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Vietnamese may refer to:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Vietnamese phrasebook article)

From Wikitravel

Vietnamese is one of the most-spoken languages in the world, with around 90 millions native speakers. It is the official language in Vietnam and also widely spoken in places where the Vietnamese have immigrated such as the United States and Australia. Vietnamese grammar is very simple: nouns and adjectives don't have genders, and verbs aren't conjugated. Vietnamese is a tonal language; the meaning of a word depends on how high or low your voice is. Vietnamese is not related to Chinese, though it contains many loan words from Chinese due to centuries of Chinese rule in Vietnam, and even used Chinese-like characters as its writing system until Vietnam was colonised by the French.

Pronunciation guide

Vietnamese spelling is more or less phonetic, and generally similar to Portuguese (which it is based on). Once you figure out how to pronounce each letter and tone, you have a pretty good idea of how to pronounce Vietnamese, which has very few exceptions compared to English.

Unless otherwise indicated, pronunciation throughout this phrasebook is for Southern (Saigon) Vietnamese, which is quite different from Northern (Hanoi), North Central (Vinh) or Central (Hue) Vietnamese.

like 'a' in "father": ba.
like 'a' in "father", except said very quickly: chăn.
like 'u' in "hut", except shorter: sân.
like 'eah' in "yeah": che.
like the Canadian English "eh": cà phê.
like 'ee' in "see" or "deed": pin.
like "awwwww...", but not quite as long: lý do.
like the first component of the diphthong 'ow' in "low": á-lô.
like â, except longer: .
like 'oo' in "hoop": Na Uy.
like 'oo' in "book", with a hint of the 'i' in "lick": thư.
like 'b' in "bed". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'c' in "cat", with a hint of the 'g' in "gone".
in the South (Ho Chi Minh City), like 'y' in "yes"; in the North (Hanoi), like 'z' in "zip". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'd' in "dog". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'g' in "go".
like 'h' in "help".
like 'c' in "cat", with a hint of the 'g' in "gone". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'l' in "love". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'm' in "mother".
like 'n' in "nice".
like 'p' in "pig".
like 'r' in "row", or like 'tt' in "butter" (when said quickly in the American accent). Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'ss' in "hiss". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 't' in "time", with a hint of the 'd' in "dog".
like 'v' in "victory". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 's' in "kicks". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'y' in "yes".
at the beginning of a syllable, like 'ch' in "touch"; at the end, like 'ck' in "sick" (but it is never enunciated).
like 'g' in "go". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
somewhat like 'c' in "cat" (enunciated). Identical to the "ach-Laut" sound in German. Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
ng, ngh 
like 'ng' in "sing-along": Nga.
like 'ph' in "phone".
like 'th' in "think". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'tr' in "tree". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'ch' in "chat". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'z' in "zip". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'qu' in "quest". Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
like 'wi' in "win".


In Vietnamese, syllables can have six different tones, with five of them indicated by tone marks applied to the syllable's main vowel. Tone marks can be combined with the other diacritics.

high rising; example: đấy, like saying "day?"
falling, then rising
a low "a'ah"


One important difference between Vietnamese and Western languages is that Vietnamese has no equivalent of the second-person pronoun, "you." Strange as it might sound, conversational Vietnamese takes place almost entirely in the third person. To Western ears, talking in the third person sounds stilted and pretentious, though to Vietnamese ears, it is natural. Vietnamese has a word for "I", toi, but Vietnamese would use it only in abstract or formal situations (such as public speaking, addressing a television camera, or writing in a book.) Only foreigners use toi in conversation, which sounds stilted to Vietnamese, but they understand why it is done and come to expect it.

