Vauxhall Victor: Wikis

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Vauxhall Victor
Vauxhall Victor FA ca 1958.jpg
Manufacturer Vauxhall
Production 1957-1978
Predecessor Vauxhall Wyvern
Successor Vauxhall Carlton

The Vauxhall Victor is a small/medium model of automobile produced by Vauxhall Motors, the British subsidiary of General Motors from 1957 to 1976. The Victor was introduced to replace the outgoing Wyvern model. It was later renamed as the VX Series and continued until 1978, when it was replaced by the Carlton, which was based on the German Opel Rekord D. The last model was manufactured under licence by Hindustan Motors in India as the Hindustan Contessa, during the 1980s and early 1990s, with an Isuzu engine.

The original Victor was the first European car to use the panoramic windscreen,[citation needed] and for a time was Britain's most exported car,[citation needed] with worldwide sales in markets as far flung as the United States (sold by Pontiac dealers, as Vauxhall had been part of GM since 1925), Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Asian right hand drive markets such as Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore.

In Canada, it was marketed as both the Vauxhall Victor (sold through Pontiac/Buick dealerships) and the "Envoy" (marketed through Chevrolet/Oldsmobile dealers). The Victor was also instrumental in giving Vauxhall its first in-house designed estate car, which complemented the four door saloon.

Contents

F Series

Vauxhall Victor F
Vvictorsmall.jpg
Production 1957-1961
390,745 produced.[1]
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate car
Engine(s) 1.5 L Straight-4 ohv
Transmission(s) 3 speed manual
Wheelbase 98 in (2489 mm)[2]
Length 167 in (4242 mm)[3]
Width 63 in (1600 mm)[3]
Height 59 in (1499 mm)[3]
Fuel capacity 8 imp gal (36 L; 10 US gal)[4]

The original Victor (1957–1961) was dubbed the F series and saw a production run totalling over 390,000 units. The car was of unitary construction and featured a large glass area with heavily curved windscreen and rear window. Following then current American styling trends, the windscreen pillars sloped backwards. In fact, the body style was derived directly from the classic 57 Chevrolet Belair, though this was hard to appreciate unless you viewed the cars side by side. The things which really ruined the look of the shortened, narrowed body were the small wheels and wheel-arches, totally out of proportion to the rest of the lines. Bench seats were fitted front and rear trimmed in Rayon and "Elastofab" and two colour interior trim was standard. The Super model had extra chrome trim, notably around the windows, remnants of the signature, Vauxhall bonnet flutes ran along the front flanks. The exhaust pipe coming through the rear bumper, arm rests on the doors, door operated courtesy lights, a two spoke steering wheel and twin sun visors. An estate variant was launched in 1958. When re-styled, as the series II, the car lost all of its 57 Chevy styling detail and the teardrop shaped 'Vauxhall' flutes were replaced by a single chrome side-stripe running nose to tail. The sculpted 'porthole' rear bumper tips, which rusted badly due to exhaust residue, were replaced by plain, straight ones. Interestingly, the old bumper ends continued to be used for many years on a variety of motor coaches and ice-cream vans.

Although the engine was of similar size to that of the outgoing Wyvern it was in critical respects new. Fitted with a single Zenith carburettor it had an output of 55 bhp (41 kW) at 4200 rpm and gained a reputation of giving a long trouble free life. This was also the year when Vauxhall standardized on "premium" grade petrol/gasoline, permitting an increase in the compression ratio from the Wyvern's 6.8:1 to 7.8:1. Premium grade petrol had become available in the UK at the end of 1953, following an end to post-war fuel rationing, and at that time offered average octane level of 93, but in the ensuing four years this had crept up to 95 (RON).[5].

The Victor's three speed gearbox had synchromesh on all forward ratios and was operated by a column mounted lever. In early 1958 Newtondrive two pedal control was available as an option.

Vauxhall Victor FA Estate, featuring the simplified post 1959 front treatment and less sculpted rear doors

Suspension was independent at the front by coil springs and with an anti-roll bar was fitted on a rubber mounted cross member. The rear suspension used a live axle and semi elliptic leaf springs. Steering was of the recirculating ball type. Lockheed hydraulic 8 in (203 mm) drum brakes were used.

A "Super" version tested by The Motor magazine in 1957 had a top speed of 74.4 mph (119.7 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 28.1 seconds. A fuel consumption of 31.0 miles per imperial gallon (9.11 L/100 km; 25.8 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £758 including taxes.[3] The estate car cost GBP931.

