Victoria of the United Kingdom: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

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Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom (more...)
Reign 20 June 1837 (aged 18) –
22 January 1901 (reign lasted 64 years)
Coronation 28 June 1838
Predecessor William IV
Successor Edward VII
Prime Ministers See list
Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Issue
Victoria, German Empress
Edward VII of the United Kingdom
Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg
Full name
Alexandrina Victoria
House House of Hanover
Father Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born 24 May 1819 (1819-05-24)
Kensington Palace, London
Died 22 January 1901 (1901-01-23) (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
Burial 2 February 1901
Frogmore, Windsor
Signature
British Royalty
House of Hanover
UK Arms 1837.svg
George III
Grandchildren
   Charlotte, Princess Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
   Princess Elizabeth of Clarence
   Victoria
   George V, King of Hanover
   George, Duke of Cambridge
   Augusta, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
   Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck
Victoria
.Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen regnant of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India of the British Raj from 1 May 1876, until her death.^ Became Queen, June 20, 1837.
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^ What geographical area is the birthplace of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland?”.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It was on June 20, 1837.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and 7 months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or since, and her reign is the longest of any female monarch in history.^ She ruled the Netherlands for fifty-eight years, longer than any other Dutch monarch.
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^ Before his death, he was the world's second-longest reigning monarch with his 56 years of reign.
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^ He has served continuously since 1973, the longest tenure in the state's history.
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.The time of her reign is known as the Victorian era, a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military progress within the United Kingdom.^ View current time in United Kingdom .
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^ During all that period, both Guelfs and Ghibellines took and abandoned the castle of Monaco, which was ideally located to launch political and military operations against Genoa.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Actually, the time until the death of the Prince Regent who was King at the time of his death is known as the long regency period.

.Victoria ascended the throne at a time when the United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the king or queen held few political powers and exercised influence by the prime minister's advice; but she still served as a very important symbolic figure of her time.^ View current time in United Kingdom .
  • United Kingdom Time Converter Calculator 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldtimeserver.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lieutenant Dunne presented the fifth Pekingese to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, who named it Looty.
  • Pekingese Dog Breed Information 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.heydogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The origin of the term prime minister and the question to whom it should originally be applied have long been issues of scholarly and political debate.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.Victoria's reign was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.^ The reign of Queen Victoria may be aptly described as a period of progress in all that related to the well-being of the subjects of her vast empire.
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^ She reigned for 44 years, during a period marked by increases in English power and influence worldwide, as well as great religious turmoil within England.
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.During this period, it reached its zenith and became the foremost global power of the time.^ From the time the King went insane until the time the Prince Regent became King was known as the "regency" period.

^ She reigned for 44 years, during a period marked by increases in English power and influence worldwide, as well as great religious turmoil within England.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this period, he wrote A Time to Build (1967), discussing problems of belief and unbelief, ecumenism, sexuality, and war.
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.Victoria was of mostly German descent, the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and granddaughter of George III and the niece of her predecessor William IV.^ Her godparents are King Leopold III of Belgium, Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg (brother of her maternal grandfather Prince Hendrik), Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, and Allene Countess de Kotzebue.
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^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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^ Obviously, when she lost the love of her life, Prince Albert of Saxe- Gotha - Coburg , it destroyed her.

.She arranged marriages for her nine children and forty-two grandchildren across the continent, tying Europe together and earning her the nickname "the grandmother of Europe".[1] She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover; her son King Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.^ Edward VII Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, King of the United Kingdom also went by the nick-name of Bertie.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10066 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

^ She married Edward VII Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , King of the United Kingdom , son of Albert Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha and Victoria Alexandrina Hanover , Queen of the United Kingdom , on 10 March 1863 at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England .
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10066 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As a result of her marriage, Alice Maud Mary Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess of the United Kingdom was styled as Großherzogin Alice von Hessen und bei Rhein on 1 July 1862.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10066 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Heiress to the throne

.Victoria was born in Kensington Palace in 1819. At the time of her birth, her grandfather, George III, was on the throne, but his three eldest sons, the Prince Regent (later George IV), the Duke of York, and the Duke of Clarence (later William IV), had no surviving legitimate children.^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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^ Both the children of William IV. were dead.
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^ Three years later George IV also disappeared, and the Duke of Clarence reigned in his stead.
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.The princess was christened privately by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners-Sutton, on 24 June 1819 in the Cupola Room at Kensington Palace.^ The windows of Kensington Palace--indeed the room in which Her Majesty received the news of her accession to the throne--command a view of the memorial, which faces the round pond.
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^ Princess Victoria was born at Kensington Palace on a warm spring morning in May, 1819.

^ In 1830 the Duke of Coburg, with his two sons, Ernest and Albert, arrived at Kensington Palace on a visit, and thus the Princess met for the first time her future husband.
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.Her godparents were Emperor Alexander I of Russia, the future King George IV of the United Kingdom (her uncle), Queen Charlotte of Württemberg (her aunt, whose sister The Princess Augusta Sophia stood in proxy) and Duchess Augusta of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (her maternal grandmother, for whom Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, the infant princess' aunt, stood proxy).^ Her godparents are King Leopold III of Belgium, Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg (brother of her maternal grandfather Prince Hendrik), Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, and Allene Countess de Kotzebue.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • I'm A Pimpin Turtle...: Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC pimpinturtle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lieutenant Dunne presented the fifth Pekingese to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, who named it Looty.
  • Pekingese Dog Breed Information 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.heydogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The queen could claim British nationality because of her descent from Sophia, based on The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body (the Sophia Naturalization Act) from 1705, as she was born before the act was repealed in 1948.
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  • I'm A Pimpin Turtle...: Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC pimpinturtle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The princess was named Alexandrina, after Emperor Alexander I of Russia, and Victoria after her mother.^ On the 24th May 1819, their daughter was born, and she was named Alexandrina Victoria, after the reigning Emperor of Russia and her mother.
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^ Set in the period from 1836 to 1840, the film starts with Victoria as a lonely, cossetted princess dominated by her mother and weighed down by her royal destiny.

^ Her own mother, the Duchess of Kent, in league with Sir John Conroy, controller of her household, tried to get power over Victoria - and the country - by being named Regent.

[2]
.The young Princess Victoria was the only legitimate child of the fourth son of George III, the Duke of Kent, who died in 1820. As such, she became heiress presumptive after the death of George IV in 1830.[3][1] The law at the time made no special provision for a child monarch.^ The Princess Victoria therefore was the heiress of England.
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^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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^ George IV. had died childless.
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.Therefore, a Regent needed to be appointed if Victoria were to succeed to the throne before the age of eighteen.^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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^ An important step was taken when, before the birth of the Princess Royal, the Prince, without any opposition in Parliament, was appointed Regent in case of the death of the Queen.
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^ Such was Victoria's England when she ascended the throne, a young girl, nineteen years of age.
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.Parliament passed the Regency Act 1830, which provided that Victoria's mother, the Duchess of Kent, would act as Regent during the Queen's minority, if she acceded to the throne while still a minor.^ Much has been said and written about Victoria's mother---the Duchess of Kent.

^ Above are two pictures of Victoria and her mother, The Duchess of Kent.

^ The new Queen, it was now clear, would in all probability never again be a mother; the Princess Victoria, therefore, was recognised by Parliament as heir-presumptive; and the Duchess of Kent, whose annuity had been doubled five years previously, was now given an additional L10,000 for the maintenance of the Princess, and was appointed regent, in case of the death of the King before the majority of her daughter.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

Parliament did not create a council to limit the powers of the Regent. .King William disliked the Duchess and, on at least one occasion, stated that he wanted to live until Victoria's 18th birthday, so that a regency could be avoided.^ IV King William could not away with his sister-in-law, and the Duchess fully returned his antipathy.
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^ As there is only one US state called Oregon and as everyone wanting to denote Oregon would know it was a US state this is sufficient.
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^ He reigned as Charles I as Emperor of Austria and Charles IV as King of Hungary from 1916 until 1918, when he "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate.
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[1]
Victoria later described her childhood as "rather melancholy."[4] .Victoria's mother was extremely protective of the princess, who was raised in near isolation under the so called "Kensington System", an elaborate set of rules and protocols devised by The Duchess and her comptroller and supposed lover, Sir John Conroy, to prevent the princess from ever meeting people whom they deemed undesirable, and to render her weak and utterly dependent upon them.^ His name was Sir John Conroy, and he was very helpful to the Duke and Duchess.

^ The widowed mother now returned to London, where the Duchess of Clarence, afterward Queen Adelaide, interested herself greatly in little Victoria.
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^ True-identity establishment is used to limit the possibility of people impersonating people whom they are not and is used in various embodiments incorporating real identity user authentication.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

[5] She was not allowed to interact with other children. .Her main companion was her King Charles spaniel, Dash, and she was required to share a bedroom with her mother every night until she became queen.^ It is the only place she ever lived until she became Queen, at 18.

^ From the time the King went insane until the time the Prince Regent became King was known as the "regency" period.

^ So, there was this kind of scheme to build the family up, so one was married to the Queen of Portugal and became King Consul of Portugal; later one was married to Archduke Maximilian of Austria.

[5] .As a teenager, Victoria resisted their threats and rejected their attempts to make Conroy her personal secretary.^ The King of the Belgians had not been able to resist attempting to make use of his family position to further his diplomatic ends.

^ And while we are at it, are you ready to sign the papers making Conroy your personal secretary, upon your accession to the Throne?” .

.Once queen, she immediately banned Conroy from her quarters (though she could not remove him from her mother's household) and consigned her mother to a distant corner of the palace, often refusing to see her.^ He is a 13th cousin of Britain's Queen Mother, and of her daughter Queen Elizabeth and is a 13th cousin once removed of the heir to the throne, Prince Charles.
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^ Although she always had a nostalgic feeling for the place, once she became Queen, she never returned---prefering Windsor Caslte, and the newly re-done Buckingham Palace.

^ Her own mother, the Duchess of Kent, in league with Sir John Conroy, controller of her household, tried to get power over Victoria - and the country - by being named Regent.

[5]
.The Duchess was scandalised by her brothers-in-law's numerous mistresses and bastard children, and the widespread public contempt for the royal family that resulted; she taught her daughter that she must avoid any hint of sexual impropriety, which has been proposed as having prompted the emergence of Victorian morality.^ One of the results of this new state of affairs was a change in the position of the Duchess of Kent and her daughter.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However the Royal family must have known Harry was a 'half-blood prince' (chortle, Rowling knows too!
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "However the Royal family must have known Harry was a 'half-blood prince' (chortle, Rowling knows too!
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]
.Victoria's governess, Baroness Lehzen from Hanover, was a formative influence for Victoria and continued to run Victoria's household after she ascended to the throne.^ She got her exercise, and adored her governess, the Baroness Lehzen .

^ Victoria ascended to the throne and emerged from her mother's shadow.

^ Victoria knew that the four thousand pounds she would receive would benefit her but, it would not be enough to run her very own household in a manner in which an heir to the Throne would be expected.

.Victoria's close relationship with Baroness Lehzen came to an end some time after the queen married Prince Albert, who found Lehzen incompetent for her authority in the household, to the point of threatening the safety and health of their first child.^ It was for some time uncertain who would undertake the duty, until, almost before he had realized it himself, Lord Melbourne found himself in the position of 'guide, philosopher, and friend.'
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^ LONGFELLOW No account of the reign of Queen Victoria would be complete without some reference to the achievements of women, more especially when their work has had for its chief end and aim the alleviation of suffering.
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^ But Prince Albert assured the Queen that this squabbling did not trouble him: 'All I have to say is, while I possess your love, they cannot make me unhappy.'
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.Victoria was taught only German until she was three years old.^ In 1824, when the princess was five years old, Fraeulein Lehzen, a German lady, became her governess; afterwards she held the post of the Queen's private secretary, until relieved by the Prince-Consort.
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^ National Grid has only used it five times in total since the system was introduced three years ago.
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^ It seemed a very long time, yet it was probably only minutes until Victoria entered the room.

.She was subsequently taught French and English as well, and became virtually trilingual.^ German was naturally the first language with which she was familiar; but English and French quickly followed; and she became virtually trilingual, though her mastery of English grammar remained incomplete.
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Her mother spoke German with her. Her command of English, although good, was not perfect.[citation needed]

Early reign

Accession

Victoria receives the news of her accession to the throne from Lord Conyngham (left) and the Archbishop of Canterbury.
.On 24 May 1837 Victoria turned 18, and a second British Regency was avoided.^ On May 24, 1837, Victoria attained her majority.
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^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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^ Some months afterward they came over to England, and on May 24, 1819, their daughter Alexandrina Victoria was born.
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.On 20 June 1837, William IV died from heart failure at the age of 71,[6] and Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom.^ Death He died in Manhattan of heart failure in 1991, aged 80.
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^ Became Queen, June 20, 1837.
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^ It was on June 20, 1837.
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[7] .In her diary she wrote, "I was awoke at 6 o'clock by Mamma …who told me the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Conyngham were here and wished to see me.^ Lord Conyngham…what a delight to see you again.” .

^ Lord Conyngham...what a pleasure to see you again.

^ At six the Duchess woke up her daughter, and told her that the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Conyngham were there, and wished to see her.
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.I got out of bed and went into my sitting-room (only in my dressing gown) alone, and saw them.^ She got out of bed, put on her dressing-gown, and went, alone, into the room where the messengers were standing.
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^ The following extract occurs in a letter from Prince Albert to the Duchess of Kent: 'What you say about my poor little bride, sitting all alone in her room, silent and sad, has touched me to the heart.
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^ Then she reappeared, and gave a significant order: her bed was to be moved out of her mother's room.
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.Lord Conyngham then acquainted me that my poor Uncle, the King, was no more, and had expired at 12 minutes past 2 this morning, and consequently that I am Queen…"[6] All the official documents (proclamation, oaths of allegiance, etc) prepared on the first day of her reign described her as Queen Alexandrina Victoria but at her first Privy Council meeting she signed the register as Victoria; thus, although she was supposed to reign as Alexandrina Victoria, the first name was withdrawn at her own wish.^ Australia - Victoria and World Meeting Planner with comparative time table home my profile You are 1 of 9687 active visitors right now!
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^ One caveat: I would hold off on my first interpretation of the Washington/Russell letter, though not the fact that their names both appear on the "Illuminati" letter.
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^ LONGFELLOW No account of the reign of Queen Victoria would be complete without some reference to the achievements of women, more especially when their work has had for its chief end and aim the alleviation of suffering.
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[8] .Her coronation took place on 28 June 1838, and she became the first monarch to take up residence at Buckingham Palace.^ On Thursday, June 28, 1838, the coronation ceremony took place in Westminster Abbey.
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^ For one thing, the faithful Stockmar had taken up his residence in the palace.

^ She was proclaimed queen, June 21, 1837: the coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on June 28, 1838, and has been vividly described by many pens.
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[9]
.Under Salic law, however, no woman could be monarch of Hanover, a realm which had shared a monarch with Britain since 1714. Hanover passed to her uncle, the Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, who became King Ernest Augustus I.^ The crown of Hanover now went to the Duke of Cumberland, the Queen's uncle.
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^ It first became royal when Count Christian VIII of Oldenburg became chosen King of Denmark in 1448, and has been the Danish Royal House ever since.
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^ I) won't live long either; that Prince of Blackguards, 'Brother William,' is as bad a life, so we come in the course of nature to be ASSASSINATED by King Ernest I or Regent Ernest (the Duke of Cumberland)."
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

(He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III.) As the young queen was as yet unmarried and childless, Ernest Augustus also remained the heir presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom until Victoria's first child was born in 1840.[10]
Queen Victoria and her eldest daughter, 1844. This is the first photograph ever taken of Queen Victoria
At the time of her accession, the government was controlled by the Whig Party, which had been in power, except for brief intervals, since 1830. The Whig Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, at once became a powerful influence in the life of the politically inexperienced Queen, who relied on him for advice—some even referred to Victoria as "Mrs. Melbourne".[11] However, the Melbourne ministry would not stay in power for long; it was growing unpopular and, moreover, faced considerable difficulty in governing the British colonies, especially during the Rebellions of 1837. .In 1839, Lord Melbourne resigned after the Radicals and the Tories (both of whom Victoria detested at that time) joined together to block a Bill before the House of Commons that would have suspended the Constitution of Jamaica.^ Parliament again met in the autumn; and as the bill was a second time carried through the House of Commons, there was for a time the prospect of a contest between the two Houses.
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^ It was for some time uncertain who would undertake the duty, until, almost before he had realized it himself, Lord Melbourne found himself in the position of 'guide, philosopher, and friend.'
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^ On her side, Victoria was instantaneously fascinated by Lord Melbourne.

[12]
.Victoria's principal advisor was her uncle King Leopold I of Belgium (her mother's brother, and the widower of Victoria's cousin, Princess Charlotte).^ The widowed mother now returned to London, where the Duchess of Clarence, afterward Queen Adelaide, interested herself greatly in little Victoria.
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^ The Baron had been already, two years previously, consulted by King Leopold as to his views upon the proposed marriage of Albert and Victoria.
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^ So, Leopold in the movie should have been Albert if Princess Charlotte hadn’t died.

[11]
.The Queen then commissioned Sir Robert Peel, a Tory, to form a new ministry, but was faced with a debacle known as the Bedchamber Crisis.^ Her Majesty was advised by the Duke of Wellington to invite Sir Robert Peel to form a new ministry.
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^ Sir Robert Peel appointed Premier.
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^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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.At the time, it was customary for appointments to the Royal Household to be based on the patronage system (that is, for the Prime Minister to appoint members of the Royal Household on the basis of their party loyalties).^ His passion for reading never deserted him; even when he was Prime Minister he found time to master every new important book.
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^ The first Act of Parliament to mention the office of Prime Minister was the Chequers Estate Act, which received the Royal Assent on 20 Dec 1917.
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^ He hated patronage and the making of appointments—a feeling rare in Ministers.
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.Many of the Queen's Ladies of the Bedchamber were wives of Whigs, but Peel expected to replace them with wives of Tories.^ It was agreed that the constitutional point should not be raised, but that on the formation of the Tory Government, the principal Whig ladies should retire, and their places be filled by others appointed by Sir Robert.
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^ Peel had decided that a change would be necessary in the composition of the royal Household: the Queen must no longer be entirely surrounded by the wives and sisters of his opponents; some, at any rate, of the Ladies of the Bedchamber should be friendly to his Government.
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^ From the moment of her accession, he had surrounded the Queen with ladies of his own party; the Mistress of the Robes and all the Ladies of the Bedchamber were Whigs.
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.Victoria strongly objected to the removal of these ladies, whom she regarded as close friends rather than as members of a ceremonial institution.^ It is far better informed with regard to international law than most members of the judiciary or for that matter, the legal academe.

^ However, after he became an adult, she and he became good friends and strong allies, to the point where Winston regarded her almost more as a sister than as a mother.
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^ He also serves as a trustee of the Culinary Institute of America and is a member of the Board of Directors of the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
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.Peel felt that he could not govern under the restrictions imposed by the Queen, and consequently resigned his commission, allowing Melbourne to return to office.^ When Professor of Law at Melbourne University in the early seventies, Colin Howard saw that the Constitution as an act of a foreign government could not have survived sovereign nationhood.

^ So long as he was in office, his attitude towards Peel had been irreproachable; he had done all he could to facilitate the change of government, he had even, through more than one channel, transmitted privately to his successful rival advice as to the best means of winning the Queen's good graces.
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^ Sir Robert returned, and told her that if she insisted upon retaining all her Ladies he could not form a Government.
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[11]

Marriage

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1854
Marriage of Victoria and Albert by Sir George Hayter
.Princess Victoria first met her future husband, her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when she was just seventeen in 1836. Some authors have written that she initially found Albert to be rather dull.^ Obviously, when she lost the love of her life, Prince Albert of Saxe- Gotha - Coburg , it destroyed her.

^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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^ Various candidates for her hand were proposed—among others, two cousins of her own, another Spanish prince, and Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, a first cousin of Victoria's and Albert's; for different reasons, however, none of these young men seemed altogether satisfactory.
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[13] However according to her diary, she enjoyed his company from the beginning. .After the visit she wrote, "[Albert] is extremely handsome; his hair is about the same colour as mine; his eyes are large and blue, and he has a beautiful nose and a very sweet mouth with fine teeth; but the charm of his countenance is his expression, which is most delightful."^ She was just seventeen; and deep was the impression left upon that budding organism by the young man's charm and goodness and accomplishments, and his large blue eyes and beautiful nose, and his sweet mouth and fine teeth.
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^ Albert, who is just as tall as Ernest but stouter, is extremely handsome; his hair is about the same colour as mine; his eyes are large and blue, and he has a beautiful nose and a very sweet mouth with fine teeth; but the charm of his countenance is his expression, which is most delightful; c'est a la fois full of goodness and sweetness, and very clever and intelligent."
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^ "Ernest," she remarked, "is as tall as Ferdinand and Augustus; he has dark hair, and fine dark eyes and eyebrows, but the nose and mouth are not good; he has a most kind, honest, and intelligent expression in his countenance, and has a very good figure.
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[14] .She also wrote to her maternal uncle Leopold I of Belgium to thank him "for the prospect of great happiness you have contributed to give me, in the person of dear Albert ...^ She was treating him as she had once treated their uncle Leopold.
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^ When Eisenhower thanked him for his solicitude, the brigadier deflated him by explaining "my concern was that you should not be injured in my sector."
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^ King Leopold, too, was "ungracious" in his correspondence; "Dear Uncle," she told Albert, "is given to believe that he must rule the roost everywhere.
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.He possesses every quality that could be desired to render me perfectly happy."^ Victoria wrote to her uncle saying how much she liked Albert in every way, and that he possessed every quality that could be desired to render her perfectly happy.
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^ She had told him then that Albert possessed "every quality that could be desired to render her perfectly happy," and had begged her "dearest uncle to take care of the health of one, now so dear to me, and to take him under your special protection," adding, "I hope and trust all will go on prosperously and well on this subject of so much importance to me."
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^ In him centred almost every earthly honour a subject could possess....
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[15] .Prince Albert's father was one of her mother's brothers, Ernest, who approved the match.^ His brother, the Prince Regent who had recently lost his own daughter Charlotte, didn't care for his brother at all.

^ At Dover a large crowd was collected on the pier, and "it was by no common effort that Prince Albert, who had continued to suffer up to the last moment, got up to bow to the people."
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^ One of the trials of royalty is that they are the observed of all observers, and from the first Prince Albert understood the extreme delicacy of his position.
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.However at seventeen, the Princess Victoria, though interested in Albert, was not yet ready to marry.^ In 1803 he married the Princess Victoria, at that time seventeen years of age.
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^ He had lately married a German Princess, but there were as yet no children by the marriage.
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^ Feodora, now the Princess Hohenlohe, after a visit to England, expressed in a letter to Victoria her admiration of Albert both as a private and a public character.
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.Victoria came to the throne aged just eighteen on 20 June 1837. Though queen, as an unmarried young woman Victoria was nonetheless required to live with her mother, with whom she was quite angry over the Kensington system.^ It was on June 20, 1837.
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^ Queen ¹ 20 Jun 1837 - 22 Jan 1901 Victoria (b.
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^ Became Queen, June 20, 1837.
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.Victoria gave her mother a remote apartment in Buckingham Palace and usually refused to meet her.^ He refused this offer, and shortly afterwards was found by the police loitering round Buckingham Palace.
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^ When she returned to Buckingham Palace at last she was not tired; she ran up to her private rooms, doffed her splendours, and gave her dog Dash its evening bath.
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^ The whole royal household moved from Kensington to Buckingham Palace, and, in the new abode, the Duchess of Kent was given a suite of apartments entirely separate from the Queen's.
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.Lord Melbourne advised Victoria to marry in order to be free of her mother.^ On her side, Victoria was instantaneously fascinated by Lord Melbourne.

