Victoria (Australia): Wikis

  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Victoria
Flag of Victoria
Flag
Slogan or Nickname: "Garden State", "The Place To Be"
Motto(s): "Peace and Prosperity"
Map of Australia with Victoria highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Melbourne
Demonym Victorian
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor David de Kretser
Premier John Brumby (ALP)
Area  
 - Total  237,629 km2 (6th)
91,749 sq mi
 - Land 227,416 km2
87,806 sq mi
 - Water 10,213 km2 (4.3%)
3,943 sq mi
Population (June 2009)
 - Population  5,427,700[1] (2nd)
 - Density  23.87/km2 (2nd)
61.8 /sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mt Bogong
1,986 m (6,516 ft)
Gross State Product (2008–09)
 - Product ($m)  $283,784[2] (2nd)
 - Product per capita  $52,284 (5th)
Time zone UTC+10 (+11 DST)
Federal representation
 - House seats 37
 - Senate seats 12
Abbreviations  
 - Postal VIC
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-VIC
Emblems  
 - Floral Common Heath[3]
 - Aquatic Weedy Seadragon
 - Bird Helmeted Honeyeater
 - Faunal Leadbeater's possum
 - Colours Navy Blue and Silver[4]
Web site www.vic.gov.au
.Victoria is the second most populous state in Australia.^ Hugging the lower tip of Australia’s east coast, Victoria is Australia's second-smallest state, covering 227,600 square kilometres - roughly the size of the British Isles.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ On the easterly slopes of the Otways Ranges near Lorne and bordering the coast, the Angahook-Lorne State Park protects some of Victoria`s most beautiful forests...
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Australia Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia with a population in excess of 4 million, second only to New South Wales.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

.Geographically the smallest mainland state, Victoria is bordered by New South Wales to the north, South Australia to the west, and Tasmania to the south, across the Bass Strait.^ Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia with a population in excess of 4 million, second only to New South Wales.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Hugging the lower tip of Australia’s east coast, Victoria is Australia's second-smallest state, covering 227,600 square kilometres - roughly the size of the British Isles.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ According to the Real Estate Institute of Australia the average median property price in Melbourne as at December 2004 was approximately AUS$382,000, which is higher than the average in most other states throughout Australia but is still cheaper than Sydney, New South Wales.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.Victoria is the most densely populated state, and has a highly centralised population, with over 70% of Victorians living in Melbourne, the state capital and largest city.^ Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Melbourne, the capital city of Victoria, has been called the world's most livable city.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ About 3.6 million people live in Victoria’s capital city, Melbourne.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.Approximately 30,000 Indigenous Australians are estimated to have lived in the area, before European settlement in Victoria began in the 1830s.^ Join us on a guided walk and discover endangered animals in their natural habitat, as it was 200 years ago, before European settlement.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Australia Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The discovery of gold in 1851 at Ballarat and Warrandyte transformed it into a leading industrial and commercial centre.

Contents

Etymology

.Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, the monarch at the time.^ The author presents an excellent scholarly work accurately depicting the life and times of Queen Victoria.

^ This book contains a rather lengthy chapter dealing with the life and times of Queen Victoria.

^ A History of Our Own Times: From the Accession of Queen Victoria to the General Election of 1880 (Vols.

History

.After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney.^ Sydney and nearby parks, New South Wales .

^ According to the Real Estate Institute of Australia the average median property price in Melbourne as at December 2004 was approximately AUS$382,000, which is higher than the average in most other states throughout Australia but is still cheaper than Sydney, New South Wales.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ This common process on older trees creates these large buttresses.  The tingle is a type of eucalyptus found only in south-Western Australia, and nowhere else on earth.

.The first European settlement in the area later known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay, Victoria on Port Phillip Bay.^ The city itself is located amongst parklands along the banks of the Yarra River, just a few kilometres from Port Phillip Bay.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ N 1396 Port Phillip Clergy , 1803-1851 Microfiche Drawer 33, Call no.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is located in an area known as the mallee (for the dominant species of Eucalypt here) in northwest Victoria...
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Australia Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It consisted of 308 convicts, 51 marines, 17 free settlers, 12 civil officers, a missionary and his wife. They had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, who had been exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
Map of Victorian Indigenous Australian nations/language territories
.Victoria's next settlement was at Portland, on the west coast of what is now Victoria.^ Victoria Aerial Flightseeing Tour Season: April 1 - September 30 Duration: 20 minutes Inclusions: 1 seat aboard West Coast Air Seaplane 20 minute flightseeing tour of Victoria .
  • Victoria Hotels | Compare Victoria BC Hotel & Vacation Packages 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.clippervacations.com [Source type: General]

Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman.
.From settlement the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales.^ LN3 "Kerr's Melbourne Almanac and Port Phillip Directory for 1841" William Kerr, facsimile by Southwood Press, 1978.

^ From this point going up towards Sydney please refer to the "Traveling South From Sydney" section on the New South Wales page on this site.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Sydney and nearby parks, New South Wales .

.In 1851, the British Government separated the area from New South Wales, proclaiming a new Colony of Victoria.^ From this point going up towards Sydney please refer to the "Traveling South From Sydney" section on the New South Wales page on this site.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ This trip would see you aiming for the town of Mildura in the extreme north west section of Victoria on the New South Wales border and not far east of the South Australian border.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Sydney and nearby parks, New South Wales .

In 1851 gold was discovered near Ballarat, and subsequently at Bendigo. .Later discoveries occurred at many sites across Victoria.^ The internet is also a useful resource and there are many sites that list job vacancies in Victoria.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

This triggered one of the largest gold rushes the world has ever seen. The colony grew rapidly in both population and economic power. .In ten years the population of Victoria increased sevenfold from 76,000 to 540,000. All sorts of gold records were produced including the "richest shallow alluvial goldfield in the world" and the largest gold nugget.^ Once a rough-and-tumble gold rush town,[1] Victoria is today a British seaside resort that attracts about 4 million visitors a year The population of this colonial city is about 350,000,[2] making it the second largest city in British Columbia.
  • Victoria Travel Guide 20 September 2009 22:19 UTC www.epictrip.com [Source type: General]

^ Victoria's workforce is highly skilled and productive with around 46% of all workers under 35 years of age.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ Victoria Golf Tours Season: Year-round Duration: Up to one full day of golf Inclusions: Meals are not included in the price Prices subject to change .
  • Victoria Hotels | Compare Victoria BC Hotel & Vacation Packages 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.clippervacations.com [Source type: General]

Victoria produced in the decade 1851–1860 20 million ounces of gold, one third of the world's output[citation needed].
Swearing Allegiance to the Southern Cross at the Eureka Stockade on 1 December 1854 — watercolour by Charles Doudiet
Immigrants arrived from all over the world to search for gold, especially from Ireland and China. .Many Chinese miners worked in Victoria, and their legacy is particularly strong in Bendigo and its environs.^ The community began in the 1850s when many Chinese came to Canada to work on the Trans-Canada railway.
  • Victoria Travel Guide 20 September 2009 22:19 UTC www.epictrip.com [Source type: General]

.Although there was some racism directed at them, there was not the level of anti-Chinese violence that was seen at the Lambing Flat riots in New South Wales.^ From this point going up towards Sydney please refer to the "Traveling South From Sydney" section on the New South Wales page on this site.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Sydney and nearby parks, New South Wales .