A Series II model was announced in 1959 with simplified styling. The new car was available in three versions with a De-Luxe as the top model featuring leather trim and separate front seats.

FB Series and VX4/90

Vauxhall Victor FB
Vauxhall Victor 1.jpg
Production 1961-1964
328,640 produced.[1]
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate car
Engine(s) 1.5 or 1.6 L Straight-4 ohv
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
Wheelbase 100 inches (2540 mm)[2]
Length 173 inches (4394 mm)[6]
Width 64 inches (1619 mm)[6]
Height 58 in (1,500 mm)[6]

The cleaner styled FB ran from 1961 until 1964. It was widely exported, though sales in the US ended after 1961 when Pontiac, Oldsmobile and Buick came up with home-grown compact models of their own. Consequently, the FB only achieved sales of 328,000 vehicles by the time it was replaced in 1964. The body styling owed nothing to any US GM influence, the flat front and turtle-deck rear resembling some older US Fords. Mechanically, the main change was the option of a 4 speed all synchromesh transmission with floor change but the previously used 3 speed column change unit was still fitted as standard. The engine was also revised with higher compression ratio and revised manifolding increasing the power output to 49.5 bhp. In September 1963 the engine was enlarged from 1508 to 1594 cc.[7] The increased engine capacity coincided with a further increase in the compression ration of the standard engine from 8.1:1 to 8.5:1, reflecting the continuing increase the average octane level of "premium grade" fuel (on which the Victor unit had by now standardised) offered in the UK, now to 97 (RON)[5]. 1963 was also the year when front disc brakes with larger 14 in (360 mm) wheels became an option. Models with the larger engine had a revised frontal treatment with a block style grille element and revised parking lights at either lower extreme of the grille.

A Vynide covered bench front seat was standard on the base model and Super Victor but individual seats were standard on the De Luxe and optional on the lower priced cars. Other options included the heater, fog lamps, radio, screen washers, reversing light and seat belts.

A 1508 cc "Super" version was tested by the British The Motor magazine in 1961 and was found to have a top speed of 76.2 mph (122.6 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 22.6 seconds. A fuel consumption of 32.2 miles per imperial gallon (8.77 L/100 km; 26.8 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £798 including taxes of £251.[6].

A sporty derivative, the VX4/90 was also available with twin carburettor, high compression, engine giving 71 bhp and servo assisted brakes. Externally the car could be distinguished from the standard car by a coloured stripe down the side, revised grille and larger tail-light clusters. These cosmetic features were essentially similar to the Canadian market only Envoy models.

The 4/90 was not available with estate car body.

FC Series

Vauxhall Victor FC
Vauxhall Victor 101 FC reg May 1967 1594 cc.JPG
Production 1964-1967
219,814 FC and 13,449 VX4/90 produced.[1]
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate car
Engine(s) 1.6 L Straight-4 ohv
Transmission(s) 3 or 4 speed manual
automatic
Wheelbase 100 inches (2540 mm)[2]
Length 174.7 in (4437 mm)
(saloon & estate)
Width 65 inches (1645 mm)
Height 55.2 in (1402 mm)
Curb weight 2,194 lb (995 kg) (Victor)
2,256 lb (1,023 kg) (VX 4/90)
Fuel capacity 10.1 imp gal (46 L; 12 US gal)

The FC (marketed as the 101) (1964–1967) was the first Vauxhall to use curved side window glass, allowing greater internal width: the Estate derivative was noted as being especially capacious for its class. An innovative styling cue which would be adopted four years later by the Audi 100 was the incorporation of the side and indicator lamps in the front bumper, as had been common practice in the US for many years. The sculpted bumpers were, for the first time in the UK, contiguous with the body styling. The overall look of the car was unique in GM, with its slab sides outlined with brightwork seam covers, incorporating the door handles. This plus the full width grille, incorporating the headlights, was more reminiscent of the Lincoln Continental.

It was also the last of the overhead valve Victor models and racked up 238,000 sales by the end of its run in late 1967 when the 'Coke bottle'-shaped FD replaced it. The 101 label was given as there were claimed to be '101 improvements' over the FB. Bench or separate front seating was offered, together with the near identical to the FB series gearbox three-speed column change or the optional four-speed floor change. A 'Powerglide' automatic transmission was available. Another US feature was that the optional radio was incorporated into the bright-metal dashboard trim.