In conversational Vietnamese, the proper way to refer to yourself and others depends on a hierarchy of age and sex. Many of the terms have a literal meaning of family relationships, though they are used for all people on all occasions. Options include:

  • Con (child, pronounced "kon", and – parents will be amused – also means animal)
  • Em (younger sibling, male or female – refers to anyone younger than you but older than a child; also to a woman of the same age or your girlfriend if you are a man)
  • Anh (older brother – man older than you by up to 20 years or so, or man of the same age or your boyfriend if you are a woman)
  • Chị (older sister – woman older than you by up to 20 years or so)
  • Chú (uncle, father's younger brother – man older than you by more than 20 years)
  • (aunt – woman older than you by more than 20 years, or a female teacher)
  • Bác (aunt or uncle, father's older sibling – refers to an elderly person, 60+ years old, who is not the oldest person on the scene)
  • Ông (grandfather – refers to an elderly man, 60+ years old)
  • (grandmother – refers to an elderly woman, 60+ years old)

Choose one from the list to represent yourself, and one to represent the person you are talking to, depending on sex and relative age. For example, to get the attention of a waiter or waitress in a restaurant, say em/anh/chi oi (oi being the ubiquitous Vietnamese term for "hey"). If you listen closely, when people address you or talk about you in Vietnamese, they will be using these terms. They will be very impressed if you can master this! The one time it gets awkward is when speaking to someone of the same sex and, as far as you can tell, about the same age.

For simplicity, however, many phrases below are are translated without the relevant terms for you and/or your listener: For example, "How are you" is literally translated as "Healthy or not?" It is generally impolite to speak to a person without directly addressing them unless they're a subordinate, but Vietnamese usually don't take offense when foreigners omit this. Wherever you see toi below, you can substitute one of the words above according to the circumstance.

Phrase list

The following are very commonly-used phrases. They are listed in a general order of importance:

Chào. (jow)
Hello. (on the phone
Á-lô. (AH-loh)
How are you? (Are you healthy?) 
Khỏe không? (kweah kohng?)
Fine, thank you. (I am healthy, thank you.) 
Khoẻ, cảm ơn. (kweah, gam uhhn)
What is your name? (formal, to an older man
Ông tên là gì? (ohng theyn la yi)
What is your name? (formal, to an older woman
Bà tên là gì? (ba theyn la yi)
What is your name? (very informal, to a man
Anh tên là gì? (ayng theyn la yi)
What is your name? (very informal, to a woman
Cô tên là gì? (goh theyn la yi)
My name is ______ . 
Tôi tên là ______ . (Thoye theyn la _____ .)
Làm ơn. (lam uhhn)
Thank you. 
Cảm ơn. (gam uhhn)
You're welcome. 
Không sao đâu. (kohng sao doh)
Vâng (affirmative). (vuhng); Dạ (affirmative, respectful) (ya'a) ; Đúng (correct) (duhn)
Không. (kohng)
I'm sorry. 
Xin lỗi. (seen loh'EE)
Chào. (jow), Tambiet
I can't speak Vietnamese [well]. 
Tôi không biết nói tiếng Việt [giỏi lắm]. (thoy kohng bee-IT noh-Y thee-IHNG vee'it [yi-oh-i lahm])
Do you speak English? 
Biết nói tiếng Anh không? (bee-IT noh-Y thee-IHNG ayng kohng)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Có ai đây biết nói tiếng Anh không? (GAW ai dey bee-IT noh-Y thee-IHNG ayng kohng)
Cứu (tôi) với! (gih-OO (thoy) vuh-y!) Thoi cang nguoi giup toi.
Look out! 
Cẩn thận! (guhn tuh'n!)
I don't understand. 
Tôi không hiểu. (thoy kohng hee-oh)
Where is the toilet? 
Cầu tiêu ở đâu? (goh thee-oh uh duh-oh) (this phrase may be considered impolite)
Be back soon 
Sẽ quay lại sớm
Leave me alone. 
Đừng làm phiền tôi. (DUHung LAHm fien Thoy) (beware that "Thoi" with a fat and long sounding "T" translates to "enough!" in standard Vietnamese)
Don't touch me! 
Đừng đụng tôi! (DUHung DUHooung Thoy)
I'll call the police. 
Tôi sẽ gọi cảnh sát./Tôi sẽ gọi công an. (Thoy seEh GAWoy Kanh Sat/ Thoy seEH GAWoy Kong aanh)
Công an!/Cảnh sát! (Kong aanh!/Kanh Sat)
Stop! Thief! 
Ngừng lại! Ăn trộm! (GNoong LAai! Anh Chom!)
I need your help. 
Cần (second person pronoun) giúp cho tôi. (Khan yip CHo Thoy)
It's an emergency. 
Việc này khẩn cấp. (VAHech nuhay Khan gup)
I'm lost. 
Tôi bị lạc. (Thoi bee lack)
I lost my bag. 
Tôi bị mất cái giỏ. (Thoi bee mUHtt kai yah)
I lost my wallet. 
Tôi bị mất cái ví. (Thoi bee mUHtt kai veee)
I'm sick. 
Tôi bị bệnh. (Thoi bee binh)
I've been injured. 
Tôi đã bị thương. (Thoi DAH bee Tahuung)
I need a doctor. 
Tôi cần một bác sĩ. (Thoi Khan moat back see)
Can I use your phone? 
Tôi dùng điện thoại của (second person pronoun) được không? (Thoi young dean tahoaI KOOa DUHuc KHAong)


