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Verden
Verdem g s.jpg
Coat of arms of Verden
Verden an der Aller is located in Germany
Verden an der Aller
Coordinates 52°55′24″N 9°14′06″E / 52.92333°N 9.235°E / 52.92333; 9.235
Administration
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Verden
Town subdivisions 7 districts
Mayor Lutz Brockmann (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 71.58 km2 (27.64 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m  (66 ft)
Population 28,262  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 395 /km2 (1,023 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate VER
Postal code 27283
Area code 04231
Website www.verden.de
Reichsstadt Verden
Imperial City of Verden
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Prince-Bishopric of Verden
15th century–1648 Bremen-Verden.PNG
Capital Verden
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Massacre of Verden 782
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 15th century
 - Annexed to Principality
    of Verden
(Swed. fief)
 
May 15, 1648
Hochstift or Fürstbistum Verden
Prince-Bishopric of Verden
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Saxony
12th century–1648 Bremen-Verden.PNG

Coat of arms

Capital Verden (seat of chapter),
Rotenburg (residence of pr.-bishops since 1195)
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Acquired territory ca. 1195¹ 12th century
 - Secularised as
    Principality of Verden
    (Swedish fief)
 
May 15, 1648
1: The castle of Rotenburg an der Wümme was built in 1195, this may have been when the Bishopric acquired territorial power.

Verden an der Aller, also called Verden (Aller) or simply Verden (German pronunciation: [ˈfɛːɐ̯dn̩]), is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, on the river Aller. It is the administrative centre of the district of Verden. Verden is famous for the alleged massacre of Saxons in 782, committed on the orders of Charlemagne (the Massacre of Verden), for its cathedral, and for its horse breeding.

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages there was a massacre of 4.500 Saxons, by order of Charlemagne because of their refusal to convert to Christianity. Verden was then within the Duchy of Saxony. After in 1180 a coalition of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and his allies had defeated the then Saxo-Bavarian Duke Henry the Lion. He was subsequently stripped his duchies. Saxony was divided among the imperial coalitionaries and so the Catholic Bishop of Verden gained for parts of his diocesan territory imperial immediacy, thus establishing the Prince-Bishopric of Verden.

On 12 March 1259 Prince-Bishop Gerhard of Verden granted the place town privileges following the Bremian version of German town law. In the 15th c. Verden gained considerable independence as Free Imperial City, immediately under the emperors (imperial immediacy), circumventing its former overlords the prince-bishops, who still held the cathedral and pertaining premises in town as an immunity district.

By the Peace of Westphalia the city of Verden was mediatised as regular city again within the Prince-Bishopric of Verden, which was transformed by the same contract into the Principality of Verden in May 1648. The northern city (with the town hall and St. John's church) and the southern town (with the proto-cathedral) were then united to form one city.

The Principality of Verden was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown - interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712-1715) - and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. The Kingdom of Hanover incorporated the principality in a real union and the princely territory, including Verden upon Aller, became part of the new Stade Region, established in 1823.

Until the Second World War, Verden was renowned for its trade and crafts and also its mounted division. During the Nazi Regime forced-labourers were used in a furniture factory in Verden. Between 1945 and 1949 Verden was part of the British zone of occupation. Refugees from the formers Prussian provinces of East Prussia, Pomerania and Silesia, settled in and around the town.

With the labour immigration from the East German Democratic Republic inhibited by the Berlin Wall foreign workers (Gastarbeiter) started to arrive from southern Europe and Anatolia in the 1960s. After the fall of Communism more immigrants arrived from Eastern Europe.

From 1945 until 1993 latterly the 1st Armoured Division of the British Army of the Rhine was stationed in Verden. One of the former British Barracks is now used to house the District administration and a new sporting stadium has been erected opposite.

Geography, sights and notable places

Running through the town is the river Aller which is 263 km long and is one of Germany's longer rivers. The town is situated in close proximity to the towns of Bremen (35 km) and Hannover (90 km). The picturesque old town is east of the Aller where the spectacular Lutheran cathedral (German: Dom) towers above the pedestrianised high street, with its cafés and shops. This proto-cathedral, consecrated to Ss. Mary and Cecilia, served the former Catholic Diocese of Verden as episcoapl church and was built between the 12th and 15th century. Also other buildings are noteworthy, such as the Lutheran churches of St. John (Johanniskirche) and of St. Andrew (Andreaskirche), as well as the town hall and the Domherrenhaus (House of cathedral canons).

Verden is further renowned for horse racing and auctions and is thus also called the (horse)riding town (German: Reiterstadt). East of Verden, there is the 225 metre tall radio transmitter, Kirchlinteln transmitter, used by Deutsche Telekom primarily for TV and mobile phone broadcasting.

Twin Towns - Sister Cities

Verden is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Zielona Góra - Partner Cities". © 2008 Urzędu Miasta Zielona Góra.. http://www.zielona-gora.pl/umzg/index.php?id=1111&lng=pl. Retrieved 2008-12-07.  
The Aller by Verden
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