Vincente Minnelli: Wikis

  
  

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Vincente Minnelli
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli
February 28, 1903(1903-02-28)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died July 25, 1986 (aged 83)
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
Spouse(s) Judy Garland (1945–1951)
Georgette Magnani (1954–1957)
Danica D ("Denise") Radosavljevic (1960–1971)
Lee Anderson (1980–1986)

Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a Hollywood director and stage director. He was married to Judy Garland from 1945 until 1951; they were the parents of Liza Minnelli.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago, Illinois, United States,[1] Minnelli was the youngest of four known sons, only two of whom survived to adulthood, born to Marie Émilie Odile Lebeau (stage name: Mina Gennell) and Vincent Charles Minnelli.[2] His father was musical conductor of Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Minnelli's Chicago-born mother was of French Canadian descent and his paternal grandfather was from Sicily. The family toured small towns in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois before settling permanently in Delaware, Ohio.

Career

Following his high school graduation, Minnelli moved to Chicago where he lived briefly with his grandmother and an aunt. His first job was at Marshall Field's department store as a window display designer. He later worked as a photographer for Paul Stone, who specialized in photographing actors from Chicago's theater district. His interest in the theater grew and he was greatly interested in art and immersed himself in books on the subject.

Minnelli's first job in the theater was at the Chicago Theatre where he worked as a costume and set designer. Owned by Balaban and Katz, the theater chain soon merged with a bigger national chain of Paramount-Publix and Minnelli sometimes found himself assigned to work on shows in New York City. He soon left Chicago and rented a tiny Greenwich Village apartment. He was eventually employed at Radio City Music Hall as a set designer and worked his way up to stage director.

The first play Minnelli directed was a musical revue titled At Home Abroad which opened in October 1935 and starred Beatrice Lillie. The revue was well received and enjoyed a long run. Minnelli later worked on The Ziegfeld Follies and The Show Is On. Minnelli's reputation grew and he was offered a job at MGM in 1940 by producer Arthur Freed.[3]

With his background in theatre, Minnelli was known as an auteur who always brought his stage experience to his films. The first movie that he directed, Cabin in the Sky (1943), was visibly influenced by the theater. Shortly after that, he directed Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), during which he fell in love with the film's star, Judy Garland. The two had first met on the set of Strike Up The Band (1941), a Busby Berkeley film that Minnelli was asked to design a musical sequence for Garland and Mickey Rooney.[4] The two began a courtship that eventually led to their marriage in June 1945. Their one child together, Liza Minnelli, grew up to become an Academy Award-winning singer and actress.

Though widely known for directing musicals, including An American in Paris (1951), Brigadoon (1954), Kismet (1955), and Gigi (1958) he also helmed comedies and melodramas, including Madame Bovary (1949), Father of the Bride (1950), Designing Woman (1957) and The Courtship of Eddie's Father (1963). His last film was A Matter of Time (1976). During the course of his career he directed seven different actors in Oscar-nominated performances: Spencer Tracy, Gloria Grahame, Kirk Douglas, Anthony Quinn, Arthur Kennedy, Shirley MacLaine and Martha Hyer. Grahame and Quinn won Oscars for their performances in one of Minnelli's movies. He received an Oscar nomination as Best Director for An American in Paris (1951) and later won the Best Director Oscar for Gigi (1958). He was awarded France's highest civilian honor, the Commander Nationale of the Legion of Honor, only weeks before his death in 1986.

Minnelli's critical reputation has known a certain amount of fluctuation, being admired (or dismissed) in America as a "pure stylist" who, in Andrew Sarris' words, "believes more in beauty than in art."[5] His work reached a height of critical attention during the late 1950s and early 1960s in France with extensive studies in the Cahiers du Cinéma magazine, especially in the articles by Jean Douchet and Jean Domarchi, who saw in him a cinematic visionary obsessed with beauty and harmony, and an artist who could give substance to the world of dreams. Minnelli served as a juror at the 1967 Cannes Film Festival. The MGM compilation film That's Entertainment! showed clips from many of his films.

Personal life

Minnelli's marriages ran as follows:

  • Judy Garland (June 15, 1945 – 1951) (divorced); one child, Liza Minnelli (b. 1946)
  • Georgette Magnani (February 1954 – 1957); one child, Christiane Nina Minnelli (b. 1955); two grandchildren, Vincent Miro Minnelli (b. 1977), Karla Ximena Miro Minnelli (b. 1979)
  • Denise (Danica D) Radosavljev (December 1960 – August 1971) (divorced); she later married Prentis Cobb Hale
  • Lee Anderson (April 1980 – July 25, 1986) (his death)

Death

In July 1986, Minnelli died, aged 83, after struggling with emphysema and bouts with pneumonia that caused him to be repeatedly hospitalized in his final year.[6] He reportedly also suffered from Alzheimer's disease.[7][8] Interment was in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.

