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—  Town  —
Vavuniya is located in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 8°45′0″N 80°29′0″E / 8.75°N 80.483333°E / 8.75; 80.483333
Country Sri Lanka
Province Northern
District Vavuniya
DS Division Vavuniya South (Tamil)
 - Type Urban Council
 - Total 22.5 km2 (8.7 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 75,175
 - Density 3,341/km2 (8,641/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)

Vavuniya (Tamil: வவுனியா) is a town in northern Sri Lanka. This town is situated in the Northern Province. Vavuniya was often referred to as the gateway to Vanni.

Ethnic conflict

Vavuniya used to be a front line town in the ongoing war between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan Army until the Army advanced northwards during the 2008 SLA Northern offensive. Clashes between different Tamil militant groups have resulted in instability in the city, and those from the south of Sri Lanka do not visit it often.

There are internal refugees, and passes are needed to travel from government- to LTTE-controlled territory. The Sri Lankan Army is in constant patrol, and heavy security is apparent. This is due to the Security Forces Headquarters - Wanni being based in Vavuniya in close proximity to the Sri Lanka Air Force air base SLAF Vavuniya.

District Map


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