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For vector control of induction motors, see Vector control (motor)

Vector control taking place in the Southern United States during the 1920s.

Vector control is any method to limit or eradicate the mammals, birds, insects or other arthropods which transmit disease pathogens.

The most frequent type of vector control is mosquito control using a variety of strategies, four of which are:

  1. Habitat control: stagnant water is avoided, by removal of old tires, empty cans etc., and better management of used water;
  2. Insecticides, spread over mosquito breeding zones, sprayed in houses, or impregnated in bednets;
  3. Introduction of sterilised male mosquitoes, in order to reduce the breeding rate.
  4. Larvicides.

The first method is to be recommended whenever possible for its cost-effectiveness.

Used worldwide in mosquito abatement programs since 1965, temephos is the standard of mosquito larvicides.

Importance of vector control

Vector control in today’s world is extremely important. As the impacts of disease and virus are devastating, the need to control the vectors in which they carried is prioritized. Vector control in many third world areas can have tremendous impacts as it increases mortality rates, especially among infants. Because of the high movement of the population, disease spread is also a greater issue in these areas.

[1]

References

  1. ^ Walsh, Julia A., and Kenneth S. Warren. 1980. Selective primary health care: An interim strategy for disease control in developing countries. Social Science & Medicine. Part C: Medical Economics 14 (2):149

See also

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