^ Victoria, it is true, began by saying that she had shown the POLITICAL PART of his letter to Lord Melbourne; but she proceeded to a discussion of foreign affairs.
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^ "At present," she told Lord Melbourne in April, 1839, "my feeling is quite against ever marrying."
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.Her letters of the time show interest in Albert's education for the future role he would have to play as her husband, although she resisted attempts to rush her into marriage.^ Time would show; and in the meantime she scribbled down another letter.
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^ The Trade Unions showed an increased interest in education, in forming libraries and classes, and in extending their somewhat narrow policy as their voting power increased.
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^ In 1830 the Duke of Coburg, with his two sons, Ernest and Albert, arrived at Kensington Palace on a visit, and thus the Princess met for the first time her future husband.
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[16]
.Though initially Victoria was quite popular, her reputation suffered somewhat in an 1839 court intrigue when one of her mother's ladies-in-waiting, Lady Flora Hastings, developed an abdominal tumour that resulted in her death in July 1839. Lady Flora at first refused to submit to a physical examination by a doctor, and her abdominal growth was widely rumored to be an out-of-wedlock pregnancy by Sir John Conroy, who was long rumoured to be the lover of Victoria's mother.^ Finally, mention must be made of one who, though he held no high position of State, can with justice be regarded as both friend and adviser of the Queen--John Brown.
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^ It was only natural that among the elder members of the royal family he should not have been popular, and that his failings--for failings he had, though Victoria would never notice his too acute appreciation of Scotch whisky--should have been the subject of acrimonious comment at Court.

^ Lady Flora could not resist a caustic observation; it was repeated to the Baroness, who pursed her lips in fury, and so the mischief grew.
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.Victoria hated Conroy for his role in constructing the Kensington System that had rendered her childhood so unhappy, and believed the rumours.^ Victoria hated Conroy and his control.

^ There is much to Conroy--he did spend a lifetime protecting Victoria, but she hated him.

.Lady Flora eventually submitted to an examination and was found to have a terminal tumour.^ One day, Lady Flora found the joke was turned against her.
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.When she died several months later, Conroy and Lady Flora's brother organised a press campaign accusing the Queen of spreading false and disgraceful insults about Lady Flora.^ Lady Flora died.
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^ The Queen expressed her regret to Lady Flora, but Sir James Clark was not dismissed.
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^ Several moments later Sir John Conroy walked into the large foyer.

.Victoria continued to praise Albert following his second visit in October 1839 after she had become Queen, when she wrote of him: "…dear Albert… He is so sensible, so kind, and so good, and so amiable too.^ But Prince Albert assured the Queen that this squabbling did not trouble him: 'All I have to say is, while I possess your love, they cannot make me unhappy.'
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^ His correspondence with the Queen continued, and he appeared from time to time at Court; but he was a mere simulacrum of his former self; "the dream," wrote Victoria, "is past."
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^ Victoria, ever since, together with Albert, she had visited Scotland in the early years of her marriage, had felt that her heart was in the Highlands.
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.He has besides, the most pleasing and delightful exterior and appearance you can possibly see."^ Besides, as I explained once more, (once more once more once more, did you see that?
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^ I was calm but very decided, and I think you would have been pleased to see my composure and great firmness; the Queen of England will not submit to such trickery.
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[13] Albert and Victoria felt mutual affection and the Queen proposed to Albert just 5 days after he had arrived at Windsor on 15 October 1839.[17]
The Queen and Prince Albert were married on 10 February 1840, in the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace, London. .Albert became not only the Queen's companion, but an important political advisor, replacing Lord Melbourne as the dominant figure in the first half of her life following Melbourne's death.^ The adoption of the penny postage scheme was the only great measure of Lord Melbourne's ministry during the early years of the new reign.
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^ Since then he had been a leader in both the business and Christian community, recognized widely for his defense of the sanctity of human life, and other political and cultural issues important today.
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^ It is the only place she ever lived until she became Queen, at 18.

[18] .Victoria's mother was evicted from the palace, and Victoria rarely visited her.^ Winston completely worshipped his mother, writing her numerous letters during his time away from home at school, begging her to visit him, which she rarely did.
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.During Victoria's first pregnancy, eighteen-year-old Edward Oxford attempted to assassinate the Queen while she was riding in a carriage with Prince Albert in London.^ Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, _m_.
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^ Millions flock to London each year to admire the 'essential' English sights and sounds of Oxford Street, Buckingham Palace, Big Ben, the London Eye and Royal London.
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^ But Prince Albert assured the Queen that this squabbling did not trouble him: 'All I have to say is, while I possess your love, they cannot make me unhappy.'
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[7] Oxford fired twice, but both bullets missed. .He was tried for high treason, but was acquitted on the grounds of insanity.^ Either for this or for some other reason the procedure of the last forty years was abandoned, and Maclean was tried for high treason.
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^ The first of them, Edward Oxford, who fired at Victoria within a few months of her marriage, was tried for high treason, declared to be insane, and sent to an asylum for life.
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[19] The first of the royal couple's nine children, named Victoria, was born on 21 November 1840.[20]
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in Court dress.
Further attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria occurred between May and July 1842. First, on 29 May at St. James's Park, John Francis fired a pistol at the Queen while she was in a carriage,[7] but was immediately seized by Police Constable William Trounce. Francis was convicted of high treason. The death sentence was commuted to transportation for life. .Then, on 3 July, just days after Francis's sentence was commuted, another boy, John William Bean,[7] attempted to shoot the Queen.^ It was just another day in the prison as far as she was concerned, and things could stay like this….well, for a long time.

^ This was the last of a series of seven attempts upon the Queen--attempts which, taking place at sporadic intervals over a period of forty years, resembled one another in a curious manner.

^ This was the last of a series of seven attempts upon the Queen—attempts which, taking place at sporadic intervals over a period of forty years, resembled one another in a curious manner.
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.Prince Albert felt that the attempts were encouraged by Oxford's acquittal in 1840. Although his gun was loaded only with paper and tobacco, his crime was still punishable by death.^ "His cousin's descendants, the Grimaldi family, still rule Monaco today, with Prince Albert II, the head of the House of Grimaldi."
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^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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^ She wasn't the widow in black, tucked away in a castle---as most people think--- mourning the death of her beloved husband, Prince Albert.

.Feeling that such a penalty would be too harsh, Prince Albert encouraged Parliament to pass the Treason Act 1842.^ The Act of 1842 forbade altogether the employment of women and girls in the mines, and allowed only boys of the age of ten or more to do such work.
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^ Hereupon arose a discussion both in and out of parliament as to the amount of the grant to Prince Albert, which was settled at L30,000 a year.
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^ At an earlier period it is certain, as Lord Melbourne assured her, that Parliament would not have passed such a Bill.
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.Under the new law, an assault with a dangerous weapon in the monarch's presence with the intent of alarming her was made punishable by seven years' imprisonment and flogging.^ Allegations of anti-semitism (2003) Vittorio Emanuele also said in recent years that the anti-Semitic laws passed under Mussolini's regime were "not that terrible".
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^ The same year he finished law school, Keating was made a Special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
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^ The four subsequent attempts were all dealt with under this new law; William Bean, in 1842, was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment; William Hamilton, in 1849, was transported for seven years; and, in 1850, the same sentence was passed upon Lieutenant Robert Pate, who struck the Queen on the head with his cane in Piccadilly.
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[21] .Bean was thus sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment; however, neither he, nor any person who violated the act in the future, was flogged.^ The Treason Felony Act of 1848 specifies "our Most Gracious Lady the Queen" as the person who cannot be opposed.
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^ However, she had just given birth to a daughter, who was Catherine de' Medici [with de la Tour/de Boullion blood) (1519–1589), the future Queen of France.
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[22]
.During the same summer as these two assassination attempts, Victoria made her first journey by train, travelling from Slough railway station (near Windsor Castle) to Bishop's Bridge, near Paddington (in London), on 13 June 1842 in the special royal carriage provided by the Great Western Railway.^ Meanwhile Victoria had made a new friend: she had suddenly been captivated by Napoleon III. Her dislike of him had been strong at first.
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^ These were significant episodes; but a still more serious manifestation of Victoria's temper occurred in the following year, during the crowning crisis of Beaconsfield's life.
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^ The organization, duties and powers of these bodies will be laid down by special regulations framed by agreement in the same way.
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.Accompanying her were her husband and the engineer of the Great Western line, Isambard Kingdom Brunel.^ Engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel .

.The Queen and the Prince Consort both complained the train was going too fast at 20 mph (30 km/h), fearing the train would derail.^ The Queen complained, the Prince complained: both complained together.
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^ Afterwards, in her private entourage, the Queen would observe that the person in question was, she very much feared, "not discreet"; it was a verdict from which there was no appeal.
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^ A severe despatch by Lord John Russell was submitted to the Queen; and the Prince perceived that, if it was sent off unaltered, war would be the almost inevitable consequence.
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[7]

Early Victorian politics and further assassination attempts

A young Queen Victoria
.Peel's ministry soon faced a crisis involving the repeal of the Corn Laws.^ The measure for which Peel's ministry will always be famous was the Repeal of the Corn-laws.
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^ The next year a measure for the repeal of the corn-laws was introduced into parliament by the prime-minister.
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^ Repeal of the Corn Laws, in order to open the ports free to food stuffs.
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.Many Tories—by then known also as Conservatives—were opposed to the repeal, but some Tories (the "Peelites") and most Whigs supported it.^ His speech was cheered to the echo by the angry Protectionists; and from this moment Disraeli became the spokesman and leader of that section of the Conservative party which was opposed to repeal.
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^ Later in life he became a Republican and supported many conservative causes.
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.Peel resigned in 1846, after the repeal narrowly passed, and was replaced by Lord John Russell.^ Lord John Russell appointed Premier.
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^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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^ A severe despatch by Lord John Russell was submitted to the Queen; and the Prince perceived that, if it was sent off unaltered, war would be the almost inevitable consequence.
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Russell's ministry, though Whig, was not favoured by the Queen. .Particularly offensive to Victoria was the Foreign Secretary, Lord Palmerston, who often acted without consulting the Cabinet, the Prime Minister, or the Queen.^ The prime-minister, the Earl of Aberdeen, resigned, and was succeeded by Lord Palmerston.
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^ On this the Foreign Secretary threatened resignation, but the Prime Minister was firm.
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^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
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[23]
.In 1849, Victoria lodged a complaint with Lord John Russell, claiming that Palmerston had sent official dispatches to foreign leaders without her knowledge.^ Lord John Russell appointed Premier.
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^ Lord Palmerston's approval of this outrage, without the knowledge of either the Queen or Lord John Russell, procured him his dismissal from the cabinet.
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^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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She repeated her remonstrance in 1850, but to no avail. .It was only in 1851 that Lord Palmerston was removed from office; he had on that occasion announced the British government's approval for President Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte's coup in France without prior consultation of the Prime Minister.^ Louis Napoleon elected Emperor of France.
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^ The prime-minister, the Earl of Aberdeen, resigned, and was succeeded by Lord Palmerston.
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^ Just prior to Smith's announcement, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown claimed, "[T]he cannabis on the streets is now of a lethal quality ."
  • United Kingdom: Pot Potency Fell Following Cannabis Downgrade - NORML 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.norml.org [Source type: News]

[23]
Victoria's British Prime Ministers
Year Prime Minister (party)
1835 Lord Melbourne (Whig)
1841 Sir Robert Peel (Conservative)
1846 Lord John Russell (Whig)
1852 (Feb.) Lord Derby (Cons.)
1852 (Dec.) Lord Aberdeen (Peelite)
1855 Lord Palmerston (Liberal)
1858 Derby (C.)
1859 Palmerston (L.)
1865 Russell (L.)
1866 Derby (C.)
1868 (Feb.) .Benjamin Disraeli (Cons.^ Con Earl of Derby (3rd time) 27 Feb 1868 - 3 Dec 1868 Benjamin Disraeli (1st time) (b.
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)
1868 (Dec.) .William Ewart Gladstone (Lib.^ The Life of William Ewart Gladstone.
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^ Con Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (2nd time) 15 Aug 1892 - 5 Mar 1894 William Ewart Gladstone (4th time)(s.a.
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^ Con 3 Dec 1868 - 20 Feb 1874 William Ewart Gladstone (1st time)(b.
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)
1874 Disraeli (C.)
1880 Gladstone (L.)
1885 Lord Salisbury (Cons.)
1886 (Feb.) Gladstone (L.)
1886 {July) Salisbury (C.)
1892 Gladstone (L.)
1894 Lord Rosebery (Lib.)
1895 Salisbury (C.)
Also see List of British Prime Ministers
and, for her British and Imperial premiers,
List of Prime Ministers of Queen Victoria
.The period during which Russell was Prime Minister also proved personally distressing to Queen Victoria.^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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^ He was the best known figure in London, and though he never courted popularity or distinction, yet he served his Queen as Prime Minister when desired.
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^ The Queen copied out the words of Stockmar, and sent them to the Prime Minister, requesting him to show her letter to Palmerston.
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.In 1849, an unemployed and disgruntled Irishman named William Hamilton attempted to alarm the Queen by firing a powder-filled pistol as her carriage passed along Constitution Hill, London.^ While she was driving up Constitution Hill, an attempt was made upon the Queen's life by a weak-minded youth, but luckily neither of the pistol shots took effect.
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^ The four subsequent attempts were all dealt with under this new law; William Bean, in 1842, was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment; William Hamilton, in 1849, was transported for seven years; and, in 1850, the same sentence was passed upon Lieutenant Robert Pate, who struck the Queen on the head with his cane in Piccadilly.
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^ As the Queen, at Windsor, was walking from the train to her carriage, a youth named Roderick Maclean fired a pistol at her from a distance of a few yards.
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.Hamilton was charged under the 1842 act; he pleaded guilty and received the maximum sentence of seven years of penal transportation.^ The four subsequent attempts were all dealt with under this new law; William Bean, in 1842, was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment; William Hamilton, in 1849, was transported for seven years; and, in 1850, the same sentence was passed upon Lieutenant Robert Pate, who struck the Queen on the head with his cane in Piccadilly.
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^ By a previous Factory Act of 1834 all children under fourteen years of age were compelled to attend school for two hours daily.
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^ In 1968 he testified on behalf of members of the Racial Preservation Society who were charged under the Race Relations Act for publishing racialist material.
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[24]
In 1850, the Queen did sustain injury when she was assaulted by a possibly insane ex-Army officer, Robert Pate. As Victoria was riding in a carriage, Pate struck her with his cane, crushing her bonnet and bruising her. .Pate was later tried; he failed to prove his insanity, and received the same sentence as Hamilton.^ It appears, however, that this sentence did not commend itself to Albert, for when, two years later, John Francis committed the same of fence, and was tried upon the same charge, the Prince propounced that there was no insanity in the matter.
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[23]

Ireland

.The young Queen Victoria fell in love with Ireland, choosing to holiday in Killarney in Kerry.^ A movie on Queen Victoria as a young woman!

^ A movie on Queen Victoria as a young wom...

^ Among the high-born beauties of her day, the young Queen Victoria was remarkable for the number of her ways of smiling.'
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.Her love of the country was matched by initial Irish warmth towards the young Queen.^ Born in Michigan's copper country in 1864, the son of a mining superintendent, the young Irish Catholic had no desire to dig for metal.
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^ His manner towards the young Queen mingled, with perfect facility, the watchfulness and the respect of a statesman and a courtier with the tender solicitude of a parent.
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.In 1845, Ireland was hit by a potato blight that over four years cost the lives of over a million Irish people and saw the emigration of another million.^ We're drilling an offshore well right now that had a cost estimate of $23 million a year ago.
  • The Oil Drum | Is the United Kingdom facing a natural gas shortage? 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: General]

[25] .In response to what came to be called the Great Famine (in Irish, An Gorta Mór), the Queen personally donated £2,000 sterling to the Irish people.^ On May 1, 1851, the Great Exhibition was opened by the Queen before an enormous concourse of persons, amid scenes of dazzling brilliancy and triumphant enthusiasm.
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^ The death of the Queen's' mother came as a great shock to the Prince Consort.
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[26] .However, when Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire declared that he would send £10,000 in aid, Queen Victoria requested that the Sultan send only £1,000, because she had sent only £2,000. The Sultan sent the £1,000 but also secretly sent three ships full of food.^ [Footnote 10: Queen Victoria's _Journal_.
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^ A severe despatch by Lord John Russell was submitted to the Queen; and the Prince perceived that, if it was sent off unaltered, war would be the almost inevitable consequence.
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^ The Queen copied out the words of Stockmar, and sent them to the Prime Minister, requesting him to show her letter to Palmerston.
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British courts tried to block the ships, but the food arrived at Drogheda harbour and was left there by Ottoman sailors.[27] .However, myths were generated towards the end of the 19th century that she had donated a maximum of £5 in aid to the Irish, and on the same day also gave £5 pounds to Battersea Dog Shelter.^ At the end of the 18th century the Islamic Ottoman Empire began a slow decay, thus permitting the Bulgarian National Revival of the 18th and 19th centuries to occur.
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^ Albert, who had for long been suffering from sleeplessness, went, on a cold and drenching day towards the end of November, to inspect the buildings for the new Military Academy at Sandhurst.
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^ However, Crowe points out that very few of the document's critics have worked from the charter itself, but have used a transcription and translation that was published in the 19th century.
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.This was false, as she in fact contributed £2,000, substantially more than many Irish Catholic Bishops, one of whom donated £1,000 pounds to a charity for the hungry and £10,000 to a University project.^ "They are more than the Catholic aristocracy...
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^ By the time Lynch resigned as a fund manager in 1990, the fund had grown to more than $14 billion in assets with more than 1,000 individual stock positions.
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^ Kingsley looked up to Carlyle as his master, to whom he owed more than to any other man.
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[28]
.Additionally, the policies of her minister Lord John Russell were often blamed for exacerbating the severity of the famine, which adversely affected the Queen's popularity in Ireland.^ Lord John Russell appointed Premier.
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^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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^ He was the best known figure in London, and though he never courted popularity or distinction, yet he served his Queen as Prime Minister when desired.
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.However Victoria was a strong supporter of the Irish; she supported the Maynooth Grant and made a point, on visiting Ireland, of visiting the seminary.^ However, after he became an adult, she and he became good friends and strong allies, to the point where Winston regarded her almost more as a sister than as a mother.
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^ Meanwhile Victoria had made a new friend: she had suddenly been captivated by Napoleon III. Her dislike of him had been strong at first.
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[29]
.Victoria's first official visit to Ireland, in 1849, was specifically arranged by Lord Clarendon, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland—the head of the British administration—to try to both draw attention from the famine and alert British politicians through the Queen's presence to the seriousness of the crisis in Ireland.^ The Queen was in Ireland in 1849, and had a splendid reception.
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^ Queen wrote anxiously to the First Lord of the Admiralty.
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^ The Queen, in her velvet riding--habit and a top-hat with a veil draped about the brim, headed the cavalcade; and Lord M. rode beside her.

.Despite the negative impact of the famine on the Queen's popularity she remained popular enough for many Irish nationalists at party meetings to finish by singing "God Save the Queen".[30] She became known in Ireland as "The Famine Queen",[31] and was much vilified then, as now.^ GDP continues to grow as much as 10% annually, and unemployment has remained below 2% for many years.
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^ For many years there had been growing in Ireland a party which demanded Home Rule--that is, that Ireland should manage her domestic affairs by a parliament of her own at Dublin.
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^ Kukuzel also reformed the Byzantine musical writing system, and became known as The Angel-voiced for his singing abilities.
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[32]In .1853 she visited the Great Industrial Exhibition which was the biggest international event held to date in Ireland.^ CHAPTER X: _The Great Exhibition_ The idea of a "great exhibition of the Works and Industries of all Nations" was Prince Albert's.
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^ "A great event and a great compliment HIS visit certainly is," she told her uncle, "and the people HERE are extremely flattered at it.
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Over one million attended and Victoria knighted the architect of the exhibition, John Benson.[33]
.
Prince Albert, Queen Victoria and their nine children.
^ But Prince Albert assured the Queen that this squabbling did not trouble him: 'All I have to say is, while I possess your love, they cannot make me unhappy.'
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^ Abroad, her uncle, King Leopold of Belgium, used Victoria and his nephew Prince Albert as pieces on a chess board.

^ The death of the Prince Consort was the central turning-point in the history of Queen Victoria.
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Left to right : Alice, Arthur, The Prince Consort, The Prince of Wales, Leopold ( in front of him), Louise, Queen Victoria with Beatrice, Alfred, Victoria and Helena
.By the 1870s and 1880s the monarchy's appeal in Ireland had diminished substantially, partly because Victoria refused to visit Ireland in protest at the Dublin Corporation's decision not to congratulate her son, the Prince of Wales on both his marriage to Princess Alexandra of Denmark and on the birth of the royal couple's oldest son, Prince Albert Victor.^ Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, _m_.
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^ Preparations were being made to celebrate another marriage, that of the Duke of Clarence and Avondale, eldest son of the Prince of Wales, to Princess Victoria Mary (May) of Teck, in January 1892; but to the sorrow of all, he was stricken down with influenza accompanied by pneumonia on January 10th, and died on the 14th.
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^ Other events during the Palmerston administration were a tedious native rebellion in New Zealand (1860-65); the marriage of the Prince of Wales to the Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1863); the cession of the Ionian Isles to Greece (1864); and on the Continent there was the Schleswig-Holstein War (1864), in which, beset by both Prussia and Austria, Denmark looked, but looked vainly, for succour from Britain.
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[29] .Queen Victoria had also felt deeply hurt after Dublin Corporation had returned a bust of her beloved late husband Albert, which she sent as a gift to the people of Dublin.^ It is no exaggeration to say that the death of the Queen's beloved husband saddened every home in the land; it was a sorrow felt equally by the highest and the lowest.
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^ Often, when seeking inspiration over some complicated question of political or domestic import, she would gaze with deep concentration at her late husband's bust.
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^ The words on the coffin were as follow: 'Here lies the most illustrious and exalted Albert, Prince-Consort, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, the most beloved husband of the most august and potent Queen Victoria.
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In addition, she had felt hurt by the indignation at the suggestion to place a statue of Albert on St. Stephen's Green in Dublin, and to rename it 'Albert Green'. It has been theorised that these perceived 'insults' to her beloved Albert's memory hardened her views of the Irish people.[34]
.Victoria refused repeated pressure from a number of prime ministers, lords lieutenant and even members of the Royal Family, to establish a royal residence in Ireland.^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
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^ The Act made a certain distinction between "position" (Prime Minister) and "office" (First Lord of the Treasury) emphasizing the unique character of the position and recognized the existence of the Cabinet.
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^ On the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from office in 1846, Lord John Russell became prime-minister, with Lord Palmerston as foreign secretary.
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[30] .Lord Midleton, the former head of the Irish unionist party, writing in his memoirs of 1930 Ireland: Dupe or Heroine?, described this decision as having proved disastrous to the monarchy and the union.^ The storyline was adapted from the 1979 memoirs of Fernando Gabeira, former member of revolutionary cell MR-8 and latterly a journalist and congressman in Brazil's Green Party.
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^ In the first place there was a strong party in the Cabinet, headed by Lord Derby, the Foreign Secretary, which was unwilling to take the risk of war; but his culminating anxiety was the Faery.
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[35]
.The Queen paid her last visit to Ireland in 1900, when she came to appeal to Irishmen to join the British Army and fight in the Second Boer War.^ The Baron had paid his last visit to England.
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^ The Queen and her husband paid frequent visits, and made many tours during their early married life.
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^ In April 1900, when she was in her eighty-first year, she made the extraordinary decision to abandon her annual visit to the South of France, and to go instead to Ireland, which had provided a particularly large number of recruits to the armies in the field.
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Nationalist opposition to her visit was spearheaded by Arthur Griffith, who established an organisation called Cumann na nGaedhael to unite the opposition. .Five years later Griffith used the contacts established in his campaign against the Queen's visit to form a new political movement, Sinn Féin,[30] which ultimately brought about the establishment of the Irish Free State.^ Two years later, in 1881, the Queen lost Lord Beaconsfield, and, in 1883, John Brown.
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^ In her later years, however, the Queen invariably asked Mr. Gladstone and Lord Salisbury to sit down.
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^ In A Theology for Radical Politics (1969), Novak makes theological arguments in support of the New Left student movement, which he states advanced the renewal of the human spirit rather than just reforming social institutions.
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Empress of India

.After the Mughal Emperor was deposed by the British East India Company, and after the company itself was dissolved, the title "Empress of India" was taken by Victoria from 1 May 1876, and proclaimed at the Delhi Durbar of 1877. The title was created nineteen years after the formal incorporation into the British Empire of Britain's possessions and protectorates on the Indian subcontinent.^ On the 24th May 1819, their daughter was born, and she was named Alexandrina Victoria, after the reigning Emperor of Russia and her mother.
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^ Victoria was the Queen of England, the Empress of India, the quintessential pivot round which the whole magnificent machine was revolving--but how much more besides!

