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The Vedānga Jyotiṣa (also Jyotiṣavedānga) is an Indian text on Jyotisha (Indian astronomy), redacted by Lagadha (लगध). The text is foundational to the Vedanga discipline of Jyotisha, and is dated to the final centuries BCE.[1] The text describes rules for tracking the motions of the sun and the moon. In the Vedanga Jyotisha Lagadha praises astronomy as the crowning subject in the ancillary Vedic studies.

The Vedanga Jyotisha is available in two recensions: one of 36 verses associated with the Rigveda and another of 45 verses[2] associated with the Yajurveda. There are 29 verses in common.[3]

Contents

Editions

  • Yajus recension, Rk variants and commentary of Somākara Śeṣanāga, edited: Albrecht Weber, Über den Vedakalender Namens Jyotisham, Berlin 1862
  • Yajus recension, non-Yajus verses of Rk recension, edited: G. Thibaut, "Contributions to the Explanation of the Jyotisha-Vedánga", Journal of the Asiatic Society Bengal Vol 46 (1877), p.411-437
  • Rk recension and Marathi translation: J.B. Modaka, Thana, 1885
  • Rk and Yajus recensions, edited and commented: Bārhaspatya (Lālā Choṭelāl), Hindustan Review 1907 (reprinted, Allahabad 1960)
  • Rk and Yajus recensions with Somākara's comm. on the YVJ, edited: S. Dvivedin, Benares 1908
  • Yajus recension with Sanskrit commentary and English version: R. Shamasastry, Mysore 1936
  • English translation: T.S. Kupanna Sastry, Indian National Science Academy, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg, New Delhi.
  • Hindi translation: Girja Shankar Shashtri, Jyotisha Karmkanda and Adhyatma Shodh Sansthan, 455 Vasuki Khurd, Daraganj, Allahabad-6.

Notes

  1. ^ Michael Witzel, "Autochthonous Aryans? The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts," Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies, Vol. 7 (2001) issue 3 (May), §30.
  2. ^ All extant manuscripts number only 43 of these verses. Why two verses are not numbered is not known
  3. ^ D. Pingree (1981), Jyotiḥśāstra, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, p.9

See also

External links

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