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.Video is the technology of electronically capturing, recording, processing, storing, transmitting, and reconstructing a sequence of still images representing scenes in motion.^ Additionally, representatives of Kodak and other leading manufacturing of film, video, and digital technology will present some of their latest products in the lobby before the event.
  • MVWire.com to Host Music Video Program Benefiting MVPA 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC digitalcontentproducer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That means that if your image, whether from video or a still, has picture information above 100% FCP then that picture information will be lost on export.
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I n this article, we will only concern ourselves with luma, which represents the lightness of the pixels of the video image and the analogue and digital levels which are are used to store or represent it.
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

History

.Video technology was first developed for cathode ray tube television systems, but several new technologies for video display devices have since been invented.^ So we are proud to announce that we have switched from the old school MPEG and MPEG-2 formats to the new MPEG4 AVC format to keep up with technology and set a new standard for music video quality!
  • RamVideos.com - Your Source For Rap/Hip-hop/Punk/Rock/Pop Music Videos 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC ramvideos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First video on You Tube for keywords “land down under”.
  • 10 More Bizarre Music Videos - Listverse 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC listverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MUSIC NEWS - Beck has just released a new version of the video for his tune, 'Gamma Ray' that features actress Chloe Sevigny .
  • Music News Net: Music Video 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicnewsnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Standards for television sets and computer monitors have tended to evolve independently, but advances in computer performance and digital television broadcasting and recording are producing some convergence.^ Finally, the stage had been set for women, and particularly for lesbians, to write, produce, record, and issue their own material -- on their own terms.
  • Seattle Channel -- Videos --City Of Music 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.seattlechannel.org [Source type: General]

.Computers can now display television and film-style video clips and streaming media, encouraged by increased processor speed, storage capacity, and broadband access to the Internet.^ But this video's film clips of many animals in the wild, counterpointed with the passionate plea from the singers, makes for a potent and moving animal rights message.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These may be clips from films, but most excerpts like these are treated like music videos in the Indian subcontinent.
  • 10 More Bizarre Music Videos - Listverse 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC listverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cisco Visual Networking Index forecasts that video traffic is growing exponentially, creating unprecedented demand for increased broadband capacity.
  • Video - Cisco Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blogs.cisco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.General purpose computing hardware can now be used to capture, store, edit, and transmit television and movie content, as opposed to older dedicated analog technologies.^ Summary of steps: Capture LIVE video or DUB video from another source directly into the computer using a video capture tool.
  • SermonAudio.com - Help With Encoding 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.sermonaudio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Optionally, you can edit your video using any video editor of your choice (we recommend Sony's Vegas Movie Studio as a powerful yet easy-to-use general-purpose video editor and DVD-creator).
  • SermonAudio.com - Help With Encoding 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.sermonaudio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We recommend the powerful yet easy-to-use Sony Vegas Movie Studio tool for any video editing!
  • SermonAudio.com - Help With Encoding 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.sermonaudio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Description of video

Analog video standards worldwide       NTSC       PAL or switching to PAL       SECAM       No information
.The term video ("video" meaning "I see", from the Latin verb "videre") commonly refers to several storage formats for moving pictures: digital video formats, including Blu-ray Disc, DVD, QuickTime, and MPEG-4; and analog videotapes, including VHS and Betamax.^ Products are offered in MPEG Video format.
  • American Heart Association | PSA Download Site Video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC psa.americanheart.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So we are proud to announce that we have switched from the old school MPEG and MPEG-2 formats to the new MPEG4 AVC format to keep up with technology and set a new standard for music video quality!
  • RamVideos.com - Your Source For Rap/Hip-hop/Punk/Rock/Pop Music Videos 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC ramvideos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Optionally, you can RIP the video (to an AVI format) from existing DVDs using any DVD-ripping tool such as Boilsoft DVD-Ripper , the Magic DVD-Ripper , or the Xilisoft DVD-Ripper .
  • SermonAudio.com - Help With Encoding 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.sermonaudio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Video can be recorded and transmitted in various physical media: in magnetic tape when recorded as PAL or NTSC electric signals by video cameras, or in MPEG-4 or DV digital media when recorded by digital cameras.^ Most video cameras allow you to shoot and record a video image that will use video levels that go up into the "super white".
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, any analogue video dubbed to digital using the analogue inputs on the camera will not have 7.5 IRE Setup correctly removed, again producing a digital tape with non-standard black levels.
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can see that when a North American NTSC analogue video is dubbed to digital with, say, a DSR-11, the 7.5 IRE Setup is not correctly removed before conversion to digital.
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Quality of video essentially depends on the capturing method and storage used.^ Summary of steps: Capture LIVE video or DUB video from another source directly into the computer using a video capture tool.
  • SermonAudio.com - Help With Encoding 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.sermonaudio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Digital television (DTV) is a relatively recent format with higher quality than earlier television formats and has become a standard for television video.^ Watch high-res video (MP4) This link lets you watch a higher-quality version of this video.
  • Michael Shermer on strange beliefs | Video on TED.com 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.ted.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, any analogue video dubbed to digital using the analogue inputs on the camera will not have 7.5 IRE Setup correctly removed, again producing a digital tape with non-standard black levels.
  • Video Levels in Final Cut Pro 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.kenstone.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because there are different qualities that make a video awful nowadays than in the early ’90s.
  • 20 Worst Music Videos of All Time | Audiotuts+ 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC audio.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(See List of digital television deployments by country.)
3D-video, digital video in three dimensions, premiered at the end of 20th century. .Six or eight cameras with realtime depth measurement are typically used to capture 3D-video streams.^ NECN.com video interview with Cisco CEO John Chambers talking about how he uses his Flip video camera.
  • Video - Cisco Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blogs.cisco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyone reading this could recreate this video using a moderately hot chick and a Rent-A-Center video camera.
  • 20 Worst Music Videos of All Time | Audiotuts+ 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC audio.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ching says that he shoots his films entirely with a still camera and achieved the interesting depth-of-field effect using a tilt-shift lens.
  • ross:ching » Death Cab for Cutie’s Little Bribes 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC rossching.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The format of 3D-video is fixed in MPEG-4 Part 16 Animation Framework eXtension (AFX).^ Products are offered in MPEG Video format.
  • American Heart Association | PSA Download Site Video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC psa.americanheart.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The icons in the file format column represent the players that will play MPEG video files, e.g.
  • American Heart Association | PSA Download Site Video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC psa.americanheart.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the United Kingdom, Estonia, Australia, Netherlands, Finland, Hungary and New Zealand, the term video is often used informally to refer to both Videocassette recorders and video cassettes; the meaning is normally clear from the context.^ Tunes has added a new area to the store dedicated to the live recordings, and concert videos cost between $8 and $13, while audio shows typically cost $8.
  • Music News Net: Video Streaming 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicnewsnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When we use the term " Other Information ", we mean any information other than Personal Information collected by the Site (Personal Information and Other Information, together, the " Information ").
  • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ However, we encourage you to check this Privacy Policy and Terms of Use Agreement often for updates.
  • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

