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Victoria
Ciudad Victoria
Coordinates: 23°44′0″N 99°08′0″W / 23.733333°N 99.133333°W / 23.733333; -99.133333
Country  Mexico
State  Tamaulipas
Municipality
Foundation October 6, 1750
Government
 - Mayor Arturo Diez Gutiérrez
Area
 - City 188 km2 (72.6 sq mi)
Elevation 316 m m (1,040 ft ft)
Population (2008)
 - City 312,062
 - Metro 476,412
 - Demonym Victorense
Website http://www.ciudadvictoria.gob.mx

Victoria, formally Ciudad Victoria, is the capital city of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It is located in the west-central part of the state. It is the municipal seat of the surrounding Victoria municipality, which covers an area of 1,638 km² (632.4 sq mi). In the 2008, the population of the city was 312,062 people, and that of Victoria municipality was 376,412.[1] The city and the municipality both rank fifth in the state in population, behind Tampico, Matamoros, Nuevo Laredo, and Reynosa.

Contents

History

Ciudad Victoria was founded on October 6, 1750 with the name Villa de Santa María de Aguayo by José de Escandón y Helguera. On April 20, 1825, the town was elevated to the status of city, and was given its current name in honor of the first president of Mexico, Guadalupe Victoria. Toward the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the city began undergoing a number of modernizing changes. In 1890, a railroad was completed that passed through Ciudad Victoria on its route between Monterrey and Tampico. Several major highways were also completed during the 20th century, pushing Ciudad Victoria toward national importance.

A number of important monuments and structures were built around the turn of the 20th century, including a bronze bust of Benito Juárez on July 18, 1897, the Juárez Theater in 1899, and on September 15, 1910, the monument to the heroes of the independence of Mexico. In 1896, the first children's garden/playground (kindergarten) in Latin America was established in the city by Estefanía Castañeda Núñez de Cáceres. Also during that time, the first telegraph lines and electric wires were installed. In 1923, the first water lines were installed.

The city has a lot of culture. Victoria is a very modern city with statues and places to visit such as the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedrals, the Anthropology and History Museum of the State University, the Tamatan Recreational Center.

War Memorial

Air travel

The city is served by General Pedro J. Méndez International Airport, located 18 kilometres (11 mi) from the city centre.

Education

List of universities in Ciudad Victoria:

  • The Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, founded in 1950.
  • Universidad la Salle.
  • Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria
  • Universidad Valle de Bravo
  • Universidad Politecnica de Victoria

Notable people from Ciudad Victoria

Geography

Ciudad Victoria[2]
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
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5
 
30
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2
 
27
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2
 
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11
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm

Victoria is located 316 metres (1,040 ft) above sea level and at coordinates 23°44′N 99°8′W / 23.733°N 99.133°W / 23.733; -99.133 just north of the Tropic of Cancer.

Climate

Victoria has warm winters and hot summers with very little preciptation all year round. Temperatures rarely drop below 0 °C (32 °F) — the lowest recorded temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) and the hottest was 41 °C (106 °F). Temperature recordings are from the past three years and precipitation recordings from the past seven years.[2] Its Köppen climate classification is semi-arid (BWh), although it could also be classed as humid subtropical, as a result of occasional north Atlantic tropical cyclones.

References

Alberto Dávila Ortiz, destacado periodista tamaulipeco, nace el 8 de febrero de 1955

External links

Coordinates: 23°44′N 99°8′W / 23.733°N 99.133°W / 23.733; -99.133


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