Video card: Wikis

  
  

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Video card
Gpu-connections.png
Connects to Motherboard via one of:
Display via one of:
.A video card, video adapter, graphics-accelerator card, display adapter or graphics card is an expansion card whose function is to generate and output images to a display.^ This refers to the ways that the graphics card output images to the monitor.

^ Video Cards can also be called Computer Graphics Cards.

^ The video card is in charge of controlling the video display.

.Many video cards offer added functions, such as accelerated rendering of 3D scenes and 2D graphics, video capture, TV-tuner adapter, MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 decoding, FireWire, light pen, TV output, or the ability to connect multiple monitors (multi-monitor), while other modern high performance cards are used for more graphically demanding purposes such as PC games.^ Video cards with a TV input connection are able of displaying a television's video on a computer.

^ It was the first hardware accelerated card, but only rendered 3D; it had to be piggybacked with a 2D video card.
  • http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Linux-Gamers-HOWTO/x608.html 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC tldp.org [Source type: General]

^ Zion is constructed with high performance graphics.
  • Graphics Cards Technology. Simple. Hidden. 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC digilife.nexcess.net [Source type: General]

.Video hardware can be integrated on the motherboard, as it often happened with early computers; in this configuration it was sometimes referred to as a video controller or graphics controller.^ Video Cards can also be called Computer Graphics Cards.

^ In addition, not every motherboard has integrated video.

^ Computer hardware > Video graphics card .

Contents

History

Year Text Mode
(columns/lines)
Graphics Mode
(resolution/colors)
Memory
MDA 1981 80×25 - 4 KB
CGA 1981 80×25 640×200 / 4 16 KB
HGC 1982 80×25 720×348 / 2 64 KB
PGA 1984 80×25 640×480 / 256 320 KB
EGA 1984 80×25 640×350 / 16 256 KB
8514 1987 80×25 1024×768 / 256 -
MCGA 1987 80×25 320×200 / 256 -
VGA 1987 80×25 640×480 / 16 256 KB
SVGA
(VBE 1.x)
1989 80×25 800×600 / 256 512 KB
640×480+ / 256+ 512 KB+
XGA 1990 80×25 1024×768 / 256 1 MB
XGA-2 1992 80×25 1024×768 / 65,536 2 MB
SVGA
(VBE 3.0)
1998 132×60 1280×1024 / 16.7M -
.The first IBM PC video card, which was released with the first IBM PC, was developed by IBM in 1981. The MDA (Monochrome Display Adapter) could only work in text mode representing 80 columns and 25 lines (80x25) in the screen.^ MDA is the first text-only video display standard from IBM capable of displaying at a maximum of 80x25 characters in two colors.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PC video card newb question?
  • Radiohead House Of Cards Video 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The king of video cards worked with Linux developers.
  • http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Linux-Gamers-HOWTO/x608.html 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC tldp.org [Source type: General]

.It had a 4KB video memory and just one color.^ It components consisted of only one color, 80x25 text-only display and a memory of 4KB. Within the next 6 years several improvements were made with video cards.
  • Video Card Drivers | DriverScan.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.driverscan.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You are WRONG. You're right in so far as what you say about screen resolution; taht's one place where video memory comes in handy.
  • Do you make these 6 mistakes when buying a video card? | Hardware Revolution 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardware-revolution.com [Source type: General]

^ The system was, overall, a great deal but I neglected to ask about the the amount of graphics memory in it.It's just one of those mother board embedded scenarios.
  • Adobe Forums: Recommended Graphics Cards for Encore /... 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC forums.adobe.com [Source type: General]

[1]
.Starting with the MDA in 1981, several video cards were released, which are summarized in the attached table.^ Table of Contents: video card Main .
  • video card (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ The big fat table of video cards .
  • The big fat table of video cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.playtool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It components consisted of only one color, 80x25 text-only display and a memory of 4KB. Within the next 6 years several improvements were made with video cards.
  • Video Card Drivers | DriverScan.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.driverscan.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][3][4][5]
.VGA was widely accepted, which led some corporations such as ATI, Cirrus Logic and S3 to work with that video card, improving its resolution and the number of colours it used.^ ATi Graphic/video Cards .
  • EXPRESSHD.COM - EFiX Graphic Card Compatible List - EFiX Graphic Card Compatible List 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.expresshd.com [Source type: General]

^ So, can I use my current video card?
  • Video Card Issues 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.computrainer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seeing this, companies such as S3, Cirrus Logic, and ATI wanted in on the accomplishments.
  • Video Card Drivers | DriverScan.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.driverscan.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This developed into the SVGA (Super VGA) standard, which reached 2 MB of video memory and a resolution of 1024x768 at 256 color mode.^ MB Video Cards, 256 AGP Video Card, Video Card 256 AGP, Video Card 256 .
  • 256MB Video Cards, 256 AGP Video Card, Video Card 256 AGP, Video Card 256 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.geeks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Video Display Standards Describes the different types of video standards including Monochrome Display Adapter (MDA), Hercules graphics card, Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA), Video Graphics Adapter (VGA), and Super VGA (SVGA).
  • What is video adapter? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer Dictionary 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.webopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With an AGP 8X interface, 128 MB of DDR video memory and a maximum screen resolution of 2048 x 1536, this card is highly recommended.
  • Top 5 Performance Video Cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1995 the first consumer 2D/3D cards were released, developed by Matrox, Creative, S3, ATI and others.^ ATI and IXMicro's High End 2D/3D cards of 1998 .
  • Accelerate Your Mac Graphics Card and Video Related Articles 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xlr8yourmac.com [Source type: General]

^ This is different from the others as its a ATI card.
  • RBMods.com Your computer hardware review site 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.rbmods.com [Source type: General]

^ Machine Design Companies, such as Xi Graphics Inc., independently develop graphics-driver software for 2D and OpenGL 3D cards, and for various Unix-based computers .

.These video cards followed the SVGA standard, but incorporated 3D functions.^ The main types of 3D video cards: .
  • Plan3D - All About 3D Video Cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.plan3d.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Screaming 3D video card drivers .
  • Computer video card drivers 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.computerhope.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, not all 3D graphics are done on the video card.