^ Ultimately it joins up with Kosciusko National Park in New South Wales, which then joins the Namadgi National Park in the ACT at its north eastern tip.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

However, there was a riot at Buckland Valley near Bright in 1857. Conditions on the gold fields were cramped and unsanitary; an outbreak of typhoid at Buckland Valley in 1854 killed over 1,000 miners.
.In 1854 there was an armed rebellion against the government of Victoria by miners protesting against mining taxes (the "Eureka Stockade").^ In Victoria there is a substantial non-government school sector consisting of both a Catholic Education system and a number of Independent schools.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ There are a number of different types of secondary schools in Victoria, including government secondary schools (which are usually co-educational), private independent schools, Catholic schools, non-denominational schools and Islamic schools.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

This was crushed by British troops, but the discontents prompted colonial authorities to reform the administration (particularly reducing the hated mining licence fees) and extend the franchise. .Within a short time, the Imperial Parliament granted Victoria responsible government with the passage of the Colony of Victoria Act 1855. Some of the leaders of the Eureka rebellion went on to became members of the Victorian Parliament.^ Victorian universities are internationally recognised for their high quality of education and Victoria has some of the highest university participation and graduation rates in the Asia Pacific region.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.The first foreign military action by the colony of Victoria was to send troops and a warship to New Zealand as part of the Maori Wars.^ Also, the book goes in depth in order to cover Victoria's plans for action in the Crimean War, Indian Mutiny, and the United States' Civil War.

^ This book contains a lengthy chapter dealing with Queen Victoria's actions towards the American Civil War.

.Troops from New South Wales had previously participated in the Crimean War.^ From this point going up towards Sydney please refer to the "Traveling South From Sydney" section on the New South Wales page on this site.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Sydney and nearby parks, New South Wales .

^ Ultimately it joins up with Kosciusko National Park in New South Wales, which then joins the Namadgi National Park in the ACT at its north eastern tip.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

.In 1901 Victoria became a state in the Commonwealth of Australia.^ Victoria is an urban and densely populated state of Australia.
  • Tours to Victoria,Victoria Tours,Tours of Victoria,Tourist Attractions in Australia,Australia Victoria Tours 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.worldtravel4indians.com [Source type: News]

^ Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia with a population in excess of 4 million, second only to New South Wales.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The state of Victoria in southern Australia has recently been hit with hundreds of bush fires during a record-breaking heatwave - temperatures well above 38°C (100°F).
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.As a result of the gold rush, Melbourne had by then become the financial centre of Australia and New Zealand.^ NF2 "Port Phillip Gentlemen: and good society in Melbourne before the gold rushes."

^ USA UK Australia Canada South Africa New Zealand Ireland India China Philippines Select a country: Please select a country .
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ Almost half of Australia's financial services industry providers have headquarters in Melbourne, including Australia's largest bank, as well as many international merchant banks and financial services companies.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.Between 1901 and 1927, Melbourne was the capital of Australia while Canberra was under construction.^ Furthermore Melbourne is Australia's fashion capital providing world class shopping, with a large selection of designer boutiques, elegant arcades and huge department stores.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.It was also the largest city in Australia at the time and the second largest city in terms of population of the British Empire (after London).^ The city is considered by many as the “last bastion of the British Empire”, where residents and visitors alike can revel in British culture and traditions that have been fiercely preserved.
  • Victoria Travel Guide 20 September 2009 22:19 UTC www.epictrip.com [Source type: General]

^ Once a rough-and-tumble gold rush town,[1] Victoria is today a British seaside resort that attracts about 4 million visitors a year The population of this colonial city is about 350,000,[2] making it the second largest city in British Columbia.
  • Victoria Travel Guide 20 September 2009 22:19 UTC www.epictrip.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’re visiting Victoria you`re most likely to enter via Melbourne, Australia`s second largest city.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Australia Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whilst Melbourne remains an important and influential financial centre, home to many national and international companies, it was slowly overtaken by Sydney in business importance around the 1970s and 1980s.^ Below: Blue Mountains National Park (a day trip, west of Sydney, NSW) offers many nice hiking opportunities.

^ Having one of the higher annual rainfalls in Victoria the Otway National Park is home to many exotic species of timber.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

.On Saturday 7 February 2009 ("Black Saturday"), the state was affected by the 2009 Victorian bushfires, resulting in 173 deaths[5].^ (AP Photo) # 17 A bushfire burns through a forest on the outskirts of Labertouche, 90km (56 miles) east of Melbourne February 7, 2009.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ (Lucas Dawson/Getty Images) # 30 A helicopter drops water on a bushfire on the outskirts of Labertouche, 90km (56 miles) east of Melbourne, February 7, 2009.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ (Scott Barbour/Getty Images) # 29 A fire blazes during the bushfires that swept through the region on February 9, 2009 in Healesville, Australia.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

[6]

Government

The Victorian Parliament House, built in 1856, stands in Spring Street, Melbourne.
The Legislative Council Chamber, as photographed in 1878.
One of many local government seats, Geelong Town Hall
Composition of the Parliament of Victoria
Political
Party
Legislative
Assembly
Legislative
Council
ALP 55 19
Liberal 23 15
National 9 2
Greens 0 3
DLP 0 1
Independent 1 0
Source: Victorian Electoral Commission

Parliament

Victoria has a parliamentary form of government based on the Westminster System. Legislative power resides in the Parliament consisting of the Governor (the representative of the Queen), the executive (the Government), and two legislative chambers. .The Parliament of Victoria consists of the lower house Legislative Assembly, the upper house Legislative Council and the Queen of Australia.^ This brief journal article offers a commentary on the recreational activities that Queen Victoria pursued with her family at the Osborne House, on the Isle of Wight.

^ Also, the passage tells how Queen Victoria interacted with her husband and children at the Osborne House.

^ Letters of Queen Victoria: From the Archives of the House of Brandenburg-Prussia.

Eighty-eight members of the Legislative Assembly are elected to four-year terms from single-member electorates.
In November 2006, the Victorian Legislative Council elections were held under a new multi-proportional representation system. .The State of Victoria was divided into eight electorates with each electorate represented by five representatives elected by Single Transferable Vote proportional representation.^ N 477 Victoria, Federal Referendum, 1899 Roll of electors who voted: presented to the Parliamentary Library, 3 May, 1901.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Electoral Roll, List of Voters etc., 1856-57 Contains list of voters registered in 1856-57, compiled from various published and unpublished sources held at the State Library of Victoria.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The total number of upper house members was reduced from 44 to 40 and their term of office is now the same as the lower house members — four years. Elections for the Victorian Parliament are now fixed and occur in November every four years. Prior to the 2006 Election the Legislative Council consisted of 44 members elected to eight-year terms from 22 two-member electorates.