(Phonetic approximations are in italics, and English words that sound very similar are in quotes.) When giving your age, it is common to say just the digits, e.g., "three-one" instead of "thirty-one".

cê-rô (seh roh)/không (kumm, kowm, humm, or howm depending on the speaker and adjacent words)
một (mo'oht, though most of the time comes out "moke" with a very slight swallowing of the final "k" sound)
hai ("high")
ba (bah)
bốn ("bone")
năm ("nahm")
sáu (sao)
bảy (bai-ee, almost like "buy" in English)
tám (tahm)
chín ("chean")
mười (meui)
mười một (muh-uh-ee mo'oht)
mười hai (muh-uh-ee hai)
mười ba (muh-uh-ee bah)
mười bốn (muh-uh-ee bohn?)
mười lăm (muh-uh-ee lahm)
mười sáu (muh-uh-ee sao?)
mười bảy (muh-uh-ee buh-ee)
mười tám (muh-uh-ee thahm?)
mười chín (muh-uh-ee jeen?)
hai mươi (hai muh-uh-ee)
hai mươi mốt (hai muh-uh-ee moht?)
hai mươi hai (hai muh-uh-ee hai)
hai mươi ba (hai muh-uh-ee bah)
ba mươi (bah muh-uh-ee)
bốn mươi (bohn? muh-uh-ee)
năm mươi (nahm muh-uh-ee)
sáu mươi (sao? muh-uh-ee)
bảy mươi (buh-ee muh-uh-ee)
tám mươi (thahm? muh-uh-ee)
chín mươi (jeen? muh-uh-ee)
một trăm (moht cham or often just "cham")
hai trăm (hai cham)
ba trăm (bah cham)
một ngàn/nghìn (mo'oht ngang/ngeen...)
hai ngàn/nghìn (hai ngang/ngeen...)
một triệu (mo'oht chee'ou)
một tỹ/tỷ (mo'oht thee'ee?)
một ngàn/nghìn tỹ/tỷ
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
số _____ ("so?")
nửa (neu-uh?)
ít hơn (eet huhhhn)
hơn (huhhhn), thêm (tehm)
bây giờ (bee yuh...)(northern dialect example: 'buy zaa')
lát nữa (laht? neu'uh?)
trước (jyeuck?)(northern dialect example: 'Tchuck')
sáng (sahng?)
chiều (jee-oh)(northern dialect example: hard 'ch', like TR down tone)
evening, night 
tối (thoh-ee), đêm (dehm)

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
một giờ sáng (moht. yuh sahng?)
two o'clock AM 
hai giờ sáng (hai yuh sahng?)
trưa (jyeu-uh)
one o'clock PM 
một giờ chiều (moht. yuh jee-oh)
two o'clock PM 
hai giờ chiều (hai yuh jee-oh)
nửa đêm (neu-uh dehm)


_____ minute(s) 
_____ phút (foodt)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ tiếng (thee-uhng?)
_____ day(s) 
_____ ngày (ngai)
_____ week(s) 
_____ tuần (thoo-uhn)
_____ month(s) 
_____ tháng (tahng?)
_____ year(s) 
_____ năm (nahm)


hôm nay (home nye)
hôm qua (hohm gwah)
mai (my)
this week 
tuần nay (thoo-uhn nai)
last week 
tuần qua (thoo-uhn gwah)
next week 
tuần sau (thoo-uhn sao)

The days of the week are simply numbered, with the exception of Sunday:

chủ nhật (joo nyuht.)
thứ hai (teu? hai)
thứ ba (teu? ba)
thứ tư (teu? theu)
thứ năm (teu? nahm!)
thứ sáu (teu? sao?!)
thứ bảy (teu? buh-ee?)