^ More recently the Queen received the title of Empress of India.
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.Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli is usually credited with creating the title for her.^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
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^ Mr Disraeli, in a speech of great bitterness, taunted the prime-minister with his change of views.
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^ Lord Derby, the son of the late Prime Minister and Disraeli's Foreign Secretary, viewed these developments with grave mistrust.
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[36] Victoria began learning Hindi and Punjabi in 1867.

Widowhood

Portrait of Queen Victoria in her coronation robes and wearing the State Diadem
.The Prince Consort died of typhoid fever on 14 December, 1861, due to the primitive sanitary conditions at Windsor Castle.^ He died on the 14th day of December 1861, in the forty-third year of his age.'
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^ At last, after a letter of fierce remonstrance from Palmerston, Dr. Watson was sent for; and Dr. Watson saw at once that he had come too late The Prince was in the grip of typhoid fever.
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^ The reason the Prince Regent was called "Regent" was because his father, the King of England, was locked away in Windsor Castle and had been declared insane.

.His death devastated Victoria, who was still affected by the death of her mother in March of that year.^ These were significant episodes; but a still more serious manifestation of Victoria's temper occurred in the following year, during the crowning crisis of Beaconsfield's life.
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^ After thirty years of Genoese rule, who retook the Rock in September 12, 1331, and ruled to his death, when the Rock was taken again for the Genoese army.
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^ As early as 1830 Thomas Moore heard the Princess Victoria sing duets with her mother, who also sang some pretty German songs herself.
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[37] She entered a state of mourning and wore black for the remainder of her life. .She avoided public appearances, and rarely set foot in London in the following years.^ William Colby attended public high school in Burlington, Vermont and then Princeton University, graduating in 1940 and entering Columbia Law School the following year.
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Her seclusion earned her the name "Widow of Windsor." .She blamed her son Edward, the Prince of Wales, for his father's death, since news of the Prince's poor conduct had come to his father in November, leading Prince Albert to travel to Cambridge to confront his son.^ Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, _m_.
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^ This long and elaborate document laid down "certain principles" by which the "conduct and demeanour" of the gentlemen were to be regulated "and which it is thought may conduce to the benefit of the Prince of Wales."
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^ On 22d July 1896 Princess Maud, daughter of the Prince of Wales, married Prince Charles, son of Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark.
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[37]
.Victoria's self-imposed isolation from the public greatly diminished the popularity of the monarchy, and even encouraged the growth of the republican movement.^ He imposed a degree of restraint and self-denial upon his own movements which could not but have been irksome, had he not been sustained by a sense of the advantage which the throne would derive from it.
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^ The dangers of this revolutionary ferment were grave; even in England Chartism was rampant--a sinister movement, which might at any moment upset the Constitution and abolish the Monarchy.
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^ The dangers of this revolutionary ferment were grave; even in England Chartism was rampant—a sinister movement, which might at any moment upset the Constitution and abolish the Monarchy.
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.She did undertake her official government duties, yet she also chose to remain secluded in her royal residences—Balmoral Castle in Scotland, Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, and Windsor Castle.^ This was filmed at Osborne House, her favorite residence.

^ Arrayed in thickest crepe, she passed dolefully from Windsor to Osborne, from Osborne to Balmoral.
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^ It was necessary to exchange Windsor for Buckingham Palace, to open Parliament, or to interview official personages, or, occasionally, to entertain foreign visitors at the Castle.
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[37]
.As time went by, Victoria began to rely increasingly on a manservant from Scotland, John Brown.^ As much time as possible was spent in the open air, and Victoria went for rides about Kensington on a donkey, which was led by an old soldier, a great friend and favourite.
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^ On a certain day, for instance, flowers must be strewn on John Brown's monument at Balmoral; and the date of the yearly departure for Scotland was fixed by that fact.
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^ E.B. BROWNING When she was five years old the Princess Victoria began to have lessons, chiefly with a governess, Miss von Lehzen--"my dearly beloved angelic Lehzen," as she called her.
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[37] A romantic connection and even a secret marriage have been alleged, but both charges are generally discredited. .However, when Victoria's remains were laid in the coffin, two sets of mementos were placed with her, at her request.^ However, to "ignore a claim" and to "remain ignorant" are two different things.
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.By her side was placed one of Albert's dressing gowns, while in her left hand was placed a piece of Brown's hair, along with a picture of him.^ The dolls--the innumerable dolls, each one so neatly dressed, each one with its name so punctiliously entered in the catalogue--were laid aside, and a little music and a little dancing took their place.

^ On one occasion, however, his devotion to Gothic had placed him in an unpleasant situation.
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^ At Claremont his position was a very humble one; but the Princess took a fancy to him, called him "Stocky," and romped with him along the corridors.
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.It was learned in 2008 that Victoria's body wore the wedding ring of John Brown's mother, placed on her hand after her death.^ Among the outdoor attendants was John Brown, who in 1858 was attached to the Queen as one of her regular attendants everywhere in the Highlands, and remained in her service until his death.
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[38] Rumours of an affair and marriage earned Victoria the nickname "Mrs Brown".[37] The story of their relationship was the subject of the 1997 movie Mrs. Brown.[39]

Later years

Golden Jubilee and an assassination attempt

Victoria's Golden Jubilee silver double florin, struck 1887.
.In 1887, the British Empire celebrated Victoria's Golden Jubilee.^ In 1897 the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria was celebrated, representatives from all parts of the empire and from many foreign countries taking part in a magnificent procession to and from St Paul's Cathedral.
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^ The annual celebrations of 'Primrose Day,' April 19, the anniversary of his death, are sufficient proof that this great statesman's services to the British Empire are not yet forgotten.
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.Victoria marked the fiftieth anniversary of her accession on 20 June with a banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited.^ On Tuesday, June 20 of that year, at twelve minutes past two, King William the Fourth died.
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^ Next year was the fiftieth of her reign, and in June the splendid anniversary was celebrated in solemn pomp.
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^ On the next day was the birthday banquet; there were a hundred guests; the Duchess of Kent sat on the King's right hand, and the Princess Victoria opposite.
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Although she could not have been aware of it, there was a plan—ostensibly by Irish anarchists—to blow up Westminster Abbey. .This assassination attempt, when it was discovered, became known as the Jubilee Plot.^ After the failed assassination attempt on Hitler, in 1944, he was imprisoned for the second time, being known as an opponent of the regime.
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.On the next day, she participated in a procession that, in the words of Mark Twain, "stretched to the limit of sight in both directions". By this time, Victoria was once again an extremely popular monarch.^ On the next day was the birthday banquet; there were a hundred guests; the Duchess of Kent sat on the King's right hand, and the Princess Victoria opposite.
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^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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^ You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary, compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including any word processing or hypertext form.
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[23]

Diamond Jubilee

Queen Victoria in her Diamond Jubilee photograph (London, 1897)
.On 25 September 1896, Victoria surpassed George III as the longest-reigning monarch in English, Scottish, and British history.^ Towards the end of the reign of George III. this was dropped.
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^ She is also one of the longest-reigning monarchs of any of its predecessor states, ranking behind George III (who reigned over Great Britain and subsequently the UK for 59) and James VI (who reigned over Scotland for 57).
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^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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.The Queen requested all special public celebrations of the event to be delayed until 1897, to coincide with her Diamond Jubilee.^ One scheme, supported by the Prince of Wales, had for its object the freeing of certain London hospitals of debt; but at the Queen's personal request the celebration of the Diamond Jubilee was reserved until the completion of the sixtieth year of her reign in June 1897.
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^ I looked at all this as coincidence for years until the proposition finally strained credulity so much that I threw in the towel and said, "Fuck it.
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^ He took, like the Queen, a special interest in foreign policy; but there was no public question in which his influence was not felt.
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.The Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, proposed that the Diamond Jubilee be made a festival of the British Empire.^ In 1867 a great colonial reform was carried out, the Confederation of the North American Provinces of the British Empire.
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^ He conceived the name "Colombia" for this empire, after the explorer Christopher Columbus, “Christ(opher) of the Dove.” With British help, Miranda made an invasion attempt of Venezuela in 1806.
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^ He had previously been made an Honorary Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in 1976.
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[30]
.The Prime Ministers of all the self-governing dominions and colonies were invited.^ For the sake of his family he felt that it was his unfortunate duty to obey the Prime Minister; and, shuddering with horror, he constructed the Government offices in a strictly Renaissance style.
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^ Later, during World War II, he advised Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile, General Sikorski.
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^ When all was over, she expressed her boundless satisfaction in a dithyrambic letter to the Prime Minister.
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.The Queen's Diamond Jubilee procession included troops from every British colony and dominion, together with soldiers sent by Indian princes and chiefs as a mark of respect to Victoria, the Empress of India.^ A severe despatch by Lord John Russell was submitted to the Queen; and the Prince perceived that, if it was sent off unaltered, war would be the almost inevitable consequence.
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^ Victoria was the Queen of England, the Empress of India, the quintessential pivot round which the whole magnificent machine was revolving--but how much more besides!

^ More recently the Queen received the title of Empress of India.
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.The Diamond Jubilee celebration was an occasion marked by great outpourings of affection for the septuagenarian Queen.^ The expressions of loyalty and devotion from the representatives of the great over-seas dominions on the occasion of the Queen's Jubilee in 1887 were proof enough that England and the English were no longer an insular land and people, but a mighty nation with one sovereign head.
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^ The visit of the Emperor and Empress of Russia to Balmoral in the autumn was a memorable occasion, marked by great festivity and rejoicing.
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^ The outburst of loyalty and affection on the occasion of her two Jubilee celebrations proved that she still reigned supreme in the nation's heart.
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A service of thanksgiving was held outside St. Paul's Cathedral. .Queen Victoria sat in her carriage throughout the service; she wore her usual black mourning dress trimmed with white lace.^ I was dressed in a white lace dress, with a white crepe bonnet with a wreath of white roses round it.
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^ Her dress was of rich white satin, trimmed with orange blossoms; a wreath of orange blossoms encircled her head, and over it a veil of rich Honiton lace, which fell over her face.
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^ On that sad Christmas which followed the prince's death the usual festivities were omitted in the royal household, and the nation mourned in unison with the Queen for the great and good departed.
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[11] .Many trees were planted to celebrate the Jubilee, including 60 oak trees at Henley-on-Thames in the shape of a Victoria Cross.^ In 1897 the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria was celebrated, representatives from all parts of the empire and from many foreign countries taking part in a magnificent procession to and from St Paul's Cathedral.
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[40] .The VC was introduced on 29 January 1856 by Queen Victoria to reward acts of valour during the Crimean War, and its modern Commonwealth variants remain to this day the highest British, Canadian, Australian, New Zealand and Commonwealth award for bravery.^ This allowed Russia to seek a solution by force without risking military confrontation with other Great Powers as in the Crimean War of 1854 to 1856.
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^ Among the high-born beauties of her day, the young Queen Victoria was remarkable for the number of her ways of smiling.'
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^ The Crimean War brought new experiences, and most of them were pleasant ones.

Death and succession

.Following a custom she maintained throughout her widowhood, Victoria spent the Christmas of 1900 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.^ They built several homes, Osborne House on the Isle of Wight---right on the water--which was their haven and also Balmoral in Scotland, with it's fresh, clean air.

^ On the advice of Peel they purchased the estate of Osborne, in the Isle of Wight.
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.She died there from a cerebral haemorrhage on Tuesday 22 January 1901 at half past six in the evening,[41][42] at the age of 81. At her deathbed she was attended by her son, the future King, and her eldest grandson, German Emperor Wilhelm II.^ Died January 22, 1901, after a reign of sixty-three years.
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^ Feb 1301 Edward (future King Edward II) becomes the first English "Prince of Wales."
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^ On Tuesday, January 22, she was conscious and recognized the members of her family watching by her bedside, but on the afternoon of the same day she peacefully passed away.
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As she had wished, her own sons lifted her into the coffin. .She was dressed in a white dress and her wedding veil, and the coffin was draped with the Royal Standard that had been flying at Osborne House; it was later given by Victoria's grandson, George V, to Victoria College at the University of Toronto.^ Her dress was of rich white satin, trimmed with orange blossoms; a wreath of orange blossoms encircled her head, and over it a veil of rich Honiton lace, which fell over her face.
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^ On the death of the Queen, Mr Arthur Balfour, speaking in the House of Commons, described his visit to Osborne at a time when the Royal Family was already in mourning.
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^ Several fellow SMOM Knights attended his funeral in full regalia and his coffin was draped with a red flag decorated with a white Maltese cross.
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[43] .Her funeral was held on Saturday 2 February, and after two days of lying-in-state, she was interred beside Prince Albert in Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park.^ Next day the Prince of Wales was proclaimed as King Edward VII. On Saturday, 2d February, amid a splendid naval and military pageant, the body of the Queen was borne to St George's Chapel, Windsor, and on Monday buried in the Frogmore Mausoleum beside Prince Albert.
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^ In the United States, besides the association that Flynn heads, two smaller independent groups have formed: a Western Association based in San Francisco and a Federal Association based in Washington.
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^ CHAPTER X: _The Great Exhibition_ The idea of a "great exhibition of the Works and Industries of all Nations" was Prince Albert's.
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.Since Victoria disliked black funerals, London was instead festooned in purple and white.^ Strangely, Pedro Messía shows himself in the Templar colors: red and white, instead of black and white (Maltese version/Hospitalliers habit’s colors).
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When she was laid to rest at the mausoleum, it began to snow.[44]
Statue of Victoria in George Square, Glasgow
.Flags in the United States were lowered to half-mast in her honour by order of President William McKinley, a tribute never before offered to a foreign monarch at the time and one which was repaid by Britain when McKinley was assassinated later that year.^ When she died of yellow fever less than a year later, he never remarried, and never had children.
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^ The regal United States, for example, received $12 million a year from the Maritime Administration.
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^ Before his presidency, Bush was the forty-third vice president of the United States in the administration of Ronald Reagan.
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.Victoria had reigned for a total of 63 years, seven months and two days—the longest of any British monarch—and surpassed her grandfather, George III, as the longest-lived monarch (since surpassed by Elizabeth II) three days only before her death.^ Before his death, he was the world's second-longest reigning monarch with his 56 years of reign.
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^ The two other Counties Palatine were Chester (or Cheshire) 1071-1246, and the only of the three English medieval Counties Palatine which survived until the present-day, the Duchy of Lancaster, created in 1351 but in 1399 united as a separate holding to the English Crown.
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^ Further information: States headed by Elizabeth II Elizabeth II is currently the second longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom ranking behind Victoria (who reigned over the UK for 63 years).
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[45][46]
.Victoria's death brought an end to the rule of the House of Hanover in the United Kingdom.^ Belgrave Road, Victoria, westminster, SW1V 1RB, London, England, United Kingdom .
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^ May 1707 United Kingdom of Great Britain 1 Aug 1714 - 20 Jun 1837 Personal union with Hanover .
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^ What geographical area is the birthplace of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland?”.
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.Her husband belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and her son and heir Edward VII was the first British monarch of this new house.^ In 1830 the Duke of Coburg, with his two sons, Ernest and Albert, arrived at Kensington Palace on a visit, and thus the Princess met for the first time her future husband.
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^ The little one was the first of the British royal house to receive the benefits of Jenner's discovery of vaccination.
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^ These were the Princes Ernest and Albert, sons of her mother's eldest brother, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
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[13] .Later, in 1917, her grandson King George V changed the house name from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the (currently serving) House of Windsor.^ Previously, Martinez served as the 12th Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President George W. Bush.
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^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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^ He later served in both houses of the Oklahoma Legislature, rising to minority leader of the State Senate, and was named U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Oklahoma in 1981.
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.Victoria outlived 3 of her 9 children, and came within seven months of outliving a fourth (her eldest daughter, Vicky, who died of spinal cancer in August 1901 aged 60).^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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^ The last surviving grandson of George Bannerman Dealey, who founded The Dallas Morning News in 1885, Mr. Moroney died Sunday at age 85.
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^ When, early in 1821, the Duchess of Clarence's second child, the Princess Elizabeth, died within three months of its birth, the interest increased.
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.She outlived 11 of her 42 grandchildren (3 stillborn, 6 as children, and 2 as adults).^ They became parents of five children and had 11 grandchildren in 2003.
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[47]

Legacy

Within Britain

Statue on Woodhouse Moor in Leeds
.Queen Victoria's reign marked the gradual establishment of a modern constitutional monarchy.^ The vast majority of her subjects had never known a time when Queen Victoria had not been reigning over them.
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^ The reign of Queen Victoria may be aptly described as a period of progress in all that related to the well-being of the subjects of her vast empire.
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^ The progress of the nation during the reign of Queen Victoria was marvellous.
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.A series of legal reforms saw the House of Commons' power increase, at the expense of the House of Lords and the monarchy, with the monarch's role becoming gradually more symbolic.^ In the year 1854 the veteran Lord John Russell once more brought the subject before the House of Commons; but the attention of the country was fixed on the war with Russia, and it was not thought a good time to deal with the question of reform.
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^ Palmerston's desire to receive the Hungarian patriot at his house in London was vetoed by Lord John; once more there was a sharp struggle; once more Palmerston, after threatening resignation, yielded.
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^ The task of governing well was becoming more and more difficult, and reigning monarchs were criticized in an open fashion, such as had not hitherto been possible.
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Since Victoria's reign the monarch has had only, in Walter Bagehot's words, "the right to be consulted, the right to advise, and the right to warn".[30]
.As Victoria's monarchy became more symbolic than political, it placed a strong emphasis on morality and family values, in contrast to the sexual, financial and personal scandals that had been associated with previous members of the House of Hanover and which had discredited the monarchy.^ A picture of the period displays the royal family collected together in one of the great rooms at Windsor--a crowded company of more than fifty persons, with the imperial matriarch in their midst.

^ The Association represents more than 200 hotels, employs more than 30,000 people and generates billions of dollars in revenues for the city.
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^ Albert was of course delighted, and his merriment at the family gathering was more pronounced than ever: and yet...
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.Victoria's reign created for Britain the concept of the "family monarchy" with which the burgeoning middle classes could identify.^ For, though many of her characteristics were most often found among the middle classes, in other respects--in her manners, for instance--Victoria was decidedly aristocratic.