Premier and cabinet

The Premier of Victoria is the leader of the political party or coalition with the most seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Premier is the public face of government and, with cabinet, sets the legislative and political agenda. Cabinet consists of representatives elected to either house of parliament. It is responsible for managing areas of government that are not exclusively the Commonwealth's, by the Australian Constitution, such as education, health and law enforcement. The current premier of Victoria is Mr John Brumby.

Governor

.Executive authority is vested in the Governor of Victoria who represents and is appointed by Queen Elizabeth II.^ These three volumes are of great interest to anyone who seeks a serious study of Queen Victoria's domestic, political, foreign relations, and personal policies.

^ This book is an excellent reworking of the material displayed by Lytton Stachey, who wrote a biography of Queen Victoria in 1921.

^ Queen Victoria.”  Biography from the official site of Queen Elizabeth II. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page118.asp (October 23, 2005) .

The post is usually filled by a retired prominent Victorian. The governor acts on the advice of the premier and cabinet.

Constitution

Victoria has a written constitution. Enacted in 1975, but based on the 1855 colonial constitution, it establishes the parliament as the state's law-making body for matters coming under state responsibility. The Victorian Constitution can be amended by the parliament of Victoria. Under new provisions to be enacted, changes to the Victorian Constitution will be subjected to a plebiscite of votes, voting in a referendum.

Politics

.The centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP), the centre-right Liberal Party of Australia and the rural-based National Party of Australia are Victoria's major political parties.^ Australian States and Territories: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales , Northern Territory , Queensland , South Australia , Tasmania , Victoria , Western Australia .

.Traditionally, Labor is strongest in Melbourne's inner, working class and western and northern suburbs, Morwell, Ballarat, Bendigo and Geelong.^ Further west out of Melbourne, and north of Ballarat, is Bendigo where the Central Deborah Goldmine runs underground tours.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

The Liberals' main support lies in Melbourne's more affluent eastern and outer suburbs, and some rural and regional centres. .The Nationals are strongest in Victoria's North Western and Eastern rural regional areas.^ Ultimately it joins up with Kosciusko National Park in New South Wales, which then joins the Namadgi National Park in the ACT at its north eastern tip.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ It but onto the lower eastern end of the Alpine National Park and, to its north, Kosciuszko National Park.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

^ North west of The Grampians National Park through the towns of Horsham and Dimboola and then along the Western Highway is the Little Desert National Park, which is broken up into three sections - western, central and eastern.
  • Tours | Touring | Travel | Sightseeing | VictoriaAustralia 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.australian-4x4.com.au [Source type: General]

The ALP government of former Premier Steve Bracks has been in office in Victoria since 1999 and was re-elected in 2002 and on 25 November 2006. See Victorian state election, 2006, and 2006 Victorian election campaign.
Following the 2006 Victorian election, the balance of power in the Legislative Council is now held by the Australian Greens. This means that by combining with the Liberal and National Party members, the Greens can defeat proposed Government legislation.
On 27 July 2007, Premier Steve Bracks announced his resignation from politics, saying that he needed to spend more time with his family.[7] The deputy premier, John Thwaites, announced later that day that he too would resign. Former Treasurer John Brumby was elected unopposed by the Labor caucus as the new leader and became the 45th Premier of Victoria on Monday 30 July 2007.

Federal government

Victorian voters elect 49 representatives to the Parliament of Australia, including 37 members of the House of Representatives and 12 members of the Senate. Since 2007, the ALP has held 21 Victorian house seats, the Liberals 14 and the Nationals two. As of 1 July 2008, the Liberals have held six senate seats, the ALP five and the Family First Party one.

Local government

.Victoria is incorporated into 79 municipalities for the purposes of local government, including 39 shires, 32 cities, seven rural cities and one borough.^ R4 "A Pictorial History of Quorn and District: Commemorating One Hundred Years of Local Government 1883-1983."

Shire and city councils are responsible for functions delegated by the Victorian parliament, such as city planning, road infrastructure and waste management. Council revenue comes mostly from property taxes and government grants.
Source: Victorian Parliamentary Library, Department of Victorian Communities, Australian Electoral Commission

Demographics

Population growth
estimates for Victoria
2007 5,087,000
2011 5,500,000
2016 6,000,000
2021 6,400,000
2026 6,800,000
2031 7,300,000
Source: Dept of Planning and
Community Development
Melbourne, the state capital, is home to more than seven in ten Victorians.
The 2006 Australian census reported that Victoria had 4,932,422 people resident at the time of the census, an increase of 6.2% on the 1996 figure. The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that by June 2007 the state's population reached 5,205,200, and may well reach 7.2 million by 2050.
.Victoria's founding Anglo-Celtic population has been supplemented by successive waves of migrants from southern and eastern Europe, Southeast Asia and, most recently, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East.^ Middle East Europe North America South America Africa .
  • Recruitment Agencies in Victoria - Byron Employment 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC employment.byron.com.au [Source type: News]

Victoria's population is ageing in proportion with the average of the remainder of the Australian population.
About 72% of Victorians are Australian-born. .This figure falls to around 66% in Melbourne but rises to higher than 95% in some rural areas in the north west of the state.^ (AP Photo) 2 Flames and smoke rise from a bushfire in the Bunyip Sate Forest west of Melbourne, Saturday, Feb.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

Around two-thirds of Victorians claim Australian, English or Irish ancestry. Less than 1% of Victorians identify themselves as Aboriginal. .The largest groups of people born outside Australia came from the British Isles, China, Italy, Vietnam, Greece and New Zealand.^ N 1300 Ballarat -Ballarat, People & Places Reproduction of: China, Australia and the Pacific Islands the years 1853-56 (chapter III, Ballarat) by J. D'Ewes.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More than 70% of Victorians live in Melbourne, located in the state's south.^ More than 40 blazes raged across two states as a once-in-a-century heatwave pushed the mercury as high as 46 degrees Celsius (115 Fahrenheit) with fire bans in place across much of the south-east.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

The greater Melbourne metropolitan area is home to an estimated 3.9 million people.[8] Leading urban centres include Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo, Shepparton, Mildura, Warrnambool and the Latrobe Valley.
.Victoria is Australia's most urbanised state: nearly 90% of residents living in cities and towns.^ The state of Victoria in southern Australia has recently been hit with hundreds of bush fires during a record-breaking heatwave - temperatures well above 38°C (100°F).
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ I live in one of the towns effected by the fires on Feb 7, thankfully we still have the town and most of the houses.
  • Bushfires in Victoria, Australia - The Big Picture - Boston.com 20 September 2009 6:57 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Australian States and Territories: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales , Northern Territory , Queensland , South Australia , Tasmania , Victoria , Western Australia .