Vietnamese does not have special names for each month. Instead, the months are simply numbered. Take the word tháng and add the month's number (see #Numbers above). For example:

tháng 3 / tháng ba (tahng? ba)

Writing time and date

Friday, December 17, 2004
Thứ sáu, ngày 17 tháng 12 năm 2004
2:36 AM
Hai giờ 36 sáng
2:36 PM
Hai giờ 36 chiều
Two in the morning
Hai giờ sáng
Two in the afternoon
Hai giờ chiều
Ten in the evening
Mười giờ đêm
Half past two
Hai giờ rưỡi
Trưa; 12 giờ trưa
Nửa đêm; 12 giờ đêm


When describing the color of an object etc., use the word below. When referring to the color itself, use màu or mầu followed by the word below.

đen (Dan)
trắng (chahng?!)
xám (sahm?)
đỏ (daw... aw?)
xanh nước (sahyng neu-uhk?)
vàng (vahng...)
xanh (lá cây) (sahyng lah? kay)
cam (kahm)
tím (just as it is written, tim' but long 'i)
nâu (know)


Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Một vé đến _____ là bao nhiêu? (mo'oht veah? dehn? _____ lah... bao nyee-oh)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Xin cho tôi một vé đến _____. (seen jyaw thoh-ee mo'oht veah? dehn? _____)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Tàu/xe này đi đâu? (thoe.../seah nay...! dee doh)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Tàu/xe đi đến _____ ở đâu? (thoe.../seah dee dehn _____ uh...uh? doh)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Tàu/xe này có ngừng tại _____ không? (thoe.../seah nay...! goh? ngeung... thah'ee _____ kohng)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Tàu/xe đi _____ chạy lúc nào? (thoe.../seah dee _____ jyah'ee loohk? nahh-oh...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Khi nào tàu/xe này xẽ đến _____? (kee nahh-oh thoe.../seah nay...! seah'uh? dehn? _____)


How do I get to _____ ? 
Làm sao tôi đến _____ ? (...)
...the train station? 
...nhà ga? (...)
...the bus station? 
...trạm xe buýt? (...)
...the airport? 
...phi trường (fee cheu-uhng...); ...sân bay? (...)
...thành phố? (...)
Xuống phố làm sao? (Soo-uhng? foh? lahm... sao)
...the youth hostel? 
...nhà trọ cho khách du lịch? (...)
...the _____ hotel? 
...khách sạn _____? (...)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...tòa lãnh sự Mỹ/Canada/Uc/Anh? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Nơi nào có nhiều... (...) 
...khách sạn? (...)
...nhà hàng? (...)
...quán rượu? (...)
...sites to see? 
...thắng cảnh? (...)
Can you show me on the map? 
Chỉ trên bản đồ cho tôi được không? (...)
Turn left. 
Quẹo trái. (...)
Turn right. 
Quẹo phải. (...)
phải (...)
straight ahead 
trước mặt (...)
towards the _____ 
tiến đến _____ (...)
past the _____ 
qua _____ (...)
before the _____ 
trước _____ (...)
Watch for the _____. 
Canh chừng _____. (...)
ngã ba/tư/năm/sáu/bảy (3/4/5/6/7-way intersection) (...)
bắc (...)
nam (...)
đông (...)
tây (...)
lên dốc (...)
xuống dốc (...)


Taxi! (tha? see)
Take me to _____, please. 
Take me to _____, please. (...)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
How much does it cost to

get to _____? (...)