^ For example, the family profile described above could be attached to a [human being with family] class, essentially with the same members as [human being].
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^ For, though many of her characteristics were most often found among the middle classes, in other respects—in her manners, for instance—Victoria was decidedly aristocratic.
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[13]
.The sudden appearance of haemophilia in Victoria's descendants has led to suggestions that her true father was not the Duke of Kent but a haemophiliac.^ Appendix_ Victoria Alexandrina, only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Born at Kensington, May 24, 1819.
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^ Her father, the Duke of Kent, married the Dowager Princess of Leiningen, who was the sister of Prince Leopold, afterward King of the Belgians.
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^ CONTENTS. CHAPTER I.--Reign of Queen Victoria--Outlook of Royalty in 1819--Duke and Duchess of Kent--Birth of Victoria--Anecdotes.
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.Victoria was the first known carrier of haemophilia in the royal line.^ King Leopold determined to make a bold push, and to carry Victoria with him, this time, by a display of royal vigour and avuncular authority.
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^ On November 21, 1840, the Queen's first child, Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, the Princess Royal, was born.
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.Since no haemophiliacs were among her known ancestors, hers was either an instance of spontaneous mutation, which occurs at a rate of about one in 25,000 to one in 100,000 per generation, or she was actually illegitimate, her father an unidentified haemophiliac male rather than the Duke of Kent.^ No one really knows much about Columbus actually.
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^ No one knew anything about it.
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^ Since 1947, the Queen has been married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, born a prince of Greece and Denmark but after naturalisation known as Philip Mountbatten and subsequently created Duke of Edinburgh.
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[48] .Spontaneous mutations account for about 33% of all haemophilia A and 20% of all haemophilia B cases.^ Now it would be nice to think that these wildly successfull individuals have all come about because of some truly remarkable growth of equal proportions in the economy to account for it but that is hardly the case.
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.There is no documentary evidence of a haemophiliac man in connection with Victoria's mother, and as male carriers always suffer the disease, even if such a man had existed he would have been seriously ill.^ Afterwards, in her private entourage, the Queen would observe that the person in question was, she very much feared, "not discreet"; it was a verdict from which there was no appeal.
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^ In spite of slight improvements from time to time, the Prince showed no power of fighting the disease, and on the evening of the 14th December he passed gently away.
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^ Since it was clear that with such people he could have very little in common, there was no reason whatever for relaxing in their favour the rules of etiquette.
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[49]
.Evidence indicates Victoria passed the gene on to two of her five daughters: Princess Alice and Princess Beatrice.^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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^ The subjects were the Duke of Connaught at the age of three; the princesses Alice and Victoria of Hesse (1875); portraits of the Princess Royal, now Dowager Empress of Germany, and Prince Alfred.
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^ E.B. BROWNING When she was five years old the Princess Victoria began to have lessons, chiefly with a governess, Miss von Lehzen--"my dearly beloved angelic Lehzen," as she called her.
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Her son, Prince Leopold, was affected by the disease. .The most famous haemophilia victims among her descendants were her great-grandson, Alexei, Tsarevich of Russia, and Alfonso, Prince of Asturias and Infante Gonzalo of Spain, the eldest and youngest sons of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and Queen Victoria Eugenie (Victoria's granddaughter).^ Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is a direct descendant of Sophia, Electress of Hanover via her great-granddaughter Anne, Princess Royal (1709–1759).
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^ The death of the Prince Consort was the central turning-point in the history of Queen Victoria.
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^ Her Spanish father, Maurice Monsanto, was son of Don Emmanuel Mendez de Monsanto, aristocrat knighted by both Queen Isabella II of Spain and King Frederick VII of Denmark.
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[50]
.Queen Victoria experienced unpopularity during the first years of her widowhood, but afterwards became extremely well-liked during the 1880s and 1890s.^ At the end of Nelson's first year, he became involved in a boycott by the Students' Representative Council against the university policies, and was asked to leave Fort Hare.
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^ As the ceremony lasted four and a half hours, it was well Queen Victoria was spared the fatigue of a banquet.
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^ These were significant episodes; but a still more serious manifestation of Victoria's temper occurred in the following year, during the crowning crisis of Beaconsfield's life.
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In 2002, the BBC conducted a poll regarding the 100 Greatest Britons; Victoria attained the eighteenth place.[51]
.The design of the Queen's head on the first postage stamp was based upon the 1837 Wyon City medal engraved by a famous coin engraver William Wyon.^ Gutes Frauchen_" ("Good little wife") were his last loving words to the Queen as he kissed her and then rested his head upon her shoulder.
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^ The first three weeks of her reign were spent at Kensington, and the Queen took possession of Buckingham Palace on 13th July 1837.
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^ He had thoroughly studied the question of postal reform, and his pamphlet, which was first published in 1837, had a great effect upon the public mind.
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.The design of Queen Victoria's head is based on a sitting when she was a princess aged 15.[52] Victoria also started the tradition that a bride wears a white dress to her wedding.^ The statue, of white marble, represents the Queen in a sitting position, wearing her crown and coronation robes, whilst the right hand holds the sceptre.
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^ Her dress was of rich white satin, trimmed with orange blossoms; a wreath of orange blossoms encircled her head, and over it a veil of rich Honiton lace, which fell over her face.
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^ The subjects were the Duke of Connaught at the age of three; the princesses Alice and Victoria of Hesse (1875); portraits of the Princess Royal, now Dowager Empress of Germany, and Prince Alfred.
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.Before Victoria's wedding a bride would wear her best dress of no particular colour.^ Victoria would assist him; a Stockmar, no doubt, she could hardly be; but she could be perpetually vigilant, she could mingle strictness with her affection, and she could always set a good example.
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[53]

Around the world

Victoria Terminus, the largest train station in Mumbai, India, was built during Queen Victoria's reign over British India.
Statue of Victoria in Victoria Square, Montreal, Canada.
Queen Victoria statue, Queen Victoria Square , Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.
.Internationally Victoria was a major figure, not just in image or in terms of Britain's influence through the empire, but also because of family links throughout Europe's royal families, earning her the affectionate nickname "the grandmother of Europe". For example, three of the main monarchs with countries involved in the First World War on the opposing side were either grandchildren of Victoria's or married to a grandchild of hers.^ He had the unpleasant task of heading Cologne in the era of British occupation following the First World War and lasting until 1926.
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^ According to the Brainbench Global IT IQ report, Bulgaria ranks first in Europe in terms of IT -certified specialists per capita 85 and 8th in the world in total ICT specialists, out-performing countries with far larger populations.
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^ During World War I , Bulgaria found itself fighting again on the losing side as a result of its alliance with the Central Powers .
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.Eight of Victoria's nine children married members of European royal families, and the other, Princess Louise, married Marquess of Lorne, a future Governor-General of Canada.^ Gabriel, married to a member of the Orsini family.
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^ Juan Carlos's titles include that of King of Jerusalem (disputed among others), as successor to the royal family of Naples.
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^ In 1803 he married the Princess Victoria, at that time seventeen years of age.
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[54]
.Victoria and Albert had 42 grandchildren and their current descendants number into the hundreds.^ Victoria, her partisan passions thoroughly aroused, imported into her protests a personal vehemence which those of Albert lacked.
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.As of 2009, the European monarchs and former monarchs descended from Victoria are: Queen Elizabeth II (as well as her husband), King Harald V of Norway, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Juan Carlos I of Spain (as well as his wife), and the deposed kings Constantine II of Greece (as well as his wife) and Michael of Romania.^ Juan Carlos's titles include that of King of Jerusalem (disputed among others), as successor to the royal family of Naples.
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^ Since 1947, the Queen has been married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, born a prince of Greece and Denmark but after naturalisation known as Philip Mountbatten and subsequently created Duke of Edinburgh.
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^ International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation - King Juan Carlos of Spain is the patron of this organization.
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.The pretenders to the thrones of Serbia, Russia, Prussia and Germany, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Hanover, Hesse, Baden and France (Legitimist) are also descendants.^ The Duke of Kent, selecting the Princess of Saxe-Coburg in preference to the Princess of Baden, was united to her on May 29, 1818.
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^ Memoirs of Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
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^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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[55]
Statue of Victoria at Cubbon Park in Bangalore, India.
.Several places in the world have been named after Victoria, including two Australian States (Victoria and Queensland), the capitals of British Columbia (Victoria), and Saskatchewan (Regina), the capital of the Seychelles, Africa's largest lake, and Victoria Falls.^ Judicial career After many years as a barrister and later as a Queen's Counsel, Gobbo was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of Victoria , which is the highest ranking court in the Australian State of Victoria.
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^ This rereading of the history of classical political economy sheds important light on the rise of capitalism to its present state of world dominance.
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^ In 1931, McDonald was named a Knight of Malta by Pope Pius XI. In World War II the United States liberty ship SS Angus McDonald was named in his honor.
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[30]
Victoria, or Città Vittoria, is the capital of Gozo, an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. .Victoria is the name given in 1887 by the British government on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, at the request of the Bishop of Malta, Mons.^ For example the British queen Victoria was both alive and dead (not alive) in 1901: she was alive in the part of 1901 before her death and dead in the rest of it.
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^ The expressions of loyalty and devotion from the representatives of the great over-seas dominions on the occasion of the Queen's Jubilee in 1887 were proof enough that England and the English were no longer an insular land and people, but a mighty nation with one sovereign head.
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^ In connection with the Jubilee the Queen addressed the following letter to her people: WINDSOR CASTLE, _June_ 24, 1887.
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Sir Pietro Pace. However Gozitans still often refer to it by its old name, Rabat.
Statue of Victoria on Parliament Hill, Canada.
.Victoria Day is a Canadian statutory holiday celebrated on the last Monday before or on 24 May in honour of both Queen Victoria's birthday and the current reigning Canadian Sovereign's birthday.^ On the 24th May 1819, their daughter was born, and she was named Alexandrina Victoria, after the reigning Emperor of Russia and her mother.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the high-born beauties of her day, the young Queen Victoria was remarkable for the number of her ways of smiling.'
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the ceremony lasted four and a half hours, it was well Queen Victoria was spared the fatigue of a banquet.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.While Victoria Day is often thought of as a purely Canadian event, it is also celebrated in some parts of Scotland, particularly in Edinburgh and Dundee, where it is also a public holiday.^ The boy often kept Harris awake at night until he one day built a nursery for the boy to play in, which calmed the disturbances to some extent.
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^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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^ Female society of some kind or other was necessary to him, and he did not stint himself; a great part of every day was invariably spent in it.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[56]
.Queen Victoria remains the most commemorated British monarch in history, with statues to her erected throughout the former territories of the British Empire.^ He was appointed OBE (Officer of the Order of the British Empire) by the Queen and served as her Deputy Lieutenant in the county of Northumberland.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her desire was gratified; all over the country--at Aberdeen, at Perth, and at Wolverhampton--statues of the Prince were erected; and the Queen, making an exception to her rule of retirement, unveiled them herself.

^ For example the British queen Victoria was both alive and dead (not alive) in 1901: she was alive in the part of 1901 before her death and dead in the rest of it.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

.These range from the prominent, such as the Victoria Memorial outside Buckingham Palace — which was erected as part of the remodelling of the façade of the Palace a decade after her death — to the obscure: in the town of Cape Coast, Ghana, a bust of the Queen presides, rather forlornly, over a small park where goats graze around her.^ The Queen was enthusiastically cheered as she drove between Buckingham Palace and St James's.
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^ In 1872 Arthur O'Connor, a youth of seventeen, fired an unloaded pistol at the Queen outside Buckingham Palace; he was immediately seized by John Brown, and sentenced to one year's imprisonment and twenty strokes of the birch rod.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In memory of Queen Victoria I guess [00:08:49] It looks like a palace or a sumer cabin for kewl people like me...
  • Scoundrel's: Where rules do not exist and secrets go untold! Backup room at scoundrels@conference.jaim.at - Saturday, 16 August 2008 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC logs.jabber.org [Source type: General]

Many institutions, thoroughfares, parks, and structures bear her name.[13]
.
Statue of Victoria in front of the 1890s Queen Victoria Building (QVB), Sydney, Australia.
^ AuSsIePrInCeSs> google queen victoria building sydney [00:12:39] <3AuSsIePrInCeSs: Queen Victoria Building Shopping complex.
  • Scoundrel's: Where rules do not exist and secrets go untold! Backup room at scoundrels@conference.jaim.at - Saturday, 16 August 2008 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC logs.jabber.org [Source type: General]

^ Victoria_Memorial [00:12:03] < <3AuSsIePrInCeSs> I swear we have queen victoria building to hmm :-?
  • Scoundrel's: Where rules do not exist and secrets go untold! Backup room at scoundrels@conference.jaim.at - Saturday, 16 August 2008 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC logs.jabber.org [Source type: General]

[57]
.There is a statue of Queen Victoria in Victoria Square in Adelaide, capital city of the Australian state of South Australia;[58] in Queen's Square in Brisbane, capital city of the Australian state of Queensland;[59] and in the Domain Gardens in Melbourne, the capital of the Australian State of Victoria.^ Poor Queen Adelaide, amiable though disappointed, did her best to smooth things down, changed the subject, and wrote affectionate letters to Victoria; but it was useless.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The widowed mother now returned to London, where the Duchess of Clarence, afterward Queen Adelaide, interested herself greatly in little Victoria.
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^ There had been four reigning queens in this country before Victoria, but all of them had had some previous training for their duties.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales, there is one statue (re-sited from the forecourt of the Irish Parliament building in Dublin) dominating the southern entrance to the Queen Victoria Building that was named in her honour in 1898. Another Sydney statue of Queen Victoria stands in the forecourt of the Federal Court of Australia building on Macquarie Street, looking across the road to a statue of her husband, inscribed "Albert the Good". In Perth, capital city of Western Australia a marble statue stands in King's Park overlooking the city surrounded by cannon used at the Battle of Waterloo.^ Australia - New South Wales (exception) .
  • Australia - Victoria and World Meeting Planner with comparative time table 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldtimeserver.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Roosevelts had one of the first private banks in New York City.
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^ Another term name used to denote family descendence from the prophet Muhammad is “Hashemite” as in the “Hashemite Kingdom (sic) of Jordan, which is really a masonic fiefdom.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

A bronze statue of Queen Victoria stands in the main street of the city of Ballarat in Victoria, Australia. .At Bangalore, India, the statue of the Queen stands at the beginning of MG Road, one of the city's major roads.^ The development firm is best known for major development projects in Battery Park City, Lefrak City in Queens, and Newport, Jersey City.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .Statues erected to Victoria are common in Canada, where her reign was coterminous with the confederation of the country and the creation of several new provinces.^ Her desire was gratified; all over the country--at Aberdeen, at Perth, and at Wolverhampton--statues of the Prince were erected; and the Queen, making an exception to her rule of retirement, unveiled them herself.

^ Different Oldenburgine branches have reigned in several countries, as this selective chart shows: look at this and then wonder why you never heard of it.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In matters which are more directly concerned with the welfare of the people, the country made remarkable advances during the reign of Queen Victoria.
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A bas-relief image of Victoria is on the wall of the entrance to the Canadian Parliament, and her statue is in the Parliamentary library as well as on the grounds.[61]
.In Hong Kong, a statue of Queen Victoria is located on the east side of Victoria Park in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island.^ Victoria Crosses were distributed by the Queen in Hyde Park, 26th June 1857, to those soldiers who had performed special acts of bravery in presence of the enemy.
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^ The Queen selected as this women's Jubilee gift a replica of Baron Marochetti's Glasgow statue of Prince Albert, to be placed in Windsor Great Park, opposite the statue of herself in Windsor.
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.The statue once sat in Statue Square in Central but was removed and sent to Tokyo to be destroyed at the time of Japanese occupation of the territory, during World War ll.^ Having seen the organization function effectively during World War II and in peacetime, he had been deeply impressed with the humanitarian principles underlying the world-wide programs of the organization.
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^ He had the unpleasant task of heading Cologne in the era of British occupation following the First World War and lasting until 1926.
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^ After serving in the Navy during World War II, Mr. Moroney joined The News full time in 1946, the year Mr. Dealey died.
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.With Japan's defeat and subsequent retreat in 1945, The United Kingdom recovered Hong Kong, and the statue was retrieved and placed in the park.^ Gloucester Place, near Baker Street, Marble Arch, W1U 6JF, London, England, United Kingdom .
  • London, England Hotels and London, England City Guide - Hotel Reservations, Restaurants, Maps, Weather and Transport Information 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Queen selected as this women's Jubilee gift a replica of Baron Marochetti's Glasgow statue of Prince Albert, to be placed in Windsor Great Park, opposite the statue of herself in Windsor.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tavistock place, Russell square, wc1h 9se, London, England, United Kingdom .
  • London, England Hotels and London, England City Guide - Hotel Reservations, Restaurants, Maps, Weather and Transport Information 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: Reference]

.There is also a Queen Victoria Statue in the heart of Valletta, Malta's capital.^ It happened that a still more remarkable Englishwoman was in the Belgian capital, but she was not remarked; and Queen Victoria passed unknowing before the steady gaze of one of the mistresses in M. Heger's pensionnat.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At times there have been murmurs against the Queen for failing in her widowhood to maintain the gaieties and extravagances of an open court in the capital of her dominions.
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^ There had been four reigning queens in this country before Victoria, but all of them had had some previous training for their duties.
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[62]
.In Pietermaritzburg, capital of the South African provice of KwaZulu Natal, formerly the British colony of Natal before formation of the Union of South Africa, there is a statue of Victoria in front of the provincial legislature building, the former parliament building of the colony of Natal.^ There had been four reigning queens in this country before Victoria, but all of them had had some previous training for their duties.
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^ There were native wars in West Africa and Rhodesia, while a railway was commenced from Mombasa on the coast, inland to the British Protectorate of Uganda.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is a former member of the European Parliament for The Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) party and honorary president of the International Paneuropean Union.
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.Queen Victoria invited Martha Ann Ricks, on behalf of Liberian Ambassador Edward Wilmot Blyden, to Windsor Castle on 16 July 1892. Martha Ricks, a former slave from Tennessee, had saved her pennies for more than fifty years, to afford the voyage from Liberia to England to personally thank the Queen for sending the British navy to patrol the coast of West Africa to prevent slavers from exporting Africans for the slave trade.^ She returned to England more enchanted than ever.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A picture of the period displays the royal family collected together in one of the great rooms at Windsor--a crowded company of more than fifty persons, with the imperial matriarch in their midst.

^ Nothing could be more first-rate than the royal Edward's ingenuousness.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Martha Ricks shook hands with the Queen and presented her with a Coffee Tree quilt, which Queen Victoria later sent to the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition for display.^ Judicial career After many years as a barrister and later as a Queen's Counsel, Gobbo was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of Victoria , which is the highest ranking court in the Australian State of Victoria.
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^ As an instance of this, one carpet firm sent a carpet to be used as a hanging on which Napoleon III is depicted presenting a treaty of Commerce to the Queen.
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A mystery remains as to where the Coffee Tree quilt is today. .The royal Victoria Teaching Hospital In The Gambia is also named after the Queen.^ THE ROYAL FAMILY QUEEN VICTORIA _m_.
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^ On November 21, 1840, the Queen's first child, Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, the Princess Royal, was born.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Certain it is that the Most Venerable Order acquired a completely independent existence when it was granted a Royal Charter by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, who became its Sovereign Head.
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[63]

Titles, styles, coat of arms and cypher

Royal styles of
Victoria of the United Kingdom
UK Arms 1837.svg
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Titles and styles

  • 24 May 1819 – 20 June 1837: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent[64]
  • 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901: Her Majesty The Queen[64]
  • 1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901: Her Imperial Majesty The Queen-Empress[64]
.As the male-line granddaughter of a King of Hanover, Victoria also bore the titles of Princess of Hanover and Duchess of Brunswick and Lunenburg.^ Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is a direct descendant of Sophia, Electress of Hanover via her great-granddaughter Anne, Princess Royal (1709–1759).
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^ On the next day was the birthday banquet; there were a hundred guests; the Duchess of Kent sat on the King's right hand, and the Princess Victoria opposite.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We can see how matters went in a letter from Princess Victoria to King Leopold, 7th June 1836.
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.In addition, she held the titles of Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess in Saxony etc.^ Prince Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg—Gotha—for such was his full title—had been born just three months after his cousin Victoria, and the same midwife had assisted at the two births.
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Duke of Kent, selecting the Princess of Saxe-Coburg in preference to the Princess of Baden, was united to her on May 29, 1818.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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as the wife of Prince Albert.[64]
At the end of her reign, the Queen's full style and title were:
.Her Majesty Victoria, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India.^ She is also Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of many of her realms (and Lord Admiral of the United Kingdom), and is styled Defender of the Faith in various realms for differing reasons.
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^ Belgrave Road, Victoria, westminster, SW1V 1RB, London, England, United Kingdom .
  • London, England Hotels and London, England City Guide - Hotel Reservations, Restaurants, Maps, Weather and Transport Information 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Warwick Way, Victoria, City of Westminister, SW1V 4JA, London, England, United Kingdom .
  • London, England Hotels and London, England City Guide - Hotel Reservations, Restaurants, Maps, Weather and Transport Information 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: Reference]

[65]

Coat of arms

Queen Victoria's Royal Cypher
.As Victoria could not succeed to the throne of Hanover, the royal arms since 1837 have no longer carried Hanoverian symbols but just four quarters representing England, Scotland and Ireland.^ Since it was clear that with such people he could have very little in common, there was no reason whatever for relaxing in their favour the rules of etiquette.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Victoria would assist him; a Stockmar, no doubt, she could hardly be; but she could be perpetually vigilant, she could mingle strictness with her affection, and she could always set a good example.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He had two daughters by his marriage, and as these both died young it was evident that the Princess Victoria might some day succeed to the throne.
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.Victoria's arms have been borne by all of her successors on the throne, including the present Queen.^ Among the high-born beauties of her day, the young Queen Victoria was remarkable for the number of her ways of smiling.'
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^ The nature of the offering will be decided by the Queen herself, and the names of all contributors will be presented to Her Majesty.'
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^ The reign of Queen Victoria may be aptly described as a period of progress in all that related to the well-being of the subjects of her vast empire.
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Outside Scotland, the shield of Victoria's coat of arms—also used on her Royal Standard—was:
Quarterly:
I and IV, Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or [ — for England] ;
II, Or, a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules [ — for Scotland] ;
III, Azure, a harp Or stringed Argent [ — for Ireland].
[In heraldic blazon, Or is gold (or yellow), Gules is red, Azure is blue, and Argent is silver (or white).]
.Within Scotland, the first and fourth quarters were taken by the Scottish lion, and the second by the English lions.^ A daughter born October 24, 1887, was baptised at Balmoral, the first royal christening which had taken place in Scotland for three hundred years.
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^ By age seven, he received his first formal training in English at a day school in London, (his first and second languages were Spanish and French[citation needed]).
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.The Lion and the Unicorn who supported the shield also differed between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom.^ She is also Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of many of her realms (and Lord Admiral of the United Kingdom), and is styled Defender of the Faith in various realms for differing reasons.
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^ The United Kingdom's current winter is the coldest one since December 1981, with sustained temperatures between 0 ° and -15 ° Celsius (5 ° to 32 ° Fahrenheit).
  • The Oil Drum | Is the United Kingdom facing a natural gas shortage? 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: General]

^ It is known as well that the "kingdom of America" was offered to THE STUART "Pretenders"--offered by the people who founded the Articles of Confederation period of the United States.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[66][67]

Royal Cypher

.Victoria's Royal Cypher was the first to be used on a postbox.^ On November 21, 1840, the Queen's first child, Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, the Princess Royal, was born.
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.The letters are VR interlaced, standing for "Victoria Regina". Victoria eventually used the cypher VRI ("Victoria Regina Imperatrix") when she became Empress, but this never appeared on postboxes.^ Victoria, too, became much attached to the Empress, whose looks and graces she admired without a touch of jealousy.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Victoria's cypher was the only one to appear on postboxes without a crown above it.^ The one remaining query is the one asking whether Paris the city is the capital of France, and this one is not rejected, so the query can run instantly without prompting the user, as only one interpretation remains.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ But doubtless his position was not an easy one; passions ran high in the palace; and Victoria was not only very young, she was very headstrong, too.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[67]

Ancestors and descendants

Ancestry

.Both Victoria and Albert were grandchildren of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, whose son Duke Ernest was Prince Albert's father and whose daughter Princess Victoria was Queen Victoria's mother.^ PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840 .
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^ These were the Princes Ernest and Albert, sons of her mother's eldest brother, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prince Albert's care for the Queen in these circumstances was like that of a mother.
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.Another son of Duke Francis was Leopold I, the first King of the Belgians (reigned 1831-1865), who was father to King Leopold II (1865-1909) and to the Mexican Empress Carlotta (1864-1867).^ In 1844 King Louis Philippe paid his promised visit, of which the Queen said, "He is the first King of France who comes on a visit to the Sovereign of this country.
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^ But almost immediately after Princess Charlotte's death, the king's third and fourth sons, the Dukes of Clarence and Kent, had married.
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^ Stockmar had been the private physician of Leopold, King of the Belgians, in his earlier days, and in the course of events became the trusted adviser of the young Prince Albert.
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Issue

Picture Name Birth Death Spouse (dates of birth & death) and children [65][68]
Vicky.jpg The Princess Victoria,
Princess Royal
184021 November
1840
19015 August
1901
Married 1858 (January 25),
Prussian Crown Prince Frederick, later Frederick III, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1831–1888);
4 sons, 4 daughters
(including German Emperor William II
and Sophia of Prussia, Queen of the Greeks)
Prince of Wales00.jpg The Prince Albert Edward,
Prince of Wales,
later King Edward VII
18419 November
1841
19106 May
1910
Married 1863 (March 10),
Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844–1925);
3 sons, 3 daughters
(including King George V
and Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway)
Alice do reino unido.jpg The Princess Alice 184325 April
1843
187814 December
1878
Married 1862 (July 1),
Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1837-1892);
2 sons, 5 daughters
(including Alexandra, the last Empress of All the Russias)
AlfredEdimbourg.jpg The Prince Alfred,
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
and Duke of Edinburgh;
Admiral of the Fleet
18446 August
1844
190031 July
1900
Married 1874 (January 23),
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1853–1920);
2 sons (1 still-born), 4 daughters
(including Marie of Edinburgh, Queen of Roumania)
HelenaSaxeCobourgGotha.jpg The Princess Helena 184625 May
1846
19239 June
1923
Married 1866 (July 5),
Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1831–1917);
4 sons (1 still-born), 2 daughters
Princess Louise Downey copy.jpg The Princess Louise 184818 March
1848
19393 December
1939
Married 1871 (March 21),
John Douglas Sutherland Campbell,
Marquess of Lorne, later 9th Duke of Argyll (1845-1914);
no issue
ArthurDkCnnght.jpg The Prince Arthur,
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn;
Field Marshal,
Governor General of Canada (1911-1916)
18501 May
1850
194216 January
1942
Married 1879 (March 13),
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917);
1 son, 2 daughters
Prince Leopold (edited).jpg The Prince Leopold,
Duke of Albany
18537 April
1853
188428 March
1884
Married 1882 (April 27),
Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1861–1922);
1 son, 1 daughter
Princess Beatrice Downey.jpg The Princess Beatrice 185714 April
1857[69]
1944 26 October
1944
Married 1885 (July 23),
Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858–1896);
3 sons, 1 daughter
(including Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain)

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c Carolly Erickson (1997). Her Little Majesty: The Life of Queen Victoria. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-3657-2. 
  2. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings
  3. ^ "History of the Monarchy > Hanoverians > William IV". The Royal Family. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page116.asp. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  4. ^ Queen Victoria
  5. ^ a b c d Lacey, Robert (2006). Great Tales from English History, Volume 3. London: Little, Brown, and Company. pp. 133–136. ISBN 0-316-11459-6. 
  6. ^ a b Giles St. Aubyn (1992). Queen Victoria. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 55–60. ISBN 978-0340571095. OCLC 27171944. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Giles St. Aubyn (1992). Queen Victoria. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 161–165. ISBN 978-0340571095. OCLC 27171944. 
  8. ^ Ernest Llewellyn Woodward (1962). The age of reform, 1815-1870. Oxford University Press. pp. 103. ISBN 0198217110. 
  9. ^ "Buckingham Palace". The Royal Family. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page555.asp. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  10. ^ Jerrold M. Packard (1999). Victoria's Daughters. St. Martin's Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-0312244965. OCLC 43559899. 
  11. ^ a b c d Christopher Hibbert (2001). Victoria: A Biography. Da Capo Press. pp. 16–78. ISBN 978-0306810855. OCLC 48687442 191215627 48687442. 
  12. ^ "Lord Melbourne (1779 – 1848)". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/melbourne_lord.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Dorothy Marshall (1972). .The Life and Times of Queen Victoria.^ Life of Her Majesty Queen Victoria.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His correspondence with the Queen continued, and he appeared from time to time at Court; but he was a mere simulacrum of his former self; "the dream," wrote Victoria, "is past."
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They returned to Germany; and while Albert, for a few farewell months, enjoyed, for the last time, the happiness of home, Victoria, for the last time, resumed her old life in London and Windsor.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    Book Club Associates. pp. 16–154.
     
