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Verona
—  Comune  —
Comune di Verona
Verona, Ponte Pietra
Verona is located in Italy
Verona
Location of Verona in Italy
Coordinates: 45°26′N 10°59′E / 45.433°N 10.983°E / 45.433; 10.983Coordinates: 45°26′N 10°59′E / 45.433°N 10.983°E / 45.433; 10.983
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Verona (VR)
Frazioni Avesa, San Michele Extra, San Massimo all'Adige, Quinzano, Quinto di Valpantena, Poiano di Valpantena, Parona di Valpolicella, Montorio Veronese, Mizzole, Marchesino, Chievo, Cà di David e Moruri
Government
 - Mayor Flavio Tosi (Northen League)
Area
 - Total 206.63 km2 (79.8 sq mi)
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (27 December 2008)
 - Total 265,410
 - Density 1,284.5/km2 (3,326.8/sq mi)
 - Demonym Veronesi or Scaligeri
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37100
Dialing code 045
Patron saint Saint Zeno of Verona
Saint day April 12
Website [ Official website]
City of Verona*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

A view of Verona from the top of the Lamberti tower.
State Party  Italy
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 797
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2000  (24th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Verona About this sound listen (Italian pronunciation: [veˈro(ː)na]) is a city in Veneto, northern Italy, one of the seven provincial capitals in the region. It is one of the main tourist destinations in north-eastern Italy, thanks to its artistic heritage, several annual fairs, shows and operas, such as the lyrical season in the Arena, the ancient amphitheatre built by the Romans.

Verona owes its historical and economical importance to its geographical location, in a loop of the Adige River near Lake Garda. Because of this position, the areas saw regular floodings until 1956, when the Mori-Torbole tunnel was constructed, providing 500 cubic meters of discharge from the Adige river to Lake Garda when there was danger of flooding. The tunnel reduced the risk of flooding from once every seventy years to once every two centuries.

Contents

History

Verona, or Veronia, was a city of the Euganei, who were obliged to cede it to the Cenomani (550 BC). With the conquest of the Valley of the Po the Veronese territory became Roman (about 300 BC). Verona became a Roman colonia in 89 BC, and then a municipium in 49 BC; Verona had the franchise in 59.

The city derived importance from being at the intersection of many roads. Stilicho defeated Alaric and his Visigoths here in 403. But with the taking of Verona (489 AD) the Gothic domination of Italy began; Theodoric built his palace there, and in Germanic legend the name of Verona is linked with his. This city remained in the power of the Goths all through the Gothic War (535–552), with the exception of a single day in 541, when an Armenian officer effected an entrance. Dissensions which arose among the Byzantine generals in regard to booty enabled the Goths to regain possession. In 552 Valerian vainly endeavoured to gain an entrance, and only the complete overthrow of the Goths brought about its surrender.

In 569 it was taken by Alboin, King of the Lombards, in whose kingdom it was, in a sense, the second city in importance. There Alboin himself was killed by his own wife in 572. The dukes of Treviso often resided there. At Verona Adalgisus, son of Desiderius, in 774 made his last desperate resistance to Charlemagne, who had destroyed the Lombard kingdom. Verona was then the ordinary residence of the kings of Italy, the government of the city becoming hereditary in the family of Count Milo, progenitor of the counts of San Bonifacio. From 880 to 951 the two Berengarii resided there. Otto I ceded to Verona the marquisate dependent on the Duchy of Bavaria.

The splendour of the city in those days, dominated by its forty-eight towers, is described in a Latin ode of which we shall speak later on. The increasing wealth of the burgher families eclipsed the power of the counts, and in 1100 Verona organised itself as a commune. The San Bonifacio could at most hold the office of podestà of the city now and then. Verona, at first undecided, was forced by Vicenza to join the Lombard League. This, however, gave rise to the factions of Guelphs and Ghibellines in Verona. When Ezzelino IV was elected podestà, in 1226, he was able to convert the office into a permanent lordship, and in 1257 he caused the slaughter of 11,000 Paduans on the plain of Verona (Campi di Verona). Upon his death the Great Council elected as podestà Mastino della Scala, and he converted the "signoria" into a family possession, though leaving the burghers a share in the government. Failing to be re-elected podestà in 1262, he effected a coup d'état, and was acclaimed capitano del popolo, with the command of the communal troops. It was not without long internal discord that he succeeded in establishing this new office, to which was attached the function of confirming the podestà. In 1272 Mastino was killed by the faction of the nobles.

The reign of his son Alberto as capitano (1277-1302) was one incessant war against the counts of San Bonifacio, who were aided by the House of Este. Of his sons, Bartolomeo, Alboino and Cangrande I, only the last shared the government (1308); he was great as warrior, prince, and patron of the arts; he protected Dante, Petrarch, and Giotto. By war or treaty he brought under his control the cities of Padua (1328), Treviso (1308) and Vicenza.