Characteristics of video streams

Number of frames per second

.Frame rate, the number of still pictures per unit of time of video, ranges from six or eight frames per second (frame/s) for old mechanical cameras to 120 or more frames per second for new professional cameras.^ Tags: music , music video , music videos , 90s , dance , house , old school , 120 minutes , mtv , techno , club , mix .
  • music videos | Omnisio 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.omnisio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Try not to watch this video too many times; it begins to feel a little more disturbing each time.
  • 29 Brilliant Music Videos - Smashing Magazine 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Content is beginning to come off of the site, but taking down a major catalog has proven to be a time consuming process; many videos are still available as of this post.
  • No More Music Videos on YouTube? ~ Chris Pirillo 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

PAL (Europe, Asia, Australia, etc.) and SECAM (France, Russia, parts of Africa etc.) standards specify 25 frame/s, while NTSC (USA, Canada, Japan, etc.) specifies 29.97 frame/s. .Film is shot at the slower frame rate of 24photograms/s, which complicates slightly the process of transferring a cinematic motion picture to video.^ An earlier shot in the video depicts a similar motion creation.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vincent Laforet posts a short video showing the making of his short film “Reverie” which is the first film shot with a new Canon 5D Mk11.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interestingly he shot HD film on the new Canon EOS 5D MKII. A full frame sensor and can shoot full HD 1920×1080 video capture.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The minimum frame rate to achieve the illusion of a moving image is about fifteen frames per second.^ The second long sequence shows circularly rotating objects in the center of the large image, with not one but four frames filling the four quadrants of the screen.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just think about the frame rate you want to use, and take that many photos for every second.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Interlacing

Video can be interlaced or progressive. Interlacing was invented as a way to achieve good visual quality within the limitations of a narrow bandwidth. The horizontal scan lines of each interlaced frame are numbered consecutively and partitioned into two fields: the odd field (upper field) consisting of the odd-numbered lines and the even field (lower field) consisting of the even-numbered lines. NTSC, PAL and SECAM are interlaced formats. Abbreviated video resolution specifications often include an i to indicate interlacing. .For example, PAL video format is often specified as 576i50, where 576 indicates the vertical line resolution, i indicates interlacing, and 50 indicates 50 fields (half-frames) per second.^ Which frame in a video stream corresponds to a particular playback position is defined by the video stream's format.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ For example, in video this corresponds to the user agent having data from the current frame, but not the next frame; and to when playback has ended .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ For example, in video this corresponds to the user agent having data for at least the current frame and the next frame.
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In progressive scan systems, each refresh period updates all of the scan lines. The result is a higher spatial resolution and a lack of various artifacts that can make parts of a stationary picture appear to be moving or flashing.
.A procedure known as deinterlacing can be used for converting an interlaced stream, such as analog, DVD, or satellite, to be processed by progressive scan devices, such as TFT TV-sets, projectors, and plasma panels.^ Queue a task to fire a progress event called error at the media element , in the context of the fetching process that was used to try to obtain the media resource in the resource fetch algorithm .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All use of such applications or features is governed by Additional Terms as set forth in the Virtual Reality Applications - Terms .
  • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Queue a task to fire a progress event called loadend at the media element , in the context of the fetching process that was used to try to obtain the media resource in the resource fetch algorithm .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Deinterlacing cannot, however, produce a video quality that is equivalent to true progressive scan source material.

Display resolution

.The size of a video image is measured in pixels for digital video, or horizontal scan lines and vertical lines of resolution for analog video.^ These are two of the many strong vertical lines in this video.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the digital domain (e.g. DVD) standard-definition television (SDTV) is specified as 720/704/640×480i60 for NTSC and 768/720×576i50 for PAL or SECAM resolution. However in the analog domain, the number of visible scanlines remains constant (486 NTSC/576 PAL) while the horizontal measurement varies with the quality of the signal: approximately 320 pixels per scanline for VCR quality, 400 pixels for TV broadcasts, and 720 pixels for DVD sources. Aspect ratio is preserved because of non-square "pixels".
New high-definition televisions (HDTV) are capable of resolutions up to 1920×1080p60, i.e. 1920 pixels per scan line by 1080 scan lines, progressive, at 60 frames per second.
.Video resolution for 3D-video is measured in voxels (volume picture element, representing a value in three dimensional space).^ When no video data is available (the element's readyState attribute is either HAVE_NOTHING , or HAVE_METADATA but no video data has yet been obtained at all), the video element represents either the poster frame , or nothing.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a video element is paused at any other position, the element represents the frame of video corresponding to the current playback position , or, if that is not yet available (e.g.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a video element is potentially playing , it represents the frame of video at the continuously increasing "current" position .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example 512×512×512 voxels resolution, now used for simple 3D-video, can be displayed even on some PDAs.^ A pop-up screen will appear previewing the Music Video for you and displaying the Music Video Code that you can use to add the Music Video to your personal web page or blog.
  • Music Video Codes for MySpace, Facebook, Friendster and more! | Music Video Zone | 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicvideozone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have noticed that some famous music videos have the contrasting red-orange / blue color scheme that is used for so many color films.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example: Dir En Grey has some pretty bizarre videos (“Obscure” for example.
  • 10 More Bizarre Music Videos - Listverse 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC listverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Aspect ratio