Vauxhall Victor FC Estate

As with the rest of the running gear, the sporting VX 4/90 was developed from the FB series and offered an alloy head, higher compression ratio, twin-Zenith 34IV carburettors, stiffer suspension and additional instruments. Vauxhall took the VX4/90 seriously enough to even offer an optional limited slip differential, but few cars were ordered with this item. The VX4/90 was, by this time, largely overshadowed by the less expensive Ford Cortina GT, which also had a more visible profile in race and rally competitions.

Overall, 101 survival numbers appear to be less than the F, FB and even FD series, due to bad rust problems, so examples are rare, unfairly forgotten, and undervalued.

Towards the end of the model run, in May 1967, a Victor 101 de luxe was road tested by Britain's Autocar magazine. The vehicle tested came with a four speed floor lever controlled manual gear box and the 1595 cc engine delivering a claimed 66 bhp.[8] A maximum speed of 81 mph (130 km/h) was achieved, which matched that achieved by a recently tested Austin A60 Cambridge and a Ford Cortina 1600 de luxe.[8] The Victor accelerated to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 20.4 seconds, which was slightly quicker than the Austin but slightly slower than the lighter Cortina.[8] The Vauxhall's overall fuel consumption for the test, at 23.1 mpg (10.9 l/100 km) placed it at the bottom of this class by more than 10%, while its manufacturer's recommended retail price of £822 was higher than that asked for the Austin at £804 or for the Ford at £761.[8] (A lower price of £806 would have been available on the Victor if the test car had come with a three speed manual gear box controlled from a column mounted lever and all-round drum brakes.[8]) The overall tone of the test was cautiously positive, with plaudits for the comfort, the lightness of the controls, the (optional) servo-assisted disc/drum brakes and the road holding, but adverse comments concerning the extent of the Victor's propensity to roll and the rather low gearing which exacerbated the variability of fuel consumption according to driving style.[8]

All Victors sported a different grille treatment for 1967, a final year facelift that was standard Vauxhall practice for the time. This had a more finished and upmarket look with sturdier bars rather than the cheaper looking criss cross element on earlier cars.

FD Series

Vauxhall Victor FD
Vauxhall Victor FD license plate 1968 in Hertfordshire with lots of grass.jpg
Production 1967-1972
198,085 produced.[1]
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate car
Engine(s) 1.6 Straight-4 ohc
2.0 Straight-4 ohc
3.3 Straight-6 ohv
Transmission(s) 3 speed Manual (column)
4 speed manual (floor)
Borg-Warner 3-speed automatic (4 cyl engines till 1969)
GM Powerglide 3-speed automatic (6 cyl engines from 1968: all engines from late 1969) [9][10]
Wheelbase 102 inches (2591 mm)[2]
Length 177 inches (4489 mm)
(saloon & estate)
Width 67 inches (1702 mm)
Height 52.5 in (1334 mm)
Curb weight 2,320 lb (1,052 kg) (Victor)
2,553 lb (1,158 kg) (Ventora)
Fuel capacity 12 imp gal (55 L; 14 US gal)

The FD (1967–1972) was released at a time when the UK was undergoing a currency crisis as well as increasingly militant labour relations, resulting in rising prices and poorer quality. On paper, this new 1599 cc and 1975 cc overhead camshaft engine design (the Slant Four) was advanced but suffered an out of balance couple which earned it the US tag 'Hay Baler'. The suspension design of the car was far less compromised than most previous British mass-produced efforts, featuring a live axle with trailing arms, Panhard rod and coil springs instead of the traditional leaf springs, and a double wishbone front suspension assembly, but the FD's on-road performance and durability were less than its on paper promise in standard form. Independent tuner Blydenstein could effectively transform the overhead cam Victors to fulfill their advanced specifications.

The FD, however, departed from the traditional Victor family car bench front seat norm (there were still models with bench seats however) and could be ordered with comfortable contoured bucket seating front and rear. This was standard on the Victor 2000 (later 2000 SL with the facelift for 1970) and optional on the Victor 1600 (renamed Super with the 1970 facelift). Bucket seats were standard on the more sporty VX4/90 and six cylinder Ventora versions, with the latter having reclining backrests as standard from 1969. All bucket seat models dispensed with the column shift and adopted a four speed floor shift, with overdrive optional on the VX4/90 and Ventora.