  14. ^ Victoria quoted in Weintraub, Stanley (1997) Albert: Uncrowned King London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5756-9, p. 49
  15. ^ Victoria quoted in Weintraub, Stanley (1997) Albert: Uncrowned King London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5756-9, p. 51
  16. ^ Weintraub, Stanley (1997) Albert: Uncrowned King London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5756-9, p. 62
  17. ^ Weintraub, Stanley (1997) Albert: Uncrowned King London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5756-9, pp. 77–81
  18. ^ "Prince Albert (1819 – 1861)". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/albert_prince.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  19. ^ Michael Diamond (2003). Victorian sensation. Anthem Press. ISBN 1-84331-150-X. OCLC 57519212. 
  20. ^ "Empress Frederick: The Last Hope for a Liberal Germany?". The Historian. 1999-09-22. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-515932_ITM. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  21. ^ "Treason Act 1842 (c.51) - Statute Law Database". Statutelaw.gov.uk. [16 July 1842]. http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?activeTextDocId=1034300. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  22. ^ Steve Poole (2000). The Politics of Regicide in England, 1760–1850: Troublesome Subjects. Manchester University Press. pp. 199–203. ISBN 0719050359. OCLC 222735433 44915199 47352204 59575274 185769902 222735433 44915199 47352204 59575274. 
  23. ^ a b c d Giles St. Aubyn (1992). Queen Victoria. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 9–27. ISBN 978-0340571095. OCLC 27171944. 
  24. ^ "Third Attack on American Presidents". New York Times. 7 September 1901. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9B07E0DF1E39EF32A25754C0A96F9C946097D6CF&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  25. ^ David Ross (2002). Ireland: History of a Nation. New Lanark: Geddes & Grosset. pp. 268. ISBN 1842051644. OCLC 52945911. 
  26. ^ Pope Pius IX. "Multitext - Private Responses to the Famine". Multitext.ucc.ie. http://multitext.ucc.ie/d/Private_Responses_to_the_Famine3344361812. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  27. ^ Wikipedia. "Wikipedia - Irish Potato Famine (Ottoman Aid)". Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Potato_Famine#Ottoman_aid. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  28. ^ Kenny M., 'Crown and Shamrock - love and hate between Ireland and the British Monarchy',New Island, 2009
  29. ^ a b "Victoria (queen of United Kingdom)". Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/627603/Victoria. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f Giles St. Aubyn (1992). Queen Victoria. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-0340571095. OCLC 27171944. 
  31. ^ Maud Gonne's 1900 article upon Queen Victoria's visit to Ireland was entitled this
  32. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | Northern Ireland | Famine Queen row in Irish port
  33. ^ Dublin 1853 Main Hall – A Treasury of World's Fair Art & Architecture
  34. ^ Kenny M., 'Crown and Shamrock - love and hate between Ireland and the British Monarchy',(2009),New Island Press
  35. ^ Midleton, William St. John Fremantle Brodrick Midleton, William St. John Fremantle Brodrick (1932). Ireland-dupe or Heroine. William Heinemann. 
  36. ^ History of the Monarchy, Victoria
  37. ^ a b c d e Dorothy Marshall (1972). .The Life and Times of Queen Victoria.^ Life of Her Majesty Queen Victoria.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His correspondence with the Queen continued, and he appeared from time to time at Court; but he was a mere simulacrum of his former self; "the dream," wrote Victoria, "is past."
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They returned to Germany; and while Albert, for a few farewell months, enjoyed, for the last time, the happiness of home, Victoria, for the last time, resumed her old life in London and Windsor.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    Book Club Associates.
     
  38. ^ "Queen Victoria's sex life exposed (Royal Watch News)". Monsters and Critics.com. 2008-05-30. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/people/royalwatch/news/article_1408421.php/Queen_Victorias_sex_life_exposed. 
  39. ^ "Mrs. Brown (1997)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://uk.rottentomatoes.com/m/mrs_brown/. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  40. ^ "Special trees and woods - Henley Cross | The Chilterns AONB". Chilternsaonb.org. http://www.chilternsaonb.org/caring/stwp_site_details.asp?siteID=585&frommap=truein. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  41. ^ "Calendar for year 1901". Gazzetes-Online.co.uk. http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/index.html?year=1901&country=1. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  42. ^ "Supplement to The London Gazette". London Gazette. 23 January 1901. http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=27270. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  43. ^ Rynor, F. Michah (2001). "Royal Gems". UofT Magazine (Toronto: University of Toronto) (Winter 2001). http://www.magazine.utoronto.ca/looking-back/founding-of-victoria-college-royal-gems/. Retrieved 3 October 2009. 
  44. ^ Giles St. Aubyn (1992). Queen Victoria. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 600. ISBN 978-0340571095. OCLC 27171944. 
  45. ^ "The record-breaking age of Elizabeth, longest-lived monarch to reign over us". The Times. 2007-12-21. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article3080583.ece. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  46. ^ "History of the Monarchy > Hanovarians > Victoria". The Royal Family. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page118.asp. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  47. ^ "Grieving a grown-up child". BBC News. 2002-02-15. http://news.google.co.uk/archivesearch/url?sa=t&source=archive&ct=res&cd=5-0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.bbc.co.uk%2F1%2Flow%2Fuk%2F1820374.stm&ei=JzLNSJqkOpeC3QbNytRq&usg=AFQjCNGHVO8irqyKbf57waEJem-58ewkXg. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  48. ^ DM Potts & WTW Potts, Queen Victoria's Gene, Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0750908688
  49. ^ "In the blood". Jones, Steve. In the blood. BBC. 1996.
  50. ^ Daniel L. Hartl, Elizabeth W. Jones (2005). Genetics. Jones & Bartlett. ISBN 9780763715113. OCLC 55044495. 
  51. ^ "The 100 greatest Britons: lots of pop, not so much circumstance". Guardian. 2002-08-22. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2002/aug/22/britishidentityandsociety.television. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  52. ^ "A Royal Icon - The Machin Stamp". Postal Heritage. http://216.239.59.104/search?q=cache:ReXbbK72LRYJ:postalheritage.org.uk/exhibitions/icons/downloads/Teachers_notes_MachinStamp.pdf+Teachers+Notes+Machin+Stamp&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=uk&client=firefox-a. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  53. ^ "Here comes the scarlet bride". The Times. 2006-04-09. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article703537.ece. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  54. ^ Martin J. Daunton, Bernhard Rieger (2001). Meanings of Modernity. Berg Publishers. ISBN 9781859734025. OCLC 238671662 45647912 46737764 186477900 238671662 45647912 46737764. 
  55. ^ Elizabeth Harman Pakenham Longford (1965). Queen Victoria: Born to Succeed. Harper & Row. 
  56. ^ "Let's get rid of Victoria Day". The Toronto Star. 2008-05-15. http://www.thestar.com/comment/article/425517. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  57. ^ The statue stood outside the Irish parliament building, Leinster House, until 1947.
  58. ^ "Adelaide - Statues and Memorials". State Library South Australia. http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/manning/adelaide/statues/statues.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  59. ^ "Valour of the visionary". The Australian. 2008-07-21. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,24048837-16947,00.html. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  60. ^ "Striving for musical freedom". Decan Herald. http://www.deccanherald.com/Content/Aug212008/metrothurs2008082085629.asp. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  61. ^ "Sun never sets on Queen Victoria statues". The Toronto Star. 2008-05-17. http://www.thestar.com/article/425461. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  In Calcutta, India, an imposing building named Victoria Memorial Hall, was built to homages the queen.
  62. ^ http://maltadailyphoto.blogspot.com/2007/03/statue-of-queen-elizabeth-in-valletta.html Statue of Queen Elizabeth in Valletta, Malta
  63. ^ Kyra E. Hicks (2006). Martha Ann's Quilt for Queen Victoria. Brown Books Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1933285597. OCLC 70866874. 
  64. ^ a b c d Greg Taylor, Nicholas Economou (2006). The Constitution of Victoria. Federation Press. pp. 72–74. ISBN 9781862876125. OCLC 81948853. 
  65. ^ a b Whitaker's Almanack, 1900, Facsimile Reprint 1999 (ISBN 0-11-702247-0), page 86
  66. ^ Greg Taylor, Nicholas Economou (2006). The Constitution of Victoria. Federation Press. pp. 19. ISBN 9781862876125. OCLC 81948853. 
  67. ^ a b Stephen Patterson (1996). Royal Insignia. Merrell Holberton. ISBN 9781858940250. OCLC 243897335 37141041 185677084 243897335 37141041. 
  68. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1993, Concise Edition, (ISBN 0-85021-232-4), pages 134–136
  69. ^ Victoria was 37 years and 326 days at the time of the birth of Beatrice, her youngest child. This is two days older than Queen Elizabeth II was at the time of the birth of Prince Edward in 1964. Victoria remains the oldest English or British Queen Regnant to have given birth.

Further reading

  • Auchincloss, Louis. Persons of Consequence: Queen Victoria and Her Circle. Random House, 1979. ISBN 0-394-50427-5
  • Benson, Arthur Christopher & Esher (Viscount). .The Letters of Queen Victoria: A Selection From Her Majesty's Correspondence Between The Years 1837 and 1861.^ Forgetting that they were no longer her Majesty's Ministers, they took the unprecedented course of advising the Queen by letter to put an end to her negotiation with Sir Robert Peel.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Poor Queen Adelaide, amiable though disappointed, did her best to smooth things down, changed the subject, and wrote affectionate letters to Victoria; but it was useless.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What, above all, struck everybody with overwhelming force was the contrast between Queen Victoria and her uncles.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    John Murray, 1908
  • Carter, Miranda. .Three Emperors: Three Cousins, Three Empires and the Road to the First World War.^ World War I was underway and with the death of the Emperor Francis Joseph, on November 21, 1916 Charles became Emperor of Austria.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It was a war against the (branch Merovingian-lined) Napoleonic French empire which had taken Spain first, with Napoleon appointing his relatives to the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire's territories.
    • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Until the end of World War I, Liechtenstein was closely tied first to the Austrian Empire and then to Austria-Hungary.
    • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    London, Penguin. 2009. ISBN 9780670915569
  • Cecil, Algernon. .Queen Victoria and Her Prime Ministers.^ The Queen copied out the words of Stockmar, and sent them to the Prime Minister, requesting him to show her letter to Palmerston.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For eighteen months the controversy raged; while the Queen, with persistent vehemence, opposed the Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Victoria seized upon the idea with avidity, and, in season and out of season, pressed upon her Prime Minister the desirability of putting his proposal into practice.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    Eyre and Spottiswode, 1953.
  • Eilers, Marlene A. Queen Victoria’s Descendants. 2d enlarged & updated ed. .Falköping, Sweden: Rosvall Royall Books, 1997. ISBN 0-8063-1202-5
  • "Queen Victoria". Encyclopædia Britannica.^ His 1959 book Heraldic Standards and Other Ensigns: Their development and history is considered an important work on the subject, and he contributed on the topic to Encyclopædia Britannica.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Certain it is that the Most Venerable Order acquired a completely independent existence when it was granted a Royal Charter by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, who became its Sovereign Head.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    11th ed. Cambridge University Press, 1911.
  • Farnborough, T. E. May (1st Baron). .Constitutional History of England since the Accession of George the Third.^ The long, unhappy, and inglorious life of George the Third of England was ended.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since Charles the Second the sovereigns of England had, with a single exception, always been unfashionable; and the fact that the exception was George the Fourth seemed to give an added significance to the rule.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And then to sit doing cross-stitch while he read aloud to her Hallam's Constitutional History of England!
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    11th ed. Longmans, Green, 1896.
  • Hibbert, Christopher. .Queen Victoria: A Personal History.^ The death of the Prince Consort was the central turning-point in the history of Queen Victoria.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    Harper Collins Publishing, 2000.
  • Hicks, Kyra E. "Martha Ann's Quilt for Queen Victoria". Brown Books, 2007. ISBN 978-1-933285-59-7
  • Kirwn, Anna. "The royal diaries; Victoria. May blossom of Britannia" Scholastic Inc. .New York, 2001
  • Longford, Elizabeth Victoria R.I. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998. ISBN 0-297-84142-4.
  • Marshall, Dorothy.^ New York Times 1990-10-07 (26) * New York Times 1998-02-12 (C2) * New York Times 2001-05-20 (14) * PRODEMCA. National Council Member.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Rabb was Committee Co-Chair of The Sister City Program of the City of New York, 2001 (with Tokyo, Japan).
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Also, he has served as the Grand Marshall of New York's Puerto Rican Day Parade and has been named Grand Marshall of the Hispanic Heritage Parade in New York.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Life and Times of Queen Victoria.^ Life of Her Majesty Queen Victoria.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His correspondence with the Queen continued, and he appeared from time to time at Court; but he was a mere simulacrum of his former self; "the dream," wrote Victoria, "is past."
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They returned to Germany; and while Albert, for a few farewell months, enjoyed, for the last time, the happiness of home, Victoria, for the last time, resumed her old life in London and Windsor.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    George Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd, 1972.
  • Packard, Jerrold M. Victoria's Daughters. St. Martin's Press, 1998. ISBN 0 312 24496 7
  • Potts, D. M. & W. T. W. Potts. .Queen Victoria’s Gene: Haemophilia and the Royal Family.^ Certain it is that the Most Venerable Order acquired a completely independent existence when it was granted a Royal Charter by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, who became its Sovereign Head.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Queen Beatrix, a billionaire in her own right, is the current head of the Dutch royal family.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Alan Sutton, 1995. ISBN 0-7509-1199-9
  • St. Aubyn, Giles. Queen Victoria: A Portrait. Sinclair-Stevenson, 1991. ISBN 1 85619 086 2
  • Strachey, Lytton. Queen Victoria. Londres, Chatto et Windus Publishers, 1921. ISBN 2-228-88610-6
  • Waller, Maureen, "Sovereign Ladies: Sex, Sacrifice, and Power. The Six Reigning Queens of England". St. Martin's Press, New York, 2006. ISBN 0-312-33801-5
  • Weiberg, Thomas: ... wie immer Deine Dona. Verlobung und Hochzeit des letzten deutschen Kaiserpaares. Isensee-Verlag, Oldenburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-89995-406-7.

External links

.
Victoria of the United Kingdom
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 24 May 1819 Died: 22 January 1901
Regnal titles
Preceded by
William IV
Queen of the United Kingdom
20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Succeeded by
Edward VII
Vacant
Title last held by
Bahadur Shah II
as Mughal emperor
Empress of India
1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901
British royalty
Preceded by
Prince William, Duke of Clarence
Heir to the throne
as heiress presumptive
26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837
Succeeded by
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

We are not amused.
.Victoria of the United Kingdom (Alexandrina Victoria Wettin, née Hanover) (1819-05-241901-01-22) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1876 until her death.^ Dec 1861|p10065.htm#i100649|Victoria A. Hanover, Queen of the United Kingdom|b.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10068 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was on June 20, 1837.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Queen ¹ 20 Jun 1837 - 22 Jan 1901 Victoria (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.Her reign lasted more than sixty-three years — longer than that of any other British monarch.^ Died January 22, 1901, after a reign of sixty-three years.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She had reigned for sixty years, and she was not out.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Her second and third husbands were both more than 20 years younger than she.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.The reign of Victoria was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire and is called Victorian Era.^ This was not to last however as the UK lost thousands of citizens in July, dropping to just over the 5,000 mark and vanishing from the top five in what is unofficially called "The Great Purge".
  • United Kingdom - eRepublik Official Wiki 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Queen Victoria's reign witnessed the spread of British technology, commerce, language, and government throughout the British Empire, which, at its greatest extent, encompassed roughly one-fifth to one-quarter of the world's area and population.
  • United Kingdom (10/09) 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom (07/08) 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Large parts of Africa and Asia were added to the empire during the reign of Queen Victoria, 1837-1901.
  • United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Victoria was the last monarch of the House of Hanover; her successor belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.^ Obviously, when she lost the love of her life, Prince Albert of Saxe- Gotha - Coburg , it destroyed her.

^ Albert Victor Christian Edward Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1st Duke of Clarence and Avondale was commissioned in 1877, in the service of the Royal Navy.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10066 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Arthur William Patrick Albert Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1st Duke of Connaught and Strathearn gained the title of HRH Prince Arthur of the United Kingdom.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10066 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Academic]

Unsourced

.
  • It seems to me a defect in our much famed constitution, to have to part with an admirable government like Lord Salisbury's for no question of any importance, or any particular reason, merely on account of the number of votes.
  • We are not amused.^ Afterwards, in her private entourage, the Queen would observe that the person in question was, she very much feared, "not discreet"; it was a verdict from which there was no appeal.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We also gained a little insight in to what is actually going on in the studio when Sir Terry broadcasts and yes it seems they are all having as much fun as it sounds like.
    • Cunard Blog: We Are Cunard: Alastair Greener » Queen Victoria 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC wearecunard.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Much has been attributed to the Australian Constitution by our politicians, the judiciary and the academe in the hope that ordinary Australians wouldn't notice or question its validity.

    • This quotation is attributed to Victoria, with varying stories. One has her saying it after viewing a production of Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore. Other stories describe it as a reaction to a groom-in-waiting of hers, the Hon. .Alexander Grantham Yorke, either to a theatrical production he put on, or to a risqué joke he told to a German guest and which the Queen asked him to repeat after the guest laughed loudly.^ Conyngham told his errand in few words, and as soon as he uttered the words 'Your Majesty,' she put out her hand to him to be kissed.
      • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Lord Palmerston's approval of this outrage, without the knowledge of either the Queen or Lord John Russell, procured him his dismissal from the cabinet.
      • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ So when Alexander Goldfarb, a lawyer close to Berezovsky, turned up in Liechtenstein and said he was representing the magnate, the organisers asked him to leave.
      • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

      .In this account, she was not using the royal "we" but speaking for the affronted ladies of the court.^ As further attempts at stamping out the old ways, he also prohibited the use of the old Hun-Magyar runic alphabet and making Latin the official language of the royal court.
      • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | August 16 |Strange case of the Campden Wonder, Elvis death Roch plague saint Roche KingStephen I Hungary Musicians’ court at Tutbury 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

      .However, more recent documents suggest that the attribution of the quote to Victoria is in fact misguided, instead belonging to Queen Elizabeth I. [1]
  • We are not interested in the possibilities of defeat; they do not exist.^ The widowed mother now returned to London, where the Duchess of Clarence, afterward Queen Adelaide, interested herself greatly in little Victoria.
    • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In surveying the long reign of Queen Victoria nothing strikes one more than the gradual growth of interest in children, and the many changes in the nation's ideas of their upbringing and education.
    • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ More recently the Queen received the title of Empress of India.
    • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Arthur Balfour in response to reports that British Forces had failed a mission in the Boer War in South Africa.
  • I will be good.^ By it the British Dominions, namely, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and Canada, have their independent nationhood established for the first time.

    ^ In June Lord Roberts entered Pretoria, but the war dragged on until 1902, when a Peace Conference was held and the Boer Republics became part of the British Empire.
    • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1957 Dr. Beyerhaus went with his Swedish wife to South Africa to take up missionary service with the Berlin Mission Society in Transvaal and Natal.
    • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • 11-year-old Victoria's spoken response in 1830 when her governess let her know that one day she would be Queen.
  • Since it has pleased Providence to place me in this station, I shall do my utmost to fulfill my duty towards my country; I am very young, and perhaps in many, though not in all things, inexperienced, but I am sure, that very few have more real good will and more real desire to do what is fit and right than I have.^ He would not be there to please himself, but for a very different purpose--to do good.
    • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I was supported in the execution of my duties by the country.
    • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She would follow the Prince in all things.
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Response in her diary upon becoming Queen in 1837 at age 18.
  • I am most anxious to enlist everyone who can speak or write to join in checking this mad, wicked folly of "Women's Rights," with all its attendant horrors...^ In 1870, her eye having fallen upon the report of a meeting in favour of Women's Suffrage, she wrote to Mr. Martin in royal rage--"The Queen is most anxious to enlist everyone who can speak or write to join in checking this mad, wicked folly of 'Woman's Rights,' with all its attendant horrors, on which her poor feeble sex is bent, forgetting every sense of womanly feeling and propriety.

