Vermont's At-large congressional district: Wikis

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Vermont's At-large congressional district
VT 1.gif
Current Representative Peter Welch (D)
Area 9,620 mi² (24,923 km²)
Population (2000) 608,827
Median income $40,856
Ethnicity 96.8% White, 0.5% Black, 0.9% Asian, 0.9% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% other
Occupation 24.6% blue collar, 61% white collar
Cook PVI D+13

Vermont has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single at-large congressional district since the 1930 census, when the state lost its second seat . There were once six districts in Vermont. Bernie Sanders (Independent) held the seat from 1991 until 2007, when he became a U.S. Senator. Democrat Peter Welch has represented the state since 2007.

Contents

List of Representatives

From 1813-1821, beginning with the 13th Congress, Vermont elected its representatives statewide/at-large. Beginning in 1821 with the 17th Congress, Vermont returned to electing representatives from districts. In 1933, Vermont returned to an at-large district after being reduced to one representative after the 1930 Census.

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1813 - 1821

1st seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
William C. Bradley Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Defeated
Daniel Chipman Federalist March 4, 1815 - May 5, 1816 Resigned
Vacant May 6, 1816 - March 3, 1817
Orsamus C. Merrill Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - January 12, 1820 Election overturned
Rollin C. Mallary Democratic-Republican January 13, 1820 - March 3, 1821 Re-elected to the 1st district

2nd seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
William Strong Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Lost re-election
Luther Jewett Federalist March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Lost re-election
Mark Richards Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1821 Lost re-election

3rd seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
James Fisk Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Lost re-election
Chauncey Langdon Federalist March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Retired
Charles Rich Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1821 Re-elected to the 3rd district

4th seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Charles Rich Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Lost re-election
Asa Lyon Federalist March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Lost re-election
Heman Allen Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - April 20, 1818 Resigned
Vacant April 21, 1818 – March 3, 1819
William Strong Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1821 Lost re-election

5th seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Richard Skinner Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Lost re-election
Charles Marsh Federalist March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Lost re-election
Samuel C. Crafts Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1821 Re-elected to the 5th district

6th seat

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Ezra Butler Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Lost re-election
John Noyes Federalist March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Lost re-election
William Hunter Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1819 Retired
Ezra Meech Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 - March 3, 1821 Lost re-election

1933 - present

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Ernest W. Gibson Republican March 4, 1933 - October 19, 1933 Appointed to U.S. Senate
Vacant October 19, 1933 - January 16, 1934
Charles A. Plumley Republican January 16, 1934 - January 3, 1951 Retired
Winston L. Prouty Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1959 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
William H. Meyer Democratic January 3, 1959 - January 3, 1961 Lost re-election
Robert Stafford Republican January 3, 1961 - September 16, 1971 Appointed to U.S. Senate
Vacant September 16, 1971 - January 7, 1972
Richard W. Mallary Republican January 7, 1972 - January 3, 1975 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
James M. Jeffords Republican January 3, 1975 - January 3, 1989 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter P. Smith Republican January 3, 1989 - January 3, 1991 Lost re-election
Bernie Sanders Independent January 3, 1991 - January 3, 2007 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter Welch Democratic January 3, 2007 - Current Incumbent

Recent elections

1990 election

Independent Bernie Sanders defeated incumbent Republican Peter Smith.

United States House election, 1990: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 117,522 56.00
Republican Peter Smith 82,938 39.52
Democratic Lewis E. Young 6,315 3.01
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 1,965 0.94
Write-ins N/A 1,116 0.53
Majority 34,584 16.48
Turnout 209,856
Independent gain from Republican Swing

1992 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House election, 1992: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 162,724 57.78 +1.78%
Republican Tim Philbin 98,523 41.87 +2.35%
Democratic Lewis E. Young 22,279 7.91 +4.9%
Natural Law John Dewey 3,549 1.26 +1.26%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 3,660 1.30 +0.36%
Freedom for LaRouche Douglas M. Miller 2,049 0.73 +0.73%
Write-ins N/A 464 0.16 -0.37%
Majority 75,823 26.92
Turnout 281,626
Independent hold Swing

1994 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House election, 1994: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 105,502 44.84 -12.94%
Republican John Carroll 98,523 41.87 +0.00
Natural Law Carole Banus 2,963 1.26 +0.00
Green Jack Rogers 2,664 1.13 +1.13%
Liberty Union Annette Larson 1,493 0.63 -0.67%
Write-ins N/A 304 0.13 -0.03%
Majority 6,979 2.97
Turnout 235,279
Independent hold Swing