Take me there, please. 
Take me there, please. (...)
Do you have any rooms available? 
Có còn phòng không? (...)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Giá phòng cho một/hai người là bao nhiêu? (...)
Does the room come with... 
Trong phòng có ... không? (...)
...bedsheets? trải gường? (...)
...a bathroom? 
...phòng vệ sinh? (...); ...phòng cầu tiêu (...)
...a telephone? 
...phôn ("phone"); ...điện thoại? (...)
...a TV? 
...TV? (thee vee)
May I see the room first? 
Tôi xem phòng trước có được không? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Có phòng nào yên tĩnh hơn không? (...)
...lớn hơn không? (...)
...sạch hơn không? (...)
...rẻ hơn không? (...)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, tôi lấy phòng này. (...)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Tôi sẽ ở _____ đêm. (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Có thể giới thiệu cho tôi một khách sạn khác được không? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Có két an toàn không? (...)
... tủ gửi đồ? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Có kèm theo bữa sáng/tối không? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Ăn sáng/tối lúc mấy giờ? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Xin hãy dọn phòng tôi. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? | Xin đánh thức tôi dậy lúc _____? (...)
I want to check out. 
Tôi muốn check out. (...)
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Có lấy đô la Mỹ/Úc/Canada không? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Có lấy bảng Anh không? (...)
Do you accept credit cards? 
Có nhận thẻ tín dụng không? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
Đổi tiền cho tôi được không? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
Tôi có thể đi đổi tiền ở đâu? (...)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Có thể đổi séc du lịch cho tôi được không? (...)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Tôi có thể đổi séc du lịch ở đâu? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
Tỷ giá là bao nhiêu? (...)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Máy rút tiền (ATM) ở đâu? (...)
A table for one person/two people, please. 
Cho tôi một bàn cho một/hai người. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Cho tôi xem menu? (...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Cho tôi xem nhà bếp được không? (...)
Is there a house specialty? 
Quán ăn này có món đặc sản nào không? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
Ở vùng này có món đặc sản nào không? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Tôi ăn chay. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
Tôi không ăn thịt heo. (...)
I don't eat beef. 
Tôi không ăn thịt bò. (...)
I eat only kosher food. 
I eat only kosher food. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Can you make it "lite", please? (...)
fixed-price meal 
fixed-price meal (...)
à la carte 
gọi theo món (...)
bữa sáng (boo... ee? sahng?)
bữa trưa (boo... ee? cheu-uh)
tea (meal
nước trà (...)
bữa chiều (boo... ee? chee-oh...)
I want _____. 
Xin _____. ("seen")
I want a dish containing _____. 
Xin một đĩa có _____. (...)
(thịt) gà (teet. gah...)
(thịt) bò (teet. baw...)
cá (gah?)
jambon (zhahm bawn)
xúc xích (sook? seek?)
phó mát (faw? maht?)
trứng (cheung?)
xà lách (sah... layk?)
(fresh) vegetables 
rau (tươi) (rao theu-uh-ee)
(fresh) fruit 
trái cây (tươi) (chai? gai)
bánh mì (ba'in me...)
bánh mì nướng (bain mee... neu-uhng?)
mì (me...)
rice (cooked; as a dish) 
cơm (guhm)
rice (uncooked) 
gạo ("gah-ow.")
beans (like mung beans) 
đậu (duh-oh.)
beans (like coffee beans) 
hột (hoht.)
May I have a glass of _____? 
Xin một ly _____? (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Xin một ly _____? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Xin một chai _____? (...)
cà phê (ga... fey)
tea (drink
nước trà (neu-uk? chah...)
_____ juice 
nước _____ (neu-uk?)
bubbly water 
nước ngọt (neu-uk? ngawt.)
nước (neu-uk?)
rượu (rih-oh.), bia (pronounce "beer" with a British accent)
red/white wine 
rượu đỏ/trắng (rih-oh. daw... aw? / chahng?!)
May I have some _____? 
Xin _____? (seen)
muối (moo-ee?)
black pepper 
hạt tiêu (haht. thee-oh)
bơ (buh)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Em ơi! Làm ơn... (...)