In February 1968 Vauxhall launched the Vauxhall Ventora, which was in effect a marriage of the Victor FD body with the 3.3-litre six cylinder engine hitherto offered only in the larger Cresta and Viscount models.[11] The Ventora offered a claimed 123 bhp of output compared with 88 bhp from the 2-litre 4-cylinder Victor, also featuring correspondingly larger front disc-brake calipers. The Ventora therefore differed most spectacularly from its siblings through its effortless performance: in that respect it had no obvious direct competitor at or near its price (£1,102 including taxes in February 1968) on the UK market.[11] The interior was also enhanced, with extra instrumentation including a rev counter. From the outside Ventoras can be identified by their wider tyres, a front grille of toothy-harmonica like gaps in place of the Victor's closely packed horizontal bars, and a black vinyl roof.[11]

May 1968 saw the return to the Vauxhall range of a Victor estate, now based on the Victor FD.[12] The estate, like the saloon, offered a choice of 1599 cc or 1975 cc four cylinder engines and was also offered with the 3294 cc engine normally found in the Vauxhall Cresta.[12] (The Victor estate 3294 was the only six cylinder Victor offered on the domestic market, although the Ventora was effectively a six cylinder Victor saloon by another name.) Rear suspension was beefed up on the estate models and all apart from the base 1599 cc version came with front wheel disc brakes.[12] As on the FD saloon, however, the standard transmission was a three speed manual gear box controlled from a column mounted lever.[12] A four-speed box with a floor mounted gear lever was available at extra cost on the four cylinder models, although it was included in the overall package for buyers of the Victor 3294 cc estate.[12] The floor mounted lever was set well forward to enable it to remain clear of the bench front seat which was standard in the 1599 cc versions.

Vauxhall Victor FD Estate. There was no Ventora estate. The Victor 3300SL estate, introduced only in May 1968 and pictured here, combined the I6 engine found in the Ventora with the relatively basic Victor interior trim[13]

Sales of the FD came in below those of the FC, at 198,000 or so units produced over a slightly longer production run that ended in December 1971, though new cars were offered for sale until the arrival of the Victor FE in March 1972.[13] The lower numbers reflected the effects of a long strike Vauxhall underwent in 1970, as well as the closing off of some export markets — the FD was the last Victor to be sold in Canada as either a Vauxhall or Envoy, and the last to be officially imported (and assembled) into New Zealand.

As well as the 1.6 and 2.0 I4s, the FD series was also available in New Zealand (sedans only; wagons were rare imports) with the larger Cresta PC's 3294 cc engine, badged as the Victor 3300, later 3300SL. These were manufactured with a choice of 4 speed manual gearbox or a 2 stage GM Powerglide automatic and most, apart from early cars, had the Ventora's grille. The Holden Trimatic gearbox was available for the last models. Bench (earlier models only) or bucket front seats were available.

FE Series

Vauxhall Victor FE
Vauxhall Victor FE August 1973 1760cc.JPG
Production 1972-1976
44,078 (FE) and ?? (VX4/90) produced.[1]
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate car
Engine(s) 1.8 or 2.3 L Straight-4 ohv
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
automatic
Wheelbase 105 inches (2667 mm)[2]
Length 179 inches (4547 mm)
Width 67 inches (1702 mm)
Height 54 in (1,400 mm)
Fuel capacity 65 L (17.2 US gal; 14.3 imp gal)[14]

The last of the Victors, launched in March 1972[13], was the FE (1972–1976) which was also known as the Transcontinental. The car appeared substantially larger than its predecessor, but was actually no wider and only 2 inches (5 cm) longer with much of the extra length accounted for by larger bumpers.[15] Nevertheless, a higher cabin and improved packaging enabled the manufacturer to boast of 1.5 inches more leg room in the front and no less than 4 inches of extra leg room in the back, with virtually no compensating loss of boot/trunk capacity. Useful increases in head-room and shoulder level cabin width were also achieved through the use of differently shaped side panels and windows.[15]

Most UK cars of this class featured manual transmission and with the FE Vauxhall belatedly fell into line with their principal UK competitor by now including a four speed gear box - available only at extra cost on the old Victor FD - as standard equipment.[15] The FE's extra weight presumably made this development irresistible. The four speed transmission used the same box and ratios across the range, from the 1759 cc Victor to the torquey 3294 cc Ventora badged version: contemporary road tests of the four cylinder cars comment adversely on the wide gap - highlighted on the mountain roads included in the Portuguese route chosen for the car's press launch - between the second and third gears.[15]