1996 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 140,678 55.23 +10.39%
Republican Susan W. Sweetser 82,021 32.59 -9.28%
Democratic Jack Long 23,830 9.36 +9.36%
Libertarian Thomas J. Morse 2,693 1.06 +1.06%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 1,965 0.77 +0.14%
Green Robert Melamede 1,350 0.53 -0.60%
Natural Law Norio Kushi 812 0.32 -0.94%
Write-ins N/A 357 0.14 +0.01%
Majority 57,657 22.64
Turnout 254,706
Independent hold Swing

1998 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 136,403 63.40 +8.17%
Republican Mark Candon 70,740 32.88 +0.29%
Green Matthew Mulligan 3,464 1.61 +1.08%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 2,153 1.01 +.024%
Libertarian Robert Maynard 2,097 0.97 -0.09%
Write-ins N/A 276 0.13 -.01%
Majority 65,663 30.52
Turnout 215,133
Independent hold Swing

2000 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 196,118 69.21 +5.81%
Republican Karen Ann Kerin 51,977 18.34 -14.54%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 14,918 5.26 +3.65%
Independent Stewart Skrill 4,799 1.69 +1.69%
Green Jack Rogers 2,978 1.05 -0.56%
Libertarian Daniel H. Krymkowski 2,978 1.05 +0.08%
Write-ins N/A 760 0.27 +0.14%
Majority 144,141 50.87
Turnout 283,366
Independent hold Swing

2002 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 144,880 64.32 -4.89%
Republican William Meub 72,813 32.32 +13.98%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 3,185 1.41 -3.85%
Green Fawn Skinner 2,344 1.04 -0.01%
Libertarian Fawn Skinner 2,033 0.90 -0.15%
Majority 72,067 31.99
Turnout 225,255
Independent hold Swing

2004 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 205,774 67.47 +2.8
Republican Greg Parke 74,271 24.35 -7.7
Democratic Larry Drown 21,684 7.11 +7.1
Liberty Union Jane Newton 3,018 0.99 -0.3
Write-ins N/A 261 0.09 N/A
Majority 131,503 43.11
Turnout 305,008
Independent hold Swing +5.3

2006 election

Incumbent Bernie Sanders retired to run for (and win) a U.S. Senate seat.

Vermont Senate President Pro Tempore Peter Welch (D-Windsor County) was the Democratic nominee and the eventual winner.

Three candidates competed for the Republican nomination:

Rainville won the Republican primary on September 12, beating Shepard by a wide margin.

There were also numerous third party and independent candidates: Chris Karr (WTP), Bruce Marshall (Green Party), Dennis Morrisseau (Ind), Jane Newton (Liberty Union Party), Keith Stern (Ind), and Jerry Trudell (Ind). Morrisseau gathered the most votes, with 1% or 1,383 votes.

By September 14, 2006, the race between Rainville and Welch was close. An American Research Group poll showed Welch with a 48-45% lead.[2]

On October 4, 2006, The Burlington Free Press reported that one of Rainville's staffers, Christopher Stewart, resigned from her campaign after committing plagiarism—copying policy statements from other politicians, including Senator Hillary Clinton, and using them on Rainville's website. Rainville's website was off-line for some time while her staff removed the plagiarized passages. [1]

Welch beat Rainville 53% to 45%, or 139,585 votes to 117,211.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 139,815 53.22 +46.1
Republican Martha Rainville 117,023 44.54 +20.1
Impeach Bush Now Dennis Morrisseau 1,390 0.53 +0.53
Independent Jerry Trudell 1,013 0.39 +0.39
Green Bruce Marshall 994 0.38 +0.38
Independent Keith Stern 963 0.37 +0.37
Liberty Union Jane Newton 721 0.27 -0.7
We the People Chris Karr 599 0.23 +0.23
Write-ins N/A 208 0.08 +0.08
Majority 22,792 8.68 -34.4
Turnout 262,726
Democratic gain from Independent Swing

2008 election

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 248,203 83.25 +30.03%
Independent Mike Bethel 14,349 4.18 +4.18
Energy Independence Dennis Morrisseau 10,818 3.63 +3.63%
VT Progressive Thomas James Hermann 9.081 3.05 +3.05%
Independent Cris Ericson 7,841 2.63 +2.63%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 5,307 1.78 +1.51%
Write-ins N/A 2,552 0.86 +0.78%
Majority 233,854 78.43
Turnout 298,151
Democratic hold Swing

2008 Presidential Primary Results

Democratic Primary

Then-U.S. Senator and now President Barack Obama of Illinois won the March 4, 2008 Vermont Democratic Primary with 59.31% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while then-U.S. Senator and now U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York received 38.59%.

Republican Primary

U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona won the March 4, 2008 Vermont Republican Primary with 71.32% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while former Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas finished second with 14.30%.

Sources

References


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