Alberto was succeeded by Mastino II (1329-1351) and Alberto, sons of Alboino. Mastino continued his uncle's policy, conquering Brescia in 1332 and carrying his power beyond the Po. He purchased Parma (1335) and Lucca (1339). After the King of France, he was the richest prince of his time. But a powerful league was formed against him in 1337 - Florence, Venice, the Visconti, the Este, and the Gonzaga. After a three years war, the Scaliger dominions were reduced to Verona and Vicenza (Mastino's daughter Regina-Beatrice della Scala married to Barnabò Visconti). Mastino's son Cangrande II (1351–1359) was a cruel, dissolute, and suspicious tyrant; not trusting his own subjects, he surrounded himself with Brandenburg mercenaries. He was killed by his brother Cansignorio (1359-1375), who beautified the city with palaces, provided it with aqueducts and bridges, and founded the state treasury. He also killed his other brother, Paolo Alboino. Fratricide seems to have become a family custom, for Antonio (1375-87), Cansignorio's natural brother, slew his brother Bartolomeo, thereby arousing the indignation of the people, who deserted him when Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan made war on him. Having exhausted all his resources, he fled from Verona at midnight (19 October 1387), thus putting an end to the Scaliger domination, which, however, survived in its monuments.

The year 1387 is also the year of the famous Battle of Castagnaro, between Giovanni Ordelaffi, for Verona, and John Hawkwood, for Padua, who was the winner.

Antonio's son Canfrancesco in vain attempted to recover Verona (1390).

Guglielmo (1404), natural son of Cangrande II, was more fortunate; with the support of the people, he drove out the Milanese, but he died ten days after, and Verona then submitted to Venice (1405). The last representatives of the Scaligeri lived at the imperial court and repeatedly attempted to recover Verona by the aid of popular risings.

From 1508 to 1517 the city was in the power of the Emperor Maximilian I.

Verona was occupied by Napoleon in 1797, but on Easter Monday the populace rose and drove out the French. It was then that Napoleon made an end of the Venetian Republic. Verona became Austrian territory when Napoleon signed the Treaty of Campo Formio in October, 1797. The Austrians took control of the city on January 18, 1798. It was taken from Austria by the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805 and became part of Napoleon's Kingdom of Italy, but was returned to Austria following Napoleon's defeat in 1814, when it became part of the Austrian-held Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. In 1866, following the Six Weeks War, Verona, along with the rest of Venetia, became part of Italy.

In 1866, on the anniversary of the defeat of Königrätz, the Austrians evacuated Verona, their strongest fortress in Venetia, which thus became Italian.

The advent of fascism added another dark chapter to the annals of Verona. As throughout Italy, the Jewish population was hit by a wave of anti-Semitic propaganda planned since the early thirties and ending with anti-Semitic laws (1938) that shut down many businesses and deported many local citizens to Nazi and Italian concentration camps. An Austrian Fort (now a church, the Santuario della Madonna di Lourdes), was used to incarcerate and torture allied troops, Jews and anti-fascist suspects especially after 1943, when Verona became part of the Repubblica di Salò or "Social Republic".

As in Austrian times, Verona became of great strategic importance to the regime. Galeazzo Ciano, Benito Mussolini's son in law was accused of plotting against the republic during a mock trial staged by the Nazi and fascist hierarchy in Castelvecchio. Ciano was executed on the banks of the Adige with many other officers on what is today Via Columbo. This marked another turning point in the escalation of violence that would only end with the final liberation by allied troops and partisans in 1945.

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Climate

Verona enjoys a continental climate, even though Lake Garda's mediterranean climate has a partial influence on the climate of the city. The relative humidity is high throughout the year, especially in winter when it causes fog, mainly from dusk till late morning, although the phenomenon has become increasingly less frequent in recent years.

Weather data for Verona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41)
8.5
(47)
13
(55)
17.3
(63)
22.3
(72)
26.2
(79)
28.9
(84)
28.1
(83)
24.4
(76)
18.4
(65)
11.1
(52)
6.0
(43)
17.5
(64)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.6
(35)
4.3
(40)
8.2
(47)
12.2
(54)
16.9
(62)
20.7
(69)
23.3
(74)
22.7
(73)
17.6
(64)
13.4
(56)
7.3
(45)
2.4
(36)
12.7
(55)
Average low °C (°F) -2.0
(28)
0.1
(32)
3.4
(38)
7.0
(45)
11.4
(53)
15.2
(59)
17.7
(64)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(57)
8.4
(47)
3.4
(38)
-1.2
(30)
7.9
(46)
Precipitation cm (inches) 5.45
(2.1)
4.78
(1.9)
5.78
(2.3)
6.88
(2.7)
8.54
(3.4)
8.61
(3.4)
6.15
(2.4)
8.75
(3.4)
6.26
(2.5)
8.15
(3.2)
7.53
(3)
5.06
(2)
81.94
(32.3)
Avg. precipitation days 7 6 7 9 9 9 6 7 5 8 8 6 86
Source: Verona Villafranca Weather Station