Comparison of common cinematography and traditional television (green) aspect ratios.
Many arcade games use 3:4 portrait mode to efficiently utilize the entire display area.
.Aspect ratio describes the dimensions of video screens and video picture elements.^ The video element supports dimension attributes .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ In the case of a video element, the dimensions of the video are also available.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, if the aspect ratio of the playback area does not match the aspect ratio of the video, the video will be shown letterboxed or pillarboxed.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.All popular video formats are rectilinear, and so can be described by a ratio between width and height.^ The intrinsic width and intrinsic height of the media resource are the dimensions of the resource in CSS pixels after taking into account the resource's dimensions, aspect ratio, clean aperture, resolution, and so forth, as defined for the format used by the resource.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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The screen aspect ratio of a traditional television screen is 4:3, or about 1.33:1. High definition televisions use an aspect ratio of 16:9, or about 1.78:1. The aspect ratio of a full 35 mm film frame with soundtrack (also known as the Academy ratio) is 1.375:1.
.Ratios where the height is taller than the width are uncommon in general everyday use, but do have application in computer systems where the screen may be better suited for a vertical layout.^ The loudest setting may be lower than the system's loudest possible setting; for example the user could have set a maximum volume.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Malware -- short for MALicious softWARE -- is a term used to broadly classify a form of software which is installed in a computer system with malicious intentions, usually without the owner's knowledge or permission.
  • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ The intrinsic width and intrinsic height of the media resource are the dimensions of the resource in CSS pixels after taking into account the resource's dimensions, aspect ratio, clean aperture, resolution, and so forth, as defined for the format used by the resource.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.The most common tall aspect ratio of 3:4 is referred to as portrait mode and is created by physically rotating the display device 90 degrees from the normal position.^ There are a number of components in the creation of music, the most common being melody, rhythm, harmony and timbre.
  • naBASQUE.org 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.nabasque.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other tall aspect ratios such as 9:16 are technically possible but rarely used.^ Video content should be rendered inside the element's playback area such that the video content is shown centered in the playback area at the largest possible size that fits completely within it, with the video content's aspect ratio being preserved.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ We at Babylon train each wedding photographer to understand the complexities of lighting, as well as other aspects of photography, to ensure you have the best photos possible.
  • Toronto Wedding Photographers | Weddings Photography Video Productions Dj Limousine Services | Wedding Planner in Toronto Mississauga Hamilton Ontario 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.videobabylon.ca [Source type: General]

.(For a more detailed discussion of this topic please refer to the page orientation article.^ Please see our about page for details - thank you!

^ Or roll over the topic tab, and in the topic submenu you can pick among a few of the more active and prominent topic pages.
  • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

^ The Topics and Place tabs access all topic and place pages, and the submenus provide direct links to the more prominent ones.
  • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

)
.Pixels on computer monitors are usually square, but pixels used in digital video often have non-square aspect ratios, such as those used in the PAL and NTSC variants of the CCIR 601 digital video standard, and the corresponding anamorphic widescreen formats.^ Thus, if the aspect ratio of the playback area does not match the aspect ratio of the video, the video will be shown letterboxed or pillarboxed.
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^ If an anamorphic format does not define how to apply the aspect ratio to the video data's dimensions to obtain the "correct" dimensions, then the user agent must apply the ratio by increasing one dimension and leaving the other unchanged.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the current playback position changes such that the last frame rendered is no longer the frame corresponding to the current playback position in the video, the new frame must be rendered.
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.Therefore, an NTSC DV image which is 720 pixels by 480 pixels is displayed with the aspect ratio of 4:3 (which is the traditional television standard) if the pixels are thin and displayed with the aspect ratio of 16:9 (which is the anamorphic widescreen format) if the pixels are fat.^ The intrinsic width and intrinsic height of the media resource are the dimensions of the resource in CSS pixels after taking into account the resource's dimensions, aspect ratio, clean aperture, resolution, and so forth, as defined for the format used by the resource.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ If an anamorphic format does not define how to apply the aspect ratio to the video data's dimensions to obtain the "correct" dimensions, then the user agent must apply the ratio by increasing one dimension and leaving the other unchanged.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Color space and bits per pixel

Example of U-V color plane, Y value=0.5
Color model name describes the video color representation. YIQ was used in NTSC television. It corresponds closely to the YUV scheme used in NTSC and PAL television and the YDbDr scheme used by SECAM television.
The number of distinct colours that can be represented by a pixel depends on the number of bits per pixel (bpp). A common way to reduce the number of bits per pixel in digital video is by chroma subsampling (e.g. 4:4:4, 4:2:2, 4:2:0/4:1:1).

Video quality

.Video quality can be measured with formal metrics like PSNR or with subjective video quality using expert observation.^ You can also find most (or probably all) of these on http://videos.antville.org/ in savable, good quality if you use their search tool.
  • DoCopenhagen: Top 50 Music Videos Of 2006 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC docopenhagen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kam 07.16.09 / 5am Very nice video, I like the many different effects you created from using time lapse.
  • ross:ching » Death Cab for Cutie’s Little Bribes 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC rossching.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dreams are a terrific subject for videos because anything can happen in them; here we have de Chirico like streets.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The subjective video quality of a video processing system may be evaluated as follows:
  • Choose the video sequences (the SRC) to use for testing.
  • Choose the settings of the system to evaluate (the HRC).
  • Choose a test method for how to present video sequences to experts and to collect their ratings.
  • Invite a sufficient number of experts, preferably not fewer than 15.
  • Carry out testing.
  • Calculate the average marks for each HRC based on the experts' ratings.
.Many subjective video quality methods are described in the ITU-T recommendation BT.500. One of the standardized method is the Double Stimulus Impairment Scale (DSIS).^ Standard rate Promotions will be subject to either the "single opt-in" or the "double-opt-in" (Site/SMS) method, at the discretion of Spike depending on the type of Promotion.
  • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ So many videos are based on a central metaphor but this one gets the tone just perfect.
  • 'ville.2k - the 101 Best... 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC videos.antville.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems to me that many new music videos are of substandard quality when you compare them to older offerings.
  • Download Music Videos and More! 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC musicvideos247.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In DSIS, each expert views an unimpaired reference video followed by an impaired version of the same video. The expert then rates the impaired video using a scale ranging from "impairments are imperceptible" to "impairments are very annoying".

Video compression method (digital only)

A wide variety of methods are used to compress video streams. .Video data contains spatial and temporal redundancy, making uncompressed video streams extremely inefficient.^ User agents that cannot render the video may instead make the element represent a link to an external video playback utility or to the video data itself.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Broadly speaking, spatial redundancy is reduced by registering differences between parts of a single frame; this task is known as intraframe compression and is closely related to image compression. Likewise, temporal redundancy can be reduced by registering differences between frames; this task is known as interframe compression, including motion compensation and other techniques. .The most common modern standards are MPEG-2, used for DVD and satellite television, and MPEG-4, used for home video.^ The most flexible, affordable, easy-to-use HD video communications system - ever.
  • Video Conferencing Products | LifeSize Communications 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.lifesize.com [Source type: General]

^ The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia Log In Contact Us Home Page My Times Today's Paper Video Most Popular Times Topics Video .
  • The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.nytimes-se.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bit rate (digital only)

Bit rate is a measure of the rate of information content in a video stream. It is quantified using the bit per second (bit/s or bps) unit or Megabits per second (Mbit/s). .A higher bit rate allows better video quality.^ Tags: akira , better , can't , daft , good , graduation , harder , high , kanye , music , nothing , official , punk , quality , stronger , video , west .
  • music videos | Omnisio 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.omnisio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example VideoCD, with a bit rate of about 1 Mbit/s, is lower quality than DVD, with a bit rate of about 5 Mbit/s.^ The loudest setting may be lower than the system's loudest possible setting; for example the user could have set a maximum volume.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.HDTV has a still higher quality, with a bit rate of about 20 Mbit/s.^ I’ve looked at about 20 on the list and I’m still waiting for one that is simply good let alone beautiful.
  • 60 Beautiful Music Videos - Smashing Magazine 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Variable bit rate (VBR) is a strategy to maximize the visual video quality and minimize the bit rate. .On fast motion scenes, a variable bit rate uses more bits than it does on slow motion scenes of similar duration yet achieves a consistent visual quality.^ This has its disadvantages, yet it also can allow Chinese factories to switch from product to product much faster than a more "modern" facility could.

