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Verse (poetry): Wikis

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A verse is formally a single line in a metrical composition, e.g. poetry. However, the word has come to represent any division or grouping of words in such a composition, which traditionally had been referred to as a stanza.

The word "verse" is commonly used in lieu of "poetry" to distinguish it from prose. Where the common unit of poetry, i.e., verse, is based on meter or rhyme the common unit of prose is purely grammatical, such as a sentence or paragraph.[1]

Contents

Types of verse

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Rhymed verse

Rhymed verse is the most commonly used form of verse and generally has a discernable meter and an end rhyme.

    I felt a cleavage in my mind
    As if my brain had split;
    I tried to match it, seam by seam,
    But could not make them fit.
    The thought behind I strove to join
    Unto the thought before,
    But sequence ravelled out of reach
    Like balls upon a floor.
                       -Emily Dickinson

Blank verse

Blank verse is generally identified by a regular meter, but no end rhyme.

    In Mathematics, Woman leads the way:
    The narrow-minded pedant still believes
    That two and two make four! Why, we can prove,
    We women-household drudges as we are-
    That two and two make five-or three-or seven;
    Or five-and-twenty, if the case demands!
                                     -from Princess Ida

Free verse

Free verse is usually defined as having no fixed meter and no end rhyme. Although free verse may include end rhyme, it commonly does not.

    Whirl up, sea--
    Whirl your pointed pines,
    Splash your great pines
    On our rocks,
    Hurl your green over us,
    Cover us with your pools of fir.
                               -H.D.

References

  1. ^ "Verse", "Types-Of-Poetry", Screen 1

Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

In poetry a verse is used for a single line in a metrical composition, e.g. poetry.

In common use it also means a unit of a song that consists of several lines, if there are several similar units in a song. In poems of Ancient Greece these units are called strophe.


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