Demographics

In 2009, there are 264,191 people residing in Verona, located in the province of Verona, Veneto, of whom 47.6% were male and 52.4% were female. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 16.05 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 22.36 percent. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). The average age of Verona residents is 43 compared to the Italian average of 42. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Verona grew by 3.05 percent, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.85 percent.[1] The current birth rate of Verona is 9.24 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births.

As of 2006, 90.11% of the population was Italian. The largest immigrant group comes from other European nations (the largest coming from Romania): 3.60%, South Asia: 2.03%, and sub-saharan Africa 1.50%. Currently 1 in 5 babies born in Verona has a foreign parent. The city is predominantly Roman Catholic, but due to immigration now has some Orthodox Christian, Muslim and Hindu followers.

Panoramic view of the city from Castel San Pietro.

Main sights

see also Buildings and structures in Verona

Because of the value and importance of its many historical buildings, Verona has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For a list of landmarks in Verona, see Buildings and structures in Verona. Verona preserved many ancient Roman monuments, no longer in use, in the early Middle Ages, but much of this and much of its early medieval edifices were destroyed or heavily damaged by the earthquake of 3 January 1117, which led to a massive Romanesque rebuilding. The Carolingian period Versus de Verona contains an important description of Verona in the early medieval era.

Piazza dei Signori.
Porta Borsari.
San Zeno Basilica, like many other Veronese churches, is built with alternating layers of white stone and bricks.

Roman edifices

The Roman military settlement in what is now the center of the city was to expand through the cardi and decumani that intersect at right angles. This structure has been kept to the present day and is clearly visible from the air. Further development has not reshaped the original map. Though the Roman city with its basalt-paved roads is mostly hidden from view it stands virtually intact about 6 m below the surface. Most palazzi and houses have cellars built on Roman artifacts that are unfortunately rarely accessible to visitors. Piazza delle Erbe, near the Roman forum was rebuilt by Cangrande I and Cansignorio della Scala I, lords of Verona, using material (such as marble blocks and statues) from Roman spas and villas.

Verona Arena in 2009

Verona is famous for its Roman amphitheatre, the Arena, completed around 30 AD, which is the third largest in Italy, after Rome's Colosseum and the arena at Capua. It measures 139 meters long and 110 meters wide, and could seat some 25,000 spectators in its 44 tiers of marble seats. The ludi (shows and gladiator games) performed within its walls were so famous that they attracted spectators from far beyond the city. The current two-story façade is actually the internal support for the tiers; only a fragment of the original outer perimeter wall in white and pink limestone from Valpolicella, with three stories remains.The interior is very impressive and is virtually intact, and has remained in use even today for public events, fairs, theatre and open-aired opera during warm summer nights.

There is also a variety of other Roman monuments to be found in the town, such as the Roman theatre of Verona. This theatre was built in the 1st century BC, but through the ages had fallen in disuse and had been built upon to provide housing. In the 18th century Andrea Monga, a wealthy Veronese, bought all the houses that in time had been built over the theatre, demolished them, and saved the monument. Not far from it is the Ponte di Pietra ("Stone Wall Bridge"), another Roman landmark that has survived to this day.

The Arco dei Gavi (Gavi Arch) was built in the 1st century AD, and is famous for having the name of the builder (architect Lucius Vitruvius Cordone) engraved on it, a really rare case in the architecture of the epoque. It originally straddled the main Roman road into the city, now the Corso Cavour. It had been demolished by the French troops in 1805 and was rebuilt in 1932.

Nearby is the Porta Borsari, an archway at the end of Corso Porta Borsari. This is the façade of a 3rd century gate in the original Roman city walls. The inscription is dated 245 AD and gives the city name as Colonia Verona Augusta. Corso Porta Borsari, the road passing through the gate is the original Via Sacra of the Roman city. Today, it is lined with several Renaissance palazzi and the ancient Church of SS. Apostoli (left), a few yards from Piazza delle Erbe.

Porta Leoni is the 1st century BC ruin of what was once part of the Roman city gate. A substantial portion is still standing as part of the wall of a medieval building. The street itself is an open archaeological site, and the remains of the original Roman street and gateway foundations can be seen a few feet below the present street level. As can be seen from there, the gate contains a small court guarded by towers. Here, carriages and travelers were inspected before entering or leaving the city.

