Vilhelm Bjerknes  

Born  14
March 1862 
Died  9
April 1951 
Citizenship  Norwegian 
Fields  physicist and meteorologist 
Known for  weather forecasting 
Vilhelm Friman Koren Bjerknes (14 March 1862 – 9 April 1951) was a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who did much to found the modern practice of weather forecasting.
Born in Christiania, Bjerknes enjoyed an early exposure to fluid dynamics, as his father Carl Anton Bjerknes, in his mathematical research. In 1890, he became assistant to Heinrich Hertz and made substantial contributions to Hertz' work on electromagnetic resonance.
In 1895, he became professor of applied mechanics and mathematical physics at the University of Stockholm where he elucidated the fundamental interaction between fluid dynamics and thermodynamics. His major contribution was the primitive equations which are used in climate models^{[1]} . It was this work that inspired both V. Walfrid Ekman and CarlGustav Arvid Rossby to apply it to largescale motions in the oceans and atmosphere and to make modern weather forecasting feasible. Bjerknes himself had foreseen the possible applications as early as 1904.
In 1907, Bjerknes returned to the The Royal Frederick University in Oslo before becoming professor of geophysics at the University of Leipzig in 1912. In 1917, he founded the Bergen Geophysical Institute where he wrote his book On the Dynamics of the Circular Vortex with Applications to the Atmosphere and to Atmospheric Vortex and Wave Motion (1921) and laid the foundation for the "Bergen School of Meteorology". From 1926 to his retirement in 1932 he held a position at the University of Oslo, where he died of heart problems.
He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1905.
His son was the meteorologist Jacob Bjerknes (18971975).
The crater Bjerknes on the Moon and a crater on Mars are named in his honor.
Pihl, Mogens (1970–80). "Bjerknes, Vilhelm Frimann Koren". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 167169. ISBN 0684101149.