.In 1997, 3dfx released the Voodoo graphics chip, which was more powerful compared to other consumer graphics cards, introducing 3D effects such as mip mapping, Z-buffering and anti-aliasing into the consumer market.^ Review of the first 3DFX Voodoo 1 3D card for the Mac .
  • Accelerate Your Mac Graphics Card and Video Related Articles 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xlr8yourmac.com [Source type: General]

^ Compare with other Video Cards .
  • Computer Video Cards, Graphics Cards, Computers, compare prices, reviews - Lycos Shopping 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC shopping.lycos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dedicated Graphics cards also tend to have larger, more powerful, GPUs.
  • Video Card (Graphics Card) - un knol de Alec Radford 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

.After this card, a series of 3D video cards were released, such as Voodoo2 from 3dfx, TNT and TNT2 from NVIDIA.^ The main types of 3D video cards: .
  • Plan3D - All About 3D Video Cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.plan3d.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both ATI and Nvidia release video cards in series.
  • How To Understand Radeon Video Card Names - a knol by Alec Radford 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nvidia video card .
  • Video Card Store: 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC thevideocardshop.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The bandwidth required by these cards was approaching the limits of the PCI bus capacity.^ Also, do you require an AGP bus card or PCI-Express?
  • Which Graphics Card??? - Computer Juice - Forums 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.computer-juice.com [Source type: General]

^ Each of these cards, respectively from Advanced Micro Devices and Nvidia, has a two-slot PCI Express design that requires two six-pin cable connections to your PC's internal power supply.
  • AMD and Nvidia drop new $250 3D graphics cards | Crave - CNET 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ The PC ISA bus has been obsolete for a number of years, but there are many deployed systems which require these legacy cards.
  • COTS Card Manufacturers and OEM Board Manufacturers, PCI, PCIe, cPCI, PC104 and other types 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.interfacebus.com [Source type: Reference]

.Intel developed the AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) which solved the bottleneck between the microprocessor and the video card.^ AGP 128MB Video Cards .
  • Cheap Video Cards, Video Cards, PCI Video Card, Computer Video Card, ATI Video Cards at Geeks.com 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.geeks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AGP Video Cards (54) .
  • Video Cards, Video Capture Card, ATI Video Cards, PCI Video Card at TigerDirect 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC biz.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Video Cards, Video Capture Card, ATI Video Cards, PCI Video Card at TigerDirect 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC biz.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Video Cards, Video Capture Card, ATI Video Cards, PCI Video Card at TigerDirect 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC biz.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATI RAGE 128 GRAPHICS 3D AGP VIDEO CARD * .
  • Graphics Card, Computers Networking, Electronics. Great deals on eBay! 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1999 until 2002, NVIDIA controlled the video card market (taking over 3dfx) with the GeForce family.^ That is when I stumbled across the Nvidia GeForce 6 series video cards.
  • Computer Video Cards - Product Reviews 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC reviews.pricegrabber.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nvidia Releases GeForce 9700M, 9800M Video Cards .
  • Laptop Graphics Card 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC laptoping.com [Source type: General]

^ Nvidia's brand for consumer graphics cards is GeForce, which was first marketed in 1999.
  • Video Card (Graphics Card) - un knol de Alec Radford 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

[6] .The improvements carried out at this time were focused in 3D algorithms and graphics processor clock rate.^ Graphics processor, DirectX and 3D-games .
  • Graphics Cards Reviews Test scores price and Guide Testwinner.us 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC graphicscards.testwinner.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the high end HD 5870 already looked at in a number of ways, this time we check out the HD 5850 which carries with it a lower price tag.
  • Articles in Video Cards category :: TweakTown 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.tweaktown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just as the speed of the main processor (CPU) dictates how much information can be processed, the GPU will dictate how much graphical information can be processed at any one time.
  • Build a PC - Choosing a Graphics Card - PCitYourself.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC pcityourself.com [Source type: General]

.Video memory was also increased to improve their data rate; DDR technology was incorporated, improving the capacity of video memory from 32 MB with GeForce to 128 MB with GeForce 4.^ GeForce FX 5200 128 mb AGP Video Card .
  • AuctionEgg - eBay Videocards Dollar Deal Auction Listings 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.auctionegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How do i increase video memory?
  • Video Card Support - Tech Support Forum 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.techsupportforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DDR: Double data rate, usually used to describe memory.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 2002 onwards, the video card market came to be dominated almost entirely by the competition between ATI and Nvidia, with their Radeon and Geforce lines respectively, taking around 90% of the independent graphics card market between them, while other manufacturers were forced into much smaller, niche markets.^ Added the ATI Radeon X1950 XT graphics card.
  • " + Title + " 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.techarp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATI Radeon HD 3850 NVIDIA GeForce 8800 ...
  • FurMark 1.7.0: The Bad Boy of Graphics Cards Utilities is Back! - 3D Tech News, Pixel Hacking, Data Visualization and 3D Programming - Geeks3D.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.geeks3d.com [Source type: General]

^ Chipsets from ATI and Nvidia are being used in graphics cards from a number of manufacturers.
  • Graphics Cards Reviews Test scores price and Guide Testwinner.us 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC graphicscards.testwinner.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]

Components

.A modern video card consists of a printed circuit board on which the components are mounted.^ Computers › Components › Video Card by aztecsurf .
  • FatWallet Forums - Hot Deals - Video Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.fatwallet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For gaming and video a modern card is cool.
  • Best video card for photo editing with duel monitors? - Photo.net Digital Darkroom Forum 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC photo.net [Source type: General]

^ Components > Video card .
  • Video card - Shopping guide, compare to buy at the best price 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC en.kioskea.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These include:

Graphics processing unit (GPU)

.A GPU is a dedicated processor optimized for accelerating graphics.^ Definition: An expansion card that interprets drawing instructions sent by the CPU, processes them via a dedicated graphics processor and writes the resulting frame data to the frame buffer.

^ ATI Radeon Stream Technology ATI Radeon Stream technology is a set of advanced hardware and software technologies that enable AMD graphics processors (GPU), working in concert with the system’s central processor (CPU), to accelerate many applications beyond just graphics.
  • Graphic Cards - ATI Radeon HD 4000 - ATI Radeon™ HD 4770 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xfxforce.com [Source type: General]

^ Each card has its own processor, referred to as a Graphics processing Unit (GPU) and its own memory referred to as Video RAM (VRAM).
  • Build a PC - Choosing a Graphics Card - PCitYourself.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC pcityourself.com [Source type: General]

.The processor is designed specifically to perform floating-point calculations, which are fundamental to 3D graphics rendering.^ Two graphics processors will NOT double performance.
  • Notebook Video Graphics Card Guide 2006 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.notebookreview.com [Source type: General]