Medieval architecture

The Ponte Scaligero, completed in 1356.
Statue of Dante Alighieri in Verona.

The Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore is considered one of the great achievements of Romanesque architecture

Panoramic view of the city from Castel San Pietro.

. The present structure is the 3rd on this site, built from 1123-1135, over the 4th century shrine to Verona's patron saint, St. Zeno (died 380). The façade dominates the large square, and is flanked with a beautiful 72 meter tall bell tower, which is mentioned by Dante in Canto 18 of Purgatory in the Divine Comedy. The weathered Veronese stone gives a warm golden glow and the restrained lines of the pillars, columns, cornices and the gallery with its double windows give the façade an air of harmonious elegance. The huge rose window is decorated as a Wheel of Fortune. The lintels above the portal have carvings of the months of the year. Each side of the doorway is embellished with 18 bas-relief panels of biblical scenes, and the inner bronze door has panels have 48 primitive but forceful Biblical scenes and depictions from the life of St Zeno. The meaning of some of the scenes is now unknown, but the extraordinarily vivid, barbaric energy of the figures is a superb blend of traditional and Ottonian influences. The interior of the church is divided into a Lower Church, occupying about 2/3 of the structure, and the Upper Church, occupying the remainder. The walls are covered with 12th and 14th century frescos and the ceiling of the nave is a magnificent example of a ship's keel ceiling. The vaulted crypt contains the tomb of St. Zeno, the first Bishop of Verona, as well as the tombs of several other saints. North of the church is a pleasant cloister. The church also houses the tomb of King Pippin of Italy (777-810).

Sant'Anastasia.

The small Romanesque Basilica of San Lorenzo is one of the finest and most important in the city. Its dates from around 1177, but is built on the site of a Paleochristian church, some fragments of which remain. The church is built of alternating tracks of brick and stone, and has two cylindrical towers, housing spiral staircases to the women's galleries. Inside, the atmosphere is rather severe, but is still quiet and peaceful. The striped bands of stone and brick and the graceful arches complement the setting.

With a span length of 48.70 m, the 1356 completed segmental arch bridge Ponte Scaligero featured at the time the world's largest bridge arch.

Santa Maria Antica is a huge Romanesque church was the parish church of the Scaligeri clan, and is famous for the Gothic Scaliger Tombs. The Duomo is also a notable Romanesque church.

Sant'Anastasia is a huge and lofty church built from 1290-1481 by the Dominicans to hold the massive congregations attracted by their rousing fundamentalist sermons. The Pellegrini chapel houses the famous fresco St. George and the Princess of Trebizond by Pisanello as well as the grave of Wilhelm von Bibra.

Notable people

The Balcony of Juliet's house

Verona was the birthplace of Catullus, and the town that Julius Caesar selected for his relaxing stays. In its history many important names passed and events happened that were relevant for the European history, like Theodoric the Great, king of Ostrogoths, Alboin and Rosamunda, the Lombard Dukes, Charlemagne and Pippin of Italy, Berengar I, Dante. Conclaves were held here, as were important congresses. Verona was in the travel diaries of Goethe, Stendhal and Paul Valéry.

Culture

Piazza delle erbe.

Verona is the setting of the story of Romeo and Juliet. Although the earliest version of the story (before Shakespeare wrote his play) is set in Siena, not Verona — the move was made in Luigi da Porto's Istoria novellamente ritrovata di due Nobili Amanti — a balcony claiming historical connection to the fictional lovers has become a tourist attraction for lovers; the short passageway leading to the balcony is covered with slips of paper carrying their graffiti, and a bronze statue of Juliet stands under the balcony, one breast polished by those touching it for luck.

Two households, both alike in dignity

In fair Verona, where we lay our scene

There is no world without Verona walls,

But purgatory, torture, hell itself.
Hence-banished is banish'd from the world,
And world's exile is death.

Verona is also the setting for Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Torre dei Lamberti.

Verona's Natural history museum contains one of the most valuable collections of fossils and archaeological remains of Europe. Castelvecchio Museum features a collection of sculptures, statues and paintings in a magnificent castle built in 1354-1356 and restored by renowned architect Carlo Scarpa from 1969-70, and 1975.

Sport

The town has two football teams. Historically, the city's major team has been Hellas Verona, who are now in the third division of Italian football, Serie C1. The other team, Chievo Verona, returned to Serie A for the 2008-09 season after one season in Serie B.

Hellas Verona won Italian Championship in 1984/1985 joining the UEFA Champions League the following year.