Selected theatre credits

Filmography

Notes

  1. ^ Church records, 1864-1929, Catholic Church. Notre Dame (Chicago, Illinois), Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990 FHL US/CAN Film 1704688
  2. ^ Griffin, Mark (2010). A Hundred or More Hidden Things: The Life and Films of Vincente Minnelli. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780786720996.  
  3. ^ Minnelli's early years are described in Minnelli, Vincente; Hector Arce (1974). I Remember It Well. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385095228.  
  4. ^ Levy, Emanuel (2009). Vincente Minnelli: Hollywood's Dark Dreamer. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-031232925-9.  
  5. ^ Sarris, Andrew (1998). You Ain't Heard Nothin' Yet. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 0-19-503883-5.  
  6. ^ "Director Vincente Minnelli, 83, dies", Chicago Tribune; 26 July 1986; p. 2.
  7. ^ Daughter Christiane ("Tina Nina") Minnelli quoted Leigh, Wendy (1993). Liza: Born a Star. New York: Signet. p. 270. ISBN 978-0451404060.  
  8. ^ Luft, Lorna (1998). Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir. New York: Pocket Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0671018993.  

References

  • Casper, Joseph Andrew (1977). Vincente Minnelli and the Film Musical. South Brunswick, NJ: A.S. Barnes. ISBN 9780498017841.  
  • Griffin, Mark (2010). A Hundred or More Hidden Things: The Life and Films of Vincente Minnelli. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780786720996.  
  • Harvey, Stephen; Museum of Modern Art (NYC) (1989). Directed by Vincente Minnelli. New York: Museum of Modern Art; Harper & Row. ISBN 9780870704741.  
  • Levy, Emanuel (2009). Vincente Minnelli: Hollywood's Dark Dreamer. New York: St. Martin's Press.  
  • Minnelli, Vincente; Hector Arce (1974). I Remember It Well. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385095228.  
  • Schickel, Richard (1975). The Men Who Made the Movies. New York: Atheneum.  
  • Wakeman, John (ed.) (1987). World of Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company.  

External links


Vincente Minnelli
File:Vincente
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli
February 28, 1903(1903-02-28)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died July 25, 1986 (aged 83)
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
Spouse Judy Garland (1945–1951)
Georgette Magnani (1954–1957)
Danica ("Denise") Radosavljevic (1960–1971)
Lee Anderson (1980–1986; his death)

Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986), born Lester Anthony Minnelli, was a Hollywood director and stage director.[1] He was married to Judy Garland from 1945 until 1951; they were the parents of Liza Minnelli.

Contents

Early life

Born as Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago,[2] he was the youngest of four known sons, only two of whom survived to adulthood, born to Marie Émilie Odile Lebeau (stage name: Mina Gennell) and Vincent Charles Minnelli.[3] His father was musical conductor of Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Minnelli's Chicago-born mother was of French Canadian descent and his paternal grandfather was from Sicily. The family toured small towns primarily in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois before settling permanently in Delaware, Ohio.

Career

Following his high school graduation, Minnelli moved to Chicago where he lived briefly with his grandmother and an aunt. His first job was at Marshall Field's department store as a window display designer. He later worked as a photographer for Paul Stone, who specialized in photographing actors from Chicago's theater district. His interest in the theater grew and he was greatly interested in art and immersed himself in books on the subject.

Minnelli's first job in the theater was at the Chicago Theatre where he worked as a costume and set designer. Owned by Balaban and Katz, the theater chain soon merged with a bigger national chain of Paramount-Publix and Minnelli sometimes found himself assigned to work on shows in New York City. He soon left Chicago and rented a tiny Greenwich Village apartment. He was eventually employed at Radio City Music Hall as a set designer and worked his way up to stage director.

The first play Minnelli directed was a musical revue titled At Home Abroad which opened in October 1935 and starred Beatrice Lillie, Ethel Waters, and Eleanor Powell. The revue was well received and enjoyed a two year run. Minnelli later worked on The Ziegfeld Follies of 1936, Hooray for What!, Very Warm for May, and The Show is On. Minnelli's reputation grew and he was offered a job at MGM in 1940 by producer Arthur Freed.[4]

With his background in theatre, Minnelli was known as an auteur who always brought his stage experience to his films. The first movie that he directed, Cabin in the Sky (1943), was visibly influenced by the theater. Shortly after that, he directed Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), during which he fell in love with the film's star, Judy Garland. The two had first met on the set of Strike Up the Band (1940), a Busby Berkeley film for which Minnelli was asked to design a musical sequence performed by Garland and Mickey Rooney.[5] The two began a courtship that eventually led to their marriage in June 1945. Their one child together, Liza Minnelli, grew up to become an Academy Award-winning singer and actress.