^ Graphics processor, DirectX and 3D-games .
  • Graphics Cards Reviews Test scores price and Guide Testwinner.us 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC graphicscards.testwinner.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Understanding Video Card Specifications The video card processes all graphics related work (especially 3D) and delivers the resultant output to a connected display/monitor.
  • Workstation VGA, Workstation Video Cards, Worstation Graphics, NVIDIA Quadro Cards, AMD / ATi FireGL Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The main attributes of the GPU are the core clock frequency, which typically ranges from 250 MHz to 4 GHz and the number of pipelines (vertex and fragment shaders), which translate a 3D image characterized by vertices and lines into a 2D image formed by pixels.^ The number of pixel pipelines (shaders) a given GPU has.
  • Notebook Video Graphics Card Guide 2006 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.notebookreview.com [Source type: General]

^ GPU Clock MHz The main attributes of the GPU are the core clock rate, which typically ranges from 250 MHz to 1200 MHz in modern cards.
  • Graphic Cards - ATI Radeon HD 4000 - ATI Radeon™ HD 4770 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xfxforce.com [Source type: General]

^ More pixel pipelines means 3D images will be rendered faster.
  • eBay Guides - Video Graphics Cards Windows 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Video BIOS

.The video BIOS or firmware contains the basic program, which is usually hidden, that governs the video card's operations and provides the instructions that allow the computer and software to interact with the card.^ Computer video card drivers .
  • Computer video card drivers 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.computerhope.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TAGS: firmware , NVidia , video card .

^ Computers › Components › Video Card by aztecsurf .
  • Hot Deals topics tagged: Video Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.fatwallet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It may contain information on the memory timing, operating speeds and voltages of the graphics processor, RAM, and other information.^ It significantly improves the speed of the time-consuming demands of three dimensional graphic computations.
  • Plan3D - All About 3D Video Cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.plan3d.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Windows Vista was released at a time when the average system came loaded with 512 MBs of RAM and single core 1.8 GHz processor.
  • AMD unveils 'world's fastest' graphics card | Nanotech - The Circuits Blog - CNET News 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 260's stock core and RAM clock speeds are only marginally lower than the 280's, but it's got 192 stream processors to the 280's 240, 64 texture units to the 280's 80, and 28 raster operators to the 280's 32.
  • Ask Dan: Mid-'08 video card update 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.dansdata.com [Source type: General]

It is sometimes possible to change the BIOS (e.g. to enable factory-locked settings for higher performance), although this is typically only done by video card overclockers and has the potential to irreversibly damage the card.

Video memory

Type Memory clock rate (MHz) Bandwidth (GB/s)
DDR 166 - 950 1.2 - 30.4
DDR2 533 - 1000 8.5 - 16
GDDR3 700 - 2400 5.6 - 156.6
GDDR4 2000 - 3600 128 - 200
GDDR5 3400 - 5600 130 - 230
.The memory capacity of most modern video cards ranges from 128 MB to 4 GB, though very few cards actually go over 1 GB.[8][9] Since video memory needs to be accessed by the GPU and the display circuitry, it often uses special high-speed or multi-port memory, such as VRAM, WRAM, SGRAM, etc.^ GeForce FX 5200 128 mb AGP Video Card .
  • AuctionEgg - eBay Videocards Dollar Deal Auction Listings 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.auctionegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MPEG Video codec used by most computers to display a video.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GeForce video cards 256 Mb .
  • AGP Graphics Cards - Compare Prices and Deals, Shop & Buy Online in Australia at MyShopping.com.au 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.myshopping.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Around 2003, the video memory was typically based on DDR technology.^ Graphics cards have their own built-in video memory, usually ranging from 128MB up to 512MB. This memory is DDR or faster.
  • Graphics Card Buying Guide: Powered by ConsumerGuide and HowStuffWorks 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC products.howstuffworks.com [Source type: General]

^ By implementing these technologies, they can create cheaper parts that require less dedicated video memory.
  • Notebook Video Graphics Card Guide 2006 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.notebookreview.com [Source type: General]

^ MB DDR SDRAM memory NVIDIA nfiniteFX II engine Enhanced Vertex and Pixel shaders, with new Z-Correct Bump Mapping technology TV-Out and Video Modules 10.4 GB/sec.
  • AGP Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.unleash.com [Source type: General]

.During and after that year, manufacturers moved towards DDR2, GDDR3, GDDR4, and even GDDR5 utilized most notably by the ATI Radeon HD 4870. The effective memory clock rate in modern cards is generally between 400 MHz and 3.8 GHz.^ ATI Radeon HD 5870 .
  • Graphics cards | Hardware.Info United States 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.hardware.info [Source type: General]
  • Graphics Cards - Review, Price, Photo and Video on Wikio 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.wikio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATI Radeon HD 4850 .
  • Graphics cards | Hardware.Info United States 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.hardware.info [Source type: General]
  • Graphics Cards - Review, Price, Photo and Video on Wikio 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.wikio.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Video Cards � PCUniverse.com 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.pcuniverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Video Card Stability Test - Benchmark Results 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC freestone-group.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • EXPRESSHD.COM - EFiX Graphic Card Compatible List - EFiX Graphic Card Compatible List 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.expresshd.com [Source type: General]

^ ATI Radeon HD 3800 Series .
  • Video Card Stability Test - Benchmark Results 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC freestone-group.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Video memory may be used for storing other data as well as the screen image, such as the Z-buffer, which manages the depth coordinates in 3D graphics, textures, vertex buffers, and compiled shader programs.^ Video display page A video screen image stored in the video buffer.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Video memory also is used to store textures.
  • Do you make these 6 mistakes when buying a video card? | Hardware Revolution 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardware-revolution.com [Source type: General]

^ Z-BUFFER: The area of the graphics memory used to store the Z or depth information about rendered objects.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

RAMDAC

.The RAMDAC, or Random Access Memory Digital-to-Analog Converter, converts digital signals to analog signals for use by a computer display that uses analog inputs such as CRT displays.^ Error Message: Cycles of eight beeps when you try to power up the PC. This is called a "Display Memory Read/Write Failure" and can happen on systems that use the AMI/Award BIOS (Basic Input/Output System).
  • Smart Computing Article - Video Card & Monitor Errors 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.smartcomputing.com [Source type: General]

^ Windows Vista are for computer users who have high-performance needs and are typically running a computer with 4 GB or more of Random Access Memory (RAM).
  • Windows Vista Compatibility Center Browse Results - Graphics Cards & Components - Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.microsoft.com [Source type: General]

^ If you have an HDTV you might want to use as a display, look for a graphics card with an HDMI port for transferring video and audio signals with ease.
  • Graphics Cards - ComputerShopper.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC computershopper.com [Source type: General]