Verona has a volleyball major team named Marmi Lanza Verona, now in Serie A1.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Verona has several partnerships and twinnings around the world. Some are thematic:

External links

References

  1. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. http://demo.istat.it/bil2007/index.html. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  
  2. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. http://www.bethlehem-city.org/Twining.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10.  
  3. ^ "Partnership towns of the City of Košice" (in Slovak). © 2007-2009 City of Košice Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. SNP 48/A, 040 11 Košice. http://www.kosice.sk/clanok.asp?file=gov_s_c-00.html. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Verona (disambiguation).
The Arena, Verona
The Arena, Verona

Verona [1] is a city (pop. ~250,000) in north-eastern Italy's Veneto region most famous as the setting for Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Though close to the more popular tourist destination of Venice, many people consider Verona a more relaxed and pleasant place to visit. There are many tourists, but the number of tourists per square meter is lower.

  • Catullo Airport(IATA: VRN) (ICAO: LIPX), [2]. Verona's closest airport, 12 km from the city.
  • Budget airlines fly to D'Annunzio Airport(IATA: VBS), [3] of Brescia/Montichiari, some 50 km west of Verona. This is sometimes referred to as Verona Brescia airport.
  • Buses will take you from Brescia Airport direct to Verona.
  • The standard car rental chains are located within Brescia Airport, and it is an easy drive along the Autostrada A4 to Verona.

Airline also fly to Venice's Marco Polo and Ryanair to Treviso's Al Angeli

  • If you have a rental car the trip to Verona isn't difficult: take the A4 towards Padova (Padua) and follow all the way to Verona (approx 150km).

By train

You can reach Verona Porta Nuova station by train from Milan (1 hour and 50 mins by regular train, 1 hour and 30 mins by InterCity), from Venice (1 hour and 30 mins by regular train, 1 hour and 15 mins by EuroStar) with the necessary connection 30 minutes longer from Treviso, from Bologna(1 hour and 40 mins by regular train), or from Munich (5 hours and 30 mins by EuroCity). Be aware that local trains (Regionali) also stop at a minor station, Verona Porta Vescovo.

See

To save money whilst enjoying the most popular and important attractions the city has to offer, instead of paying for a single entrance fee, ask to get the Verona Card (Verona Card [4]) for either one day (10.00€) or three days (15.00€). The card will allow access to the 14 most important attractions of the city, including the Amphitheatre, the Roman Theatre, Juliet's House and some of the most important churches of Verona. The Verona Card also allows access to the local public transport (ATV buses).

Verona was a Roman city, and many Roman ruins have been preserved, notably the Arena. Most of the historical sights to see today date from the past 800 years. If you are keen on art history, Verona offers a golden opportunity to see the transition of Western European art from late medieval to early renaissance styles, with its rich offering of 12-Century churches and art museums. Verona's military importance has also left city fortifications and an excellent castle. Look out for architectural details related to the Scaligeri (or della Scala) family, who ruled the city from the 12th-14th Century - their family emblem is a ladder, and appears in many places around the city (scala is Italian for 'ladder').

