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Velingrad
Велинград

Coat of arms
Velingrad is located in Bulgaria
Velingrad
Location of Velingrad
Coordinates: 42°1′N 24°0′E / 42.017°N 24°E / 42.017; 24
Country  Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Pazardzhik
Government
 - Mayor Ivan Lebanov
Elevation 777 m (2,549 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Total 27,066
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 4600
Area code(s) 0359
Grand Hotel Velingrad

Velingrad (Bulgarian: Велинград) is a town in Bulgaria and one of the most popular Bulgarian balneological resorts. It lies at the western end of Chepino Valley, part of the Rhodope Mountains in Southern Bulgaria.

Contents

History

The region was inhabited by the Slavs. According to Bulgarian academics, the Dragovichi tribe lived there. The Dragovichi accepted many Thracian customs, but gave them typical Slavic characteristics. Soon after the Bulgar invasion on the Balkans, the whole region was annexed to the First Bulgarian Empire by tsar Malamir.

At the times of the Turkish rule, the Turks converted many Slavs in this region to Islam, according to Vasil Kanchov, the terror was ordered by the Greek bishop Gavril (Gabriel)[1].

Geography

Velingrad is situated at 750-850 m above sea level. Summers are warm and winters are mild. The average annual temperature is 10°C, while the average July temperature is 19°C. The annual duration of sunshine is about 2,000 hours. The relative air humidity ranges from 65 to 75%. Surrounded by age-old pine tree woods, the town favors abundant sunshine. This exclusively rare and valuable combination has a beneficial influence on the process of ionization (negative ions are prevailing) and is of definite therapeutic importance.

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Waters

There are 70 sources of mineral water with curative and preventive properties in and around the town. The mineral waters (from springs and wells) vary considerably in temperature, mineralization, radon, silicic acid and fluorine content, and are suitable for treatment of a wide range of diseases. 9000 litres of water per minute spring from the five thermal and mineral deposits in Ladzhene, Kamenitsa, Chepino, Rakitovo and Kostandovo.

Together with the numerous mineral waters, Velingrad boasts another natural phenomenon as well — the Kleptuza, the biggest Karst spring in Bulgaria, with an average discharge of 1200 litres of ice-cold water per second.

External links

Notes

Coordinates: 42°01′N 24°00′E / 42.017°N 24°E / 42.017; 24


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