^ There is a montage effect: the joining of a scene of Jones with a scene of a lover gives each shot more meaning than it would have alone.
  • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Again we think having this feature on is vastly better for rapid navigation, once you get used to it, but you do have to get used to how it works and to handling your mouse a bit more carefully than usual for it to be advantageous.
  • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

.For real-time and non-buffered video streaming when the available bandwidth is fixed, e.g.^ The stop motion and time lapse on this video are really awesome, you can easily tell how much time and effort the producer’s put into it.
  • ross:ching » Death Cab for Cutie’s Little Bribes 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC rossching.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oh, and btw, the page with nearly 100 embedded videos consumes hell of a resources, you’d really better use image placeholders next time.
  • 60 Beautiful Music Videos - Smashing Magazine 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Salary cap will help stabilize economy but check out: Website Videos pdf & do not miss the *real* New York Times blog [...
  • The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.nytimes-se.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in videoconferencing delivered on channels of fixed bandwidth, a constant bit rate (CBR) must be used.

Stereoscopic

Stereoscopic video can be created using several different methods:
  • two channels — a right channel for the right eye and a left channel for the left eye. .Both channels may be viewed simultaneously by using light-polarizing filters 90 degrees off-axis from each other on two video projectors.^ She may not please everyone with what’s on her showcase but i really think that she give the world of fashion and music of something where both can complement each other..
    • Lady Gaga Premieres “Bad Romance,” Her Craziest Video Yet : Rolling Stone : Rock and Roll Daily 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Two reasons: Innovative use of Video and Redefining the Experience Music videos were in their infancy at the time, and the slick productions … Read more.
    • Video - Cisco Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blogs.cisco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Your user name and password are personal to you and you may not allow any others to use your user name or password under any circumstances.
    • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
    • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

    .These separately polarized channels are viewed wearing eyeglasses with matching polarization filters.
  • one channel with two overlayed color coded layers.^ These writers are specific to the area you are in...and clicking one will display content from him or her in the two column viewing area.
    • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The front two are red and white; the fainter third one behind them is blue: the same priority as the colors in the film.
    • A Guide to 1980's Music Video Directors 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This left and right layer technique is occasionally used for network broadcast, or recent "anaglyph" releases of 3D movies on DVD. Simple Red/Cyan plastic glasses provide the means to view the images discretely to form a stereoscopic view of the content.
  • One channel with alternating left/right frames for each eye, using LCD shutter glasses which read the frame sync from the VGA Display Data Channel to alternately cover each eye, so the appropriate eye sees the correct frame.^ This Site may additionally use a variety of third party advertising networks, data exchanges, traffic measurement service providers, marketing analytics service providers and other third parties (collectively, " Third Party Advertising Service Providers ") to, for example, serve advertisements on the Site, facilitate targeting of advertisements and/or measure and analyze advertising effectiveness and/or traffic on the Site (" Targeting Services ").
    • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
    • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These writers are specific to the area you are in...and clicking one will display content from him or her in the two column viewing area.
    • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Its default is on, and when the rollover effect is on, rolling over items in the menu, such as places or toipcs or types of content, generally provides a summary display of new material from throughout ZCom, brought here, to the viewing area.
    • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

    This method is most common in computer virtual reality applications such as in a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment, but reduces the effective video framerate to one-half of normal (for example, from 120Hz to 60Hz).
Blu-ray Discs greatly improve the sharpness and detail of the two-color 3D effect in color coded stereo programs. See articles Stereoscopy and 3D film.

Video formats

There are different layers of video transmission and storage, each with its own set of formats to choose from.
For transmission, there is a physical connector and signal protocol ("video connection standard" below). .A given physical link can carry certain "display standards" which specify a particular refresh rate, display resolution, and color space.^ However, your wireless carrier's standard messaging rates and other messaging, data and other rates and charges will apply to certain Mobile Application Services.
  • Watch New Music Videos - Video Clips, Music Videos, Music Video Clips 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • SPIKE.COM: Check out the premier online destination for Men! 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.There are a number of analog and digital tape formats, though digital video files can also be stored on a computer file system which have their own formats.^ There are some new Digital Cribs videos in the Consumer neighborhood of Cisco.com.
  • Video - Cisco Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blogs.cisco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A script, combined with a carefully crafted video file, could trick the user into thinking a system-modal dialog had been shown, and prompt the user for a password.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G4’s Attack of the Show, placing number 3 on there list of videos of the day, then was shown to an unexspecting croud of people what can happen if you are bitten by a spider and not treated.

.In addition to the physical format used by the storage or transmission medium, the stream of ones and zeros that is sent must be in a particular digital video "encoding", of which a number are available.^ How else to explain the countless hours he must spend assembling videos like this one, an unofficial music video he produced himself for the song “Little Bribes”?
  • ross:ching » Death Cab for Cutie’s Little Bribes 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC rossching.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Which frame in a video stream corresponds to a particular playback position is defined by the video stream's format.
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This script tests to see if the user agent supports a (fictional) new format to dynamically decide whether to use a video element or a plugin: .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Video connectors, cables, and signal standards

Video display standards

Digital television

New formats for digital television broadcasts use the MPEG-2 video codec and include:

Analog television

Analog television broadcast standards include:
.An analog video format consists of more information than the visible content of the frame.^ Posted: October 3rd, 2009 at 9:55 am Mahaila and Faye - Carrie’s video is WAY more country than Shania’s “Man I Feel Like A Woman”.
  • Superstars Premiere New Videos During CMT Big New Music Weekend | CMT Blog 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC blog.cmt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am somewhat of a skeptic and I have seen special effects that are more detailed than this video was.

^ More information about this show There are 186 videos to watch.
  • Seattle Channel -- Videos --City Of Music 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.seattlechannel.org [Source type: General]

Preceding and following the image are lines and pixels containing synchronization information or a time delay. .This surrounding margin is known as a blanking interval or blanking region; the horizontal and vertical front porch and back porch are the building blocks of the blanking interval.^ TXISTU (txilibitu, silbo) The txistu is a vertical nose flute with three holes (all three holes are on the lower end, two on the front and one on the back).
  • naBASQUE.org 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.nabasque.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many countries are planning a digital switchover soon.