  • The Arena, [5]. An enormous, spectacular Roman amphitheatre, crumbling on the outside but still functioning today. It was erected in the 1st Century AD in an elliptical shape, and is the world's third-largest amphitheatre to survive from antiquity. Much of the outer ring was damaged during the earthquake of 1117 but the inner part is still intact. If you can, plan your trip during the Opera season and see a performance in the Arena. Ouside the opera season you can visit it during the day.
Juliet's House and Balcony
Juliet's House and Balcony
  • Juliet's House (Casa di Giulietta), Via Cappello, just off the Piazza delle Erbe. Supposedly the location of the famous balcony love scene from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. The house is a major destination for tourist pilgrimage, as the tiny courtyard is normally packed with lovestruck teenagers photographing each other on the famous balcony. In fact, the house has no connection with Shakespeare's fictional characters - although the house is old, the balcony was added in 1936 and declared to be "Juliet's house" to attract tourists. You can visit the house itself (€4 entry) - it contains a sparse collection of Renaissance frescos rescued from other demolished palaces, and the bed from Zeffirelli's 1968 movie, but not a lot more.
    The balcony overlooks a tiny courtyard containing a statue of Juliet. There is an unbelievable amount of graffiti and general scrawling on the walls, floor, seats, anything that will hold ink - there is a tradition of writing love messages to Juliet, and visitors leave notes, trinkets and bits of chewing gum fashioned into love hearts. Juliet's house is a popular romantic shrine, but its popularity belies its value; compared to some of the treasures around Verona, Juliet's house has very little to offer.
  • Roman amphitheatre (Teatro Romano), across the river on the hill, in the north-east of the city.
  • Castle Scaligeri.
  • Castelvecchio. A 14th-century, red brick, fortified castle on the banks of the river Aldige. The main castle buildings house the city art museum which is packed with a rich collection of medieval sculpture and Renaissance paintings. As well as the museum, the extensive castle ramparts are great for exploring - ideal for families with children who enjoy running around castle fortifications. The Castelvecchio has an adjoining bridge over the river which is open all the time - walk over the bridge for some fantastic views of the castle on the river.
  • Piazza delle Erbe. Home of the Forum in Roman times this is still a focal point of the city. Contains the 'Britney Verona' fountain, 14th century 'Gardello Tower', and a market that, while picturesque, seems to have become another tourist cliche during its recent refurbishment.
  • Lamberti Tower (Torre Lamberti) - completed in 1463, this is the tallest of Verona's towers. The unmistakable clock tower looms over the Piazza delle Erbe, and you enter via the palace courtyard. Although there are 238 steps to the top, there is a lift! Views from the top are breathtaking.
  • Porta Borsari. The remains of a Roman gate, dates to at least the 2nd Century AD, but is almost certainly older.
  • Giardino Giusti. One of Italy's most important renaissance/mannerist gardens, with grottos, fire-breathing masks carved into the hillside etc.
  • Verona Cathedral. (Duomo) was built to replace an 8th-century church which was destroyed in the earthquake of 1117. Consecrated in 1187, the church features an ornate marble Romanesque façade by the Veronese architect Nicolò; its pillars are supported by two griffins. Stone reliefs around the door include Biblical scenes. The smaller side door is also worth a look - medieval carvings include Jonah being swallowed by a whale. Inside, the nave has many Gothic alterations, and oil paintings arond the side chapels include an Assumption by Titan. The Romanesque baptistery adjoining the chapel of Sant'Elena is preserved, with its exquisite marble font and collection of medieval paintings.
  • San Giorgetta. A tiny chapel immediately next to San'Anastasia. Easily overlooked, this church s richly decorated with early Renaissance frescoes depicting the walled garden of the Virgin Mary.
San Zeno Maggiore
San Zeno Maggiore
  • Basilica of St Zeno (San Zeno Maggiore), located slightly outside the centre. A 10-15 minute walk from the Castellvecchio, but well worth the walk, as it is possibly the richest in devotional artwork and historical preservation in Verona. The church is dedicated to Verona's patron saint, Zeno, a 4th-century North African and a keen fisherman who was ordained Bishop of Verona in 363. Zeno's tomb lies in an atmospheric shrine in the church undercroft, and he is also commemorated with a grinning medieval statue of Zeno in full episcopal robes, dangling a golden fish on the end of a fishing rod. The entrance to the church is graced with a ornate Romanesque façade by Nicolò; like the cathedral, this church was erected after the earthquake of 1117. The church itself was a centre of European pilgrimage for centuries; pilgrims were greeted by huge 10-metre frescoes of St Peter, patron saint of pilgrims. Visitors across the centuries have left their mark - pilgrims happily inscribed graffiti in the frescos, and signatures dating from 1390 survive to this day. There is also graffiti left by the invading Austrians in 1865.
  • Other significant churches include: Sant' Anastasia, San Lorenzo Maggiore and San Fermo Maggiore
  • Castell San Pietro (St Peter's Castle), across the Ponte Pietra (Peter Bridge). Climb the steps up the hill above the Roman Amphitheatre to the Castell San Pietro. This former Austrian barracks dates back to the Austrian occupation of the left bank, and while the building is not open to the public, the views from the hill over Verona are spectacular. Go up in the early evening and enjoy a romantic sunset for free!
  • Roman Theatre. Where theatre performances still take place. It is also the seat of the Archeological Museum.
  • Juliet's Tomb, at the Capuccin Church, which also houses the Antonian Fresco Museum.
  • Climb to the top of the tower (or take the lift if you are unable). Great views out over Verona.
  • Shop till you drop on Verona's golden mile.
  • Take the Bus 41 for having a breathtaking view from S. Maria di Lourdes Sanctuary, placed on the edge of Verona's highest hill.
  • Eat gelato in one of Piazza Bra's many bars.
  • Wander around Carega block (just ask for 'Carega', close to the Duomo), near Garibaldi Bridge, and experience traditional wine bar and cousy restaurants.
  • Take a short walk to Castel San Pietro for a great lookout on the town center.
  • Hire a tourist guide for a guided sightseeing tour or a wine tour in Valpolicella or Soave: [6]
  • If you are the kind of person that prefer to find your way through the city on your own instead of being guided consider the Verona edition of whaiwhai, [7]. , a series of guidebooks that turn visits to Verona into intriguing treasure hunts.  edit
  • Via Mazzini is Verona's golden mile of shopping, taking you between Piazza Bra and Piazza delle Erbe. Most of the major Italian labels are represented, and even if you can't afford them it's great to wander and window shop.
  • Corso Porta Borsari is another elegant shopping street in Verona. There are very nice shop, like Lo Scrittorio, an old fashioned shop selling papery and elegant pens and pencils.
  • Corso Santa Anastasia, This street is the centre of antiques shops' zone. Narrow streets where you can find authentic masterpieces.
  • The Veronese are keen eaters of horse-meat (cavallo), a local speciality. Pastisada de caval, is a dish of braised horse meat, as is Picula de Caval.
  • Pizza is not traditionally eaten locally, but pasta dishes feature widely on restaurant menus. Try Pizzocheri (buckwheat pasta with cheese and sage), casoncelli (a type of ravioli) or bigoli (thick spaghetti).
  • Casoela is a pork casserole, and a bollito misto is a mixture of boiled meats, usually served with mostarda, a traditional accompaniment of fruit and vegetables in mustard.

