Vienna, Virginia: Wikis

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Vienna, Virginia
—  Town  —
Location of Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°53′57″N 77°15′38″W / 38.89917°N 77.26056°W / 38.89917; -77.26056
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Incorporated 1890
Settled 1754
Government
 - Type Mayor-council government
 - Mayor M. Jane Seeman (Nonpartisan)
Area
 - Total 4.4 sq mi (11.5 km2)
 - Land 4.4 sq mi (11.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 358 ft (109 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,453
 - Density 3,253.8/sq mi (1,256.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 571 and 703
FIPS code 51-81072[1]
GNIS feature ID 1500258[2]
Website http://www.viennava.gov/

Vienna is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. The population was 14,453 at the 2000 census and it has grown by about 3% since[3], although significantly more people live in zip codes with the Vienna postal addresses (22180, 22181, and 22182) bordered approximately by Interstate 66 on the south, Interstate 495 on the east, Route 7 to the north, and Hunter Mill road.

In July 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Vienna fourth on its list of the 100 best places to live in the United States. In addition to excellent public schools, its assets include a downtown with many small businesses, a Washington Metrorail station with large parking garages (the western terminus of the Orange Line) just south of the town, and a portion of the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park hiker/biker trail cutting through the center of the town. Tysons Corner is nearby, as is Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts.

Contents

History

The town was originally called Ayr Hill, after the name of the house built by early settler John Hunter, who named it after the place of his birth, Ayr, in Scotland. The name of the town was changed in the 1850s, when a doctor named William Hendrick offered to move there if the town would rename itself after his hometown, Vienna, New York.[4]

On June 17, 1861, four companies of Union troops led by Brigadier General Robert C. Schenck were approaching Vienna from the East by train, when they were ambushed by Confederate troops supported by an artillery battery. The Union forces scattered into the woods, and the locomotive made a hasty retreat. Eight Union soldiers were killed and several were wounded.[5]

The First Baptist Church of Vienna was founded in 1867, and the original church structure was built using Union Army barracks lumber obtained through the Freedman's Bureau.[6] This church building was also the town's first black public school. The first white public school was built in 1872. A permanent black elementary school was built, which was later named for its long-time principal, Louise Archer. Fairfax County Schools were completely desegregated by the Fall of 1965.[7]

Vienna was the home of Robert Hanssen, the location where he exchanged many secrets for Russian diamonds, and the place where he was arrested.

Geography

Vienna is located at 38°53′57″N 77°15′38″W / 38.89917°N 77.26056°W / 38.89917; -77.26056 (38.899161, -77.260672)[8]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km²), all of it land.

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Climate

Vienna has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Weather data for Vienna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 44
(7)
49
(9)
58
(14)
69
(21)
78
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
87
(31)
81
(27)
70
(21)
59
(15)
48
(9)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(-4)
26
(-3)
33
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
66
(19)
65
(18)
58
(14)
45
(7)
36
(2)
28
(-2)
45
(7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.48
(88.4)
3.01
(76.5)
4.13
(104.9)
3.54
(89.9)
4.42
(112.3)
3.69
(93.7)
4.26
(108.2)
3.98
(101.1)
4.30
(109.2)
3.48
(88.4)
3.41
(86.6)
3.41
(86.6)
45.11
(1,145.8)
Source: [9] 2009-08-01

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 14,453 people, 5,331 households, and 3,982 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,253.8 per square mile, or 1,256.8 per square kilometer. There were 5,438 housing units at an average density of 1,224.3/sq mi (472.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.10% White, 3.44% African American, 0.19% Native American, 9.47% Asian, 2.71% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.39% of the population.

There were 5,331 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $85,519, and the median income for a family was $93,043. Males had a median income of $62,733 versus $39,563 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,753. About 1.3% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

The town is served by Fairfax County Public Schools.

Fairfax County has been perennially rated one of the best public school systems in the country. [1] Vienna is home to two high schools (Oakton and Madison), two middle schools, and six elementary schools. However, of all the schools Vienna students attend, only four elementary schools: Cunningham Park Elementary School, Marshall Road Elementary School, and Vienna Elementary School are actually located in the official town limits.

The music program at James Madison High School boasts an award-winning marching band, "The Pride of Vienna", and color guard, two symphonic bands, jazz band, orchestra, and chorus. Their Varsity Baseball team has won 18 District titles, 5 Region titles, and 3 State titles (1968, 1971, 2002), led by Coach Tom Christie's remarkable 8-year run which produced 11 of the 26 titles (6 district/3 region/2 state). A water tower stating "Home of the Warhawks" can be seen towering over the school. Thoreau Middle School shares a class with Kilmer Middle School (also located in Vienna) and Longfellow Middle School (located in Falls Church). Kilmer has accelerated programs for students that are determined to be "Gifted and Talented." Close to Madison sit the six elementary schools: Flint Hill Elementary (not to be confused with the Flint Hill School, a private school in neighboring Oakton, VA), Louise Archer (which also has a GT center program), Marshall Road, Vienna Elementary, Wolftrap, and Cunningham Park. Each of these schools feed into Thoreau, Kilmer, Luther Jackson Middle School or Longfellow, and then James Madison High School, Oakton High School (just outside Vienna on the border with Oakton, with a Vienna address), George C. Marshall High School (in the Falls Church area of Fairfax County), or McLean High School. Residents of Vienna that live along the town's border with Great Falls, VA also feed into Langley High School via Cooper Middle School. Because of the large influx of new residents in the last decade, the classes of '09, '10, and '11 at these regional high schools are expected to be the largest over the next ten years.

Public libraries

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Patrick Henry Library in Vienna.[10]

Economy

MAE-East is located within the Vienna postal area in Tysons Corner CDP. This served as one of two locations (in addition to MAE-West) where all Internet traffic was exchanged between one ISP and other private, government, and academic Internet networks and served as a magnet for telecom and other high-tech companies focused on the Internet.

In 1995 America Online (AOL) was headquartered at 8619 Westwood Center Drive in Tysons Corner CDP in unincorporated Fairfax County,[11][12] near Vienna.[13]

Notable residents

Points of interest

References and notes

Vienna Town Hall

External links


Simple English


Vienna, Virginia is a town of Virginia in the United States.


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