Since 1871, more than half of all Victorians have lived in urban areas. Today, just over 12% of Victorians live in rural areas.[citation needed] The drift of people into Melbourne continues despite government efforts to encourage Victorians to settle in regional areas.[citation needed]

Age structure and fertility

The government predicts that nearly a quarter of Victorians will be aged over 60 by 2021. The 2006 census reveals that Australian average age has crept upward from 35 to 37 since 2001, which reflects the population growth peak of 1969–72.[citation needed] In 2007, Victoria recorded a TFR of 1.87, the highest after 1978. [2]

Religion

About 60.5% of Victorians describe themselves as Christian. Roman Catholics form the single largest religious group in the state with 27.5% of Victorian population, followed by Anglicans and members of the Uniting Church. Catholics and Protestants (including Anglicans) in Victoria each form around 30% of the population. Buddhism, the state's largest non-Christian religion, is also the fastest growing with 132,634. Victoria is also home of 109,370 Muslims and 41,105 Jews. Around 20% of Victorians claim no religion, and even amongst those who declare a religious affiliation, church attendance is low.[9]
In 2008, the levels of couples choosing to marry in a church had dropped to 36 percent; the other 64 percent chose to register their marriage with a civil celebrant.[10]

Education

Primary and secondary

Victoria's state school system dates back to 1872, when the colonial government legislated to make schooling both free and compulsory. The state's public secondary school system began in 1905. Before then, only private secondary schooling was available. Today, a Victorian school education consists of seven years of primary schooling (including one preparatory year) and six years of secondary schooling.
.The final years of secondary school are optional for children aged over 17. Victorian children generally begin school at age five or six.^ Children must be five years of age by April 30 to begin primary school.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ In Victoria, children are required to attend school from the age of six to 15, with most children beginning school at age five or six and continuing through to the completion of the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE) at age seventeen or eighteen.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ According to recent figures, Victorian independent schools educate around 12% of all Victorian students, equating to just over 109,000 primary and secondary students over 200 schools.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

On completing secondary school, students earn the Victorian Certificate of Education. Students who successfully complete their secondary education also receive a tertiary entrance ranking, or ENTER score, to determine university admittance.
Victorian schools are either publicly or privately funded. Public schools, also known as state or government schools, are funded and run directly by the Victoria Department of Education [3]. Students do not pay tuition fees, but some extra costs are levied. Private fee-paying schools include parish schools run by the Roman Catholic Church and independent schools similar to English public schools. Independent schools are usually affiliated with Protestant churches. Victoria also has several private Jewish and Islamic primary and secondary schools. Private schools also receive some public funding. All schools must comply with government-set curriculum standards. In addition, Victoria features two selective schools, Melbourne High School for boys, MacRobertson Girls' High School for girls. Students at these schools are exclusively admitted on the basis of a selective entry test. These schools consistently achieve the highest results in the state in the VCE.
As of August 2005, Victoria had 1,613 public schools, 484 Catholic schools and 208 independent schools. Just under 537,000 students were enrolled in public schools, and 289,000 in private schools. Nearly two-thirds of private students attend Catholic schools. More than 455,000 students were enrolled in primary schools and more than 371,000 in secondary schools. Retention rates for the final two years of secondary school were 77% for public school students and 90% for private school students. Victoria has about 60,200 full-time teachers.

Tertiary education

The University of Melbourne is Victoria's oldest university.
Victoria has nine universities. The first to offer degrees, the University of Melbourne, enrolled its first student in 1855. The largest, Monash University, has an enrolment of nearly 56,000 students—more than any other Australian university. .Both the University of Melbourne and Monash University are purportedly ranked highly among the world's best universities requiring a fairly high entry score, passing of mature age entrance exams or direct payment for student admission into their courses.^ South Melbourne : Oxford University Press, 1991 "Contains over 2000 biographic entries of clubmen, landowners & gentlemen immigrants with notes on their families, children & marriages."

The number of students enrolled in Victorian universities was 241,755 at 2004, an increase of 2% on the previous year. International students made up 30% of enrolments and account for the highest percentage of pre-paid university tuition fees. The largest number of enrolments were recorded in the fields of business, administration and economics, with nearly a third of all students, followed by arts, humanities, and social science, with 20% of enrolments.
Victoria has 18 government-run institutions of “technical and further education” (TAFE). The first vocational institution in the state was the Melbourne Mechanics Institute (established in 1839), which is now the Melbourne Athenaeum. More than 1,000 adult education organisations are registered to provide recognised TAFE programs. In 2004, there were about 480,700 students enrolled in vocational education programs in the state.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Department of Education and Training (Victoria), Department of Education, Science and Training (Commonwealth), National Centre for Vocational Education Research
The State Library of Victoria forecourt.

Libraries

.The State Library of Victoria is the State's research and reference library.^ Electoral Roll, List of Voters etc., 1856-57 Contains list of voters registered in 1856-57, compiled from various published and unpublished sources held at the State Library of Victoria.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is responsible for collecting and preserving Victoria's documentary heritage and making it available through a range of services and programs. Material in the collection includes books, newspapers, magazines, journals, manuscripts, maps, pictures, objects, sound and video recordings and databases.
In addition, local governments maintain local lending libraries, typically with multiple branches in their respective municipal areas.

Economy

Victorian production and
workers by economic activities
Economic
sector
GSP
produced
Number of
workers
Percentage
of workers
Finance, insurance
and property
30.5% 319,109 15.3%
Community, social
and personal services
16.6% 562,783 27.4%
Manufacturing 15.4% 318,218 15.3%
Wholesale and
retail trade
12.1% 423,328 20.3%
Transport, utilities
and communications
10.6% 133,752 6.4%
Construction 6.2% 136,454 6.6%
Government 4% 62,253 3%
Agriculture 3.3% 72,639 3.5%
Mining 1.3% 4,472 0.2%
Other - 49,208 2%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Figures are for 2004–2005
.The state of Victoria has the largest economy in Australia after New South Wales, accounting for a quarter of the nation's gross domestic product.^ N 1965 Moore's Almanac and Hand Book for New South Wales, 1853 Issue for 1853 includes Supplement for Victoria.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moama is located directly opposite Echuca in New South Wales, on the other side of the Murray.

^ This is a facsimile of a List of Land Grants 1788-1809 was reproduced from the original volume held in the State Archives of New South Wales.