.The RAMDAC is a kind of RAM chip that regulates the functioning of the graphic card.^ Cards have their own memory and RAM chips.
  • eBay Guides - Video Graphics Cards Windows 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATI released a driver update for OS 9 and OS X. This page includes reports and comments from users of various ATI graphics cards and onboard ATI graphics chips.
  • Accelerate Your Mac Graphics Card and Video Related Articles 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xlr8yourmac.com [Source type: General]

^ This means you either have a problem with your DirectX installation, a problem with your graphics drivers, or a problem with your actual graphics card/chip itself.
  • Game Help:Graphics Cards - SimsWiki 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.sims2wiki.info [Source type: General]
  • Mod The Sims - Game Help:Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.modthesims.info [Source type: General]

.Depending on the number of bits used and the RAMDAC-data-transfer rate, the converter will be able to support different computer-display refresh rates.^ Intensity bit Bit of information used to display different intensities of color with computer software and computer monitors.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This depends on what you use your computer for...
  • Graphics & TV Cards from CCL - Awarded Best Online Retailer 2008, 2007 & 2006 for Video Cards, GFX Cards, VGA Cards, HDMI Cards, TV Tuners 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.cclonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AGP can support speed multipliers of 8X (eight times), 4X, 2X, and 1X. The higher the multiplier, the faster it transfers data.
  • How to troubleshoot video card problems 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.playtool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With CRT displays, it is best to work over 75 Hz and never under 60 Hz, in order to minimize flicker.^ The lowest advisable rate is usually 60Hz, although this works better for LCD (liquid-crystal display) screens than CRTs (cathode ray tubes).
  • Smart Computing Article - Video Card & Monitor Errors 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.smartcomputing.com [Source type: General]

^ I am also using the mini display port with a VGA adapter to an old CRT at the same time and it is working well.
  • New Mac Pro Graphics Cards… In Older Mac Pros | Other World Computing Blog 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC blog.macsales.com [Source type: General]

^ Right now the default ones keep my display under 1280 by 1024 that the monitor should be at and the 7 drivers off ATI's site don't work.
  • ATI 9250 PCI video card problem - Windows 7 Forums 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.sevenforums.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .(With LCD displays, flicker is not a problem.^ Problem: The display flickers continuously.
  • Smart Computing Article - Basic Troubleshooting- Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.smartcomputing.com [Source type: General]

) .Due to the growing popularity of digital computer displays and the integration of the RAMDAC onto the GPU die, it has mostly disappeared as a discrete component.^ Graphic A digitized version of photograph, or other type of picture that is displayed on a computer display.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you have a computer, but did not assemble it yourself or upgrade it in any way, chances are that it uses an integrated graphics card to display images on your screen.
  • 4 Types of Graphics Cards | DoItYourself.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.doityourself.com [Source type: General]

^ The computing power that will be available with GPU supercomputers is impressive already, with performance undoubtedly growing in the future.
  • Video Cards News & Articles - Overclockers Club 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.overclockersclub.com [Source type: General]

.All current LCDs, plasma displays and TVs work in the digital domain and do not require a RAMDAC. There are few remaining legacy LCD and plasma displays that feature analog inputs (VGA, component, SCART etc.^ The PC ISA bus has been obsolete for a number of years, but there are many deployed systems which require these legacy cards.
  • COTS Card Manufacturers and OEM Board Manufacturers, PCI, PCIe, cPCI, PC104 and other types 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.interfacebus.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The video card processes all graphics-related work (especially 3D) and delivers the resultant output to a connected display/monitor.
  • Newegg.com - Video Cards, Video Capture Cards, ATI Video Cards, Video Graphic Cards, Computer Video Cards, TV Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Newegg.com - Video Cards, Video Capture Cards, ATI Video Cards, Video Graphic Cards, Computer Video Cards, TV Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC e3wwwtest.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Outputs for virtually any TV via analog or digital interface, such as s-video and DVI , are complemented by inputs for cable, broadcast TV and other video sources.
  • PowerColor X1600 Pro Video Card Review - [OC]ModShop 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.ocmodshop.com [Source type: General]

) only. .These require a RAMDAC, but they reconvert the analog signal back to digital before they can display it, with the unavoidable loss of quality stemming from this digital-to-analog-to-digital conversion.^ It contains a digital-to-analog module, as well as memory chips that store display data.
  • video card (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ The Diamond Multimedia TV Wonder HD 650 can record analog TV, over-the-air free HDTV, unencrypted digital ClearQAM cable TV and FM signals.
  • Top picks for PCTV Video Capture Cards and TV Tuner Cards. Info on Video Capture Cards and TV Tuner Cards. 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC dvr.about.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally Posted by SKYMTL The main issue here is that they didn't say anything to the media before displaying the mock-up.
  • NVIDIA Fermi GT300 Video Cards A Fake? | Hardware Canucks 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardwarecanucks.com [Source type: General]

Outputs

9-pin VIVO for S-Video (TV-out), DVI for HDTV, and DE-15 for VGA outputs.
The most common connection systems between the video card and the computer display are:

Video Graphics Array (VGA) (DE-15)

.Analog-based standard adopted in the late 1980s designed for CRT displays, also called VGA connector.^ Previous standards such as the analog VGA were designed for CRT-based devices and thus did not use discrete time display addressing.
  • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]
  • Diamond Radeon X1600 Pro / 256MB GDDR2 / PCI Express / DVI / VGA / TV Out / Crossfire Ready / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ He's referring to the monitor input connector that you have the video cable connected to (DVI (digital), VGA (analog)).
  • motherboard and video card just wont work together!!!!! 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.evga.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The PNY Quadro2 MXR includes multiple output options including a standard VGA connector and DVI-I for flat panel display and digital monitor compatibility.
  • AGP Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.unleash.com [Source type: General]

.Some problems of this standard are electrical noise, image distortion and sampling error evaluating pixels.^ In this way, each pixel in the output buffer of the source device corresponds directly to one pixel in the display device, whereas with an analog signal the appearance of each pixel may be affected by its adjacent pixels as well as by electrical noise and other forms of analog distortion.
  • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ If your video card is displaying some things incorrectly then you may be able to identify the problem by comparing your screen errors with examples screenshots.
  • How to troubleshoot video card problems 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.playtool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to horizontal lines, I have discolored pixels, color blocks, and other distortions/warping of images before the eventual freeze.
  • 2006 iMac graphics card crash/freeze 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC getsatisfaction.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Digital Visual Interface (DVI)