Computer displays

.See Computer display standard for a list of standards used for computer monitors and comparison with those used for television.^ The Help section, which you are now using, has a list of items which, when you click a right arrow, displays associated guidance.
  • Z Video Productions 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

Recording Formats before Video Tape

Analog tape formats

.(See List of video recording formats.^ This script tests to see if the user agent supports a (fictional) new format to dynamically decide whether to use a video element or a plugin: .
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML 5 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.w3.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 4.8.7 The video element — HTML5 (including next generation additions still in development) 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.whatwg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)

Digital tape formats

Optical disc storage formats

Discontinued

Digital encoding formats

Standards

See also

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also video, and vidéo

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Video
Wikipedia de

Noun

Video n. (genitive Videos, plural Videos)
  1. video

Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Video Production article)

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

Contents

Status

At a workshop on online video production documentation at the event Transmission.cc in 2006 summer, Rome, Italy, some people decided to adopt this abandoned sub and develop it...

Broadcast Television

Cable Television

Independent Cinemas, Community Screenings and Pirate Tv

.For issues that are not covered in the corporate media, using a network of community screenings, Independent Cinemas and Pirate Tv is a good way to get your film or documentary out there.^ Customize your golf bag or head covers with your favorite sports team's logo or check out these other great gift ideas!
  • PGA.com :: Video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.pga.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A global screenings Network

There is a proposal from Transmission to create global screeners database to make it easy to contact screeners to make them aware of your film. This is due to be launched in autumn 2006.

Satellite Television

Social Justice video on Satellite
.It is possible to submit Social Justice video content to Free Speech TV which covers every state in the US. One very successful use of FSTV is Deep Dish TV, a New York based part of the network which collates the work of Independent Video producers and grass roots activists and puts together professional shows which are uplinked to FSTV. They are also recorded locally and retransmitted by over 200 local TV stations and cinema/community screeners.^ MySpace TV has the new video for Man Man's “Mister Jung Stuffed.” Check it out.
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The true story about the leader of the Decepticons, one of New York City's most notorious street gangs.
  • Black Star Music and Video - Bringing You the Black Experience! 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC blackstarvideo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jessica Suarez of Pitchfork.tv talks a very comfortable, very giddy Dan & Patrick of The Black Keys about “basically everything except their new album.” .
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In this way the costs and time of copying and networking physical tapes and disks are reduced.
FSTV also accept content from outside the USA, for example programmes from UK based Undercurrents Productions and the European Newsreal
In Europe it is possible to rent the time of satellites without paying for them all the time. This may be useful to network programmes for retransmission to local TV stations and collectives. One company that does this is listed below.
Figen KAPLAN Bilge Uplink Services Istanbul / TURKEY Tel: +90 216 335 32 62 Fax: +90 216 329 02 99

Video Production

Resources:

Movie Credits Making Software

mac and pc ourvideo.org resource

Internet Video

This section is a help section on how to watch and create Video on the internet and how to become active in uploading video content yourself

Introduction to using Open Source Tools for Video Production and distribution

Different Software is used for the many stages of the Video production process. Depending on what platform you use there are various different levels of effectiveness and ease of use of the open source solutions.
This is a section of notes on interpretations of the scope and ease of use of different Free and Proprietary software.

Watching Video on the Internet

Subscribing to a Podcasts [Media RSS]

Itunes
I-tunes can be used to subscribe to a Video as well as an audio podcast.
Democracy Player
Democracy player is an open source way of subscribing to video podcasts. It also has a Channel Viewer which makes it easy to find new content.
Fireant Player
Fireant -
Subscribing to a Podcast in Fireant

Watching Video files in a media player

.To watch a video from the internet you need to have certain software installed on your computer that will enable it to play the video.^ The Walkmen have been playing show after show promoting their new record You & Me , and a few songs from a recent one made it to the internet, right here .
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let me give you a short breakdown of Bumbershoot vs. At Bumbershoot, I get to sit at my desk and watch comedy videos while I drink free coffee from the kitchen.
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why do you need to have video on a high end DSLR? It cheapens the whole thing in my opinion.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If you already have something installed, this could be windows media player (pc), quicktime (mac). Even so, you might have trouble watching some films, so why not download and use:
There is some infomation explaining container and codecs here. http://video.indymedia.org/wiki/doku.php?id=encoding
Why can't I play this video file?
Maybe the Media player application you are using doesn't support the file container you are using. For example Windows Media player won't play a .mov file. The mov container isn't supported.
.Or maybe you don't have the codec used to encode the file installed on your computer.^ D on your car, I know their manfrotto pump cups, but what versions did you use, and which arm brackets.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example you may be able to play some .avi files but not other .avi files. If you open them up in Windows Media player it may even say Missing Codec.
You can install codecs on your computer by downloading them from the internet.
.On windows you can use a program called Gspot to find out what container and codec have been used to encode the video file.^ I would love to find out how you got this done.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I mean if you shoot video, then you use a video camera right?
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Find out how exactly he makes the magic we’ve come to know as Lee “Scratch” Perry with this informative video .
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

there is a help file here.
.Below are links to useful programs and help filed to make sure you can watch your video files.^ You can read more about the making of the movie at Vincent’s blog, as well as watch a behind the scenes video.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brett Dennen goes crazy for Mandy Moore—and some fancy footwear—in his new video for “Make You Go Crazy” featuring Femi Kuti.
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All you have to do is make a 2-minute music video of you and your pals rocking "You're a Grand Old Flag."
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cross platform

  • VLC Free software programme for linux, mac and pc that will play most video formats:
There are a list of formats that it will play listed here. http://www.videolan.org/vlc/features.html You will see that it will play just about everything apart from real player format.
If you install this program hopefully all of your problems viewing files will be solved.