The total gross state product (GSP) at current prices for Victoria was at just over A$222 billion, with a GSP per capita of A$44,443. The economy grew by 3.4% in 2004, less than the Australian average of 5.2%.
Finance, insurance and property services form Victoria's largest income producing sector, while the community, social and personal services sector is the state's biggest employer. Despite the shift towards service industries, the troubled manufacturing sector remains Victoria's single largest employer and income producer. As a result of job losses in declining sectors such as manufacturing, Victoria has the highest unemployment rate in Australia as of September 2009[11]

1990s economic slump

Victoria experienced an economic slump from 1989 to 1992 during the term of John Cain. This was largely attributable to lagging property markets, reduced protection of manufacturing sectors as well as a financial crash involving industry giants such as the Pyramid Building Society and the collapse of The State Bank of Victoria, in particular its merchant banking arm Tricontinental. .The result was a loss of employment and a drain of population to New South Wales and Queensland.^ N 1965 Moore's Almanac and Hand Book for New South Wales, 1853 Issue for 1853 includes Supplement for Victoria.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moama is located directly opposite Echuca in New South Wales, on the other side of the Murray.

^ This is a facsimile of a List of Land Grants 1788-1809 was reproduced from the original volume held in the State Archives of New South Wales.

.In the mid to late 1990s, the Victorian state government of Premier Jeff Kennett (Liberal Party of Australia) sought to reverse this trend with massive cuts to state expenditure, shrinking of the state public sector and the aggressive development of new public works, mainly centred around the state capital of Melbourne.^ Australian States and Territories: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales , Northern Territory , Queensland , South Australia , Tasmania , Victoria , Western Australia .

.These included the Melbourne Museum, Federation Square, the Melbourne Exhibition and Convention Centre (nicknamed "Jeff's Shed"), Crown Casino, capital works such as the CityLink tollway, the sale of state assets (including the State Electricity Commission and some state schools), the pruning of state services and a public relations campaign promoting Melbourne's merits, aimed at Melbourne residents and visitors alike.^ Mainly covers these families in Tasmania and some other Australian states.

Under the government of former Premier Steve Bracks (Australian Labor Party), there was less emphasis on capital works and more on expansion of public services. Population increase now outstrips the national trend.

Agriculture

Victoria's stand at the Paris Exhibition Universal of 1867, showing bales of wool.
During 2003–04, the gross value of Victorian agricultural production increased by 17% to $8.7 billion. This represented 24% of national agricultural production total gross value. As of 2004, an estimated 32,463 farms occupied around 136,000 square kilometres (52,500 sq mi) of Victorian land. This comprises more than 60% of the state's total land surface. Victorian farms range from small horticultural outfits to large-scale livestock and grain productions. A quarter of farmland is used to grow consumable crops.
More than 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) of Victorian farmland are sown for grain, mostly in the state's west. More than 50% of this area is sown for wheat, 33% for barley and 7% for oats. A further 6,000 square kilometres (2,300 sq mi) is sown for hay. In 2003–04, Victorian farmers produced more than 3 million tonnes of wheat and 2 million tonnes of barley. The state also grows about half of Australia's tobacco. Victorian farms produce nearly 90% of Australian pears and third of apples. It is also a leader in stone fruit production. The main vegetable crops include asparagus, broccoli, carrots, potatoes and tomatoes. Last year, 121,200 tonnes of pears and 270,000 tonnes of tomatoes were produced.
More than 14 million sheep and 5 million lambs graze over 10% of Victorian farms, mostly in the state's north and west. In 2004, nearly 10 million lambs and sheep were slaughtered for local consumption and export. Victoria also exports live sheep to the Middle East for meat and to the rest of the world for breeding. More than 108,000 tonnes of wool clip was also produced—one-fifth of the Australian total.
Victoria is the centre of dairy farming in Australia. It is home to 60% of Australia's 3 million dairy cattle and produces nearly two-thirds of the nation's milk, almost 6.4 million litres. The state also has 2.4 million beef cattle, with more than 2.2 million cattle and calves slaughtered each year. In 2003–04, Victorian commercial fishing crews and aquaculture industry produced 11,634 tonnes of seafood valued at nearly $A109 million. Blacklipped abalone is the mainstay of the catch, bringing in $A46 million, followed by southern rock lobster worth $A13.7 million. Most abalone and rock lobster is exported to Asia.

Manufacturing

Machinery and equipment manufacturing is the state's most valuable activity, followed by food and beverage manufacturing and petroleum, coal and chemical manufacturing. More than 15% Victorian workers are employed in manufacturing industries. Victoria has 318,000 manufacturing workers. .The state is marginally behind New South Wales in the value of manufacturing output.^ This is a facsimile of a List of Land Grants 1788-1809 was reproduced from the original volume held in the State Archives of New South Wales.

^ TB4 "Land Grants 1788 - 1809 - A record of registered grants and leases in New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island."

^ N 1965 Moore's Almanac and Hand Book for New South Wales, 1853 Issue for 1853 includes Supplement for Victoria.
  • National Library Of Australia | Victoria Family History Sources 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Major industrial plants belong to the car manufacturers Ford, Toyota and Holden; Alcoa's Portland and Point Henry aluminium smelters; oil refineries at Geelong and Altona; and a major petrochemical facility at Laverton.
Victoria also plays an important role in providing goods for the defence industry. Melbourne is the centre of manufacturing in Victoria, followed by Geelong. Energy production has aided industrial growth in the Latrobe Valley.

Mining

Yallourn Power Station in the Latrobe Valley
Mining in Victoria contributes around A$3 billion to the gross state product but employs less than 1% of workers. The Victorian mining industry is concentrated on energy producing minerals, with brown coal, petroleum and gas accounting for nearly 90% of local production. The oil and gas industries are centred off the coast of Gippsland in the state's east, while brown coal mining and power generation is based in the Latrobe Valley.
In the 2005/2006 fiscal year, the average gas production was over 700 million cubic feet (20,000,000 m3) per day (M cuft/d) and represented 18% of the total national gas sales, with demand growing at 2% per year.[12]
In 1985, oil production from the offshore Gippsland Basin peaked to an annual average of 450,000 barrels per day. In 2005–2006, the average daily oil production declined to 83,000 bbls/d, but despite the decline Victoria still produces almost 19.5% of crude oil in Australia.[13]
Brown coal is Victoria's leading mineral, with 66 million tonnes mined each year for electricity generation in the Latrobe Valley, Gippsland.[14] The region is home to the world's largest known reserves of brown coal.
Despite being the historic centre of Australia's gold rush, Victoria today contributes a mere 1% of national gold production. Victoria also produces limited amounts of gypsum and kaolin.

Service industry

The service industries sector is the fastest growing component of the Victorian economy. It includes the wide range of activities generally classified as community, social and personal services; finances, insurance and property services, government services, transportation and communication, and wholesale and retail trade. Most service industries are located in Melbourne and the state's larger regional centres.
As of 2004–05, service industries employed nearly three-quarters of Victorian workers and generated three-quarters of the state's GSP. Finance, insurance and property services, as a group, provide a larger share of GSP than any other economic activity in Victoria. More than a quarter of Victorian workers are employed by the community, social and personal services sector.[15]

Geology and geography

Satellite image of Victoria
Victorian cities, towns, settlements and road network.
.Victoria's northern border is the southern bank of the Murray River.^ Echuca is located on the Murray River in northern Victoria.

