The Full Wiki

Vincent Ferrer: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Vincent Ferrer
Saint Vincent Ferrer
Confessor, Angel of the Last Judgment
Born January 23, 1350(1350-01-23), Valencia, Kingdom of Valencia
Died April 5, 1419 (aged 69), Vannes, Brittany
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Communion
Canonized June 3, 1455, Rome by Pope Calixtus III
Major shrine Vannes Cathedral
Feast April 5
Attributes pulpit; cardinal's hat; trumpet; captives; Bible
Patronage builders, construction workers, plumbers

Saint Vincent Ferrer (Valencian: Sant Vicent Ferrer; January 23, 1350 – April 5, 1419) was a Valencian Dominican missionary and logician.

Contents

Early life

Vincent was the second son of William Ferrer (an English immigrant to Spain) and his wife, Constantia Miguel.[1][2] Legends surround his birth. It was said that his father was told in a dream by a Dominican friar that his son would be famous throughout the world. His mother is said never to have experienced pain when she gave birth to him. He would fast on Wednesdays and Fridays and he loved the Passion of Christ very much. He would help the poor and distribute many alms to them. Vincent decided to join the Dominicans when his father gave him a choice whether to enter into secular, ecclesiastical, or a religious state.

Ferrer entered the Dominican Order at the age of eighteen and studied philosophy and theology. He prayed and practiced penance. For a period of three years, he read solely Sacred Scripture, and eventually committed it to memory. He published a treatise on Dialectic Suppositions after his solemn profession. He eventually became a Master of Sacred Theology and was commissioned to deliver lectures on philosophy. He was then sent to Barcelona and eventually to the University of Lleida, where he earned his doctorate in theology.

Religious gifts

Vincent later claimed that the Great Schism had such a depressing effect on his mind that it caused him to be seriously ill at the age of forty. He claimed that God healed him and instructed him to go out and convert many. For twenty-one years he was said to have traveled to Aragon, Castile, Switzerland, France, Italy, England, Ireland, and Scotland, preaching the Gospel and converting many. Many biographers believe that he was endowed with the gift of tongues, as he could speak only Catalan.[1] Vincent is also said to be responsible for the forced conversion of many Jews to Catholicism[3]. One of his converts, a former rabbi by the name of Solomon ha-Levi, went on to become Bishop of Cartagena and later Archbishop of Burgos.

Sources are contradictory concerning Vincent's achievement in converting a synagogue in Toledo, Spain into the church of Santa María la Blanca; one source says he preached to the mobs whose riots led to the appropriation of the synagogue and its transformation into a church in 1391[4]; a second source says he converted the Jews of the city who changed the synagogue to a church after they embraced the Faith, but hints at the year 1411[5]; a third source identifies two distinct incidents, one in Valencia in 1391 and one in Toledo at a later date, but says he put down an uprising against Jews in one place and diffused a persecution against them in the other[6].

Political work

Vincent intervened during a political crisis in his homeland, which resulted in the Compromise of Caspe, by which the Crown of Aragon was given to a Castilian prince, Ferdinand of Antequera.

According to two sources[1][6] Vincent was very loyal to the Avignonese Pope Benedict XIII, better known as "Papa Luna" in Castile and Aragon, remained in steadfast loyalty to him, and believed that Benedict XIII was the true Pope.[1] According to another source[5], Vincent labored to have Benedict XIII end the schism, and after an extended period of receiving empty promises, Vincent encouraged King Ferdinand of Castile to withdraw his support from Benedict XIII.

Death and legacy

Vincent died on April 5, 1419, at Vannes in Brittany, and was buried in Vannes Cathedral. He was canonized by Pope Calixtus III on June 3, 1455. His feast day is celebrated on April 5. The Fraternity of Saint Vincent Ferrer, a Pontifical religious institute, is named after him.

