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Beroea redirects here and was also the ancient Greek name of modern Aleppo, Syria
Veria
Βέροια
Nightview of Veria from the Villa Vikela Hill
Nightview of Veria from the Villa Vikela Hill
Location
Veria is located in Greece
Veria
Coordinates 40°31′N 22°12′E / 40.517°N 22.2°E / 40.517; 22.2Coordinates: 40°31′N 22°12′E / 40.517°N 22.2°E / 40.517; 22.2
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: Central Macedonia
Prefecture: Imathia
Mayor: Charoula Ousoultzoglou-Georgiadi
Population statistics (as of 2001[1])
City
 - Population: 47,411
 - Area: 359.146 km2 (139 sq mi)
 - Density: 132 /km2 (342 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 128 m (420 ft)
Postal: 591 00
Telephone: 23310
Auto: ΗΜ
Website
www.veria.gr

Veria (officially transliterated as Veroia, Greek Βέροια or Βέρροια, also Φέροια in Classical Greek - Βέροια being the Ancient Macedonian equivalent) is a city built at the foot of Vermion Mountains in Greece. It is a commercial center of Macedonia, the capital of the prefecture of Imathia, the province of Imathia and the seat of a bishop of the Greek Orthodox Church. Veria is on the site of the ancient city of Beroea (called Berea in some translations of the Bible), which was prominent from the 4th century BC and part of the Kingdom of Macedon. Part of Rome from 168 BC, both Paul and Silas preached there in AD 54 or 55 (see Bereans). Diocletian made the large and populous city one of two capitals of the Roman Province of Macedonia, and it was one of the earliest cities to become the seat of a bishop. Invaded by Bulgars, it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1361, who named it Kara Ferye. It was incorporated into the Greek state in 1912.

Veria since the 1980s is bypassed and is linked by the superhighway linking to GR-1. GR-4/Via Egnatia runs through Veria and also the road to Edessa. It is located NE of Kozani, S of Edessa, SW of Thessaloniki, NW of Katerini, WNW of Athens and N of Larissa.

Contents

History

The city of Veria is first mentioned in the writings of Thucydides in 432 BC[2], although there is evidence that the city was populated as early as 1000 BC.

Ioannis Kottounios was a Greek Professor of Philosophy and was born in Veria,Macedonia in 1577[3].

The city got its name from its mythical creator Ferona or Verona OR from the daughter of the king of Veria (Verita) who is the thought to be the son of Macedon. The first inhabitants are known as the Vriges, who were uprooted by the Macedonians.

The Macedonians made it their second most important city after Pella. During the Roman empire, Veria became a place of worship for the Romans. Within the city there was a Jewish settlement where the Apostle Paul[2] preached after leaving Thessalonica (Acts 17:1-15). The Apostolic Constitutions (7.46) records the first bishop of Berorea as Onesimus, who may be the freedman of Philemon.

Under the Byzantine Empire the city continued to grow and prosper until it was pillaged in the 9th century by the Bulgarians. During the Crusades it was conquered by the Normans (1185) and the Franks (1204) and in the middle of the 13th century by the Serbs. In Macedonian Slavic and Bulgarian it is called Бер, Ber. In 1436, it was besieged and captured by the Ottoman Empire and remained in their control until 1912.

Culture

Veria hosts one of the largest and most complete public libraries in Greece. Originally a small single-room library with limited funds and material, it expanded into a four-story building offering multimedia, as well as special and rare editions. Veria's public library collaborates with many international organizations and hosts several cultural events. Every summer (August 15 to September 15) the "Imathiotika" festivities take place with a rich cultural program deriving mainly from Veria's tradition. The site of Elia offers great natural beauty and with an amazing view of the Imathia plain. Neighboring Seli is a well-known ski resort and a few kilometers outside the city is the Aliakmonas river dam.

Historical population

Year Population Change Municipal population Change
1981 37,966 - - -
1991 37,858 -108/0.29% 42,910 -
2001 - - 42,794 -116/-0.27%

Sports

Veria is home to many sports clubs.The most famous is Veria FC which competes in Beta Ethniki. Veria also has two basketball teams. AOK Veria and Filippos Veria which compete in a local and third national division respectively. Most promiment, though, is the handball team of Filippos Veria, competing in the first national division and which has won many championships (both national and international) throughout the years.

Education

The School of Urban-Regional Planning and Development Engineering of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki is located in Veria since 2004.

Climate

Typically, Veria experiences cold wet winters and hot summers.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Maximum. [°C] 5 6 10 16 19 28 28 24 19 16 12 5
Minimum temperature [°C] 2 4 8 11 16 19 17 14 12 10 8 4
Record temperatures [°C] 20 22 25 31 36 41 40 39 36 32 27 26

Famous People

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Veria is twinned with:

Country City
Bulgaria Bulgaria Kazanlak

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Δείτε τη Διοικητική Διαίρεση" (in Greek). Hellenic Interior Ministry. www.ypes.gr. http://www.ypes.gr/UserFiles/f0ff9297-f516-40ff-a70e-eca84e2ec9b9/D_diairesi.xls. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  
  2. ^ a b veria.gr, Veria:Its history (greek), accessed June 1, 2008.
  3. ^ Merry, Bruce (2004). Encyclopedia of modern Greek literature. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 239. ISBN 0313308136. "KOTOUNIOS, IOANNIS (1577-1658) Born at Beroia (Macedonia)"  

External links


Simple English

File:Veria
Veroia at night

Veroia (or Veria) is a Greek city which is a capital of Imathia prefecture. It is located in the north of the Greece, in the central Macedonia periphery. Its population is 42.794 according to 2001 census.


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