.Digital-based standard designed for displays such as flat-panel displays (LCDs, plasma screens, wide high-definition television displays) and video projectors.^ DVI is a video interface standard designed to maximize the visual quality of digital display devices such as flat panel LCD computer displays and digital projectors.
  • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]
  • Diamond Radeon X1600 Pro / 256MB GDDR2 / PCI Express / DVI / VGA / TV Out / Crossfire Ready / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Digital flat-panel (DFP) displays or digital CRT display.
  • Diamond Radeon X1600 Pro / 256MB GDDR2 / PCI Express / DVI / VGA / TV Out / Crossfire Ready / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Video capture cards without tuners do exist, but these are not commonly used with MythTV. Sometimes people mistake video capture cards with video display cards which provide the output to the (tv)screen.
  • Video capture card - MythTV 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC mythtv.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It avoids image distortion and electrical noise, corresponding each pixel from the computer to a display pixel, using its native resolution.^ Commonly used in low resolution computers.
  • Video Standards at MonitorWorld.com informational interchange for monitors, adapters, and video cards 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.monitorworld.com [Source type: General]

^ In this way, each pixel in the output buffer of the source device corresponds directly to one pixel in the display device, whereas with an analog signal the appearance of each pixel may be affected by its adjacent pixels as well as by electrical noise and other forms of analog distortion.
  • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]
  • Diamond Radeon X1600 Pro / 256MB GDDR2 / PCI Express / DVI / VGA / TV Out / Crossfire Ready / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Therefore, you can have a computer system with multiple independent video outputs, each displaying different images all at the same time.
  • eBay Guides - Video Graphics Cards Windows 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Video In Video Out (VIVO) for S-Video, Composite video and Component video

Pseudo miniDIN-9 Diagram.png
MiniDIN-9 Diagram.svg
.Included to allow the connection with televisions, DVD players, video recorders and video game consoles.^ Video > DVD player / DVD recorder .
  • Video card - Shopping guide, compare to buy at the best price 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC en.kioskea.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Games and consoles > MP3 player accessories .
  • Video card - Shopping guide, compare to buy at the best price 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC en.kioskea.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can broadcast from anything that you can plug into your audio or video card, including a Video Camera, Microphone, VCD, DVD Player, or TV Tuner.
  • Download 3dfx Video Card - Arkanoid 3D, Driver Cleaner Professional, Video Card Stability Test, Memory Card Data Recovery 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC finaldownload.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They often come in two 9-pin Mini-DIN connector variations, and the VIVO splitter cable generally comes with either 4 connectors (S-Video in and out + composite video in and out), or 6 connectors (S-Video in and out + component PB out + component PR out + component Y out [also composite out] + composite in).^ This can either be S-video or composite video.
  • Graphics Cards Reviews Test scores price and Guide Testwinner.us 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC graphicscards.testwinner.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You also get the proper suite of video connector stuff - one Y/C cable, one composite video cable, one adapter to convert the extra-pinned Y/C output to a composite RCA socket, and the sometimes-omitted-and-surprisingly-expensive DVI-to-VGA adapter that you'll need if you want to run two non-DVI monitors from the 9700 Pro's twin outputs.
  • Which video card? 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.dansdata.com [Source type: General]

^ On Figure 1 you can see a very basic diagram showing the video card main components and how they are connected together.
  • How to Overclock Your Video Card | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI)

HDMI Connector Pinout.svg
.An advanced digital audio/video interconnect released in 2003 and is commonly used to connect game consoles and DVD players to a display.^ If they were recorded on a video recorder with an S-video output, I'd suggest using one of Canopus analog to digital converters.
  • Video Capture card. - LinuxQuestions.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SanDisk’s product portfolio includes flash memory cards for mobile phones, digital cameras and camcorders; digital audio/video players; USB flash drives for consumers and the enterprise; embedded memory for mobile devices; and solid state drives for computers.
  • SanDisk Video HD flash card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.letsgodigital.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Use the video cable connection on the back as a reference point.
  • Installing or Replacing a Video Card HP Pavilion a532x Desktop PC - HP Customer Care (United States - English) 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC h10025.www1.hp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.HDMI supports copy protection through HDCP.^ Retail Box HDMI, HDCP Support Crossfire Ready .
  • $50 - $100 Video Cards Video Cards Priced at $50 - $100 Video Cards below $100 over $50 Video Cards-Best Computer Online Store Houston Buy Discount Prices Texas-Directron.com 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC directron.stores.yahoo.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

DisplayPort

DisplayPort Connector.svg
.An advanced license- and royalty-free digital audio/video interconnect released in 2007. DisplayPort intends to replace VGA and DVI for connecting a display to a computer.^ The Quadro FX1800 has 756 megabytes of onboard memory, two digital display outputs, and one DVI output, all in a PCI Express interface.
  • NVIDIA further refines its graphics cards - 2009-10-01 06:00:00 | Building Design & Construction 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.bdcnetwork.com [Source type: General]

^ SanDisk’s product portfolio includes flash memory cards for mobile phones, digital cameras and camcorders; digital audio/video players; USB flash drives for consumers and the enterprise; embedded memory for mobile devices; and solid state drives for computers.
  • SanDisk Video HD flash card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.letsgodigital.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Understanding Video Card Specifications The video card processes all graphics related work (especially 3D) and delivers the resultant output to a connected display/monitor.
  • Workstation VGA, Workstation Video Cards, Worstation Graphics, NVIDIA Quadro Cards, AMD / ATi FireGL Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Newegg.ca - Video Cards, NVIDIA Video Card, ATI Video Cards, AGP Video Cards, GeForce Video Card, Radeon Video Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.newegg.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other types of connection systems

Composite video .Analog system with lower resolution; it uses the RCA connector.^ Both systems were using a dual-link DVI output on a 30" monitor (one from Apple, one from Dell) and it occurred at both resolutions of 1920x1200 and 2560x1600.
  • PC Perspective - Content Home (Graphics Card) 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.pcper.com [Source type: General]
  • PC Perspective - News 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.pcper.com [Source type: General]

^ Lower the resolution, so fewer pixels need to be painted per frame, and a fill rate limited system will get a higher frame rate.
  • Diamond Viper II graphics card 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.dansdata.com [Source type: General]

