Violaceae: Wikis

  
  

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Violaceae
Viola banksii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Batsch

Violaceae (alternatively Alsodeiaceae J.G.Agardh, Leoniaceae DC. and Retrosepalaceae Dulac) is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 800 species in 21 genera. It takes its name from the genus Viola, the violets and pansies.

Older classifications such as the Cronquist system placed Violaceae in an order named after it, the Violales. However, newer classifications such as that of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group locate it in the Malpighiales.

Contents

Description

Though the best-known genus, Viola, is herbaceous, most species are shrubs or small trees. The simple leaves are alternate or opposite, often with leafy stipules or the stipules are reduced in size. Some species have palmate shaped leaves or deeply dissected leaves. Many species are acaulescent. Inflorescence with solitary flowers or paniculate like, some species have cleistogamous flowers produced after or before the production of typically petaled flowers. Flowers are bisexual or unisexual (e.g. Melicytus), typically zygomorphic or actinomorphic with a calyx of five sepals that are persistent after flowering. Corolla with 5 mostly unequal petals, the anterior petal larger and often spurred. Plants with five stamens with the abaxial stamen often spurred at the base. The gynoecium is a compound pistil of three united carpels with one locule. Styles simple, ovary superior, ovules many. The fruits are capsules splitting by way of three seams. Seeds with endosperm.

Taxonomy

Three subfamilies are recognized: the Violoideae, the Leonioideae and the Fusispermoideae.

Subfamily Fusispermoideae

Subfamily Leonioideae

Subfamily Violoideae

Tribe Rinoreeae

Subtribe Hymenantherinae
Subtribe Isodendriinae
Subtribe Paypayrolinae
Subtribe Rinoreinae

Tribe Violeae

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

based on the generic name Viola (Art 18 ICBN)

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Violaceae

  1. (botany) a botanical name at the rank of family - the violet family.
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Wikispecies

See also

  • Agatea
  • Allexis
  • Amphirrhox
  • Anchietea
  • Corynostylis
  • Decorsella
  • Fusispermum
  • Gloeospermum
  • Hybanthus
  • Hymenanthera
  • Isodendron
  • Leonia
  • Mayanaea
  • Melicytus
  • Noisettia
  • Orthion
  • Paypayrola
  • Rinorea
  • Rinoreocarpus
  • Schweiggeria
  • Viola

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Viola riviniana (Rchb.)

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Violaceae
Genera: Acentra - Agatea - Allexis - Amphirrhox - Anchietea - Corynostylis - Decorsella - Fusispermum - Gloeospermum - Hybanthus - Hymenanthera - Isodendrion - Isodendron - Leonia - Mayanaea - Melicytus - Noisettia - Orthion - Paypayrola - Rinorea - Rinoreocarpus - Schweiggeria - Viola

Name

Violaceae

Vernacular names

Česky: Violkovité
Dansk: Viol-familien
Deutsch: Veilchengewächse
English: Violaceae
Español: Violaceae
Esperanto: Violacoj
Français: Violaceae
Lietuvių: Našlaitiniai
Македонски: Љубичици (темјанушки)
Nederlands: Viooltjesfamilie
日本語: スミレ科
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Fiolfamilien
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Fiolfamilien
Polski: Fiołkowate
Português: Violaceae
Русский: Фиалковые
Suomi: Orvokkikasvit
Svenska: Violväxter
Tiếng Việt: Họ Hoa tím
Türkçe: Menekşegiller
Українська: Фіалкові
中文: 堇菜科

Simple English

Violaceae
File:Viola
Viola banksii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Batsch

Violaceae (alternatively Alsodeiaceae , Leoniaceae and Retrosepalaceae) is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 800 species in 21 genera. It takes its name from the genus Viola, the violets and pansies.








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