It also rests at the southern end of the Great Dividing Range, which stretches along the east coast and terminates west of Ballarat. .It is bordered by South Australia to the west and shares Australian's shortest land border with Tasmania.^ The far west coast of South Australia.

^ A history of the far west coast of South Australia.

^ Australian States and Territories: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales , Northern Territory , Queensland , South Australia , Tasmania , Victoria , Western Australia .

The official border between Victoria and Tasmania is at 39°12' S, which passes through Boundary Islet in the Bass Strait for 85 metres.[16][17] Victoria contains many topographically, geologically and climatically diverse areas, ranging from the wet, temperate climate of Gippsland in the southeast to the snow-covered Victorian alpine areas which rise to almost 2,000 metres (6,500 ft), with Mount Bogong the highest peak at 1,986 m; (6,516 ft). There are extensive semi-arid plains to the west and northwest.
There is an extensive series of river systems in Victoria. Most notable is the Murray River system. Other rivers include: Ovens River, Goulburn River, King River, Campaspe River, Loddon River, Wimmera River, Elgin River, Barwon River, Thomson River, Snowy River, Latrobe River, Yarra River, Maribyrnong River, Mitta River, Hopkins River, Merri River and Kiewa River.
The state symbols include the Pink Heath (state flower), Leadbeater's Possum (state animal) and the Helmeted Honeyeater (state bird).
The state's capital, Melbourne, contains approximately 70% of the state's population and dominates its economy, media, and culture. For other cities and towns, see List of localities (Victoria) and Local Government Areas of Victoria.

Transport

Modern V/Line VLocity diesel train used on services to Geelong, Ballarat, Ararat, Bendigo, Echuca and Traralgon
Victoria has the highest population density in any state in Australia, with population centres spread out over most of the state, with only the far northwest and the Victorian Alps lacking permanent settlement.
The Victorian road network services the population centres, with highways generally radiating from Melbourne and other major cities and rural centres with secondary roads interconnecting the highways to each other. Many of the highways are built to freeway standard ("M" freeways), while most are generally sealed and of reasonable quality.
Rail transport in Victoria is provided by several private and public railway operators who operate over government-owned lines. Major operators include: Metro Trains Melbourne which runs an extensive, electrified, passenger system throughout Melbourne and suburbs; V/Line which is now owned by the Victorian Government, operates a concentrated service to major regional centres, as well as long distance services on other lines; Pacific National, CFCLA, El Zorro which operate freight services; Great Southern Railway which operates The Overland Melbourne-Adelaide; and CountryLink which operates XPTs Melbourne-Sydney.
There are also several smaller freight operators and numerous tourist railways operating over lines which were once parts of a state-owned system. Victorian lines mainly use the 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) broad gauge. However, the interstate trunk routes, as well as a number of branch lines in the west of the state have been converted to 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge. Two tourist railways operate over 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge lines, which are the remnants of five formerly government-owned lines which were built in mountainous areas.
A current Melbourne C class (Citadis) tram.
Melbourne has the world's largest tram network,[18] currently operated by Yarra Trams. As well as being a popular form of public transport, over the last few decades trams have become one of Melbourne's major tourist attractions. There are also tourist trams operating over portions of the former Ballarat and Bendigo systems. There are also tramway museums at Bylands and Haddon.
Melbourne Airport is the major domestic and international gateway for the state. Avalon Airport is the state's second busiest airport, which is complements Essendon and Moorabbin Airports to see the remainder of Melbourne's air traffic. Hamilton Airport, Mildura Airport, Mount Hotham and Portland Airport are the remaining airports with scheduled domestic flights. There are no fewer than 27 other airports in the state with no scheduled flights.
The Port of Melbourne is the largest port for containerised and general cargo in Australia,[19] and is located in Melbourne on the mouth of the Yarra River, which is at the head of Port Phillip Bay. Additional seaports are at Westernport Bay, Geelong, and Portland.

Utilities

Energy

Victoria's major utilities include a collection of brown-coal-fired power stations, particularly in the LaTrobe Valley.

Water

Victoria's water infrastructure includes a series of dams and reservoirs, predominantly in Central Victoria, that hold and collect water for much of the state. The water collected is of a very high quality and requires little chlorination treatment, giving the water a taste more like water collected in a rainwater tank. In regional areas however, such as in the west of the state, chlorination levels are much higher.
Victoria's water system is currently being linked by a series of pipelines to facilitate the privatisation of the state's water system, creating a water market where water will be traded between regions and investors can buy and sell water.[20] These works include the Wonthaggi desalination plant, being constructed to provide "new" water to the system to better facilitate water trade in a privatised market.[21]

Climate

Average monthly maximum
temperature in Victoria
Month Melbourne Mildura
January 25.8 °C 32.8 °C
February 25.8 °C 32.7 °C
March 23.8 °C 29.3 °C
April 20.2 °C 24.1 °C
May 16.6 °C 19.6 °C
June 14.0 °C 16.0 °C
July 13.4 °C 15.4 °C
August 14.9 °C 17.7 °C
September 17.2 °C 21.1 °C
October 19.6 °C 25.0 °C
November 21.8 °C 29.0 °C
December 24.1 °C 31.7 °C
Source: Bureau of Meteorology
Victoria has a varied climate despite its small size. It ranges from semi-arid and hot in the north-west, to temperate and cool along the coast. Victoria's main land feature, the Great Dividing Range, produces a cooler, mountain climate in the centre of the state.
.Victoria's southernmost position on the Australian mainland means it is cooler and wetter than other mainland states and territories.^ There are ten universities operating in Victoria, eight Victorian public universities, one private university, and two campuses of the Australian Catholic University, which operates in several states and territories.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

.The coastal plain south of the Great Dividing Range has Victoria's mildest climate.^ Victoria’s climate is characterised by a range of varying climate zones, from the hot, dry Mallee region of the northwest to the alpine snowfields in the northeast of Victoria.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ The section in north-east Victoria comprises alpine forests known as the High Country while to the west and north of the Great Divide the land flattens out to the dry inland plains.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ The Great Dividing Range starts north east of Melbourne and heads east to the New South Wales border.
  • Immigrating to Melbourne - Victoria 20 September 2009 6:59 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