Although the architecture of the suspension remained as before, there were numerous detailed modifications designed to counter criticism of the old model. Changes included an anti-roll bar as standard equipment on all bar the entry level models, and stiffer springs at the back, intended to compensate for the Victor's tendency to understeer.[15] At the front the springing remained soft by the standards of the time: the track was widened (by 1.7 inches / 4 cm) and wheel geometry modified to incorporated "anti-dive action", improvements intended to address the Victor's tendency to excessive wallow which by now was attracting criticism from performance oriented commentators.[15]

The new Victor shared its floorpan with the Opel Rekord but retained a distinct bodyshell, its own suspension and rack and pinion steering as opposed to the Rekord's recirculating ball unit. The front end incorporated the then advanced detail of having the slim bumper bisect the grille, with a third of the grille and the side-lights (on quad headlamp models) being below the bumper line. This potentially attractive feature was completely ruined in markets where the licence plate was mounted so as completely to hide the lower part of the grille.

Comparisons between the Victor and its broadly similar Rüsselsheim built cousin were inevitable. An important difference from the back seat involved the rear doors. The Opel's door incorporated rear quarter lights and windows that wound fully down into the door whereas Vauxhall's designers preferred the "cleaner uncluttered look" arising from their elimination of rear quarter lights.[15] The fact that back seat passengers could only open their windows down to approximately a third of their depth before further opening was blocked by the presence of the wheel arches was held out as a safety feature to complement the fitting of child-proof locks, given that back seat passengers would no doubt include small children.[15] Despite the absence of shared body panels anywhere that they could be seen, detailed investigation disclosed that minor assemblies such as the door locks and the wiper mechanisms were shared with the Opel Rekord D.[15]

Vauxhall Victor FE Estate

The FE Victor was the last Vauxhall to be designed independently of Opel. The engines were carried over from the FD range and slightly enlarged to 1759 cc and 2279 cc. For a short period, the straight six engine was used in the Ventora and 3300SL models, the latter effectively a Victor Estate with lesser trim than the luxury Ventora. The estates had a more sloping rear, similar to a hatchback, than the Rekord equivalent. The FE estate in fact had perfect 50/50 weight distribution.

1974 finally saw the introduction of a proper Ventora Estate, along with running changes for the rest of the range.

World energy crises, falling exports and an increasingly muddled image led to Vauxhall's decline from the early 1970s, such that sales of the FE slumped to 55,000 units before it was transformed to the VX series in early 1976.

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VX Series

A late Vauxhall VX2300 GLS

At the start of 1976 the relatively large 1800 cc Vauxhall Victor came with a recommended sticker price lower than that of the more modern but smaller and relatively well equipped Vauxhall Cavalier GL which will have encouraged fleet managers to negotiate for higher discounts on the Cavalier and left the basic Victor looking embarrassingly underpriced.[16] To try and move the old Victor upmarket, Vauxhall upgraded the trim level of the basic Victor 1800 cc to match that of the 2300 cc version, with improvements that included fabric seat trim, a new clarified instrument display embellished with mock timber surround as well as a new central console.[16] Seat belts and hazard warning flashers were now included in the recommended price across the range.[16] Under the bonnet / hood various upgrades were made to the 1800 cc engine which now offered 88 bhp of output in place of the 77 bhp previously claimed.[16] The changes carried a weight penalty, but performance was nevertheless usefully improved with top speed up from 89 mph (143 km/h) to 100 mph (161 km/h).[16] To draw attention to the changes, Vauxhall also dropped the Victor name, and the car became the Vauxhall VX.[16] The VX Series is distinguished from the outside by a simplified grille and revised headlights.[16]

Since the demise, more than three years earlier, of the Vauxhall Cresta, only the FE bodied Ventora had used the old Vauxhall six cylinder engine: but now the four-cylinder VX 2300 GLS replaced the six-cylinder FE Ventora as the Vauxhall flagship.

