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Vieille Montagne factory in Angleur

Vieille Montagne is the name of a former zinc mine in Kelmis (La Calamine), a town in Belgium between Liège and Aachen. The mine's name is French for "the old mountain", and this is also reflected in its German name, Altenberg (earlier, Alten Galmei-Berg).[1] The mine was once a bone of contention between Germany on the one side and the village that became the neutral territory of Moresnet.

The mine was first opened in 1805 and continued its operation until the end of the 19th century, when a workforce of 300 produced 8,500 t of crude zinc annually.[2]

The company opened a second zinc mine in Zinkgruvan in Sweden, which is still in operation. It also ran a harbour in Åmmeberg to ship the zinc. The company also had mines in the UK in a village in Cumbria called Nenthead.


  1. ^ Hoch, Charles (1882), The Neutral Territory of Moresnet, trans. William Warren Tucker, p 6
  2. ^ Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon. 14th ed., Leipzig, Berlin and Vienna 1894; Vol. 3, p. 300.


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