Air from the Southern Ocean helps reduce the heat of summer and the cold of winter. Melbourne and other large cities are located in this temperate region.
The Mallee and upper Wimmera are Victoria's warmest regions with hot winds blowing from nearby deserts. Average temperatures top 30 °C (86 °F) during summer and 15 °C (59 °F) in winter. Victoria's highest maximum temperature of 48.8 °C (119.9 °F) was recorded in Hopetoun on 7 February 2009, during the 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave.[22]
The Victorian Alps in the northeast are the coldest part of Victoria. The Alps are part of the Great Dividing Range mountain system extending east-west through the centre of Victoria. Average temperatures are less than 9 °C (48 °F) in winter and below 0 °C (32 °F) in the highest parts of the ranges. The state's lowest minimum temperature of –11.7 °C (10.9 °F) was recorded at Omeo on 13 June 1965, and again at Falls Creek on 3 July 1970.[22]

Rainfall

Victoria is the wettest Australian state after Tasmania. Rainfall in Victoria increases from north to south, with higher averages in areas of high altitude. Median annual rainfall exceeds 1,800 millimetres (71 in) in some parts of the northeast but is less than 250 millimetres (10 in) in the Mallee.
Rain is heaviest in the Otway Ranges and Gippsland in southern Victoria and in the mountainous northeast. Snow generally falls only in the mountains and hills in the centre of the state. Rain falls most frequently in winter, but summer precipitation is heavier. Rainfall is most reliable in Gippsland and the Western District, making them both leading farming areas. Victoria's highest recorded daily rainfall was 375 millimetres (14.7 in) at Tanybryn in the Otway Ranges on 22 March 1983.[22]
Source: Bureau of Meteorology, Department of Primary Industries, Australian Natural Resources Atlas

Tourism

Some major tourist destinations in Victoria are:
Other popular tourism activities are gliding, hang-gliding, hot air ballooning and scuba diving.
Major events also play a big part in tourism in Victoria, particularly cultural tourism and sports tourism. Most of these events are centred around Melbourne, but others occur in regional cities, such as the V8 Supercars and Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island, the Grand Annual Steeplechase at Warrnambool and the Australian International Airshow at Geelong and numerous local festivals such as the popular Port Fairy Folk Festival, Queenscliff Music Festival, Bells Beach SurfClassic and the Bright Autumn Festival.

Sport

The Melbourne Cricket Ground during the 1998 Boxing Day Test match.
Victoria is the home of Australian rules football, with ten of the sixteen clubs of the Australian Football League based in Victoria, and the traditional Grand Final held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground usually on the last Saturday in September.
Victoria's cricket team, the Victorian Bushrangers play in the national Sheffield Shield cricket competition. Victoria is represented in the National Rugby League by the Melbourne Storm and is also represented in Football (soccer) by Melbourne Victory and Melbourne Heart (from 2010) in the A-League.
Melbourne has held the 1956 Summer Olympics, 2006 Commonwealth Games, FINA World Swimming Championship, and is home to the annual Australian Open tennis tournament, and the Australian Formula One Grand Prix.
Victoria is also home to Bells Beach, which is the home of the world's longest-running surfing competition, the Bells Beach SurfClassic, which is part of The ASP World Tour.
Netball is a big part of sport in Victoria. The Melbourne Vixens represent Victoria in the ANZ Championship. Some of the worlds best netballers such as Sharelle McMahon, Julie Corletto and Bianca Chatfield come from Victoria.
Possibly Victoria's most famous island, Phillip Island, is home of the Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit which hosts the Australian motorcycle Grand Prix which features MotoGP (the world's premier motorcycling class), as well as the Australian round of the World Superbike Championship and the domestic V8 Supercar racing, which also visits Sandown Raceway and the rural Winton Motor Raceway circuit.
Australia's most prestigious footrace, the Stawell Gift, is an annual event.
Victoria is also home to the Aussie Millions poker tournament, the richest in the southern hemisphere.
The Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival is one of the biggest horse racing events in the world and is one of the world's largest sporting events. The main race is for the $6 million Melbourne Cup, and crowds for the carnival exceed 700,000.

See also

Geography:
Lists:

References

  1. ^ 3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Jun 2009, Australian Bureau of Statistics
  2. ^ 5220.0 - Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2008-09 (Reissue), Australian Bureau of Statistics, 22 December 2009.
  3. ^ "Floral Emblem of Victoria". www.anbg.gov.auhi. http://www.anbg.gov.au/emblems/vic.emblem.html. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  4. ^ "Victoria". Parliament@Work. http://www.parliament.curriculum.edu.au/vic.php3. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  5. ^ Vic bushfires death toll - Vic Police
  6. ^ "Victoria under siege as fires rage across state". Herald Sun. 7 February 2009. http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,25022560-2862,00.html. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  7. ^ title=Steve Brack Resigns
  8. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007-08". ABS website. ABS. 23 April 2009. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2007-08~Main+Features~Victoria?OpenDocument. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  9. ^ 2006 Census Community Profile Series : Victoria
  10. ^ Statistics report for 2008 from the Victorian Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages
  11. ^ http://au.biz.yahoo.com/090910/31/28ixz.html
  12. ^ Department of Primary Industries
  13. ^ DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES: Oil and Gas
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics: Year Book Australia, 2004 - Profile of major commodities
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Department of Primary Industries
  16. ^ "Victoria Tasmania border". http://www.ga.gov.au/education/facts/dimensions/borders.htm. Retrieved 2006-03-07. 
  17. ^ Boundary Islet on street-directory.com.au
  18. ^ DoI (2008). [1]. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
  19. ^ "DoI media release - 'GOVERNMENT OUTLINES VISION FOR PORT OF MELBOURNE FREIGHT HUB' - 14 August 2006". http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/domino/Web_Notes/newmedia.nsf/798c8b072d117a01ca256c8c0019bb01/1b374a6d8cae09e9ca2571cb0003c23a!OpenDocument. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  20. ^ D!ssent, Article by Kenneth Davidson "Water Lies", Issue 31 Summer 09/10
  21. ^ D!ssent, Article by Kenneth Davidson "Water Lies", Issue 31 Summer 09/10
  22. ^ a b c "Rainfall and Temperature Records: National" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/extreme/records/national.pdf. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Victoria (state) article)

From Wikitravel

Oceania : Australia : Victoria
Victoria [1] is the southernmost of the eastern mainland states of Australia. The state is roughly triangular in shape. New South Wales lies to the north / north-east, with the Murray River forming most of the boundary between the two states. South Australia lies to the west and the southern coast forms the other side of the triangle. Melbourne, the state capital and largest city, is nestled on Port Phillip Bay in the center of the southern coast.
Twelve Apostles on the Great Ocean Road
Twelve Apostles on the Great Ocean Road
Penguin procession and Phillip Island
Penguin procession and Phillip Island

Understand

Time Zone

Victoria keeps the time as New South Wales and Tasmania, and is always half an hour ahead of South Australia.
Standard time is 10 hours ahead of GMT and summer time (from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April) is 11 hours ahead.