The more sporting VX 4/90 was re-introduced, now based on the VX (formerly Victor FE), in March 1977 with a 5-speed close ratio Getrag gearbox, initially for Mainland European export markets only.[17] The car featured a twin carbutetter modified version of the existing 2279 cc four cylinder engine for which in this incarnation an output of 116 bhp was claimed.[17] Plans for a fuel injected variant made it to prototype testing but never saw the light of day in actual production. The car was fitted with halogen head lights and supplementary fog-lights fitted beneath the front bumper and also beneftted from extra sound deadening materials to reduce road noise.[17] The side window frames were fashionably blackened, and just four exterior colours could be specified, of which three were metallic.[17] The manufacturer stated that the UK market would receive right hand drive versions of this latest incarnation of the VX 4/90 only in 1978.[17] By 1978 the Vauxhall Carlton was slipping quietly into Vauxhall showrooms, and it is not clear exactly when Luton production of the Victor FE based VX 4/90s was ended, but the model continued to be listed until early 1979.[18]

Product variants

The VX four-ninety was first added, in approximately 1962, to the FB series as a performance oriented version. During the FB series, the name changed slightly to VX 4/90 which continued, until the FE range. The final VX 1978 incarnation was badged VX490. The VX Four Ninety designation originally came from its engineering designation - Vauxhall eXperimental four cylinder engine of 90 in³ capacity. As well as performance increasing modifications, VX 4/90s also had a number of exterior and interior modifications to distinguish them from Victors.

The Ventora, was introduced to the FD series sold between 1968 until it was dropped from the FE series in 1976. This used the Victor bodyshell, but had the Bedford derived 3294 cc straight six engine from the larger Cresta models. Again, the Ventora was distinguished from the Victor by improved trim levels

Victor specials

Big Bertha

A special version of the FE was the one-off 1974 Holden-Repco Ventora, nicknamed "Big Bertha", built to compete in the "Super Saloon" category of British motor sport.[19] Driven by Gerry Marshall, this car was fitted with a massive race-tuned 5.0nbsp;L V8 Holden engine and bore little resemblance to the production car except in its overall appearance. However the design was ill-fated, and suffered an accident in its sixth race. It was considered too big and too heavy, and had serious handling problems, even in Marshall's capable hands. Eventually it was decided to build a new, much smaller car around the same engine and chassis (much shortened) and this car was given the silhouette of the "droopsnoot" Firenza. Nicknamed "Baby Bertha", this car was very successful went on to dominate the sport until Vauxhall moved from racing into rallying in 1977.

Recent sightings

On 10 September 2009 a Victor 101 emerged from the sands on a beach in Somerset. The car was lost over 36 years ago and was washed away and buried in the mud with the incoming tide. The Front & Back of the vehicle, along with its engine can be recognised in the water.BBC News

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Sedgwick, M.; Gillies.M (1986). A-Z of Cars 1945-1970. Devon, UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-39-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d "The Vauxhall Victor Super". The Motor. March 6, 1957. 
  4. ^ "Second Hand car guide supplement". Practical Motorist 6 Nbr 68: between pages 768 & 769. date April 1960. 
  5. ^ a b "Getting the lead out". The Motor 3539: pages 23–25. April 25, 1970. 
  6. ^ a b c d "The Vauxhall Victor Super". The Motor. November 8, 1961. 
  7. ^ "Verdict on the Vauxhall Victor". Popular Motoring 8 nbr 6: pages 58–59. March 1969. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Autocar Road Test: Vauxhall Victor 101 de luxe". Autocar 126 (nbr 3718): pages 17–21. date 18 May 1967. 
  9. ^ "Autotest - Vauxhall Victor 2000 EC Automatic". Autocar 129 (nbr 3786): pages 16–21. date 5 September 1968. 
  10. ^ "A VX 4/90 again". The Motor Nbr 3512: pages 54–55. October 11, 1969. 
  11. ^ a b c "Vauxhall Ventora: Cresta power train in Victor structure". Autocar 128 nbr 3759: pages 2–5. 29 February 1968. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Vauxhall Victor Estate". Autocar 128 nbr 3770: pages 18–19. 16 May 1968. 
  13. ^ a b c "Used car test: 1971 Vauxhall Victor 3300SL Estate automatic". Autocar 138 (nbr 4000): pages 50–51. date 5 September 1968. 
  14. ^ Daily Express Motor Show Review 1975 Cars: Page 56 (Vauxhall Victor). October 1974. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Vauxhall's fifth Victor". Motor: pages 36 - 44. date 19 February 1972. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "Autotest: Vauxhall VX 1800". Autocar: page 6 - 10. date 17 July 1976. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Motorweek:New Models ... VX 4/90". Motor: 2. 5 March 1977. 
  18. ^ Oldtimer Katalog. Nr. 23. Königswinter: HEEL Verlag GmbH. 2009. pp. Seite 345. ISBN 978-3-86852-067-52009. 
  19. ^ Vauxhall Ventora 'Big Bertha' Retrieved from http://www.racing70s.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk on 14 April 2009

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