^ Apples use of the MMX connector standard will only benefit Apple by lowering their manufacturing costs.
  • iMac 24-inch surprise: graphics card is upgradeable? 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tuaw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Composite.jpg
Component video .It has three cables, each with RCA connector (YCBCR); it is used in projectors, DVD players and some televisions.^ Capture regular windows screens, DirectX, Direct3D, 3dfx Glide Games (Voodoo series cards), and some video/DVD players.
  • Download 3dfx Video Card - Arkanoid 3D, Driver Cleaner Professional, Video Card Stability Test, Memory Card Data Recovery 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC finaldownload.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I didn't test any games but ran DVD quality videos from the hard disk using Kmplayer and Media Player.
  • ATI 9250 PCI video card problem - Windows 7 Forums 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.sevenforums.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Further, they are looking into more than just 3-D by trying to add 2-D video acceleration (as might be used with DVD players) to their Linux support.
  • Graphics: Pick a Card...Any Card 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.linuxjournal.com [Source type: General]

Component video jack.jpg
DB13W3 An analog standard once used by Sun Microsystems, SGI and IBM.
DB13W3 Pinout.svg
DMS-59 .A connector that provides two DVI outputs on a single connector.^ The PNY Quadro2 MXR includes multiple output options including a standard VGA connector and DVI-I for flat panel display and digital monitor compatibility.
  • AGP Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.unleash.com [Source type: General]

^ The front of the card holds two 6 pin PCIe connectors which would theoretically provide 150W to the card.
  • Review of Asus Radeon HD 5850 1GB GDDR5 graphics card | Testseek Labs 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.testseek.com [Source type: General]

^ The connected displays may be arranged in two ways: One arrangement is a single desktop stretched across all connected displays, while another option provides an independent desktop on each.
  • Video Cards News & Articles - Overclockers Club 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.overclockersclub.com [Source type: General]

Dms-59.jpg

Motherboard interface

Chronologically, connection systems between video card and motherboard were, mainly:
.
  • S-100 bus: designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800, it was the first industry-standard bus for the microcomputer industry.
  • ISA: Introduced in 1981 by IBM, it became dominant in the marketplace in the 1980s.^ MDA is the first text-only video display standard from IBM capable of displaying at a maximum of 80x25 characters in two colors.
    • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Graphics Card (4) The first graphic card, introduced in August of 1981 by IBM, was Monochrome Display Adapter (MDA).
    • About Using Two Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ATI FireMV 2400 (RoHS) 128MB PCI Multi-View Card 100-505130 is designed exclusively for the financial and corporate marketplaces.
    • Buy ATI FireGL FireMV FIREPRO graphics cards w/FREE shipping at Omega Multimedia 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.omegamultimedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It was an 8 or 16-bit bus clocked at 8 MHz.
  • NuBus: Used in Macintosh II, it was a 32-bit bus with an average bandwidth of 10 to 20 MB/s.
  • MCA: Introduced in 1987 by IBM it was a 32-bit bus clocked at 10 MHz.
  • EISA: Released in 1988 to compete with IBM's MCA, it was compatible with the earlier ISA bus.^ Color for IBM-compatible computers appeared on the scene with the 4-color Hercules Graphics Card (HGC), followed by the 8-color Color Graphics Card (CGA) and 16-color Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA).
    • About Using Two Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ MSI Radeon RX800XT-VTD256E Videocard Review Architecturally identical to the Radeon X800XT PE, the 16-pipeline Radeon X800XT core is clocked a whole 20 MHz slower than the Platinum Edition.
    • Search Video Cards Articles - PCSTATS.com 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.pcstats.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Clocking in at 600 MHz, the HD 2600 Pro features 256 MB of DDR2 memory, while the XT jumps to...
    • Video Cards - ProductWiki unbiased product reviews 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.productwiki.com [Source type: General]

    .It was a 32-bit bus clocked at 8.33 MHz.
  • VLB: An extension of ISA, it was a 32-bit bus clocked at 33 MHz.
  • PCI: Replaced the EISA, ISA, MCA and VESA buses from 1993 onwards.^ From man SuperProbe : "SuperProbe is a XFree86 3.x program that will attempt to determine the type of video hardware installed in an EISA/ISA/VLB-bus system by checking for known registers in various combinations at various locations (MicroChannel and PCI machines may not be fully supported; many work with the use of the -no_bios option)."
    • TuxMobil: Graphics Chips in Laptops and Notebooks - Linux Compatibiliy 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC tuxmobil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ MSI N9400GT-MD512H GeForce 9400GT 512MB PCI Express 2.0 Video Card | MSI N9400GT-MD512H GeForce 9400GT 512MB 128-bit GDDR2 PCI Express 2.0 Video Card with 550MHz Clock S...
    • Cheap video cards, video graphic cards, video capture card, ati video cards, pci video card, best video card at Axiontech.com 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.axiontech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Diablotek RAGE 128 PRO Graphics Card ATi RAGE 128 PRO - 32 MB SDRAM 128 bit - PCI - HD-15 - Retail Diablotek, Inc .

    .PCI allowed dynamic connectivity between devices, avoiding the jumpers manual adjustments.^ PCI-E (PCI express) has replaced AGP as the most common connection between graphics card and motherboard.
    • Graphics Cards Reviews Test scores price and Guide Testwinner.us 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC graphicscards.testwinner.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ PCI Express connections can support fast data transfer rates, which can be used to connect high-speed devices such as high-end video cards.
    • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]
    • Diamond Radeon X1600 Pro / 256MB GDDR2 / PCI Express / DVI / VGA / TV Out / Crossfire Ready / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Overview Cables are designed to allow connectivity between analogue or today's digital devices.
    • Scan.co.uk: Award winning supplier, performance hardware & systems 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.scan.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .It is a 32-bit bus clocked 33 MHz.
  • UPA: An interconnect bus architecture introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1995. It had a 64-bit bus clocked at 67 or 83 MHz.
  • USB: Mostly used for other types of devices, but there are USB displays.
  • AGP: First used in 1997, it is a dedicated-to-graphics bus.^ AGP DDR SDRAM 64-bit Graphics Cards .
    • AGP Graphics Cards - Compare Prices and Deals, Shop & Buy Online in Australia at MyShopping.com.au 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.myshopping.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Are there will be drivers for windows XP 32/64 bit?
    • ATI Radeon HD 5800 Series Graphics Cards – Designed by the Community | AMD at Play 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC blogs.amd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mb AGP 64-bit Graphics Cards .
    • AGP Graphics Cards - Compare Prices and Deals, Shop & Buy Online in Australia at MyShopping.com.au 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.myshopping.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It is a 32-bit bus clocked at 66 MHz.
  • PCI-X: An extension of the PCI bus, it was introduced in 1998. It improves upon PCI by extending the width of bus to 64-bit and the clock frequency to up to 133 MHz.
  • PCI Express: Abbreviated PCIe, it is a point to point interface released in 2004. In 2006 provided double the data-transfer rate of AGP. It should not be confused with PCI-X, an enhanced version of the original PCI specification.
.In the attached table[11] is a comparison between a selection of the features of some of those interfaces.^ I was very interested in what the performance comparison between DirectX 10 and DirectX 11 would produce.
  • Review of Asus Radeon HD 5850 1GB GDDR5 graphics card | Testseek Labs 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.testseek.com [Source type: General]