    ^ In 1870, her eye having fallen upon the report of a meeting in favour of Women's Suffrage, she wrote to Mr. Martin in royal rage—"The Queen is most anxious to enlist everyone who can speak or write to join in checking this mad, wicked folly of 'Woman's Rights,' with all its attendant horrors, on which her poor feeble sex is bent, forgetting every sense of womanly feeling and propriety.
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This ruling is a major step forward for all Australians, who have been denied their right to the achievement of self-determination and independence as citizens of a sovereign independent nation.

    .Were women to "unsex" themselves by claiming equality with men, they would become the most hateful, heathen, and disgusting of beings and would surely perish without male protection.^ They almost claimed her, indeed, as one of themselves; but this would have been an exaggeration.
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Woman would become the most hateful, heartless, and disgusting of human beings were she allowed to unsex herself; and where would be the protection which man was intended to give the weaker sex?
    • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
    • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Being near the Victoria Station was a plus for sure as they had more normal food.
    • Best deals: Park Plaza Victoria London - London - United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

    • Queen Victoria 1870 [2]

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.VICTORIA [ALEXANDRINA VICTORIA], Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India (1819-1901), only child of Edward., duke of Kent, fourth son of King George III., and of Princess Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (widow of Prince Emich Karl of Leiningen, by whom she already had two children), was born at Kensington Palace on the 24th of May 1819. The duke and duchess of Kent had been living at Amorbach, in Franconia, owing to their straitened circumstances, but they returned to London on purpose that ?,heir child should be born in England.^ Victoria was born at Kensington Palace on May 24, 1819.
  • Traditional Victorian living - Queen Victoria - The Victorian Era 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.victorianbazaar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings Provenance Description Victoria (1819–1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1901.
  • Queen Victoria | Thomas Sully | All | American Paintings and Sculpture | Collection Database | Works of Art | The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metmuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Duchess was widowed when Victoria was just a baby.

.In 1817 the death of Princess Charlotte (only child of the prince regent, afterwards George IV., and wife of Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, afterwards king of the Belgians), had left the ultimate succession to the throne of England, in the younger generation, so uncertain that the three unmarried sons of George III., the dukes of Clarence (afterwards William IV.^ Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

^ His son the Prince Regent, afterwards George IV., had not done honour to his position, nor brought happiness to any connected with him.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King George IV died in 1830 with the succession of his brother, William IV, taking the throne.
  • Victorian Overview - Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.logicmgmt.com [Source type: Original source]

),. .Kent and Cambridge, all married in the following year, the two elder on the same day.^ Queen Victoria (1819-1902) came to the throne in 1837 following the death of King William IV. Three years later she married her cousin, Albert.
  • Queen Victoria - Information, Featured Articles 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.virtual-london.com [Source type: General]

^ Past them both snakes the swift, dark Thames, following the same course as when it flowed past the Roman settlement of Londinium nearly 2,000 years ago.
  • TEFL London United Kingdom | TEFL Life 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC tefllife.com [Source type: News]

^ Albert, Prince Consort T he Queen married Albert, Prince of Saxe Coburg, in 1840; twenty-two years later Albert died of typhoid, leaving the Queen an "utterly broken-hearted and ...
  • Albert (Prince Consort) - MSN Encarta 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC encarta.msn.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All three had children, but the duke of Clarence's two baby daughters died in infancy, in 1819 and 1821; and the duke of Cambridge's son George, born on the 26th of March 1819, was only two months old when the birth of the duke of Kent's daughter put her before him in the succession.^ His son, George succeeded him.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.victoriaspast.com [Source type: Original source]
  • All About Romance Novels - Queen Victoria and Her Issue 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.likesbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She gave birth to at least three still-born children.

^ Beatrice, the youngest of the queen's children, also passed it on to two of her three sons.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.victoriaspast.com [Source type: Original source]
  • All About Romance Novels - Queen Victoria and Her Issue 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.likesbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The question as to what name the child should bear was not settled without bickerings.^ When the Archbishop enquired what name he should therefore give the child, the Regent abruptly snapped "Alexandrina", which was after the Russian Emperor, who stood as godfather by proxy.

^ It is also fitting that the second largest Cunarder ever should also bear a Queen name!"

^ This combination of earnestness and egotism marked Victoria as a child of the age that bears her name.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

.The duke of Kent wished her to be christened Elizabeth, and the prince regent wanted Georgiana, while the tsar Alexander I., who had promised to stand sponsor, stipulated for Alexandrina.^ The Prince Regent had wished the name of Georgiana; her own father wished to call her Elizabeth.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Duke and Duchess of Kent selected the name Victoria but her uncle, George IV , insisted that she be named Alexandrina after her godfather, Tsar Alexander II of Russia .
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

^ William had two legitimate children who survived long enough to be christened and therefore named: Princess Charlotte and Princess Elizabeth; both of whom died as infants.

.The baptism was performed in a drawing-room of Kensington Palace on the 24th of June by Dr Manners Sutton, archbishop of Canterbury.^ Born on May 24th, 1819 in Kensington Palace in London, Victoria was the daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg.

^ Before sunrise on that morning, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Marquis of Conyngham were pounding and ringing at the gates of Kensington Palace for admission to the Queen.

^ Alexandrina Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, was born in Kensington Palace on the 24th day of May, 1819.

.The prince regent, who was present, named the child Alexandrina; then, being requested by the duke of Kent to give a second name, he said, rather abruptly, "Let her be called Victoria, after her mother, but this name must.^ Born in 1819, Victoria was an only child of Edward, the Duke of Kent.

^ The child was christened Alexandrina Victoria.

^ On 10 February 1840, Queen Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: his father was her mother's brother.

come after the other." .1 Six weeks after her christening the princess was vaccinated, this being the first occasion on which.^ Victoria and Albert had nine children together, the first being Princess Victoria, who was born on 21 November 1840.

a member of the royal family underwent the operation.
.In January 1820 the duke of Kent died, five days before his, brother succeeded to the throne as George IV. The widowed duchess of Kent was now a woman of thirty-four, handsome,, homely, a German at heart, and with little liking for English ways.^ King George IV died in 1830 with the succession of his brother, William IV, taking the throne.
  • Victorian Overview - Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.logicmgmt.com [Source type: Original source]

^ George IV. had died childless.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ George was succeeded by his brother, William.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.victoriaspast.com [Source type: Original source]
  • All About Romance Novels - Queen Victoria and Her Issue 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.likesbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.But she was a woman of experience, and shrewd; and fortunately she had a safe and affectionate adviser in her brother,_ Prince Leopold of Coburg, afterwards (1831) king of the Belgians,.^ On 10 February 1840, Queen Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: his father was her mother's brother.

^ Born the second (but eldest surviving) son of Leopold I of Belgium, he succeeded his father to the Belgian throne in 1865 and remained king until his death.
  • Gold Coin News: August 2007 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC goldprice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Gold Coin News: European Monarchy Belgium Leopold II 20 Franc Gold 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC goldprice.org [Source type: General]

^ Daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III, and Princess Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg (sister of King Leopold of Belgium).

who as the husband of the late Princess Charlotte had once been. a prospective prince consort of England. .His former doctor and private secretary, Baron Stockmar (q.v.^ By far the most interesting person who acted as both friend and adviser to the Queen and her husband was the Baron Christian Friedrich von Stockmar, who had been private physician to Prince Leopold, and afterward private secretary and controller of his household.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

), a man of encyclopaedic - information and remarkable judgment, who had given special. attention to the problems of a sovereign's position in England, was. afterwards to play an important role in .Queen Victoria's life; and Leopold himself took a fatherly interest in the young princess's education, and contributed some thousands of pounds annually to the duchess of Kent's income.^ Queen Victoria's life .

^ Queen Victoria and Victorian England - the young queen .
  • Queen Victoria and Victorian England - the young queen 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.britainexpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Queen Victoria, a life in pictures .
  • Queen Victoria, a life in pictures 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: General]

.Prince Leopold still lived at this time at Claremont, where Princess Charlotte had died, and this became the duchess of Kent's occasional English home; but she was much addicted to travelling, and spent several months every year in visits to watering-places.^ So, Leopold in the movie should have been Albert if Princess Charlotte hadn’t died.

^ By which time she had been on the throne for a decade, yet she was still only 28 years old.

^ Princess Helena spent much of her time founding and supporting medical charities that helped train nurses and care for the poor.

.It was said at court that she liked the demonstrative homage of crowds; but she had good reason to fear lest her child should be taken away from her to be educated according to the views of George IV. Between the king and his sister-in-law there was.^ George VI: A good and dutiful king .

^ King George IV 1820 - 1830 .
  • Hanoverians - Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England of the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III, and Princess Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg (sister of King Leopold of Belgium).

little love, and when the death of the duke of .Clarence's second infant daughter Elizabeth in 1821 made it pretty certain that Princess Victoria would eventually become queen, the duchess felt that the king might possibly obtain the support of his, ministersif he insisted that the future sovereign should be brought up under masters and mistresses designated by himself.^ [Second son of Queen Elizabeth II.] .
  • Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC flagspot.net [Source type: General]

^ (Princess Augusta was the younger daughter of King George III and aunt of Queen Victoria.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Queen Victoria's Coronation Attendants 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC mypage.uniserve.ca [Source type: General]

^ Victoria becomes Queen .
  • Queen Victoria 5HW Group 2 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The little princess could not have received a better education. than that which was given her under Prince Leopold's direction. .Her uncle considered that she ought to be kept as long as possible from the knowledge of her position, which might raise a large growth of pride or vanity in her and make her unmanageable; so Victoria was twelve years old before she knew that she was to wear a crown.^ Early Reign Victoria's father died before she was a year old.
  • Victoria (Great Britain) Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Victoria (Great Britain) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Victoria's father died before she was a year old.
  • Queen Victoria - A Brief Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.twilightbridge.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Victoria Queen of Great Britain and Ireland: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ At twelve years old, she knew that she had to become queen.

.Until she became queen she never slept a night away from her mother's room, and she was not allowed to converse with any grown-up person, friend, tutor or servant without the duchess of Kent or the Baroness Lehzen, her private governess, being present.^ She was supervised at every turn either by the Duchess of Kent or by her Governess, the Baroness Lehzen.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Her governess, the Baroness Lehzen (Jeanette Hain), is the closest thing she has to a friend.
  • 'The Young Victoria' Review: A Queen Shapes Her Destiny - TIME 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.time.com [Source type: General]

^ She got her exercise, and adored her governess, the Baroness Lehzen .

.Louise Lehzen, a native of Coburg, had come to England as governess to the Princess Fecdore of Leiningen, the duchess of Kent's daughter 1 The question of her name, as that of one who was to be queen,.^ (One daughter had Victoria as her formal name.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Names of Queen Victoria's male-line descendants 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC users.uniserve.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was the daughter of a Hanoverian pastor, and came to England in 1818 as governess to the Princess Feodora of Leiningen.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who named Queen Victoria?

remained even up to her accession to the throne a much-debated one. .In August 1831, in a discussion in parliament upon a grant to the duchess of Kent, Sir M. W. Ridley suggested changing it to Elizabeth as "more accordant to the feelings of the people";.^ Her own mother, the Duchess of Kent, in league with Sir John Conroy, controller of her household, tried to get power over Victoria - and the country - by being named Regent.

^ She was not allowed to see anybody besides her mother, half-sister and brother, and the comptroller of the household and reputed lover of the Duchess of Kent, Sir John Conroy.
  • Queen Victoria - Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ These changes revolve around making the design of the new Queen Victoria more consistent with the grand ocean liner style of Queen Mary 2 and Queen Elizabeth 2.
  • Cruise-Pros.com | Cunard Queen Victoria Cruises 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.cruise-pros.com [Source type: General]

and the idea of a change seems to have been powerfully supported. .In 1836 William IV. approved of a proposal to change it to Charlotte; hut, to the princess's own delight, it was given up.^ She ascended the throne upon the death of William IV. Barely eighteen, she refused any further influence from her domineering mother and ruled in her own stead.
  • Britannia: Monarchs of Britain 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.britannia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Victoria, Queen of Great Britain 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.lawtergenealogy.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Victoria, Queen of Great Britain 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.laughtergenealogy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since her uncle, William IV had no legitimate children alive, Princess Victoria was declared 'heiress presumptive'.
  • Biography of Queen Victoria 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William had two legitimate children who survived long enough to be christened and therefore named: Princess Charlotte and Princess Elizabeth; both of whom died as infants.

by her first husband, and she became teacher to the .Princess Victoria when the latter was five years old.^ Five-year-old found alive .
  • Review: Authenticity is queen in 'Victoria' - CNN.com 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ She fell deeply in love with him, and several years later, when they were both twenty years old, Victoria proposed to Albert.
  • Hemophilia and Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Previous of Images Next Victoria in her coronation regalia The Duchess of Kent with the five-year-old Victoria The Queen and Prince Albert depicted dancing soon after their marriage in 1840 The story of Queen Victoria's later years is well known.
  • Queen Victoria: the original people's princess - Telegraph 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

George IV. in 1827 made her a baroness of Hanover, and she continued as lady-inattendance after the duchess of Northumberland was appointed official governess in 1830, but actually performed the functions first of governess and then of private secretary till 1842, when she left the court and returned to Germany, where she died in 1870. The Rev. George Davys, afterwards bishop of Peterborough, taught the princess Latin; Mr J. B. Sale, music; Mr Westall, history; and Mr Thomas Steward, the writing master of Westminster School, instructed her in penmanship.
.In 1830 George IV. died, and the duke of York (George III.'s second son) having died childless in 1827, the duke of Clarence became king as William IV. Princess Victoria now became the direct heir to the throne.^ After his death and George IV's accession in 1820, Victoria became third in the line of succession to the throne after the Duke of York (died 1827) and the Duke of Clarence (subsequently William IV), whose own children died in infancy.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her grandfather, King George III, died six days later.
  • Queen Victoria, a life in pictures 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ When Princess Victoria of Kent was eleven years old, her uncle, King George IV, died childless, leaving the throne to his brother, the Duke of Clarence and St Andrews, who became King William IV. As the new king was childless, the young Princess Victoria became heiress-presumptive to the throne.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]

.William IV. cherished affectionate feelings towards his niece; unfortunately he took offence at the duchess of Kent for declining to let her child come and live at his court for several months in each year, and through the whole of his reign there was strife between the two; and Prince Leopold was no longer in England to act as peacemaker.^ Where two limbs come together, there is no organ.
  • LOL Skirts of Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC virgil.azwestern.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William IV had opposed the idea of marriage between the two, but of course no longer had a say after 1837.

^ She was no longer the simple schoolgirl of two years since.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the early hours of the 10th of June 1837, William IV. died.^ Her uncle, William IV., died on June 20th, 1837, at the age of sixty-five.

^ William the Fourth died in the early morning hours of June 20, 1837, at Windsor Castle.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Reign of Queen Victoria by M. B. Synge 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King William IV 1830 - 1837 .
  • Hanoverians - Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England of the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk [Source type: Original source]

.His thoughts had dwelt often on his niece, and he repeatedly said that he was sure she would be "a good woman and a good queen.^ And the future queen profited by it all, for it has been truly said that, 'had she not been the Queen of England, her acquirements and accomplishments would have given her a high standing in society.'
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If an Elizabethan had been asked whether he considered the Queen of England a great woman or not, he would undoubtedly have answered "Yes," and given very good reasons for his answer.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Regarded with admiration throughout all time as a beneficent queen and splendid empress, she will also be honoured reverentially by the coming centuries as a supremely good and noble woman.'
  • Queen Victoria by Anonymous - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

It will touch every sailor's heart to have a girl queen to fight for. They'll be tattooing her face on their arms, and I'll be bound they'll all think she was christened after Nelson's ship." Dr Howley, archbishop of Canterbury, and the marquis of Conyngham, bearing the news of the king's death, started in a landau with four horses for Kensington, which they reached at five o'clock. .Their servants rang, knocked and thumped; and when at last admittance was gained, the primate and the marquis were shown into a lower room and there left to wait.^ The question and the answer were repeated many times; but at last there was a pause, and then a gentler knocking.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were servants rooms, a kitchen, libraries, bedrooms and sitting rooms, drawing rooms...even small ballrooms in some....

^ Palmerston, always enterprising and audacious with women, took a fancy to Lady Dacre and at Windsor Castle, where she was in waiting and he a guest, he marched into her room one night.
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

Presently a maid appeared and said that the Princess Victoria was "in a sweet sleep and could not be disturbed." Dr Howley, who was nothing if not pompous, answered that he had come on state business, to which everything, even sleep, must give place. .The princess was accordingly roused, and quickly came downstairs in a dressing-gown, her fair hair flowing loose over her shoulders.^ When the Queen was roused and told of what had happened, she did not keep the messengers long waiting; in a few minutes she came into the room in a loose white nightgown and shawl, her hair falling upon her shoulders, her feet in slippers, tears in her eyes; but perfectly calm and dignified.
  • III. Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC chestofbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By her side was placed one of Albert’s dressing gowns while in her left hand was placed a piece of Brown’s hair, along with a picture of him.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By her side was placed one of Albert's dressing gowns while in her left hand was placed a piece of Brown's hair, along with a picture of him.

.Her own account of this interview, written the same day in her journal (Letters, i.^ This site has eyewitness accounts of people and events: letters, journals, speeches, etc.

^ The Journal is written in the style of a child; the Letters are not so simple; they are the work of a child, rearranged—with the minimum of alteration, no doubt, and yet perceptibly—by a governess.
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a letter written in 1867, he expresses himself thus: 'I had a long interview with the Queen.
  • Queen Victoria by Anonymous - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

p. 97), shows her to have been quite prepared.
.The privy council assembled at Kensington in the morning; and the usual oaths were administered to the queen by Lord Chancellor Cottenham, after which all present did homage.^ Lord Conyngham (hte Lord Chamberlain) then acquainted me, that my poor Uncle the King, was no more, and had expired at 12 minutes past 2 this morning, and consequently that I am Queen.
  • Young Victoria and History: How Well Does the Film Starring Emily Blunt Stack up to the Record? 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC historical-films.suite101.com [Source type: General]

^ The Lord Chancellor presenting to the Queen the address of the House of Lords on the Diamond Jubilee In front of St Paul's on Diamond Jubilee Day Victoria died at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight on 22 January 1901 after a reign which lasted almost 64 years.
  • Queen Victoria, a life in pictures 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ Then the Archbishop presented her to the people: "Sirs," he cried in the traditional language of the service, "I here present unto you Queen Victoria, the undoubted Queen of this realm, wherefore all you who are this day to do your homage, are you willing to do the same?"
  • The Baldwin Project: The Reign of Queen Victoria by M. B. Synge 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.There was a touching incident when the queen's uncles, the dukes of Cumberland and Sussex, two old men, came forward to perform their obeisance.^ The crown of Hanover now went to the Duke of Cumberland, the Queen's uncle.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Charlotte afterwards came with old Queen Charlotte.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ My two Uncles, the Dukes of Cumberland and Sussex, and Lord Melbourne conducted me.

.The queen blushed, and descending from her throne, kissed them both, without allowing them to kneel.^ Queen Anne , despite so many births, died without leaving an heir, a new family of monarchs now took over the throne - the Hanoverians, from north Germany.
  • Hanoverians - Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England of the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Queen Victoria's Crowned Descendants Queen Victoria's descendants have sat on the thrones of ten countries, and still rule Great Britain, Sweden, Norway, Spain, and Denmark.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.suite101.com [Source type: General]

^ This does not apply to the Prince of Wales or either of his sons, but only to those descendants of the Queen and Prince Philip who never come to the throne.

.By the death of William IV., the duke of Cumberland had become King Ernest of Hanover, and immediately after the ceremony he made haste to reach his kingdom.^ On the death of George IV in 1830, his brother William IV became king.
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

^ King William IV 1830 - 1837 .
  • Hanoverians - Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England of the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ After his death and George IV's accession in 1820, Victoria became third in the line of succession to the throne after the Duke of York (died 1827) and the Duke of Clarence (subsequently William IV), whose own children died in infancy.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

.Had Queen Victoria died without issue, this prince, who was arrogant, ill-tempered and rash, would have become king of Great Britain; and, as nothing but mischief could have resulted from this, the young queen's life became very precious in the sight of her people.^ Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901.

^ Queen Victoria and Victorian England - the young queen .
  • Queen Victoria and Victorian England - the young queen 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.britainexpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who is queen victorias children?
  • WikiAnswers - Who were Queen Victoria's children 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.She, of course, retained the late king's ministers in their offices, and it was under Lord Melbourne's direction that the privy council drew up their declaration to the kingdom.^ Lord Melbourne was prime minister at this time.
  • Queen Victoria, a life in pictures 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early part of her reign, she was influenced by two men: her first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and her husband, Prince Albert, whom she married in 1840.
  • History of the Monarchy > The Hanoverians > Victoria 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.royal.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

^ Lord Melbourne, her first Prime Minister, educated Victoria in government, politics and art of living.
  • Traditional Victorian living - Queen Victoria - The Victorian Era 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.victorianbazaar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This document described the queen as Alexandrina Victoria, and all the peers who subscribed the roll in the House of Lords on the 10th of June swore allegiance to her under those names.^ It is named after the British monarch Queen Victoria.
  • Victoria Station, London, United Kingdom, trainstation Video 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC vodpod.com [Source type: General]
  • Victoria Station City Guide | Travel to Victoria Station UK Hotel | Travel Guide, Hotel deals, Museum, Restaurants. City videos, images 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.checkmycity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who is queen victorias children?
  • WikiAnswers - Who were Queen Victoria's children 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Who were Queen Victoria's children?
  • WikiAnswers - Who were Queen Victoria's children 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.It was not till tie following day that the sovereign's style was altered to Victoria simply, and this necessitated the issuing of a new declaration and a re-signing of the peers' roll.^ Thomas Ham was commissioned to manufacture and print a new issue, with a full length portrait of Queen Victoria sitting on the throne being the adopted design.

^ Commission, signed by Queen Victoria, empowering the Lords Commissioners to declare Royal Assent to the Bill creating the Commonwealth of Australia, 1900 .
  • Royalty and Australian Society: 1. Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.naa.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently under construction at the Fincantieri Shipyard in Marghera, Italy, Queen Victoria's elegant and sophisticated style is gradually coming together day by day.
  • Cruise Diva's Cruise Planner 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC cruisediva.com [Source type: General]

.The public proclamation of the queen took place on the 21st at St James's Palace with great pomp.^ It was, and the wedding took place in St. James's Chapel.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Queen Victoria, who was Mary's godmother, advised her grandson George (the future George V) to propose to Mary and they were married 4 on 6 July, 1893, at the Chapel Royal, St James Palace, London .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A19970508 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As there was great public interest in every aspect of Queen Victoria’s life we are fortunate to have several first hand accounts of the dogs that shared her life.
  • Queen Victoria's Italian Volpinos 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC pomeranianproject.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The queen opened her first parliament in person, and in a well-written speech, which she read with much feeling, adverted to her youth and to the necessity which existed for her being guided by enlightened advisers.^ As well as being Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, she was also the first monarch to use the title Empress of India.
  • Queen Victoria, Royal Memorabilia at Historical Memorabilia 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC historical.ws [Source type: General]

^ "Provides a well-rounded portrait of the queen while at the same time highlighting relatively little known aspects of her life...This is a sharply observed and excellently written book."
  • Macmillan: Queen Victoria: Walter L. Arnstein: Books 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC us.macmillan.com [Source type: General]

^ Mary Queen of Scots Read in English and French the last letter by Scotland's 16th-century queen, written only hours before her execution in Fotheringay Castle.