Windows

.Gspot tell you how a video file is encoded and what container it is using.^ When you’re done watching that, be sure to watch the behind-the-scenes video that Vincent Laforet put together using several a Canon camcorder and the 5D Mark II (the video is [...
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I mean if you shoot video, then you use a video camera right?
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, how much were the gyros you used for stabilization?
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

http://www.headbands.com/gspot/v26x/quick_start.html

other help for viewing video files

Working out what kind of Video File you have

.If you are uploading a video file and you often need to know what type/ codec it is to allow people to be able to make the correct choice to download it.^ You can read more about the making of the movie at Vincent’s blog, as well as watch a behind the scenes video.
  • Behind The Scenes Video « Vincent Laforet’s Blog 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC blog.vincentlaforet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brett Dennen goes crazy for Mandy Moore—and some fancy footwear—in his new video for “Make You Go Crazy” featuring Femi Kuti.
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All you have to do is make a 2-minute music video of you and your pals rocking "You're a Grand Old Flag."
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Here is a quick guide to working out that information
If you have windows you can use a programme called gspot Guide to Using gspot - http://www.headbands.com/gspot/v26x/quick_start.html
Or you can have a look at this quick guide below (to come)

Encoding Video for the Internet

Before putting a film on the internet you have to transform it into a special format that can be easily transmitted along wires. This process is called encoding. it can be very complicated, but there are people who can advise if you get stuck, the first thing you need is to download and install a software programme which will encode the video format you have into the video format that will be suited to your online distribution needs. There are a few popular ways of encoding video using commercial solutions but here are some free options

Applications for Encoding Video for the Internet

Macintosh

Intro: Many of the Tutorials below use a Quicktime DV file as a starting point. .A Quicktime DV file is the default file to be created on your hard drive when you capture from your camera, or via your capture card to Video editing programs like Final Cut Pro or iMovie.^ Eminem - Ass Like That Check out our database of over 15000 Video codes for your we...
  • GamePapa.com Free Online Games - Browse Our Database of Music Videos Games 31 January 2010 13:41 UTC www.gamepapa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When you finish editing you can also save your project as a Quicktime DVto your hard drive. It may take up a lot of space as it is very high quality. .Tutorials which take a step by step approach to saving as a Quicktime DV will follow.^ Following in the footsteps of the likes of Emmylou Harris and Lucinda Williams, Sera Cahoone takes an understated approach to her countrified pop songs.
  • Bumbershoot | Fresh Tag: video 17 January 2010 3:44 UTC www.bumbershoot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

capturing to your hard drive using iMovie
creating xvid / mp4 using ffmpegx
ffmpegx is a Mac OS X graphic user interface designed to easily operate more than 20 powerful Unix open-source video and audio processing tools. http://homepage.mac.com/major4/
creating flv Flow Video using ffmpegx
ffmpegx is a Mac OS X tool most suited for making a flv file to embed in your page. No expensive flash server technology is needed.
creating xvid / mp4 from a DVD using Handbrake
If you are starting from a DVD, one easy way to encode to mp4 and divx avi is with the program Handbrake
Tutorial: There is a clear tutorial on using handbrake here handbrake tutorial
creating mov / mp4 from files using Quicktime Pro
Quick Time Pro is common way of creating mov and mp4 files. There is help file for creating video to be compatible with iPods here http://www.apple.com/quicktime/tutorials/creatingvideo.html
creating mov / mp4 from files using Quicktime Amateur
Apparently Quicktime Amateur can do the same job but it is free. http://www.mikeash.com/?page=software/qtamateur/index.html
creating mp4 from files using iSquint
Aimed specifically at creating mp4 files for iPod - requires 10.3.9 or more http://www.isquint.org/

Windows

Intro: Many of the Tutorials below use a DVavi file as a starting point. A Dv avi file is created on your hard drive when you capture from your camera, or via your capture card to Video editing programs like Premiere. When you finish editing you can also save your project as a DV avi to your hard drive. It may take up a lot of space as it is very high quality. Tutorials which take a step by step approach to saving as a DV avi will follow.
Free capturing tools - Windows
WinDV - Freeware http://windv.mourek.cz/ WinDV gets rave reviews from users who have had dropped frames from other products. http://www.videohelp.com/tools?tool=WinDV Will split video by recoding timestamp.
STOIK - Freeware http://www.freedownloadscenter.com/Multimedia_and_Graphics/Video_and_Animation_Tools/STOIK_Capturer.html STOIK Capturer allows you to capture video from DV camcorder through IEEE 1394 FireWire interface or any analog video source such as TV tuner card, video card, webcam etc. Options to split by size, use temp file to avoid drop frame.
Windows Movie maker - free with XP http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/updates/moviemaker2.ms "With Movie Maker, you can create, edit, and share your home movies right on your computer."
Creating a DV avi file from a DVD
One good way of doing this with a short film or clip is to use Virtual Dub Mod
Tutorial >> Basic Vdub DvAvi
Saving a DV avi from a Premiere Pro
Saving a DV avi from a Premiere 6.x
Tutorial >> Save dvavi from 6.x
Creating a Mpeg files with Tmpeg Encoder
Mpeg1: Tmpegenc This is a application suitable to make Mpeg1 files, which are very compatable across different operating systems.
Tutorial >> Using tmpeg
Creating a xvid / divx / wmv and other files with Media Coder =
Media Coder MediaCoder is an open source universal audio/video batch transcoder (converter), which puts together lots of excellent audio/video codecs and tools from the open source community into an all-in-one solution, capable of transcoding among different audio/video formats.
Tutorial - to come
also along the same lines is SUPER © Simplified Universal Player Encoder & Renderer. A GUI to ffmpeg, mencoder, mplayer, x264, mppenc, ffmpeg2theora & the theora/vorbis RealProducer plugIn.
Creating a xvid / divx files with Virtual Dub =
.Virtual Dub is a free software way of taking one video file (and DVDs) and creating an encoded video file suitable for the Internet.^ From the Producers of "New Orleans Exposed" Directed and Produced By: Video Wayne This DVD takes viewers on a journey through underground America to expose to the world the harsh realities...
  • Black Star Music and Video - Bringing You the Black Experience! 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC blackstarvideo.com [Source type: General]

It is commonly used to create Mpeg4 files / Divx's and Xvids.
Tutorial - Creating Xvid files from a DV Avi File. Here is one help file which gives step by step instructions to use Virtual Dub Basic Virtual Dub Xvid
Creating an ogg theora file with ffmpeg2theora =
ffmpeg2theora is a free software way of taking a DV avi video file and creating an ogg theora file.
Tutorial - Creating ogg theora files from a DV Avi File. Tutorial Ffmpeg to theora
Creating a wmv and other files with Windows Media Encoder =
Windows Media Encoder An easy to use encoder for Windows, free if you have a registered version of Windows.
Tutorial - Creating Windows Media player files Windows media encoder tutorial
Creating a flv file with Riva Riva FLV Encoder 2 =
Riva FLV Encoder enables you to encode video files to Flash video (.FLV) files. It currently supports the most common video formats, including AVI, DV, MPEG, MOV, and WMV,
Creating a xvid from a DVD in one application =
Simple divx can take a DVD and make a xvid file ready for the internet. There is a simple tutorial here
Videora iPod Converter to make mp4 files from other files
Videora iPod Converter is a free video conversion application developed by the creators of Videora. It allows you to convert your regular PC video files (avi, mpeg, etc) into the proper video format that your iPod understands(mp4 with h264,mpeg4 video and aac audio). GUI for ffmpeg.
Shareware DVD / File to ipod converter
Cucusoft iPod Movie/Video Converter
Cucusoft DVD to iPod Converter is the easiest-to-use and fastest DVD to iPod converter software for Apple iPod Movie and iPod Video. .It can convert almost all kinds of DVD to iPod Movie / iPod Video format.^ DVD's Contain High Quality Music Videos Copyright © 2001-2008 Music Video Mixtapes All Rights Reserved .
  • Music Video Mixtapes - Hip-Hop Music Videos, Rap Music Videos, and R&B Music Videos on DVD - MusicVideoMixtapes.com 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicvideomixtapes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