^ We walk you through the user interface as well as creating some side by side comparisons of gaming with OnLive against local versions of the same games.
  • PC Perspective - Content Home (Graphics Card) 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.pcper.com [Source type: General]
  • PC Perspective - News 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.pcper.com [Source type: General]

^ Check out this YouTube video from DiRT 2 showing some of the features that Codemasters incorporated from DirectX 11, creating an incredibly realistic gaming experience: .
  • Graphics Card | AMD at Play 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC blogs.amd.com [Source type: General]


Bus Width (bits) Clock rate (MHz) Bandwidth (MB/s) Style
ISA XT 8 4,77 8 Parallel
ISA AT 16 8,33 16 Parallel
MCA 32 10 20 Parallel
EISA 32 8,33 32 Parallel
VESA 32 40 160 Parallel
PCI 32 - 64 33 - 100 132 - 800 Parallel
AGP 1x 32 66 264 Parallel
AGP 2x 32 66 528 Parallel
AGP 4x 32 66 1000 Parallel
AGP 8x 32 66 2000 Parallel
PCIe x1 1 2500 / 5000 250 / 500 Serial
PCIe x4 1 × 4 2500 / 5000 1000 / 2000 Serial
PCIe x8 1 × 8 2500 / 5000 2000 / 4000 Serial
PCIe x16 1 × 16 2500 / 5000 4000 / 8000 Serial
PCIe x16 2.0 1 × 16 5000 / 10000 8000 / 16000 Serial

Cooling devices

.Video cards may use a lot of electricity, which is converted into heat.^ If they were recorded on a video recorder with an S-video output, I'd suggest using one of Canopus analog to digital converters.
  • Video Capture card. - LinuxQuestions.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alex on November 11, 2008 5:11 AM Alex, isn't the strategy there to buy used video cards from American eBay sellers who are willing to ship internationally?
  • Coding Horror: Feeding My Graphics Card Addiction 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: General]

^ If you do see your specific video card type listed, then you may have a corrupted driver.
  • Smart Computing Article - Video Cards & Monitors 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.smartcomputing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the heat isn't dissipated, the video card could overheat and be damaged.^ Alex on November 11, 2008 5:11 AM Alex, isn't the strategy there to buy used video cards from American eBay sellers who are willing to ship internationally?
  • Coding Horror: Feeding My Graphics Card Addiction 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, Jon Martindale's … opinion of a video card's aesthetics isn't important, but his evaluations of heat and noise are.
  • Video Card Ratings, Graphic Card Reviews Ratings - ConsumerSearch 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.consumersearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IMHO the mid range DX10 cards are poor gamers but good for video decoding but none pack 512 memory (could be wrong).
  • graphics card for vista advice - HEXUS.community discussion forums 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC forums.hexus.net [Source type: General]

Cooling devices are incorporated to transfer the heat elsewhere. Three types of cooling devices are commonly used on video cards:
.
  • Heat sink: a heat sink is a passive-cooling device.^ The RAM has ordinary passive heat sinks on it; all of that aluminium is just for the main chip.
    • Which video card? 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.dansdata.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The card's cooled with just a densely packed heat sink on the main chip, and no fan.
    • Diamond Viper II graphics card 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.dansdata.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Gigabyte installed a heat sink covering the VPU and a small portion of the PCB instead of a cooling fan and heat sink found on other cards.
    • Hardware Reviews Motherboards.org 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.motherboards.org [Source type: General]

    .It conducts heat away from the graphics card's core, or memory, by using a heat-conductive metal (most commonly aluminum or copper); sometimes in combination with heat pipes.^ The Wii uses ATI graphics cards, so...
    • The Wii uses ATI graphics cards, so... 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.1up.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What graphics card were you using before?
    • graphics card hell!!! - AOA 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.aoaforums.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Graphic cards (9) What are you use?
    • About Using Two Graphics Cards 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It uses air (most common), or in extreme cooling situations, water (see water block), to remove the heat from the card.^ The Air Force panel is used to overclock the card by simply touching the sensors on the panel.
    • Graphics Card on I4U News 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.i4u.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For machines using PCI and PCI-Express, simply remove the screw located at the top of the card, which locks the card in place.
    • eBay Guides - Video Graphics Cards Windows 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The fan then feeds into a tunnel of sorts that blows through the cooling fins of the video card, which is right over the area where you can see I drilled a bunch of holes.
    • 2006 iMac graphics card crash/freeze 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC getsatisfaction.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .When air is used, a fan is often used to increase cooling effectiveness.
  • Computer fan: an example of an active-cooling part.^ It might be cool to use this display configuration in conjunction with a video projector, using the projector to project the missing parts of the image onto the bezel between the monitors.
    • Six monitors, one video card - Hack a Day 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC hackaday.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Comments and Photos from Quad G5 owner on quieting his Nvidia 7800GT card using an Arctic Cooling NV Silencer 5 (Fan/heatsink swap).
    • Accelerate Your Mac Graphics Card and Video Related Articles 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.xlr8yourmac.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Your case must be well cooled and extra fans to help cool these video cards are often suggested.
    • Graphics Card Reviews Find the Best Graphics Cards (GPU) 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.testfreaks.com [Source type: General]

    .It is usually used with a heat sink.^ Using a custom VGA heat sink created by Asus the card is overclocked to 720MHz/2000MHz from the default 650MHz/1800MHz.
    • Video Cards - ProductWiki unbiased product reviews 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.productwiki.com [Source type: General]

    Due to the moving parts, a fan requires maintenance and possible replacement. .The fan speed or actual fan can be changed for more efficient or quieter cooling.
  • Water block: a water block is a heat sink suited to use water instead of air.^ Efficient Cooling Fan: Dissipate the heat quickly .
    • ASUS Video Card Driver Download 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.nodevice.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Personally I'm prepared to sacrifice a little bit of power, for a bit more quiet, so I'm a big fan of the Gigabyte SilentPipe graphics card which are entirely passively cooled.
    • Coding Horror: Feeding My Graphics Card Addiction 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This card has a heat sink with no fan that solved this problem.
    • Amazon.com: PNY Geforce FX5200 256MB PCI Graphics Card: Electronics 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It is mounted on the graphics processor and has a hollow inside. .Water is pumped through the water block, transferring the heat into the water, which is then usually cooled in a radiator.^ The fan then feeds into a tunnel of sorts that blows through the cooling fins of the video card, which is right over the area where you can see I drilled a bunch of holes.
    • 2006 iMac graphics card crash/freeze 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC getsatisfaction.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This is the most effective cooling solution without extreme modification.