.When both houses had voted loyal addresses, the question of the Civil List was considered, and a week or two later a message was brought to parliament requesting an increase of the grant formerly made to the duchess of Kent.^ Victoria immediately ordered her scientists to replace the leg with the best technology available and two weeks later astounded the world when she made an appearance to Be- Knight a group of Lunar War Heroes with her steam powered limb.
  • Queen Victoria - Steam Trek - Voyages of the HMAS Dauntless 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.steam-trek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Less than two months later, a youngster named John William Bean fired ammo made out of tobacco and paper at the Queen.
  • The 20 Things You Didn't Know About Queen Victoria And Victoria Day - CityNews 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.citytv.com [Source type: General]

^ The Victoria Square Hotel, located in Clifton, Bristol, comprises two gracious listed Victorian houses (circa 1870) positioned on the elegant, tree lined Victoria Square.
  • Victoria Square Hotel Bristol United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Government recommended an addition of £30,000 a year, which was voted, and before the close of the year a Civil List Bill was passed, settling £385,000 a year on the queen.^ It is one of the few experiences in her life that gave her insight into Queen Victoria, whom she plays as a teenager in the years immediately before and after her coronation in 1837.
  • Emily Blunt as the young Queen Victoria - SFGate 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC articles.sfgate.com [Source type: General]

^ Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and 7 months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or since, and her reign is the longest of any female monarch in history.

^ In addition to spending years researching the life and romantic involvement of Queen Victoria, FERGIE actually married into the Royal Family twenty-five years ago.
  • Queen Victoria Articles, Posts, Blogs, Videos - Technorati 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC technorati.com [Source type: General]

.The duchess of Kent and her brothers, King Leopold and the duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, had always hoped to arrange that the queen should marry her cousin, Albert of Saxe-CoburgGotha, and the prince himself had been made acquainted with this plan from his earliest years.^ Obviously, when she lost the love of her life, Prince Albert of Saxe- Gotha - Coburg , it destroyed her.

^ On 10 February 1840, Queen Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: his father was her mother's brother.

^ Her trusted advisor was her then sick husband: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1836 Prince Albert, who was born in the same year as his future wife, had come on a visit.^ The Bridal Couple Although Albert was formally titled "HRH Prince Albert", he was popularly known as "HRH the Prince Consort" for the next seventeen years.
  • Queen Victoria, a life in pictures 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ And by her coronation, at 19, she’s begun to carve out her independence as a shrewd player—to the point that Albert, who marries her the next year, comes to resent his irrelevance.
  • A Quebec Queen Victoria: C.R.A.Z.Y. - Arts & Culture - Macleans.ca 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www2.macleans.ca [Source type: General]

^ This is the story of how after the death of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria came to rely heavily on Crathie-born servant John Brown.
  • Royal Deeside, Scotland : Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.royal-deeside.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

to .England with his father and with his brother, Prince Ernest, and his handsome face, gentle disposition and playful humour had produced a favourable impression on the princess.^ Think of the possible consequences to European history: no Victoria, and the current Prince of Hanover, Ernst (descendent of the brother of Victoria’s father), would be King of England today.
  • Hemophilia: The Royal Disease - Case Study Collection - National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.sciencecases.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 10 February 1840, Queen Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: his father was her mother's brother.

^ He was attended by his Gentleman of Honor, and the Reigning Duke and Hereditary Prince of Saxe Coburg (his father and elder brother) and their suites, and preceded by drums and trumpets.

.The duchess of Kent had communicated her projects to Lord Melbourne, and they were known to many other statesmen, and to persons in society; but the gossip of drawing-rooms during the years 1837-38 continually represented that the young queen had fallen in love with Prince This or Lord That, and the more imaginative babblers hinted at post-chaises waiting outside Kensington Gardens in the night, private marriages and so forth.^ To Lord Melbourne she was more explicit.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She was so open, she could go on for pages about the reason why she hated this person or a joke that [Prime Minister Lord] Melbourne made.
  • Movies: Blunt a teen queen in 'Young Victoria' | StarTribune.com 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.startribune.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Harriet Walter lends a beautiful stately presence as the dowager Queen Adelaide and Miranda Richardson is alternately conniving and sympathetic as the grasping Duchess of Kent.

.The coronation took place on the 28th of June 1838. No more touching ceremony of the kind had ever been performed in Westminster Abbey.^ On Thursday, June 28, 1838, the coronation ceremony took place in Westminster Abbey.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Victoria is crowned at Westminster Abbey on June 28th.
  • The Young Victoria 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Victoria's coronation took place on June 28th 1838, and as with the coronation of William IV there were disagreements over cost.

.Anne was a middle-aged married woman at the time of her coronation; she waddled The coro- aatioa. and wheezed, and made no majestic appearance upon her throne.^ The Middle Ages: The history of England from 1066 through the end of the fifteenth century is usually told through the accomplishments and failures of whatever monarch ruled at a particular time.

^ In 1533 a public wedding was coducted and Catherine was formally stripped of her title as queen in time for Annes coronation in May 1533 and the "break with Rome.

^ Upon the death (1830) of George IV, she was recognized as heir to the British throne, and in 1837, at the age of 18, she succeeded her uncle, William IV, to the throne.
  • Victoria (Great Britain) Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Victoria (Great Britain) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Victoria Queen of Great Britain and Ireland: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Mary was odious to her Protestant subjects, Elizabeth to those of the unreformed religion, and both these queens succeeded to the crown in times of general sadness; but the youthful Queen Victoria had no enemies except a few Chartists, and the land was peaceful and prosperous when she began toreign over it.^ We had a wonderful time at the Queen Victoria.
  • The Queen Victoria Reviews bed and breakfast - Cape May, New Jersey. Cape May Bed and Breakfast Inns. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bedandbreakfast.com [Source type: General]

^ The first and only rendezvous of the Queen Mary 2, Queen Elizabeth 2 and Queen Victoria...
  • Queen Victoria Story Page - USATODAY.com 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ This year both Queen Victoria and Queen Mary 2 will be celebrating in the Caribbean.
  • Cunard Blog: We Are Cunard: Alastair Greener » Queen Victoria 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC wearecunard.com [Source type: General]

.The cost of George IV.'s coronation amounted to £240,000; that of William IV. had amounted to £50,000 only; and in asking L70,000 the government had judged that things could be done with suitable luxury, but without waste.^ I only ask; it is for you to judge."
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Her Grandfather was George III and her reign began when her uncle, King William IV, died in 1837.

^ Westminster Hall saw the trial of Charles I, the coronation banquet of George IV and more recently the lying in state of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
  • Palace of Westminster, London, United Kingdom | Emporis.com 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.emporis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The: traditional banquet in Westminster Hall, with the throwing down of the glove by the king's champion in armour, had been dispensed with at the coronation of William IV., and it was resolved not to revive it.^ King William IV 1830 - 1837 .
  • Hanoverians - Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England of the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ William IV, King of Britain, dies and is succeded by his younger brother's daughter, Victoria, who came of age a month before his death.
  • HistoryMole Timeline: Queen Victoria (1819-1901) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.historymole.com [Source type: General]
  • HistoryMole Timeline: Queen Victoria (1819-1901) 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.historymole.com [Source type: General]

^ Her Grandfather was George III and her reign began when her uncle, King William IV, died in 1837.

.But it was arranged that the sovereign's procession to the abbey through the streets should be made a finer show than on previous occasions; and it drew to London 400,000 country visitors.^ Funeral procession through the streets of London.
  • British Pathe - (FUNERAL OF QUEEN VICTORIA) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.britishpathe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At least 300,000 visitors came to London on this occasion.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether you’re off checking out a Broadway-style show or riding through the city streets on a double-decker bus, your time in London will leave you with a lifetime of incredible memories.
  • United Kingdom Travel Information – Monograms® 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.monogramstravel.com [Source type: News]

.Three ambassadors for different reasons became objects of great interest on the occasion.^ Any object which is a tree is always a tree and if something radical were to be done to it to make it not a tree, such as cutting it down and turning it into a table, it is reasonable to think of the new object as a different object with a different identifier.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Stayed three different occasions and some rooms had better features than others, one had no refrigerator.
  • Customer reviews of Hostales Victoria I y II Madrid 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bookassist.com [Source type: General]

Marshal. .Soult, Wellington's old foe, received a hearty popular welcome as a military hero; Prince Esterhazy, who represented Austria,.^ Quote: West German Chancellor Adenauer, a devout Catholic who had received the Magistral Grand Cross personally from SMOM Grand Master Prince Chigi.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popular legend holds that Prince Rupert had no idea who the Rolling Stones were when he was introduced to Jagger at a party in 1970.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was named in honor of Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, the wife of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, who was commemorated by the Blue Bird of Paradise.
  • Birds of Paradise - Paradisaeidae: Species Information and Photos 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.avianweb.com [Source type: General]

dazzled society by his Magyar uniform, which was encrusted all over, even to the boots, with pearls and diamonds; while the Turkish ambassador, Sarim Effendi, caused much diversion by his bewilderment. .He was so wonder-struck that he could not walk to his place, but stood as if he had lost his senses, and kept muttering, "All this for a woman!"^ This could be eschatology invented later, as of course Islam is respectful of 'all people of the book' and places itself firmly in the Jewish to Christian tradition as an 'update'.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Within a year the court was brought into sudden disfavour with the country by two events of unequal importance, but both exciting.^ Because of the seasonal differences between the two countries, our harvest happens earlier in the year, as does our Canadian Thanksgiving.

^ The American-British alliance continued strong even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and if anything, the events of 9/11 only brought the two governments even closer together.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within three years they were sent to the breakers along with the rest of England’s pre-World War Two battleships.

.The first was the case of Lady Flora Hastings.^ The Hastings affair began when Lady Flora Hastings, a maid of honour who was allied and connected to the Tories, was forced by Victoria to undergo a medical examination for suspected pregnancy.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the affair of Lady Flora Hastings, a sad fate had overtaken Sir James Clark.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lady Flora Hastings still cracked her malicious jokes; the animosity of the Baroness was still unappeased.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The In February 1839 this young lady, a daughter of the "Bed- marquis of Hastings, and a maid of honour to the chamber duchess of Kent, was accused by certain ladies of Plat' the bedchamber of immoral conduct.^ In 1839, when Melbourne's Whig cabinet resigned, Victoria refused to dismiss her Whig ladies of the bedchamber, the accepted gesture of confidence in the incoming party.
  • Victoria (Great Britain) Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Victoria (Great Britain) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he didn't object to the choice of names, Her Majesty asked if he would "kindly undertake to speak or write to the parents of the young ladies" offering them the honour of attending the Queen.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Queen Victoria's Coronation Attendants 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC mypage.uniserve.ca [Source type: General]

^ Her Majesty’s train was borne by her twelve bridesmaids, who were followed by the ladies of the bed chamber, the maids of honor, the women of the bed chamber, the gold stick, and six gentlemen of arms, and as many yeomen of the guard to close the procession.

.The charge having been laid before Lord Melbourne, he communicated it to Sir James.^ Before nine o'clock the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, had arrived to instruct the young Queen in what would be required of her at the first Council meeting of the new reign.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Reign of Queen Victoria by M. B. Synge 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A crisis developed in the spring of 1839, when Melbourne (or "Lord M" as Victoria called him in her writings) was forced from his office as Prime Minister by his rival Sir Robert Peel.
  • Young Victoria and History: How Well Does the Film Starring Emily Blunt Stack up to the Record? 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC historical-films.suite101.com [Source type: General]

^ The statesmen who governed England--Lord Grey, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Palmerston, Lord Melbourne--had learnt to put a high value upon his probity and his intelligence.

.Clark, the queen's physician, and the result was that Lady Flora was subjected to the indignity of a medical examination, which,.^ The Hastings affair began when Lady Flora Hastings, a maid of honour who was allied and connected to the Tories, was forced by Victoria to undergo a medical examination for suspected pregnancy.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Failure to attend a formal clinic may result in you being requested to repeat your medical examination.
  • United Kingdom – Panel Doctors 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.immi.gov.au [Source type: Academic]

^ The gossip, when it was discovered that the queen had been mistaken, became the more damaging when later in the year Lady Flora died of a disease that had not been diagnosed by the examining physician.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

while it cleared her character, seriously affected her health. .In fact, she died in the following July, and it was then discovered that the physical appearances which first provoked suspicion.^ The following year, on 31 July, 1900, his father Alfred 6 , Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the Queen's second son, died of throat cancer.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A19970508 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sir James said he had followed the establishment of the Prato centre with great interest, as Monash had become the first Australian university to have a physical presence in Italy.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first three lines are easily satisfied from the following facts in the static knowledge base.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

against her had been due to enlargement of the liver. .The queen's conduct towards Lady Flora was kind and sisterly from the beginning to the end of this painful business; but the scandal was made public through some indignant letters which the marchioness of Hastings addressed to Lord Melbourne praying for the punishment of her daughter's traducers, and the general opinion was that Lady Flora had been grossly treated at the instigation of some private court enemies.^ Lord Melbourne has acted in this business, as he has always done toward me, with the greatest kindness and affection."
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Lord Melbourne must not think the Queen rash in her conduct...
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^ The most extraordinary point in her career was reached when the wily Richard III tempted her to come to his Court again and she went through some sort of reconciliation with him.

While the agitation about the affair was yet unappeased, the political.
crisis known as the" Bedchamber Plot "occurred. .The Whig ministry had introduced a bill suspending the Constitution of Jamaica because the Assembly in that colony had refused to adopt the Prisons Act passed by the Imperial Legislature.^ Gladstone returned to power in 1886, and he introduced the Irish Home Rule Bill, which sought to grant Ireland a separate legislature.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ A 1979 referendum on the creation of an elected Scottish assembly was defeated, but a proposal to create a regional legislature with limited taxing authority passed by a landslide Sept.
  • United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the very day on which the Corn Bill passed the Lords, the Peel ministry was defeated in the Commons on a question of Irish coercion, and had to resign.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

Sir Robert Peel moved an amendment, which, on a division (6th May), was defeated by a majority of five only in a house of 583, and ministers thereupon resigned. .The duke of Wellington was first sent for, but he advised that the task of forming an administration should be entrusted to Sir Robert Peel.^ When, next morning, the Duke came, he advised her Majesty to send for Sir Robert Peel.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Her Majesty was advised by the Duke of Wellington to invite Sir Robert Peel to form a new ministry.
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^ Sir Robert Peel appointed Premier.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sir Robert was ready to form a cabinet in which the duke of Wellington, Lords Lyndhurst, Aberdeen and Stanley, and Sir James Graham would have served; but he stipulated that the mistress of the robes and the ladies of the bedchamber appointed by the Whig administration should be removed, and to this the queen would not consent.^ When Melbourne resigned in May 1839, Sir Robert Peel, the Conservative leader, stipulated that the Whig ladies of the bedchamber should be removed.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the moment of her accession, he had surrounded the Queen with ladies of his own party; the Mistress of the Robes and all the Ladies of the Bedchamber were Whigs.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
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^ Many of the Queen’s Ladies of the Bedchamber were wives of Whigs, but Sir Robert Peel expected to replace them with wives of Tories.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]

.On the 10th of May she wrote curtly that the course proposed by Sir Robert Peel was contrary to usage and repugnant to her feelings; the Tory leader then had to inform the House of Commons that, having failed to obtain the proof which he desired of her majesty's confidence, it was impossible for him to accept office.^ The Tory leader, Sir Robert Peel , declined to form a cabinet, and Melbourne remained in office.
  • Victoria (Great Britain) Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Victoria (Great Britain) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Victoria Queen of Great Britain and Ireland: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sir Robert Peel , the Tory leader, now became Prime Minister.
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Sir Robert Peel appointed Premier.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.The ladies of the bedchamber were so unpopular in consequence of their behaviour to Lady Flora Hastings that the public took alarm at the notion that the queen had fallen into the hands of an intriguing coterie; and Lord Melbourne, who was accused of wishing to rule on the strength of court favour, resumed office with diminished prestige.^ This is a woman who ruled her court with an iron hand.

^ The queen, who had never before had a room to herself, exiled her mother to a distant set of apartments when they moved into Buckingham Palace.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord Melbourne was ever at her right hand, instructing her in her great duties, explaining difficult situations, and guiding her through the intricate ways of the British Constitution.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Reign of Queen Victoria by M. B. Synge 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Tories thus felt aggrieved; and the Chartists were so prompt to make political capital out of the affair that large numbers were added to their ranks.^ The Chartist movement of the 1840s (which sought major political reform) prompted a final refortification of the Tower between 1848 and 1852, and further work was carried out in 1862.
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^ The system creates a valid identifier from the common output translation string if it is unique—adding a number to make a unique id if it is not.
  • KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY - Patent Application 20070055656 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Gehlen held the top leadership post (President of the BND) until forced out due to a political scandal in the ranks.
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  • I'm A Pimpin Turtle...: Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC pimpinturtle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the r4th of June Mr Attwood, M.P. for Birmingham, presented to the House of Commons a Chartist petition alleged to have been signed by 1,280,000 people.^ It was previously known as Council House Square It is often considered to be the centre of Birmingham, and is the point from where local road sign distances are measured.
  • Victoria Square- Birmingham, United Kingdom - VirtualTourist.com 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ The Prince's annuity was ultimately sanctioned in the House of Commons by a large majority; but a minority of fifty members voted in favour of reducing the sum to L10,000.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Another Jew, by race but not by creed, Mr Disraeli, was at the time the leader of the House of Commons.
  • Queen Victoria by Anonymous - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was a cylinder of parchment of about the diameter of a coachwheel, and was literally rolled up on the floor of the house.^ Instead, reporters were preoccupied by the continuing revelations about criminal acts during the 1972 Presidential elections and allegations of cover-ups within the White House.
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the day after this curious document had furnished both amusement and uneasiness to the Commons, a woman, describing herself as Sophia Elizabeth Guelph Sims, made application at the Mansion House for advice and assistance to prove herself the lawful child of George IV. and Mrs Fitzherbert; and this incident, trumpery as it was, added fuel to the disloyal flame then raging.^ Westminster Hall saw the trial of Charles I, the coronation banquet of George IV and more recently the lying in state of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
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^ Sue Manley, David Matthews, Andrew Neil, and Jonathan Levy for their collaboration and advice and Ms. Ivy Samuel and Mrs. Caroline Wood for assistance with the manuscript.
  • United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study 17: A 9-Year Update of a Randomized, Controlled Trial on the Effect of Improved Metabolic Control on Complications in Non-Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus — Ann Intern Med 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.annals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Elizabeth II Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth was born in London on April, 21 1926 , first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, subsequently King George VI and Queen Elizabeth .
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.Going in state to Ascot the queen was hissed by some ladies as her carriage drove on to the course, and two peeresses, one of them a Tory duchess, were openly accused of this unseemly act.^ As if they had been waiting for this example to be set, and for some one to break the stately solitude of the shrine, many ladies follow the Marchioness quickly.
  • Queen Victoria and Princess Beatrice 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.sonofthesouth.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Of the thirty-two women who attended Queen Victoria in a public capacity on Coronation Day, Lady Wilhelmina Stanhope was the longest-lived attendant, and the only one to survive Queen Victoria.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Queen Victoria's Coronation Attendants 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC mypage.uniserve.ca [Source type: General]

^ The July 1837 date was when the ladies were officially appointed to the Queen's Household; however, some of the ladies began their duties at Court almost immediately after accepting their post.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Queen Victoria's Ladies-in-Waiting 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC mypage.uniserve.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile some monster Chartist demonstrations were being organized, and they commenced on the 4th of July with riots at Birmingham.^ Canada Day is in some ways similar to America’s Independence Day, except that it falls on July 1st instead of July 4th.

^ They promised they gave it up after being slapped on the wrist (some even awarded government pensions!
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes they are organized for the public, or by the public, though in some very spectacular cases (the U.S. Federal Reserve is one example) in many cases their entire invention is at odds with public pressure.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was an untoward coincidence that Lady Flora Hastings died on the 5th of July, for though, she repeated on her deathbed, and wished it to be published, that the queen had taken no part whatever in the proceedings which had shortened her life, it was remarked that the ladies who were believed to have persecuted her still retained the sovereign's favour.^ Lady Flora died.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ As Sir Sidney Lee, who published a biography of Queen Victoria in 1902, avowed, before she came to the throne it had been occupied successively by an 'imbecile, a profligate and a buffoon'.
  • Queen Victoria: the original people's princess - Telegraph 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The Prince Consort died on 14 December 1861, devastating Victoria, who entered a semi-permanent state of mourning and wore black for the remainder of her life.

.The riots at Birmingham lasted ten days, and had to be put down by armed force.^ It was not until there had been many riots and much bloodshed that the Irish Famine forced Peel at last to give way.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

They were followed by others at Newcastle, Manchester, Bolton, Chester and Macclesfield.
These troublous events had the effect of hastening the queen's marriage. .Lord Melbourne ascertained that the queen's dis- The positions towards her cousin, Prince Albert, were un- queen's changed, and he advised King Leopold, through M. marriage. Van der Weyer, the Belgian minister, that the prince should come to England and press his suit.^ Prince Albert dies of typhoid .
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.britroyals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Very gradually the Prince's position changed.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She and Prince Albert were first cousins.
  • Queen Victoria - Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

.The prince arrived with his brother on a visit to Windsor on the 10th of October 1839. On the 12th the queen wrote to King Leopold:" Albert's beauty is most striking, and he is so amiable and unaffected - in short, very fascinating."On the 15th all was settled; and the queen wrote to her uncle," I love him more than I can say."The queen's public announcement of her betrothal was enthusiastically received.^ More than most countries, actually.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October, 1839, Prince Albert and his brother came to see their royal cousin.

^ But more than that, Albert told his young Queen that, while he was replaceable, she was not.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

.But the royal lovers still had some parliamentary mortifications to undergo.^ It would appear that the hotel is undergoing some refurbishment, as we noticed that some of the other balconies had nice tile surfaces while ours still had cement.
  • Queen Victoria Hotel Suites (Vancouver Island) - Reviews and Rates - TravelPod 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.travelpod.com [Source type: General]

.The government proposed that Prince Albert should receive an annuity of 50,000, but an amendment of Colonel Sibthorpa politician of no great repute - for making the annuity £30,000 was carried against ministers by 262 votes to 158, the Tories and Radicals going into the same lobby, and many ministerialists taking no part in the division.^ Prejudices against Prince Albert .
  • Queen Victoria's Emerald and Diamond Tiara Designed by Prince Albert-Internet Stones.COM 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.internetstones.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early part of her reign, she was influenced by two men: her first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and her husband, Prince Albert, whom she married in 1840.

^ Queen Room featuring prized etchings by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of their beloved dogs, and complete with its own 1,000 square-foot dance floor...