SuPer - Free Software encoder
SUPER, Simplified Universal Player Encoder & Renderer. A GUI to ffmpeg, mencoder, mplayer, ffmpeg2theora & the theora/vorbis RealProducer plugIn. .If you need a simple, yet very efficient tool to convert (encode) or play any Multimedia file, without reading manuals or spending long hours training, then SUPER © is all you need.^ OVER 3 HOURS OF EXPLOSIVE CONTENT Our goal is to continue to keep you entertained, educated and updated with all the newest in our urban cultural renaissance.
  • Black Star Music and Video - Bringing You the Black Experience! 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC blackstarvideo.com [Source type: General]

Supports most video formats and also portable formats for PSP, PS3, iPod, Zune, PocketPC and NEC, Nokia, Siemens, SonyEricsson mobiles.
page on Super and link to guides - http://www.videohelp.com/tools?tool=SUPER_1

Linux

ffmpeg and mencoder which is a part of Mplayer, are two popular ways of encoding your video on linux. More information on command line encoding to is here in the form of a pdf from jaromil and eleonora. pdf on command-line encoding
How to make a flv file with ffmpeg
To convert a movie file (.mp4 .mov .mpg .3gp .mpeg .wmv .avi) to FLV, do following:
1. ffmpeg -i movie.(avi) -s 320x240 -ar 44100 -r 12 movie.flv 2. cat movie.flv | flvtool2 -U stdin movie.flv

How to Make a Video podcast

What is a podcast?

Why create one? Video podcasts are a good way to distribute your Video. They can be seen in programmes like i-Tunes, Democracy player and Fireant. If you get the format of you video file right they can also be downloaded onto portable devices. They can also be featured on other people's websites often as a list at the side of their pages. This is called syndication.
What do you need to do to make one?
Get you audio or video ready for the internet. (see encoding notes)
.
Essentially you have to make specialised a text file available on your website.
^ If you have a website/blog or use twitter and are interested in making money by linking to us, click here!
  • Music Video Mixtapes - Hip-Hop Music Videos, Rap Music Videos, and R&B Music Videos on DVD - MusicVideoMixtapes.com 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicvideomixtapes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This file is written in a simple Markup language which gives details about your video. It part of it might look a bit like this.
<tag></tag>
You can if you choose hand code this file, but there are automated ways which make it a bit easier. This next section examines the different solutions.

Using Blogger and Feed burner and Archive.org

.Once you have created your audio / video files, you can use these 3 free tools to create podcasts.^ These videos are the highest quality possible and logo free unless stated otherwise.
  • Music Video Mixtapes - Hip-Hop Music Videos, Rap Music Videos, and R&B Music Videos on DVD - MusicVideoMixtapes.com 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicvideomixtapes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Step one: put your media up online with archive.org / ftp to a webspace
To do this you first need to sign up to be an archive.org member. Go to the front page, click join us, and follow the instructions.
You can then download a free tool called ccpublisher. http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CcPublisher (pc, linux, mac)
.With this tool you can upload your music / video file to the archive.org site, and choose a copyright licence to go with it.^ DVD's Contain High Quality Music Videos Copyright © 2001-2008 Music Video Mixtapes All Rights Reserved .
  • Music Video Mixtapes - Hip-Hop Music Videos, Rap Music Videos, and R&B Music Videos on DVD - MusicVideoMixtapes.com 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC www.musicvideomixtapes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

You will then get a page where the link to your file is displayed.
Or if you have some webspace that you can upload your files to. Use an FTP client to do this. See help for how to do this with Smart ftp here, http://www.clearerchannel.org/clearertraining/ftp/ftp.html
blogger.com
You can create a blog quickly and easily at blogger.com - A blog is a simple web page which is diary like in format listing the latest posting first (just like a podcast does).
In the settings panel of blogger.com you can adjust the formatting tab so that you can include a link with every post. In the link field we need to paste a link to the uploaded media file on achive.org.
feedburner.com
blogger.com creates an RSS feed for all your entries, but it is not a Podcast. You can't use a programme like iTunes with it yet. We need to use a service called feedburner to change the feed into a Podcast.
To do this we need to click an option on the feedburner settings called smartcast.

Using a Video Content Management system

Ourvideo CMS - (not a big community of developers)
Ourvideo CMS is a Media content management system running on MySql and php. It is aimed at community and low budget groups and can help them achieve their aims at a lower cost in the following ways. There are minimal changes to the standard server environment to help groups that don't have access to a high level server administration resources.
Loud Blog website
Loudblog is a flexible and easy-to-use Content Management System (CMS) for publishing media content on the web. It automatically generates a website and multimedia distribution via Podcasting.
Loudblog needs to be installed on a webserver and requires systems administrator level skills for install and setup. It will allow you to host your own website with integrated audio and video distribution support.
You can upload your audio/video via ftp, via web forms, by fetching external links - thus hosting them on your server, or linking to external files.
It is designed for audio, and creates a flash audio preview. This is also possible with some video files. So the web presentation of your media is pretty good. It takes the form of a blog.
It creates a podcast with iTunes categories. http://loudblog.de/
Disadvantages:
  • This is set up for audio files, so while the podcasts do work for video files, you get unsuitable messages on the wen pages, like "listen now"
  • The RSS podcast doesn't have images associated with it yet. It has no "media:thumbnail" element in the feed.
Word Press CMS
The wordpress content management system has a very simple approach to podcasting.
How It Works
  • Create audio or video that you want to share (usually MP3 or MP4)
  • Upload the file to a server
  • Link to the file in a post in your weblog
  • Wordpress automatically Includes a link to the file in your RSS/Atom feed
  • Listeners "subscribe" with podcast client application to your RSS/Atom feed and download new files automatically.
WordPress creates all the necessary links for you!
Disadvantages: Archive.org can be used to host podcast audio files but archive.org uses re-directs on the file paths it publishes - this confuses WordPress, and consequently, the Podcast publication fails (missing enclosure tag error).
To avoid this error, if you are hosting your audio files on archive.org, you need to add a Custom Field called "enclosure" and paste the full URL for the mp3 file in the Value field.
There is also a more advanced podcasting options. http://www.mightyseek.com/podpress/

Rss editor for Windows

.If you don't want to enter details in to a Content Management system, or don't have the technology to set one up.^ Cameron Giles, you saw him in Paid in Full, makes his directorial debut with this powerful and detailed story of growing up in Harlem and learning to be number one.
  • Black Star Music and Video - Bringing You the Black Experience! 13 January 2010 10:52 UTC blackstarvideo.com [Source type: General]

Then there is an alternative. If you have ftp access to your website. You can enter the details of each podcast item into a programme called rss editor and it will alter and upload the RSS file you need to have a podcast. There is tutorial below.
Tutorial >> Rss editor for win

Notes on Media RSS / Podcasting specifications

Unfortunately the Media RSS specification used by Democracy player and Yahoo isn't the same as the Podcasting specification used by iTunes. The solution is to avoid things that will make your feed unreadable in either.