Get in

By car

Victoria has good cross border road connections into its neighbouring states. The main routes from the north are the Princes Highway following the coast and entering the state near Genoa, the Hume Highway from Sydney entering the state at Wodonga, the Newell Highway entering the state near Shepparton and being the main route from Brisbane, and the Sturt and Silver City Highways entering at Mildura. From the west, the Princes Highway is again the coastal route, and the Western Highway the more direct route.
It is around 6 hours from Sydney to the Victorian border along the Hume Highway, and another 3-4 hours from there into Melbourne.

By plane

Melbourne is the main entry point to Victoria by air and has direct flights to all Australian capital cities, and many international destinations.

Get around

By car

Touring Victoria by car is a straightforward and practical way of seeing the state. Distances between towns tend not to be as great as in other states, and it is unusual to drive for more than a couple of hours without passing through a small town. Victoria has the most developed road network of any state of Australia, and most towns are accessible without using dirt of gravel roads. Roads are indicated as motorways, A, B or C roads, but in general there is no need to avoid a C road if it clearly provides the quickest trip to where you want to go.

By public transport

The state rail company, V/Line [2] provides rail services within the state, and connecting coach services to the towns that the railway line no longer reaches to.
V/Line train services operate to and from Melbourne on the Geelong line in the south-west, Ballarat in western Victoria, Bendigo, Swan Hill and Echuca in the north, Seymour and Wodonga in the north-east, and Sale, Traralgon, and Bairnsdale in the state's east.
Melbourne has an integrated bus, tram and train network, described at the Metlink website. [3]. Many other larger towns have buses servicing the towns. See the local guides.

See

Melbourne, The Great Ocean Road. The Alpine Regions of Beechworth and Bright. The Mornington Peninsula and Phillip Island penguins.
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to Victoria article)

From Familypedia

Wikipedia has a page called:
Victoria (abbrev "VIC" for purposes of Australia Post and ISO 3166-2:AU and some publications' worldwide extensions of the Chapman codes) is the southernmost mainland state of Australia. It adjoins South Australia to the west and New South Wales to the north-east. Across Bass Strait to the south lies the island state, Tasmania.
When it joined the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 its capital, Melbourne, was the financial capital of Australasia. Some New Zealanders still go there occasionally for shopping.
Facts about VictoriaRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Victoria" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Coordinates: 37°0′S 144°0′E / 37°S 144°E / -37; 144

Victoria
File:Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg
Flag
Slogan or Nickname: "Garden State", "On the Move", "The Place to Be"
Motto(s): "Peace and Prosperity"
File:Victoria
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Melbourne
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor David de Kretser
Premier John Brumby (ALP)
Federal representation
 - House seats 37
 - Senate seats 12
Gross State Product (2006-07)
 - Product ($m)  $242,595[1] (2nd)
 - Product per capita  $47,096 (4th)
Population (End of June 2007)
 - Population  5,205,200 (2nd)
 - Density  22.92/km² (2nd)
59.4 /sq mi
Area  
 - Total  237,629 km² (6th)
91,749 sq mi
 - Land 227,416 km²
87,806 sq mi
 - Water 10,213 km² (4.3%)
3,943 sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mt Bogong
1,986 m (6,516 ft)
 - Lowest Sea Level
Time zone UTC+10 (+11 DST)
Abbreviations  
 - Postal VIC
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-VIC
Emblems  
 - Floral Common Heath[2]
 - Aquatic Weedy Seadragon
 - Bird Helmeted honeyeater
 - Faunal Leadbeater's possum
 - Colours Navy Blue and Silver[3]
Web site www.vic.gov.au
File:VIC in Australia
Victoria in Australia

Victoria, also known as VIC or Vic, is a state in Australia. It is in the south-east corner of the country. Its capital city and largest, most-populated city is Melbourne. Geelong is Victoria's second biggest city, Ballarat is the third and Bendigo the fourth.

Victoria's premier is John Brumby from the Australian Labor Party.

Victoria has a population of 5,110,500 (2006).

The state's emblems are:
- Floral: Pink Heath
- Aquatic: Weedy Seadragon
- Bird: Helmeted honeyeater
- Faunal: Leadbeater's Possum
- Colour: Navy

Contents

Transport

Victoria has the highest population density of a state in Australia.

Highways lead to and from population centres, mainly Melbourne and other major cities.

Rail transport in Victoria is common. Major railway line operators include Metro Trains Melbourne, V/Line and Pacific National.

Melbourne Airport is the biggest domestic and international airport for Victoria.

The Port of Melbourne or Port Melbourne is the largest port for cargo in Australia, located in Melbourne near Yarra River. Additional seaports are at Westernport Bay, Geelong, and Portland.

Tourism

Melbourne

See main article Melbourne.

The city of Melbourne has many attractions, not only its well-known shopping tourism, but other major attractions such as the Crown Casino, Melbourne Zoo, Melbourne Museum, Melbourne Aquarium, Melbourne Docklands, Southbank and St. Kilda. Melbourne is also the home of cultural and sporting icons such as The Arts Centre, National Gallery of Victoria and the Melbourne Cricket Ground, also known as MCG.

Melbourne has also been voted in a poll the world's leading city in sporting.

Other

The former Goldfields of the historic cities of Ballarat, Beechworth, Bendigo, Castlemaine, Maldon and Daylesford.

Natural attractions include The Twelve Apostles on the Great Ocean Road, Wilson's Promontory, The Grampians, Buchan Caves Gippsland Lakes and the penguins in Phillip Island.

The Dandenong Ranges is also a well-known attraction, in particular Puffing Billy Railway and Healesville Sanctuary.

Waterskiing is popular and draws tourists in towns along the Murray River and Riverina, like Echuca and Mildura.

Geelong, a fast-developing city, has many beaches, and hosts the Australian International Airshow. Not far from Geelong is the Bellarine Peninsula, which has many famous beaches such as Bells Beach, Torquay and Queenscliff.

Mornington Peninsula is said to be the most romantic place in Victoria, mainly because of its wineries and secluded beaches.

The Victorian Alpine Region in the Australian Alps is particularly poular for skiing.

Other popular tourism activities are gliding, hang-gliding, hot air ballooning and scuba diving.

Sport

Victoria is the home of AFL, with ten of the sixteen clubs of the Australian Football League based in Victoria, and the traditional Grand Final held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the last Saturday in September.

Victoria's cricket team, the Victorian Bushrangers play in the national Pura Cup cricket competition.

Victoria has one team each represented in the National Rugby League and the Australian Rugby Championship, the Melbourne Storm and Melbourne Rebels respectively.

References

  1. Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2006-07
  2. "Floral Emblem of Victoria". www.anbg.gov.au. http://www.anbg.gov.au/emblems/vic.emblem.html. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  3. "Victoria". Parliament@Work. http://www.parliament.curriculum.edu.au/vic.php3. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Victoria (Australia), which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message