References

  1. ^ a b c d St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-12-14
  2. ^ Dress, Clayton J. The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1300-1500: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press, 2001. ISBN 0313305889. (p. 490)
  3. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia, Vincent Ferrer
  4. ^ (French) Michel Despland. "La religion en Occident: Grandes ou petites vérités?". Encyclopédie de l'Agora. http://agora.qc.ca/reftext.nsf/Documents/Religion--La_religion_en_Occident__Grandes_ou_petites_verites_par_Michel_Despland. Retrieved 2007-08-26. 
  5. ^ a b The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints by Rev. Alban Butler
  6. ^ a b Second Exodus: St. Vincent Ferrer

External links

Advertisements

Books

Articles


Saint Vincent Ferrer
Confessor, Angel of the Last Judgment
Born 23 January 1350(1350-01-23)
Valencia, Kingdom of Valencia
Died 5 April 1419 (aged 69)
Vannes, Brittany
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Communion
Canonized 3 June 1455, Rome by Pope Calixtus III
Major shrine Vannes Cathedral
Feast 5 April
Attributes pulpit; cardinal's hat; trumpet; captives; Bible
Patronage builders, construction workers, plumbers

Saint Vincent Ferrer (Valencian: Sant Vicent Ferrer) (23 January 1350 – 5 April 1419) was a Valencian Dominican missionary and logician.

Contents

Early life

Vincent was the second son of William Ferrer (an English immigrant to Spain) and his wife, Constantia Miguel.[1][2] Legends surround his birth. It was said that his father was told in a dream by a Dominican friar that his son would be famous throughout the world. His mother is said never to have experienced pain when she gave birth to him. He would fast on Wednesdays and Fridays and he loved the Passion of Christ very much. He would help the poor and distribute many alms to them. Vincent decided to join the Dominicans when his father gave him a choice whether to enter into secular, ecclesiastical, or a religious state.

Ferrer entered the Dominican Order at the age of eighteen and studied philosophy and theology. He prayed and practiced penance. For a period of three years, he read solely Sacred Scripture, and eventually committed it to memory. He published a treatise on Dialectic Suppositions after his solemn profession. He eventually became a Master of Sacred Theology and was commissioned to deliver lectures on philosophy. He was then sent to Barcelona and eventually to the University of Lleida, where he earned his doctorate in theology.

Religious gifts

Vincent later claimed that the Great Schism had such a depressing effect on his mind that it caused him to be seriously ill at the age of forty. He claimed that God healed him and instructed him to go out and convert many. For twenty-one years he was said to have traveled to Aragon, Castile, Switzerland, France, Italy, England, Ireland, and Scotland, preaching the Gospel and converting many. Many biographers believe that he was endowed with the gift of tongues, as he could speak only Catalan.[1] Vincent is also said to be responsible for the forced conversion of many Jews to Catholicism[3]. One of his converts, a former rabbi by the name of Solomon ha-Levi, went on to become Bishop of Cartagena and later Archbishop of Burgos.

Sources are contradictory concerning Vincent's achievement in converting a synagogue in Toledo, Spain into the church of Santa María la Blanca; one source says he preached to the mobs whose riots led to the appropriation of the synagogue and its transformation into a church in 1391[4]; a second source says he converted the Jews of the city who changed the synagogue to a church after they embraced the Faith, but hints at the year 1411[5]; a third source identifies two distinct incidents, one in Valencia in 1391 and one in Toledo at a later date, but says he put down an uprising against Jews in one place and defused a persecution against them in the other[6].

Political work

Vincent intervened during a political crisis in his homeland, which resulted in the Compromise of Caspe, by which the Crown of Aragon was given to a Castilian prince, Ferdinand of Antequera.

According to two sources[1][6] Vincent was very loyal to the Avignonese Pope Benedict XIII, better known as "Papa Luna" in Castile and Aragon, remained in steadfast loyalty to him, and believed that Benedict XIII was the true Pope.[1] According to another source[5], Vincent labored to have Benedict XIII end the schism, and after an extended period of receiving empty promises, Vincent encouraged King Ferdinand of Castile to withdraw his support from Benedict XIII.

Death and legacy

Vincent died on 5 April 1419 at Vannes in Brittany, and was buried in Vannes Cathedral. He was canonized by Pope Calixtus III on 3 June 1455. His feast day is celebrated on 5 April. The Fraternity of Saint Vincent Ferrer, a Pontifical religious institute, is named after him.

References

  1. ^ a b c d St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-12-14
  2. ^ Dress, Clayton J. The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1300-1500: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press, 2001. ISBN 0313305889. (p. 490)
  3. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia, Vincent Ferrer
  4. ^ (French) Michel Despland. "La religion en Occident: Grandes ou petites vérités?". Encyclopédie de l'Agora. http://agora.qc.ca/reftext.nsf/Documents/Religion--La_religion_en_Occident__Grandes_ou_petites_verites_par_Michel_Despland. Retrieved 2007-08-26. 
  5. ^ a b The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints by Rev. Alban Butler
  6. ^ a b Second Exodus: St. Vincent Ferrer

External links

Books

French

Articles


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message