Distributing Video on the Internet

sites to host your video

  • Non Commercial solutions
Archive.org - This is an excellent resource. A FAQ for how to contribute your movies is here. http://www.archive.org/about/faqs.php#223
offlineTV you can post good quality video to the open scratch channel which creates and seeds a torrent.
  • Collaborative projects to Distribute video on the Internet
There are many Video collectives working together outside of corporate media - the following page lists some Independent Online Video Distribution

Tactical use of the Internet to distribute Video

Here is a proposed model of how groups could work together to create and distribute content via the Internet Convergence and collaboration model This includes recent reflection and thoughts on the European Newsreal Project.
Here is a work in progress for how to distribute a video file as widely as possible Wide distribution
  • Collaborative projects to create Video content using the Internet
Asia 247 Online contributions are picked up by an editorial team who collate the material and contextualise it for daily podcast transmission. They are active in training video producers from across Asia in using this technology.
European Newsreal The European newsreal is a half hour magazine whose production and distribution is decided in a decentralised way with the use of email lists and online collaborative tools like wikis.
  • Resources
Guide to Digital Distribution featured in the NGO-IN-A-BOX linux toolkit.

Appropriate Use of Video released over the Internet

Some thoughts on specifying the appropriate/ethical uses of online video.

Content Management Systems and related tools for Video on the Net

Plone is one system that can be used, Engage Media are working with other plone developers on multimedia aspects of this set of tools. A sample site for this is Engage Media http://www.engagemedia.org/
Drupal is another popular content management system (CMS) that can be used to manage your video online. An example of a site that uses Drupal to manage video is Ourmedia, although the code to that doesn't seem to be published, see http://drupal.org/node/19904
Some work has been done on aggregation sites which really maximises the capacity of Drupal to import and manage RSS or RDF data.
One example of this is the V2V site which outputs data in RDF form which can then be imported into a CMS. v2v software page

Media RSS or specialised RDF to share content

It should also be possible in such an aggregation site to search the contents and the keywords of distributed content by searching the contents of their RSS feeds or RDF feeds if the information required isn't contained in the RSS feed. Would a new search tool have to be written or is there one in existence?
Media RSS is a very useful tool for more than the use mentioned above. Wikipedia Media Rss entry
The media RSS specification is here http://search.yahoo.com/mrss and the yahoo group for discussion is here http://groups.yahoo.com/group/rss-media/
One question that came up at the Transmission 2006 gathering, Is Media RSS with its category and keyword section enough to create a shared search tool for distributed content? If so how should we collaborate on standard categories and keywords?
One idea which was posted to the Media RSS yahoogroup: If Media RSS included a "group" tag, then partners could tag this with a shared discreet tag like "transmission" and search capacities could pick up only entries tagged as transmission.

Subtitles

Subtitles and transcripts are different: a transcript is only the text of the video, whereas a subtitle file includes the timecode as well. Subtitle files have a variety of formats (.srt, .sub, etc.), but they are compatible with each other.

Importance of subtitles in the production/distribution workflow

It is very important for independent video producers to make available subtitle files (or at least transcripts) when they are distributing their work. Furthermore, it is highly beneficial for online video distribution projects to include an option to upload subtitles/transcripts with the video files, even as a way to raise awareness on the issue. Without a subtitle file in the original language, it is much much more difficult to translate a video, which highly limits the possibility of its distribution.

Subtitle / Translation related projects

DotSub - Any Film Any Language: a set of unique browser tools for subtitling film from one language into any other language a catalogue of films subtitled into multiple languages using our tools.
Documentary Videos - A web page which makes available Transcripts and subtitles for indymedia type videos.
Sub Video - a collaborative resource for international video accessibility and exchange.
Indymedia Translations Project Only text, volunteer-based, with workflow management.
Babels Translation Collective They currently have a section on their forum for translation outside of the Babels network http://www.babels.org/forum/viewforum.php?f=35. It may be desirable for video collectives to build a more structured dialogue with babels translators including a workflow including subtitle files.

Applications and Tutorials

Creating / Editing subtitles

Cross Platform
Creating a multi-lingual matroska file which uses http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/
http://www.jubler.org/ - java based subtitle creator
Windows:
Mac
Linux
mencoder -idx" - mencoder is a command line video encoder tool that can be run with the -idx option to generate an index file which can be used as a starting point for a timecode
http://gsubedit.sourceforge.net/ G SubEdit, or GNOME Subtitle Editor, is a tool for editing and converting DivX ;-) subtitles. It currently features read/write of SubRip (.srt) and MicroDVD (.sub) subtitles.

Viewing subtititles

Viewing subtitles using VLC and Direct VobSub including Matroska Files (pc and mac)

Workflow

This is a suggested workflow that would make translation of your video or dvd much easier. It avoids the problem caused by networking transcriptions of Video features without the time code, which is that each transcript then has to be timecoded for each language. With co-ordination we should be able to avoid this.
There is a project and sample workflow for subtitling here
Work that needs to be done.
Building a network of translators familiar with the use of Subtitling software that can read, edit and create *.srt subtitle files

Creating DVDs

Windows

How to convert a DVD VOB format back to an mpeg2 file for reauthoring

or DVD2MPG is good but needs a .NET microsoft framework which takes a while to download if you don't have it installed.

A Free tool to make DVD's with audio files and subtitle files

Mac

HOW TO MAKE A DVD WITH SELECTABLE SUBTITLES ON MAC OSX WITH FFMPEGX

Linux

How to make a DVD in Linux

Lesson Plans


Simple English

Video is a technology. It is used to record moving images onto some medium. This is done either using a Video recorder (also called a VCR) or a video camera. The medium is usually packaged as a cassette.

A popular video format was the VHS. It was used by many people to record television programmes onto cassettes. This is usually an analog format.

By extension, a Video clip is a short film, usually starring some artist who recorded an (audio) album. to promote the album, video clips are produced.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Music video, which are similar to those in the above article.








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