Typical

The Armoured Car (Leonardo's, not Mussolini's) is a charmingly atmospheric and good value restaurant/wine bar in the 'ancient canteen' style with shared tables and paper place mats. Food is authentically Veronan but unpretentious. There is an enormous, equally good value wine list, which can however rise to meet all budgets.

'Cat Alley' is not entirely easy to find. Best to face the (nominal) west front of S. Anastasia on via Massalongo and then turn right towards v. Trotta. Vicolo Gatto is a few tens of yards down on the left. There is also an entrance on Via Massalongo itself.

Opera goers should note the late opening times. Highly recommended, but it helps if you can speak Italian. Not that they're stuck up about trying to understand one, they're not Venetians after all.

  • Al' Duomo, Via Duomo 7, tel: 045 800 4505. Excellent family-run restaurant, just next to the Cathedral ((as its name suggests). It's popular with the local Veronese (a good sign) and with a menu full of traditional local specialities. You'll find this is a good place to blend in with the local scene, and has welcoming staff who will help you with unfamiliar items on the menu. On Wednesdays, Al' Duomo plays host to a local mandolin ensemble, so if you're on a traditional music tour, put this on your list. As it's a popular place, booking is advised. Menus are not overpriced, so for about €15-20 a head (plus wine) you'll come away glowing with gastronomic satisfaction.

Drink

Avoid the hordes of tourists in Piazza Bra and head to Piazza delle Erbe. At least slightly more genuine, this Piazza has a number of good bars where you can sit and enjoy a coffee or aperitivo in the sun. Great for your coffee in the morning and your drinks into the evening.

  • Caffè delle Erbe, Piazza delle Erbe. Great coffee and brioche.
  • Rain, Via Stella 13A. Be sure to check out Verona's newest wine bar and jazz club. Located in the heart of Verona, this bar provides a great atmosphere to enjoy a glass of wine, nibble on some food, and listen to great music. The owners, brothers Giuseppe and Riccardo Zambelli Rain, provide visitors the warmth that one expects in Italy. Giuseppe (you can call him Joe) is fluent in English. Ask for him if you have any questions about the area.

Sleep

Verona is frequented annually by millions of tourists, so you'll be able to choose among a lot of different accommodation options, all a lot cheaper than nearby Venice. However it is essential to have booked hotel accommodation on days when the annual arena opera performances fdsa are taking place. Turn up on spec or late and it is possible to find every bed in the city taken.

In the city you'll find famous luxurious hotels, such as Due Torri or Accademia. In the nearby province there are a lot of enchanting small B&B and holiday farms.

There are three youth hostels in Verona, all of which are within walking distance of the town centre and a short bus ride from the main train station (Porta Nuova). A tourist map, available from the station's tourist information centre, will point you to their locations. The northeasternmost hostel of the trio, near Piazza Isolo (regular buses from Porta Nuova has a stunning converted Rennaissance complex complete with porticoes, verandas and a huge forested garden, dorm beds for only €15 per person, with a passable breakfast included.

Also consider several small bed and breakfasts in the immediate province, after all a car rental for 30 € / day and a substantial saving on the nightly fee is an acceptable turnaround. Expecially if you need the car to visit the surroundings.

There is also a campsite Campeggio Castel San Pietro with spectacular views over the city and about 15 minutes walk from the centre. Peaceful, lowbudget, luxuriant vegetation. Also cabins and tents-for-rent offered. Via Castel San Pietro, 2 - tel/fax +39 045592037 www.campingcastelsanpietro.com [8] E-mail: info@campingcastelsanpietro.com

  • B&B Sommavalle, Via Marsala, 93, tel.:+39 348 8101844 (Fax: +39 045 8344343, E-mail: info@bbsommavalle.com), [9].

