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Vinica
Виница
—  Town  —
Vinica

Seal
Vinica is located in Republic of Macedonia
Vinica
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°52′N 22°30′E / 41.867°N 22.5°E / 41.867; 22.5
Country  Macedonia
Municipality VinicaCoat.png Vinica municipality
Government
 - Mayor Emil Dončev
Highest elevation 1,745 m (5,725 ft)
Lowest elevation 360 m (1,181 ft)
Population (2002[1])
 - Total 10,863
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2310
Area code(s) +389 033
Car plates ŠT
Website www.OpstinaVinica.gov.mk/

Vinica (Macedonian: Виница, Mk-Vinica.ogg [ˈvinitsa] ) is a town in the Macedonia, in the eastern region of the country. The town of Vinica is the seat of Vinica Municipality.

Contents

Etymology

The name Vinica is derived from word Vine (Vino), since the city was formerly noted for its vineyards. On terracota icons found in Viničko Kale, the name of town is noted as Vinea or Vince.

Overview

The town is located under the mountain of Plačkovica, in the southeastern part of the Kočansko - Vinička valley. It covers the northern part of the river Bregalnica sinks. There are also several other rivers that flows thru Vinica, like Vinička, Gradečka and Osojnica. Town is known for its historic Roman fortress, Viničko Kale, situated on a hill overlooking the modern town.

History

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Neolitic times

The territory of Vinica was inhabited in neolithic times, which is proven by findings on Viničko Kale, from 12 to 6 st. Bc.

Byzantium Empire

The original settlement was a fort from time of Byzantium, when it was a centre of wine production.

Ottoman Empire

The city was nahiye and governed by Ottoman Empire with Kaymakam between 14.th century to 20.th century .

Yugoslavia time

Before 1980, on the hill where the fortress was found, there were many vineyards, which were abandoned after excavations.[2]

Culture

Town church in old part of Vinica

In Vinica, there are two primary schools Goce Delčev and Slavčo Stojmenski, one high school and city library Vančo Prke which was founded in 1946, there is also a cinema and a house of culture, Tošo Arsov, which is centre of all cultural activities. The town has two folk music groups, Raspeani Viničani and Jana, and one folklore group Kitka.[3]

There are several archeological sites in and around Vinica:

Economy

Vinica

One of the major activities in Vinica is agriculture. Farmers engaged in the production of rice, which is very characteristic of the basin in which Vinica is located. The town also has industrial activities, among which is the best represented the textiles and wood furniture production industry. The major companies are: Viničanka, Vinka, Triko, Treska, Mebel-Vi. The city has many shops, bars, restaurants, one night club, and three major hotels, which are offering a broader range of services.

Sport and leisure

The leading sport in town is soccer. Vinica has formed first football club in 1934 under the name Plačkovica, which was later renamed in Sloga Vinica, today club name is Filip II - Sloga. There is also a basketball club Slavčo Stojmenski, a karate club Blatec and badmington club Viničani.

Demographics

As of 2002, the city had 10,863 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:

External links

References

  1. ^ 2002 Census
  2. ^ History of Vinica (Macedonian)
  3. ^ Vinica info

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