Though widely known for directing musicals, including An American in Paris (1951), Brigadoon (1954), Kismet (1955), and Gigi (1958) he also helmed comedies and melodramas, including Madame Bovary (1949), Father of the Bride (1950), Designing Woman (1957) and The Courtship of Eddie's Father (1963). His last film was A Matter of Time (1976). During the course of his career he directed seven different actors in Oscar-nominated performances: Spencer Tracy, Gloria Grahame, Kirk Douglas, Anthony Quinn, Arthur Kennedy, Shirley MacLaine and Martha Hyer. Grahame and Quinn won Oscars for their performances in one of Minnelli's movies. He received an Oscar nomination as Best Director for An American in Paris (1951) and later won the Best Director Oscar for Gigi (1958). He was awarded France's highest civilian honor, the Commander Nationale of the Legion of Honor, only weeks before his death in 1986.

Minnelli's critical reputation has known a certain amount of fluctuation, being admired (or dismissed) in America as a "pure stylist" who, in Andrew Sarris' words, "believes more in beauty than in art."[6] His work reached a height of critical attention during the late 1950s and early 1960s in France with extensive studies in the Cahiers du Cinéma magazine, especially in the articles by Jean Douchet and Jean Domarchi, who saw in him a cinematic visionary obsessed with beauty and harmony, and an artist who could give substance to the world of dreams. Minnelli served as a juror at the 1967 Cannes Film Festival. The MGM compilation film That's Entertainment! showed clips from many of his films.

Personal life

Minnelli's marriages ran as follows:

  • Judy Garland (June 15, 1945 — 1951; divorced) — one child, Liza Minnelli (b. 1946)
  • Georgette Magnani (February 1954 — 1957) — one child, Christiane Nina Minnelli (b. 1955)
  • Danica ("Denise") Radosavljev (December 1960 — August 1971; divorced)
  • Lee Anderson (born October 16, 1909 — died November 11, 2009; married from April 1980 until Minnelli's death on July 25, 1986)

Death

Minnelli died in July 1986, aged 83, after struggling with emphysema and bouts with pneumonia that caused him to be repeatedly hospitalized in his final year.[7] He reportedly also suffered from Alzheimer's disease.[8][9] He was survived by his two daughters, two grandchildren, and his fourth wife, Lee (1909-2009). He was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park.

Selected theatre credits

Filmography

Further reading

  • Casper, Joseph Andrew (1977). Vincente Minnelli and the Film Musical. South Brunswick, NJ: A.S. Barnes. ISBN 9780498017841. 
  • Griffin, Mark (2010). A Hundred or More Hidden Things: The Life and Films of Vincente Minnelli. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780786720996. 
  • Harvey, Stephen; Museum of Modern Art (NYC) (1989). Directed by Vincente Minnelli. New York: Museum of Modern Art; Harper & Row. ISBN 9780870704741. 
  • Levy, Emanuel (2009). Vincente Minnelli: Hollywood's Dark Dreamer. New York: St. Martin's Press. 
  • Minnelli, Vincente; Hector Arce (1974). I Remember It Well. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385095228. 
  • Schickel, Richard (1975). The Men Who Made the Movies. New York: Atheneum. 
  • Wakeman, John (ed.) (1987). World of Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company. 
  • Naremore, James (1993). The Films of Vincente Minnelli. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521387705. 

References

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, July 30, 1986.
  2. ^ Church records, 1864-1929, Catholic Church. Notre Dame (Chicago, Illinois), Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990 FHL US/CAN Film 1704688
  3. ^ Griffin, Mark (2010). A Hundred or More Hidden Things: The Life and Films of Vincente Minnelli. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780786720996. 
  4. ^ Minnelli's early years are described in Minnelli, Vincente; Hector Arce (1974). I Remember It Well. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385095228. 
  5. ^ Levy, Emanuel (2009). Vincente Minnelli: Hollywood's Dark Dreamer. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-031232925-9. 
  6. ^ Sarris, Andrew (1998). You Ain't Heard Nothin' Yet. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 0-19-503883-5. 
  7. ^ "Director Vincente Minnelli, 83, dies", Chicago Tribune; 26 July 1986; p. 2
  8. ^ Daughter Christiane Minnelli quoted in Wendy Leigh's Liza: Born a Star. New York: Signet. 1993. p. 270. ISBN 978-0451404060. 
  9. ^ Luft, Lorna (1998). Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir. New York: Pocket Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0671018993. 

External links








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