Power demand

.As the processing power of video cards has increased, so has their demand for electrical power.^ The video card processes all graphics related work (especially 3D) and delivers the resultant output to a connected display/monitor.
  • Newegg.com - Video Cards, NVIDIA Video Card, ATI Video Cards, AGP Video Cards, GeForce Video Card, Radeon Video Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC e3wwwtest.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Newegg.com - Video Cards, NVIDIA Video Card, ATI Video Cards, AGP Video Cards, GeForce Video Card, Radeon Video Card 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Video accelerator Video card with integrated processor and memory to increase the overall capabilities of video graphics.
  • Technology Glossary: Video Card & Monitor Terminology 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC static.tigerdirect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The core is manufactured using a 40nm process and power requirements have been reduced to the point where the card requires no external power connectors.
  • Video Cards News & Articles - Overclockers Club 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.overclockersclub.com [Source type: General]

.Present fast video cards tend to consume a great deal of power.^ Received this card fast, that was great.
  • BFG GeForce 7600 GT OC / 256MB GDDR3 / SLI / PCI Express / Dual DVI / HDTV / Video Card at TigerDirect.com 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Fast Multimedia video card drivers .
  • Computer video card drivers 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.computerhope.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PNY 165 of 2993 in Graphics Cards Great Deal: $117.95 .
  • Graphics Card Reviews Find the Best Graphics Cards (GPU) 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.testfreaks.com [Source type: General]

.While CPU and power supply makers have recently moved toward higher efficiency, power demands of GPUs have continued to rise, so the video card may be the biggest electricity user in a computer.^ I’m afraid that your power supply may not up to the task of powering your new video card.
  • Do you make these 6 mistakes when buying a video card? | Hardware Revolution 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardware-revolution.com [Source type: General]

^ Power supply required for the card.

^ Teaming a powerful video card with a slow Cpu .
  • Do you make these 6 mistakes when buying a video card? | Hardware Revolution 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardware-revolution.com [Source type: General]

[12][13] .Although power supplies are increasing their power too, the bottleneck is due to the PCI-Express connection, which is limited to supplying 75 W.[14] Nowadays, video cards with a power consumption over 75 watts usually include a combination of six-pin (75W) or eight-pin (150W) sockets that connect directly to the power supply to supplement power.^ PCI video card (sluggish and slow).
  • Need new graphics card. - LinuxQuestions.org 31 January 2010 12:53 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I had a 430W power supply, which was insufficient to power the video card.
  • Do you make these 6 mistakes when buying a video card? | Hardware Revolution 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.hardware-revolution.com [Source type: General]

^ Asus EN6600 PCI-E video card .
  • AuctionEgg - eBay Videocards Dollar Deal Auction Listings 2 February 2010 10:17 UTC www.auctionegg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

References

  • Mueller, Scott (2005) Upgrading and Repairing PCs. 16th edition. Que Publishing. ISBN 0-7897-3173-8

External links


Simple English


In computing, a video card (also called a graphics card or a graphics accelerator) is a special circuit board that controls what is shown on a computer monitor and calculates 3D images and graphics.

A video card can handle two types of video images. First, they can be used to display a two-dimensional (2D) image like a Windows desktop, or a three-dimensional (3D) image like a computer game. Computer-Assisted Drawing (CAD) programs are often used by architects and designers to create 3D models on their computers. If a computer has a very fast video card, the architect can create very detailed 3D models.

Many computers have a basic video and graphics capabilities built-in to the computer's motherboard. These "onboard" video chips are not as fast as normal graphics cards. They are fast enough for basic computer use and even some basic computer games. If a computer user wants faster and more detailed graphics, a video card can be installed.

Video cards have their own processor (called a Graphics Processing Unit or GPU). The GPU separate from the main computer processor (called the Central Processing Unit or CPU). The CPU's job is to process all the calculations needed to make the computer function. The GPU's job is to handle 3D graphics calculations so the CPU does not have to. 3D graphics calculations take a lot of CPU power, so having a video card to handle the graphics calculations lets the CPU focus on other things like running computer programs.

Video cards also have their own memory, separate from the main computer memory. It is usually much faster than main computer memory, too. This helps the GPU do its graphics calculations even faster. Most video cards also allow more than one monitor to be plugged in at one time. This lets the computer user use more than one monitor at once. Graphics manufacturers nVidia and ATI have special technologies that allow two identical cards to be linked together in a single computer for much faster performance. nVidia calls their technology SLI and ATI calls their technology CrossFire. Some modern graphics cards can even process physics calculations to create even more realistic-looking 3D worlds.

Video cards typically connect to a motherboard using the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), the Advanced Graphics Port (AGP) or the Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCI Express or PCI-E). PCI-E is the newest and fastest connection; most (if not all) new video cards and motherboards have this connection. Before PCI-E was used, AGP was the standard connection for video cards. Before AGP, video cards were designed for PCI (sometimes called "regular" PCI).

History

In early computing years, graphics processing was very basic and could be done by the CPU along with all the other processing. However, as computer games advanced and started using 3D graphics, the CPU had too much to do and CPU-makers could not keep up on making them faster. Eventually, video cards were invented to solve this problem. Video cards are designed to have their own processor called the Graphics Processing Unit or GPU. This lets the CPU do more work since it does not have to spend any time on advanced graphics calculations; it can simply pass these calculations off to the GPU to be done.

The first video cards connected to the motherboard via the ISA connection. The first popular none IBM video cards were manufactured by a companie called Hercules Computer Technology, Inc.Throughout the years, the importance of video cards has grown. As they evolved, a new connection standard was developed called Advanced Graphics Port (AGP). This was the first motherboard connection designed exclusively for video cards. It was much faster at transferring information between the video card and the rest of the computer. Eventually, the AGP connection became outdated, and a new connection, called PCI Express (PCI-E), became the standard for video cards. Most video cards manufactured today use PCI-E to connect to the motherboard.


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