Peaceful, lowbudget, spacious Bed&Breakfast, just 15mins by walk to the city center, surrounded by nature. Huge rooms around 60 EUR.

  • Agriturismo Sommavalle, Via Sommavalle 9/a, tel.:+39 346.140.4242 - (Fax. +39 045.835.0502, Email: info@sommavalle.it', [10]. Located in the Torricelle suburb north of Verona, 4Km from the historical center; it occupies a sunny and panoramic area on the southern side of a hill about 300mt above sea level.

It can be easily reached by car or with the urban bus service. Reaching the train station (Verona Porta Nuova) will take about 20 minutes by car. Beautiful rooms around 70 EUR.

  • Veronesi La Torre Airport Hotel, Via Monte Baldo 22, Dossobuono di Villafranca, +39 0458604811, [11]. Located next to Verona’s Airport (Valerio Catullo). Veronesi La Torre is a former monastery renovated to a 4 star hotel. Features 78 hotel rooms. Rates from €94  edit
  • Grand Hotel Verona – Corso Porta Nuova, 105 - Cap: 37122, Verona, Italy. [12]. Telephone +39 045 595600 • Fax +39 045 596385. An elegant aristocratic building decorated with paintings and sculptures of some of best Italian artist of the 20th century, for this luxury four star hotel of Verona. From the Grand Hotel one can easily reach by walk the famous Arena and the other monuments of the historic centre of Verona.
  • Hotel Gardenia, Via Unità d'Italia, 350 (San Michele Extra - VR), tel.: +39 45 972122 (Fax: +39 45 8920157, E-mail: info@hotelristorantegardenia.it), [13]. High quality service with rooms from around €80.
  • Hotel Italia Verona – Via Gofreddo Mameli, 58 - Cap: 37216, Verona, Italy. [14]. Telephone +39 045 918088 • Fax +39 045 8348028. Thanks to its large meeting room, restaurant and comfortable position close to the Central Train Station and the city centre of Verona, this excellent and economic three star hotel is one of the best accommodations for both business travellers and holiday makers coming to Verona, the romantic city of Romeo and Juliet.
  • Hotel Montemezzi, Via Verona, 92, tel: +39 045.7363566 fax: +39 045.7364888, [15].
  • Agriturismo Ca' del Ferro, located 15Km from the heart of Verona, this bed and breakfast (country house) is ideal to relax and enjoy home made jams, cakes and muffins for breakfast! Rooms are very cosy and spacious and the owner is very helpful and friendly. You need to have a car though to reach it and move around, but it's conveniently located if you want to travel around Veneto or if you are thinking of staying in Verona for 1 or two weeks. Single rooms at €45-€50 and double rooms from €75. They all have private beautiful coloured bathrooms [16].
  • *Hotel Siena, Via Marconi, 41, tel:+39 045.8003074 fax:+39 045.8002182 [17]
  • Gardaland Resort Hotel, Via Palu’ 1, Castelnuovo del Garda 37014, Verona, Italy, +39-045-6404000 (, fax: +39-045-6404444). The official Gardaland theme park hotel, located on the shores of Lake Garda.[18]>  edit

Get out

The surrounding area around Verona offers access to some of Italy's most spectacular scenery - to the north you have rolling hills with vineyards and small towns, to the west the Lake Garda (Lago di Garda).

  • Drive to the nearby valley Valpolicella, famous for its renowned Amarone, Recioto and valpolicella wines as well as for its ancient villas.
  • Lake Garda can be easily reached from Verona for a day trip. Buses run by APTV (the regional bus company) leave from Porta Nuova - catch a 62-64 bus in the morning from the railway station or from Corso Porta Nuova (the boulevard just south of Piazza Bra). It takes about 2-3 hours, depending on lakeside traffic (which can be heavy), to reach pretty towns of Malcesine or Torbole. Get a timetable (orario) from the tourist office or from APTV transport website [19] (Lake Garda is in Zone C). Tickets can be bought from the tobacco shop down the road or on the bus.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Verona

  1. Province of Veneto, Italy.
  2. Capital city of the province of Verona.

Translations

  • Portuguese: Verona f. (1, 2)
  • French: Vérone (1, 2)
  • Hebrew: ורונה
  • Italian: Verona (1), Verona f. (2)

German

Proper noun

Verona

  1. A female given name, shortened from Veronika.

Italian

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Verona

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Verona f.

  1. Verona (province)
  2. Verona (town)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Simple English

Verona is a town in the Veneto region in Italy with 260,000 inhabitants. It is famous for being the setting for the Shakespeare play Romeo and Juliet.

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