. Mon-Sat 10:00am-9:00pm; Sun 11:00am-7:00pm. South of Canada's Wonderland, Vaughan Mills could be considered a tourist attraction itself, with 1.2 million square feet of indoor shopping, plus two outdoor power centre area to its south. With fifteen anchor stores, choices include Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World, H&M, The Children's Place, Holt Renfrew Last Call, Tommy Hilfiger, and Urban Behaviour. Lucky Strike Lanes and NASCAR Speedpark are available for entertainment, and food court and full-service dining options are available. The malls is open on most statutory holidays.  edit
  • Tuscany Place
  • Seven/400 Power Centre
  • The Interchange

West:

  • Market Lane
  • Kleinburg Historic Village

Eat

Many fine restaurants are located in Vaughan including many event venues.

Sleep

Vaughan has many hotels and motels from brands such as:

  • Mariott
  • White Knight
  • Howard Johnson
    • and many others

Get out

Take public transit to Downtown Toronto or take local flights from nearby Buttonville, Markham, Brampton or Downsview airports. These may include aerial tours. The region is a gateway to Southern Ontario with tourist attractions including Niagara Falls, Ontario Wine Country and the Niagara Escarpment. Take a day trip to Lake Simcoe or Lake Wilcox. Many parks are located nearby.

Routes through Vaughan
SudburyBarrie  N noframe S  TorontoENDS
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative spellings

Etymology

Welsh Vychan, from bychan, diminutive of bach (little).

Proper noun

Singular
Vaughan

Plural
-

Vaughan

  1. A surname.
  2. A male given name transferred from the surname.

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