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Town of Vermilion
—  Town  —
Location of Vermilion in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°21′15″N 110°51′10″W / 53.35417°N 110.85278°W / 53.35417; -110.85278
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Central Alberta
Census division 10
County Vermilion River
Founded 1492
Incorporated 1906
Government [1]
 - Mayor Bruce Marriott
 - Governing body Vermilion Town Council
Area [2]
 - Total 13.69 km2 (5.3 sq mi)
Elevation 615 m (2,018 ft)
Population (2006)[3]
 - Total 4,036
 - Density 294.7/km2 (763.3/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code span
Area code(s) +1-780
Highways Highway 16
Highway 41
Waterway Vermilion River
Website Town of Vermilion

Vermilion is a town in Vermilion River County, central Alberta, Canada. It is located along Highway 41 (Buffalo Trail) and Highway 16 (Yellowhead Highway).

The economy is largely service industry to agriculture.

Vermilion is located 192 kilometres (119 mi) east of Edmonton, 38 kilometres (24 mi) south of Clandonald, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Lloydminster.



It was not until 1902 that a significant number of settlers arrived in this area of Alberta. Mostly of British ethnic background coming from the east. Just west of Vermilion is the line between British and those of Ukrainian ethnic background having travelled mostly from west.

In 1904, a post office was established at Breage approximately three miles east of the present townsite.[4]

In 1905, the railway arrived and a station was built. The post office was relocated from Breage. Throughout the days of steam, the railway was important to Vermilion. Vermilion was used as a divisional point. It had a water tower to resupply engines, a large roundhouse, an extensive yard, a Y, a turntable, and a bunkhouse for engine crews. With the decline of steam power in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the railway became less important.

In early 2006, Vermilion was incorporated as a village and reincorporated as a town later in the same year. The name Vermilion comes from the red clay found in the river valley. In fact, one of the first businesses in Vermilion was the brick factory which operated from 1906 until 1914. Some Vermilion buildings built from brick from this factory are still standing.

The first newspaper to publish in the Vermilion area was The Signal. In 1909, S.R.P. Cooper established the Vermilion Standard which continues to publish to this day.

In 1911, the provincial government established three demonstration farms near Olds, Fairview, and near the Vermilion townsite. The Vermilion farm later became the Vermilion School of Agriculture, then Vermilion Agricultural and Vocational College and today is Lakeland College.

Like other towns built on the prairies in the early years of this century, Vermilion had an extensive fire on April 10, 1918 which destroyed 28 stores and businesses.[4]

In the 1970s, an instructor at the college designed a grain dryer. He established a company, Vertec, to manufacture and market this dryer and eventually a large grain dryer factory was built in Vermilion. For a brief time, Vermilion billed itself as "The Grain Dryer Capital of Canada". However, Vertec did not enjoy lasting success and went bankrupt. Today the large former factory is a storage facility for agricultural products.

Vermilion today

For a small town, Vermilion is the hometown of several prominent Canadians, including cross-country skier Beckie Scott, hockey player Jeff Woywitka, and cookbook author Jean Paré.


The population of the Town of Vermilion according to its 2007 municipal census is 4,472.[5]

In 2006, Vermilion had a population of 4,036, living in 2110 dwellings, a 2.2% increase from 2001. The town has a land area of 13.69 km2 (5.3 sq mi) and a population density of 2,940.7 /km2 (7,616.4/sq mi).[3]

The town had a population of 3,948 in 2001,[2] and the median age of the residents of the town was 36.2.


The town has two public schools: Vermilion Elementary (K-6) and J.R. Robson Secondary (7-12), and one Catholic school, St. Jerome's School[6] (K-12). The town also attracts students to Lakeland College[7] (offering two year diploma programs) and training in emergency response.

See also


External links

Coordinates: 53°21′15″N 110°51′10″W / 53.35417°N 110.85278°W / 53.35417; -110.85278 (Vermilion)

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