I'm finished. 
Xong rồi. (sah-ohng roh-ee...)
It was delicious. 
Ngon lắm. (nong lum)
Please clear the plates. 
Xin hãy dọn đĩa đi. (...)
The check, please. 
Thanh toán tiền. (...)
Do you serve alcohol? 
Có rượu ở đây không? (...)
Is there table service? 
Is there table service? (...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
Xin một/hai ly rượu. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
Xin một ly rượu đỏ/trắng. (...)
A pint, please. 
A pint, please. (...)
A bottle, please. 
Xin một chai. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ and _____, please. (...)
whiskey (...)
vodka (...)
rum (...)
nước (neu-uhck?)
soda pop 
nước ngọt (neu-uhck? ngawt.)
club soda 
club soda (...)
tonic water 
tonic water (...)
orange juice 
nước cam (neu-uhck? gam)
Coke (soda
Côcá-Côla (koh-kah? koh-la)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Do you have any bar snacks? (...)
One more, please. 
Xin một ly/chai nữa. (...)
Another round, please. 
Another round, please. (...)
When is closing time? 
Bao giờ đóng cửa? (bow yuh... downg? geu-uh?)
Do you have this in my size? 
Do you have this in my size? (...)
How much (money) is this? 
Bao nhiêu (tiền)? (bahw nyee-oh thee-uhn...)
That's too expensive. 
Đắt quá. (daht?! kwahh?)
Would you take _____? 
Lấy _____ được không? (ley? _____ deu'uhk kohng)
đắt (daht?!)
rẻ (reah...uh?)
I can't afford it. 
Tôi không có đủ tiền mua. (thoh-ee kohng kaw? doo...oo? thee-uhn... moo-uh)
I don't want it. 
Tôi không muốn. (thoh-ee kohng moo-uhn?)
You're cheating me. 
You're cheating me. (...)
I'm not interested. 
I'm not interested. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, I'll take it. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Có bao không? (kaw? bahw kohng)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Có thể gởi đồ (ngoài nước) không? (...)
I need... 
Tôi cần... (thoh-ee cuhn...)
...kem đánh răng. (keahm dayng? rahng)
...a toothbrush. 
...bàn chải đánh răng. (bahn... chah-ee? dayng? rahng)
...tampons. (...)
...xà bông. (sah... bohng)
...dầu gội. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...thuốc giảm đau. (too-uhc? yah...ahm? dahw!)
...cold medicine. 
...thuốc cảm. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...thuốc đau bụng. (...)
...a razor. 
...dao cạo râu. (yahw kah'oh ruh-oo) umbrella. 
...dù. (you...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...sunblock lotion. (...)
...a postcard. 
...bưu thiếp. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...tem. (tham)
...batteries. (bean)
...writing paper. 
...giấy. (yay?!)
...a pen. 
...bút mực. (boot?!)
...a pencil. 
...bút chì. (boot?! chee...)
...English-language books. 
...sách Anh ngữ. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...tạp chí Anh ngữ. (thuh'p chee? ayng-eu'eu?) English-language newspaper. 
...báo Anh ngữ. (bahw? ayng-eu'eu?) English-English dictionary. 
...từ điển Anh-Anh. (theu... dee-n? ayng-ayng)
I want to rent a car. 
Tôi muốn mượn xe. (thoh-ee moo-uhn? meu'n seah)
Can I get insurance? 
Có bảo hiểm cho tôi không? (koh? bah...oo hee...m? chaw thoh-ee khohng)
stop (on a street sign
ngừng (...)
one way 
một chiều (...)
yield (...)
no parking 
đừng đậu xe (...)
speed limit 
speed limit (...)
gas (petrol) station 
cây xăng (keh-ee sahng!)
xăng (sahng!)
diesel (...)
Tôi chưa làm gì sai. (thoh-ee cheu-uh lam zee sai?)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Chỉ là hiểu lầm thôi. ( lah... hee...oh? luhm... toh-ee)
Where are you taking me? 
Ông đang dẫn tôi đi đâu? (ohng dahng yuh'n? thoh-ee dee duhw)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Tôi là công dân Mỹ/Australia/Anh/Canada. (toh-ee lah... kohng yuhn mee'ee? / australia / ayng / kah-nah-dah)
I want to talk to the (American/Australian/British/Canadian) (embassy/consulate). 
Tôi cần phải nói chuyện với (đại sứ quán/lãnh sự) (Mỹ/Australia/Anh/Canada). (thoh-ee kuhn... naw-ee? cheu-ee'n vuh-ee? (dah'i seu? kwahn?/lay'ng? seu'eu) (mee'ee?/australia/ayng/kah-nah-dah)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Tôi muốn nói chuyện với luật sư. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Tôi chỉ trả tiền phạt thôi được không? (...)
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:





  1. Of or pertaining to Vietnam.





Vietnamese (plural Vietnamese)

  1. Inhabitant of Vietnam, person of Vietnamese descent.





  • Language spoken predominantly in Vietnam.


See also

External links



Vietnamese m (plural: Vietnamesen, female: Vietnamesin)

  1. Inhabitant of Vietnam, person of Vietnamese descent.

External links


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection


Welcome to the Vietnamese textbook! This book will teach you to speak, read, and write in Vietnamese, and understand Vietnamese culture.

Chào mừng các bạn đến với sách giáo khoa về tiếng Việt. Sách này sẽ dạy bạn đọc, nói, và viết tiếng Việt, và hiểu văn hoá Việt.



This is a draft of the lesson plans. You can discuss these plans here. The second draft of this book is also being planned here.



Let's Learn Vietnamese


  • Lesson 1: Xin Chào (Hello)
  • Lesson 2: Nghề nghiệp (Career)
  • Lesson 3: Quốc tịch (Nationality)
  • Lesson 4: Ai đây? (Who?)
  • Lesson 5: Cái gì đây? (What?)
  • Lesson 6: Gia đình (Family)
  • Lesson 7: Trong nhà? (Around the house)
  • Lesson 8: Hỏi giờ (Asking the time)
  • Lesson 9: Hỏi đường (Asking for directions)
  • Lesson 10: Thời tiết (Weather)


  • Lesson 11: Chuyên chở (Transportation)
  • Lesson 12: Gọi điện thoại (Telephoning)
  • Lesson 13: Mua sắm (Shopping)
  • Lesson 14: Đi chợ (Going to the market)
  • Lesson 15: Nhà hàng, khách sạn (Restaurant, Hotel)
  • Lesson 16: Bệnh viện (Hospital)
  • Lesson 17: Du lịch (Travel)
  • Lesson 18: Thể thao (Sport)
  • Lesson 19: Dịch vụ (Services)
  • Lesson 20: Báo chí, truyền hình (Media)




  • Common phrases
  • Greetings
  • Introducing yourself
  • Describing yourself
  • Numbers
  • Colors
  • Recreation
  • Family
  • Around the house
    • Kitchen
    • Bedroom
    • Chores
  • The workplace
  • School
  • Shopping
    • Clothing
    • At the market
  • At the restaurant
  • Downtown
  • At the farm
  • Public transportation
  • At the hotel
  • At the library
  • Medical care
  • The human body
  • Private transportation
  • Giving directions
  • Religion and worship
  • Nature
    • Weather
  • The universe
  • Reading a book
  • Using the telephone
  • Using computers
    • Using the Internet

Grammar in Use

  • Sentence Word Order
  • Structural formation of words
  • Parts of speech
  • Nouns
  • Classifier
  • Personal pronouns
  • Structural formation of sentences
  • Predicative Noun
  • Predicative Adjective
  • Predicative Verbs
  • Numbers
  • Forming dates & times
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Dimension
  • Possession
  • Tense
    • Just recently-Just
    • Done
    • Intention
  • Can, May, Be able to, Perhaps, Maybe, Possibly
  • Should, Need, Want, Must/Have to
  • There is/are, To have/get
  • If
  • Frequency Adverb
  • Active and Passive voice
  • It's said that
  • Question tags
  • Yes, No Questions
  • Questions
  • Imperative Mood
  • Double complement sentence
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunction
  • Exclamation
  • Reduplication
  • Sino Vietnamese words
  • Oneself
  • Comparison
  • Relative Clause
  • Word usage
  • Ago, From here, Before, After
  • No, Not
  • Many, Few
  • All, Whole
  • Both...and
  • Every, Each, All
  • Every
  • Even
  • Anyway, Anyhow
  • Nobody/No one
  • Also, Too
  • Very
  • Only
  • Except/But
  • Apart from
  • Nothing at all
  • Result of an action
  • At once
  • Again
  • How Way Method
  • Each other, One another, Together
  • With/Together
  • To, So that, In order to


Văn hoá

  • Greetings
  • Music
  • Food & drink
  • Vietnamese New Year
  • Literature
    • Poetry
  • Geography
    • Northern Vietnam
    • Central Vietnam
    • Southern Vietnam



  • Idioms
  • Verbs


In order to correctly view the Vietnamese contained in this textbook, your browser must be support Unicode. Most modern browsers support Unicode adequately. You must also set your browser to use a font that supports Vietnamese characters. For more information, please visit Displaying Vietnamese webpages.

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