.Prince Albert had not been described, in the queen's declaration to the privy council, as a Protestant prince; and Lord Palmerston was obliged to ask Baron Stockmar for assurance that Prince Albert did not belong to any sect of Protestants whose rules might prevent him from taking the Sacrament according to the ritual of the English Church.^ Charles Greville, Clerk of the Privy Council, described Queen Victoria's relationship with Lord Palmerston in his diary.
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But what did Lord Palmerston care?
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Did Lord Palmerston forget that she was Queen of England?
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.He got an answer couched in somewhat ironical terms to the effect that Protestantism owed its existence in a measure to the house of Saxony, from which the prince descended, seeing that this house and that of the landgrave of Hesse had stood quite alone against Europe in upholding Luther and his cause.^ They had quite a large family of their own, whose offspring went on to to become part of many royal houses throughout Europe.
  • Review: The Young Victoria 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.windsorstar.com [Source type: General]

^ Henry IV of France (Bourbons, from Navarre in the Pyrenees, still in existence as "Andorra", one of Europe's few microstates still allowed to exist, and the President of France lives in the Merovingian line palace (see above), and is still "Co-Prince" of Andorra (Navarre area).
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "His cousin's descendants, the Grimaldi family, still rule Monaco today, with Prince Albert II, the head of the House of Grimaldi."
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even after this certain High Churchmen held that a Lutheran was a" dissenter,"and that the prince should be asked to subscribe to the Thirty-Nine Articles.^ Whilst His Highness Prince Alfonso was cleaning a revolver last evening with his brother, a shot was fired hitting his forehead and killing him in a few minutes.
  • Juan Carlos I of Spain - Robert Mugabe 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.w2.freedom.edu.pl [Source type: Original source]

^ In certain circumstances, high net worth individuals may even be able to reside in the United Kingdom completely free of tax.
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.The queen was particularly concerned by the question of the prince's future status as an Englishman.^ It was not perhaps surprising that the Queen's views and the prince's views on public questions coincided.
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^ Her desire was gratified; all over the country--at Aberdeen, at Perth, and at Wolverhampton--statues of the Prince were erected; and the Queen, making an exception to her rule of retirement, unveiled them herself.

^ "And this is not hard to do," he added, "and can never embarrass a Minister where such straightforward loyal personages as the Queen and the Prince are concerned."
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was impracticable for him to receive the title of king consort; but the queen naturally desired that her husband should be placed by act of parliament in a position which would secure to him precedence, not only in England, but in foreign courts.^ King consort is a position given in some monarchies to the husband of a queen regnant.
  • Consort - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ What would she do, alone, in England, without him?

^ He was the only husband of a British queen regnant to have formally held the title of Prince Consort.

.Lord Melbourne sought to effect this by a clause introduced in a naturalization bill; but he found himself obliged to drop the clause, and to leave the queen to confer what precedence she pleased by letters-patent.^ Before nine o'clock the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, had arrived to instruct the young Queen in what would be required of her at the first Council meeting of the new reign.
  • The Baldwin Project: The Reign of Queen Victoria by M. B. Synge 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was first guided as queen by the Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne and then by her husband, Prince Albert , whom she married in 1840.
  • Victoria (queen of United Kingdom) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lord Melbourne's old friend, Thomas Barnes , the editor of The Times wrote "Is it for the Queen's service - is it for the Queen's dignity - is it becoming - is it commonly decent?"
  • Queen Victoria : Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC web311.pavilion.net [Source type: Original source]

.This was a lame way out of the difficulty, for the queen could only confer precedence within her own realms, whereas an act of parliament bestowing the title of prince consort would have made the prince's right to rank above all royal imperial highnesses quite clear, and would have left no room for such disputes as afterwards occurred when foreign princes chose to treat Prince Albert as having mere courtesy rank in his wife's kingdom.^ She would follow the Prince in all things.
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^ Prince Philip is consort to Queen Elizabeth.
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^ He was the only husband of a British queen regnant to have formally held the title of Prince Consort.

.The result of these political difficulties was to make the queen more than ever disgusted with the Tories.^ Noble was far more sweet natured [than Sharp] and had the special role of guarding the queen's gloves...The queen was heartbroken when he grew sick at the age of sixteen.
  • BC Museum: Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.gis.net [Source type: General]

^ The result of this appeal was unexpected; there was dead silence for more than a week.
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  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's hard to get a feel from what we see here at this point -- the accompanying design renders it a bit more ho-hum than the glamorous Champagne Bar on Queen Mary 2.
  • Queen Victoria, Six Weeks Out - Cruises - Cruise Critic 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

.But there was no other flaw in the happiness of the marriage, which was solemnized on the 10th of February 1840 in the Chapel Royal, St James's.^ On February 10, 1840, the marriage was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's.
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^ The marriage itself took place on 10th February 1840 in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
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^ They married on the 10th February 1840 at the Chapel Royal in St. James's Palace.

.It is interesting to note that the queen was dressed entirely in articles of British manufacture.^ The articles in the dress were wholly of British manufacture.

^ The whole of this dress was entirely composed of articles of British manufacture.

^ So anxious was the manufacturer that Queen Victoria should have a dress perfectly unique, that she has since the completion of the lace destroyed all the designs.

.Her dress was of Spitalfields silk; her veil of Honiton lace; her ribbons came from Coventry; even her gloves had been made in London of English kid - a novel thing in days when the French had a monopoly in the finer kinds of gloves.^ The Emperor Nicholas came to England, as he told the Queen, to see things with his own eyes, and to win, if he could, the confidence of English statesmen.
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^ If your are in London, GO HERE!!!  It's a wonderful place to visit, even if you do find it a little creepy.  Leave the ravens where they are or the English Empire will fall.
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^ By age seven, he received his first formal training in English at a day school in London, (his first and second languages were Spanish and French[citation needed]).
  • Movers and Shakers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - Printable Version 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.honesty.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From the time of the queen's marriage the crown played an increasingly active part in the affairs of state.^ The second is a lifesize figure of Queen Victoria on her Coronation Day in historical costume, and surrounded by the British Crown Jewels of the time.
  • Sydney Architecture Images- Queen Victoria Building 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.sydneyarchitecture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tradition also persisted that the sovereign had a special part to play in foreign affairs and could conduct them alone with a secretary of state.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, accounts are given of the ways that the Queen's officers handled Great Britain's policy towards the United States during this time.

.Previously, ministers had tried to spare the queen all disagree able and fatiguing details.^ All quotes from " DEAREST CHILD: LETTERS BETWEEN QUEEN VICTORIA AND THE PRINCESS ROYAL PREVIOUSLY UNPUBLISHED", edited & copyrighted by Roger Fulford 1964, 1992.
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria's Not So Victorian Writings 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.victoriana.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What, above all, seemed to make such service delightful was the detailed interest which the Queen took in the circumstances of those around her.
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^ As the ceremony lasted four and a half hours, it was well Queen Victoria was spared the fatigue of a banquet.
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.Lord Melbourne saw her Public g g affairs.^ While in the previous century royal weddings had taken place in private, Lord Melbourne insisted on a public occasion for Victoria and Albert's wedding, and a fair amount of money was required.

^ Victoria, it is true, began by saying that she had shown the POLITICAL PART of his letter to Lord Melbourne; but she proceeded to a discussion of foreign affairs.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "He is one of the cleverest fellows I ever saw," said Lord Melbourne, "the most discreet man, the most well-judging, and most cool man."
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

every day, whether she was in .London or at Windsor, and he used to explain all current business in a benevolent, chatty manner, which offered a pleasant contrast to the style of his two principal colleagues, Lord John Russell and Lord Palmerston.^ Lord John Russell (1792-1878).
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord John Russell appointed Premier.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, after Palmerston expressed his approval of the coup d'tat of Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III) in 1851 without consulting the queen, the prime minister, Lord John Russell, dismissed him.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

.A statesman of firmer mould than Lord Melbourne would hardly have succeeded so well as he did in making rough places smooth for Prince Albert.^ Prince Albert, a man of cultured and liberal ideas, proved well qualified to take the lead in many reforms which the United Kingdom of that day sorely needed.

^ While in the previous century royal weddings had taken place in private, Lord Melbourne insisted on a public occasion for Victoria and Albert's wedding, and a fair amount of money was required.

^ None more so than her cousin Prince Albert, who, at the tender age of 21 she married and went on to have nine children with.
  • Releaselog | RLSLOG.net » The Young Victoria DVDRiP XviD-DoNE 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.rlslog.net [Source type: General]

.Lord John Russell and Lord Palmerston were naturally jealous of the prince's interference - and of King Leopold's and Baron Stockmar's - in state affairs; but Lord Melbourne took the common-sense view that a husband will control his wife whether people wish it or not.^ Warmongers Palmerston and Russell were jealous of the influence that the Prince Consort had with his wife Queen Victoria.
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord John Russell (1792-1878).
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord John Russell appointed Premier.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ably advised by his private secretary, George Ans.^ Her German mother, Emma Cleaves, was a daughter of a private secretary to King George IV of Hanover.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord M. was obviously best qualified to make the appointment; and Lord M. had decided that the Prince should take over his own Private Secretary—George Anson, a staunch Whig.
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord M. was obviously best qualified to make the appointment; and Lord M. had decided that the Prince should take over his own Private Secretary--George Anson, a staunch Whig.
  • Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/4) 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]

on, and by .Stockmar, the prince thus soon took the de facto place of the sovereign's private secretary, though he had no official status as such; and his system of classifying and annotating the queen's papers and letters resulted in the preservation of what the editors of the Letters of Queen Victoria (1907) describe as" probably the most extraordinary collection of state documents in the world "- those up to 1861 being contained in between Soo and 600 bound volumes at Windsor.^ It was Queen Victoria’s private sitting room.

^ The letter was forwarded to Queen Victoria for her approval.
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What kind of a sovereign is Queen Victoria?

.To confer on Prince Albert every honour that the crown could bestow, and to let him make his way gradually into public favour by his own tact, was the advice which Lord Melbourne gave; and the prince acted upon it so well, avoiding every appearance of intrusion, and treating men of all parties and degrees with urbanity, that within five months of his marriage he obtained a signal mark of the public confidence.^ And each day hinged upon Lord Melbourne.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prince Albert, a man of cultured and liberal ideas, proved well qualified to take the lead in many reforms which the United Kingdom of that day sorely needed.

^ Previous of Images Next Victoria in her coronation regalia The Duchess of Kent with the five-year-old Victoria The Queen and Prince Albert depicted dancing soon after their marriage in 1840 The story of Queen Victoria's later years is well known.
  • Queen Victoria: the original people's princess - Telegraph 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

.In expectation of the queen becoming a mother, a bill was passed through parliament providing for the appointment of Prince Albert as sole regent in case the queen, after giving birth to a child, died before her son or daughter came of age.^ Prince Albert dies of typhoid fever at age 42.
  • The Young Victoria 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A Bill for this purpose was brought in and passed, naming the Prince as Regent.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Parliament gives Albert the title of Prince Consort.
  • The Young Victoria 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.The Regency Bill had been hurried on in consequence of the attempt of a crazy pot-boy, Edward Oxford, to take the queen's life.^ This was the last of a series of seven attempts upon the Queen--attempts which, taking place at sporadic intervals over a period of forty years, resembled one another in a curious manner.

^ During Victoria's first pregnancy, eighteen-year old Edward Oxford attempted to assassinate the Queen while she was riding in a carriage with Prince Albert in London.

^ This book certainly takes a scholarly approach in giving a narrative of the complete life of Queen Victoria.

.On 10th June 1840, the queen and Prince Albert Attempts on the were driving up Constitution Hill in an open carriage, queen's when Oxford fired two pistols, the bullets from which life. flew, it is said, close by the prince's head.^ Prince Albert felt that the attempts were encouraged by Oxford’s acquittal in 1840.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prince Albert felt that the attempts were encouraged by Oxford's acquittal in 1840.
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Queen writing to her uncle said that "Albert .
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was arrested on the spot, and when his lodgings were searched a quantity of powder and shot was found, with the rules of a secret society, called" Young England,"whose members were pledged to meet," carrying swords and pistols and wearing crape masks."These discoveries raised the surmise that Oxford was the tool of a widespread Chartist conspiracy - or, as the Irish pretended, of a conspiracy of Orangemen to set the duke of Cumberland on the throne; and while these delusions were fresh, they threw well-disposed persons into a paroxysm of loyalty.^ They were coming down Constitution Hill and Prince Albert saw the gunman, pushed the Queen into the well of the carriage and covered her body with his own.
  • Prince Albert saves Queen Victoria's life in Martin Scorsese film - Times Online 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC entertainment.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ She succeeded her uncle William IV , whose own children died in infancy, to the throne of England in 1837 at the age of 18.

^ It was certain that the young Princess would be brought up in the way that she should go; yet there, close behind the throne, waiting, sinister, was the Duke of Cumberland.
  • Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC ebooks.gutenberg.us [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Even the London street dogs, as Sydney Smith said, joined with O'Connell in barking" God save the Queen."Oxford seems to have been craving for notoriety; but it may be doubted whether the jury who tried him did right to pronounce his acquittal on the ground of insanity.^ Who did Queen Victoria marry and when?

^ Who did Queen Victoria marry?

^ It is unclear who the tri-colored dog is.
  • BC Museum: Queen Victoria 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.gis.net [Source type: General]

.He feigned madness at his trial, but during the forty years of his subsequent confinement at Bedlam he talked and acted like a rational being, and when he was at length released and sent to Australia he earned his living there as a house painter, and used to declare that he had never been mad at all.^ There are four ways to search for a school in the Guide: Keyword Search : use the search box under the UK map to enter one or more keywords: all schools in the UK section of the Guide will be searched.
  • Good School Guide - United Kingdom - EFL schools 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.englishforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As far as I know, the design of the flag never varies from the arms, so we know what William and Harrys flags will look like, even if they are not meant to use them yet.
  • Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC flagspot.net [Source type: General]

^ However, often a person only staying a few years in the UK can effectively minimise major expenses, like rent and car, by sharing a house and using public transport.
  • Bittrack - Country (United Kingdom (UK)) 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bittrack.com [Source type: News]

His acquittal was to be deprecated as establishing a dangerous precedent in regard to outrages on the sovereign. .It was always Prince Albert's opinion that if Oxford had been flogged the attempt of Francis on the queen in 1842 and of Bean in the same year would never have been perpetrated.^ Prince Albert felt that the attempts were encouraged by Oxford's acquittal in 1840.
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Atrocious attempt to assassinate the Queen and Prince Albert Edward Oxford in Bethlehem .
  • Prince Albert saves Queen Victoria's life in Martin Scorsese film - Times Online 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC entertainment.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Prince Albert felt that the attempts were encouraged by Oxford’s acquittal in 1840.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]

.After the attempt of Bean - who was a hunchback, really insane - parliament passed a bill empowering judges to order whipping as a punishment for those who molested the queen; but somehow this salutary act was never enforced.^ Feeling that such a penalty would be too harsh, Prince Albert encouraged Parliament to pass an act, under which aiming a firearm at the Queen, striking her, throwing any object at her, and producing any firearm or other dangerous weapon in her presence with the intent of alarming her, were made punishable by seven years imprisonment and flogging.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The queen, who had never before had a room to herself, exiled her mother to a distant set of apartments when they moved into Buckingham Palace.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two days later, the Queen was again shot at on her way to the Chapel Royal, this time by a hunchbacked dwarf named John Bean.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

.In 1850 a half-pay officer, named Pate, assaulted the queen by striking her with a stick, and crushing her bonnet.^ In 1850, the Queen did sustain injury when she was assaulted by a possibly insane ex-Army officer, Robert Pate.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ As her carriage squeezed through the gateway of his house in Piccadilly, her assailant, an officer in the 10th Hussars, Robert Pate, hit her with his walking stick.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ In 1850, the Queen did sustain injury when she was assaulted by a possibly insane ex-Army officer, Robert Pate .

.He was sentenced to seven years' transportation; but the judge, Baron Alderson, excused him the flogging.^ Hamilton was charged under the 1842 act; he pled guilty and received the maximum sentence of seven years of penal transportation.
  • QUEEN VICTORIA Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.findbiography.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Hamilton was charged under the 1842 act; he pleaded guilty and received the maximum sentence of seven years of penal transportation.

^ In 2007 a court martial sentenced a soldier to one year in prison and dismissed him from the army for the inhumane treatment of Mousa.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1869 an Irish lad, O'Connor, was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment and a whipping for presenting a pistol at the queen, with a petition, in St James's Park; but this time it was the queen herself who privately remitted the corporal punishment, and she even pushed clemency to the length of sending her aggressor to Australia at her own expense.^ The queen, who had never before had a room to herself, exiled her mother to a distant set of apartments when they moved into Buckingham Palace.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Within six months, on Melbourne's repeated suggestion, the prince was allowed to start seeing the dispatches, then to be present when the queen saw her ministers.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buckingham Palace is located across lovely St. James's Park; Whitehall leads to Trafalgar Square and the National Gallery, passing 10 Downing Street and the Queen's mounted troops at Horse Guards on the way.
  • Best deals: Park Plaza Victoria London - London - United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

.The series of attempts on the queen was closed in 1882 by Maclean, who fired a pistol at her majesty as she was leaving the Great Western Railway station at Windsor.^ On 13 June 1842, Victoria made her first journey by train, travelling from Slough railway station (near Windsor Castle) to Bishop's Bridge, near Paddington (in London), in a special royal carriage provided by the Great Western Railway.
  • Queen Victoria - Queen Victoria Biography, Information, History, Life, Facts. 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.famouspeople.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jurys Inn Nottingham is centrally located on Station Street close to the railway station and within a two minute walk of the tramway system.
  • Hotels near Victoria Centre, Hotels close to Victoria Centre, Accommodation near Victoria Centre 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.booktravelnstay.com [Source type: General]

^ He was persuaded to apply for the post of Organist of St George’s Chapel, Windsor in 1882, in succession to Sir George Elvey who had been there for fifty years; Parratt became private organist to Queen Victoria in 1892, and Master of the Queen’s Musick in 1893.
  • Toccata Classics - Choral Songs in honour of Her Majesty Queen Victoria: Sleeve Notes 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.toccataclassics.com [Source type: General]

He, like Bean, was a genuine madman, and was relegated to Broadmoor.
.The birth of the princess royal, on the 21st of November 1840, removing the unpopular King Ernest of Hanover from the position of heir-presumptive to the British crown, Birth of the was a subject of loud congratulations to the people.^ Princess Victoria of Kent, heir to the British throne, succeeded her uncle King William IV, as Queen Victoria on June 20, 1837, at the age of 18 years.
  • Queen Victoria's Emerald and Diamond Tiara Designed by Prince Albert-Internet Stones.COM 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.internetstones.com [Source type: General]

^ In terms of the Act of Settlement, her nearest Protestant relative was offered the crown - in this way the elector of Hanover in Germany, became King George I of Britain in 1714.
  • The Isle of Influence - the United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.white-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I say more or less, since the crown would have passed to Ernest Augustus Duke of Cumberland, later King of Hanover, and it is hard to imagine that the English monarchy would have survived.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

.princess A curious scare was occasioned at Buckingham Palace, royal. when the little princess was a fortnight old, by the discovery of a boy named Jones concealed under a bed in the royal nursery.^ Early Life Princess Helena was born on 25 May 1846, at Buckingham Palace, London.
  • The Prussian Connection: msg#00001 culture.templar.rosemont 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC osdir.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The little one was the first of the British royal house to receive the benefits of Jenner's discovery of vaccination.
  • Free Ebooks - QUEEN VICTORIA 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Princess Anne of Great Britain, Princess Royal (1950- ) - names received at christening: Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise - known formally as: Anne - known to the family as: Anne 1.2.2.2.1.3.
  • Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Names of Queen Victoria's male-line descendants 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC users.uniserve.com [Source type: Original source]

Jones had a mania for palace-breaking. .Three times he effected a clandestine entry into the queen's residence, and twice he managed to spend several days there.^ This majestic residence is one of the major works of the architect John Wood who, at that time, was commissioned by the Queen to give the medieval town a facelift.

^ This entertained her greatly, and was one of the reasons why the young Queen would remain on the throne until 1901, when she finally managed to get the last of it out of there.
  • Queen Victoria - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While in the synagogue of Ilye one day he was irritated into commenting severely upon the conduct of a boy who was disturbing those occupied in prayer and study.
  • Rigorous Intuition (v. 2.0): Married to the Octopus 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC rigint.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.By day he concealed himself in cupboards or under furniture, and by night he groped his way into the royal kitchen to eat whatever he could find.^ She is said not to take the slightest pleasure in nature and to enjoy sitting up at night and sleeping late into the day.
  • Queen Victoria: Biography 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two days later, the Queen was again shot at on her way to the Chapel Royal, this time by a hunchbacked dwarf named John Bean.
  • Were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert both illegitimate? | Mail Online 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Could not find the Royal Air Force amidst all of the clutter.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.After his third capture, in March 1841, he coolly boasted that he had lain under a sofa, and listened to a private conversation between the queen and Prince Albert.^ In the autumn of 1842 the Queen and Prince Albert made their first visit to Edinburgh, going in a royal yacht towed by a steamship, because the railroad communications between London and Edinburgh were not yet complete.

^ They were coming down Constitution Hill and Prince Albert saw the gunman, pushed the Queen into the well of the carriage and covered her body with his own.
  • Prince Albert saves Queen Victoria's life in Martin Scorsese film - Times Online 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC entertainment.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Prince Albert's memorandum, corrected with the queen's own hand, was returned, and the dispatch which was subsequently forwarded to Lord Lyons shows that her majesty's suggestions were fully observed.
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

.This third time he was not punished, but sent to sea, and turned out very well.^ Quite a few people turned out to see her arrive even though it was very cold with strong hand numbing winds.
  • Queen-Victoria-Southampton on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Staff are extremely courteous and very helpul, the rooms are well laid out and very clean.
  • Best deals: Park Plaza Victoria London - London - United Kingdom 28 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

^ We soon found out that many TOGS were embarking a ship for the very first time so it was great to welcome them, as well as a few familiar Cunard faces who were already sharing their nautical know how.
  • Cunard Blog: We Are Cunard: Alastair Greener » Queen Victoria 21 January 2010 10:010 UTC wearecunard.com [Source type: General]

.The incident strengthened Prince Albert's hands in trying to carry out sundry domestic reforms which were being stoutly resisted by vested interests.^ Prince Albert, a man of cultured and liberal ideas, proved well qualified to take the lead in many reforms which the United Kingdom of that day sorely needed.

^ Prince Albert's memorandum, corrected with the queen's own hand, was returned, and the dispatch which was subsequently forwarded to Lord Lyons shows that her majesty's suggestions were fully observed.
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 16 September 2009 1:59 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Parliament always tried to exclude Prince Albert from being given a political role, and opposed his ennoblement, and even granted him a smaller allowance than previous consorts.
  • Queen Victoria's Emerald and Diamond Tiara Designed by Prince Albert-Internet Stones.COM 10 January 2010 9:57 UTC www.internetstones.com [Source type: General]

.The royal residences and grounds used to be under the control of four different officials - the lord chamberlain, the lord steward, the master of the horse and the commissioners of woods and forests.^ In the procession, Queen Victoria was preceded by the usual display of heralds and trumpeters, by the various officers of the household, by the different members of the royal family, e