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Vietnamese people in France: Wikis

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Vua Ham Nghi.jpgAN Katsumi 1.jpgNguyên Lê.jpgLinh Dan Pham (Cannes 2006).jpg
Hàm Nghi · Katsuni
Nguyên Lê · Linh Dan Pham
Total population
~250,000 (2006)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Paris, Marseille, Lyon
Languages

French, Vietnamese (see Languages of Vietnam)

Religion

Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Roman Catholic

Related ethnic groups

Overseas Vietnamese

The Vietnamese people in France consists of people of Vietnamese ancestry who were born in or immigrated to France. They form a small part of the Vietnamese diaspora. The population is 250,000, as of 2006.

Contents

History

The presence of Vietnamese people in France began in the early 1900s, due to the colonization of Vietnam by France. There was a significant representation of Vietnamese students in France throughout the period, as well as Vietnamese migrants and the sons and daughters of the nobility and royal household. The last Emperor of Vietnam, Bảo Đại, received his education in France. However, after the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, a larger presence of Vietnamese people arrived in France as refugees .

One of the few monuments dating back to the earliest waves of Vietnamese arriving in France is the Temple du Souvenir Indochinois, originally erected in 1907 and subsequently relocated to in the Jardin tropical de Paris.[2][3]

Unlike their counterparts in North America or Australia, the Vietnamese have not formed distinct enclaves within the major cities of France (although many Vietnamese-based shops can be found in the Chinatown neighborhood of Paris) and the degree of assimilation is higher than in the United States, Canada, or Australia, due to better cultural, historical, and linguistic knowledge of the host country.

The community is still strongly attached to its homeland while being well-integrated in the French society. As the first generation of French Vietnamese refugees continues to hold on to traditional values, the second generation of French-born Vietnamese strongly identifies with the French culture rather than the Vietnamese one and most of them are unable to speak and/or understand the Vietnamese language.[4] The level of integration of immigrants and their place in French society have become prominent issues in France in the past decade. The majority of French citizens have better views of the Vietnamese community compared to other immigrant groups, partially because of their high degree of integration within the French society and their economic as well as academic success. Most of the French Vietnamese live in Paris and its surrounding areas but a sizeable number also reside in the major urban centers in the south-east of the country, primarily Marseille and Lyon.

Vietnamese in other French territories

There have been official reports of some Vietnamese in other territories of the French Republic. In French Guiana, the Hmong people are one of the main Asian communities, some originating from Vietnam. In New Caledonia, 1.4% of the population are Vietnamese. In French Polynesia, the Vietnamese community are part of the 4.7% East Asian community. In Réunion, the Vietnamese people are usually found in Sino-Réunionnais (Chinese people in Réunion) communities.

Notable individuals

See also

References

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